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INTERNATIONAL 



eribunc 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


** 


Paris, Monday, February 14, 1994 



No. 34,511 


OLYMPIC 


PODIUM 



Another U.S. Shocker: 

Moe Wins Downhill Race 

Tommy Moe, right, coming down 
the piste next, overtook the favored 
Kjetil Andre Aamotitto win themea’s 
downhill .race Sunday by .04 seconds.' 

That abruptly cut short the celebra- 
tions of n early 40,000 Norwegian spied -. ' 
tators and made Moe the first XJ.S. 
gold medalist in the Olympic downhill : 
since Bill Johnson surprised ; ihe Enior 
pean stars by winning the event in 
Sarajevo 10 yearns ago. - : „ : 

Ed Podivinsky pf. Canada, who won 
bis first World Cup dowrtfuH in Lech, 

Austria, m January/ got the bronze, 

•just 0.1 2 seconds behind Moe. 

Moe, 23, who has newer won a World 
Cup race, said, “I can’t believe r skied 
that weD,” 

ffiHaiy Rodham Clinton, the wife of 
the U A president, . arrived 40‘mmutes 
after the start, too late to see Moe ski to 
victory, but still declared: “It’s a ' 

ML” . . ; : 

Ko*s, Hack! Set Marks 

Speed skater Johann Olav Koss of 
Norway broke his 5 .000-meter world 
recorditb win the host nation’s first 
gold medal of the Winter Olympics in $ 
minutes, ! 34.96 seconds. Teammate. 

Kjell Stordid, whose time of 6:41 68 
had beenan Olympic record until Koss 
skated two pairs later, wemtheajver. 

RmtjeRitsmaof-the Netherlands, the 
warid-rccord holder at 1,500 meters, 
won the bronze in 6:43.94." 

• GebigHacldofi^rmany, soikirig" 
to become a repeat gold medalist in the '■ 
men’s luge, set a track record an the 
first run but barely edged out archrival 
Markus Prock of Austria. The -final 
two runs are set for Monday. 

Duncan Kennedy, the American 
luger who was assaulted by a gronp of 
neo-Nazis whik Training last October 
in Oberfaof, Germany, finished the two 
runs Sunday in fourth place A a the 
competitknb - • 

H’s NovorThatLirte 

Manuka Di Cam of jttly todkthe:'.- . 

lead early in the women's i5t4u3omettar - \ ' 

cross-co^try.Jftw?SQrle ski race and 
won her first major titbvat age .-31*' A 

r .- .r--' •, 

ebunf^mtpeeri^ r .■■j , • ;-V. : f . . 

pics with; ^ three add ,arid tro ‘ ‘ 

medals, finished a distant second; her. • ■ . i 

twmimal ft, Nina" Gavrihik took" the L 

bronzejnedaL “ 

Olympic report : Pages 14, 15 and Id 


Serb Forces Insist 
Muslims Wi thdraw 
Infantry in Sarajevo 

Commander Links Pullback Demand 
To Putting Arms Under UN Control 


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Eric CrtflbnKRaitm 


Tommy Moe of die United States soaring toward Us downhill victory Sunday, winning die Gist U& Alpine sfcfing gold in 10 years. 


Onand XJffilce, 2 Strong- Willed Women Share Space 


By Jere Longman 

• Ntw YerirTTma.Serfld " _ ' 

HAMAR. Norway ,:-r-<p|yi^''affidab ; - 
were wrong if they thought the frenzy would 
abate after Tonya Harding was giveaher 
Olympic green tight. 

A crush of reporters and pbotogBphers 
showed up Sunday to watch Nanc y Km igan 
struggle throa^i practice. More seenrity was 
put on aim than is usually needed for King 
HaraM V. Even the Fust Teenager, Cbdsea 
dintom showed up to see whtt att the fussr 
was about - 

What did Kerrigan think about Harding’s 
being allowed to compete? It was question 
everyone wanted to ask, but nobody girt the 
chance. 

Kerrigan, ^ who put her hand to Ihe Tee once 


during a n^thnanh of.herToog program 
and later fell twice, left the Olympic training 
ride without answering questions. 

Later, she issued a statement: “Regardless 
of my opinion on the ruling, the CKympics 
have begim and it is time to skate. We have all 
wodred vary hard to get here and I hope now 
that the f oars can turn to the competition and 
all of the athletes who represent the pinnacle 
in athleticism and sportsmanship/' 

- Early ' Sunday 
Conmntiee cancded 
that had been planned for Friday 
Harding the go-ahead to compete m the Win- 
ter Games. The uncertainty about her pres- 
ence had siphoned attention from the rest of 
(be .Olympics. U.S. Olympic officials were 
afraid this would become a one-story event. 


morning, the U.S. Olympic 
xfcd a dismdinary hearing 
fanned for Friday and gave 


In exchange, Harding dropped a S25 million 
lawsuit. 

The women’s competition begins on Feb. 
23. The high«t-rated Olympic television 
show ever is expected for the long program on 
Feb. 25. 

Kerrigan and Harding are going head to 
head on many fronts: for gold medals, maga- 
zine covers, book sales, television appear- 
ances. So far, neither has backed down. Both 
were given a chance to train at an alternate 
rink m Oslo. Both declined, according to 
Gale Tanger. head of the U.S. figure skating 
team. The Olympic rink and its adjacent 
training rink are, at 100 feet by 200 feel (30 by 
60 meters), larger than many rinks and re- 
quire some fine-tuning with respect to plan- 
ning jumps. 

“At tins point, they would rather train on 


the official ice," Tanger said Sunday. “Well 
see bow it works." 

Kerrigan and Harding mil stay at the 
Tonehenn Music School, which is serving as a 
dormitory-style Olympic village for figure 
skaters and speed skaters. One will sleep on 
the first floor, the other on the second. At 
some point, they will undoubtedly bump Into 
each other In a van on the way to practice. 
At a team meeting. In the dressing room. In 
the lunch counter line. 

“They are strong personali ties." said Claire 
Ferguson, president of the DA Figure Seat- 
ing Association. “J don’t think there will be a 
problem with their ability to cope with the 
situation." 

“It’s going to have to be O.K- it’s the 

See SKATER, PSge IS 


60 Die in Somalia as West Pulls Back and Chaos Returns 


By Keith Richbuig 

Wdshmguxi PastSfrrkX 

NAIROBI — With just over weeks re- 
naming before the last Amffl^^ndEnrope- 


troops complete the West’s wrtb- 

frawal &mnSomaHa,the co 


! country is beset by . 

Itoost daily outbreaks of dan- fighting und 
iolence that are forcing foreign rebel workers 
o abandon some of their efforts, 
to the past week, a h^-ddatti foreign >d \ 
stSctSKk have been bombed m fee capital. 


and Baidoa. A Colombian aid 
eriously 

pebpk* were killed and mote thin 
Si of Somalia’s southern port aty 
in battles between rival dans, a ; 
am told Reuters on Santo: Tbe. 
,«» Alliance, a 
with Mokammed Afi MUidt, 
lashes on Mr. MabdTs iwal- G®-_ 

med Farrah Aidid, a Mogadishu 

a, where General Ak5d has beat 
«frc his rookesman oemed the. 

said General Aidid had cosP 
violence in Kismayu.} 


in violence is related to the pullback at 
TJJS. tioripsficomMcgadisIaiand the withdraw- 
d of European United Nations forces that have 
helped keep the peace omside the capital. 

Besides the Americans, the French, Italians, 
'Gomans, Ttarks, Norwegians and Greeks are 
(rattling Somalia either later this month or by 
the -end of March. Relief workers fear iheir 
departare wfll create a vaamm that looters and 
local wadards are eager to eq^oiL ; 

./ About 5^000 UN troOpr from Pakistan are 
stayii^ to bdp secure Mogadishu, and another 
5,000 Indian UNtrc>ops,badcedbyforees from 
sevei^ African nations, have moyed into some 
of ihe outlying areas. But thoe lemaming UN 
con tingems lack the eqmpmejit »md eapBln Bties 
d the U^.aoi;Eittopean hoops. ■ 

Tte surge in violence raises ^questions about 
exactly what the costly 14-month Western mill- 
taiy inumntion in Somalia has achieved. 

/ Instead of resolvrag itie prbWesns of warfare, 
clan violence and banditry that led to wide- 
spread famine and praaiptod the international 
community m seed troops to relieve (he starv- 


ing, the intervention seems only to have placed 
Somalia’s fighting on hold. 

Now that the fragile peace appears to be 
breaking down, Somalis are returning to settle 
old scores, banditry has resumed, and the coun- 
try apparently is reverting to the violence that 
existed in trie months before the December 
1992 USL-led intervention. 

Tt’s a general breakdown," said Stephen 
Tomlin, regional director of the Los Angeles- 
based International Medical Corps. “Control is 
slipping away. Increasingly, the elders are los- 
ing control of the young men.” 

Many rdief agencies say that with the United 
Nations no longer able to guarantee protection, 
they win either retreat from Somalia altogether 
or revert to their prein terventkwi methods of 
retying on hired guns for protection. 

“I don’t want anything to do with UNOSOM 
protection," said Mr. Tomlin, using the acro- 
nym of the UN Operation in Somalia. “We ijust 
want to divorce ourselves from UNOSOM, 
political and mtihaiy. Bat do we want to return 
10 the standard operating procedures of 1991- 
92? This is the philosophical question.” 


In ihe most recent attack, early Sunday 
morning in Bdedweyne, two hand grenades 
were hurled over a wall at the International 
Medical Corps compound, causing serious 
damage to the house and forcing the evacuation 
of ibe three remaining foreign relief workers. 

Most foreigners had already been evacuated 
from Bekdweyne, and relief operations sus- 
pended, after a grenade attack earlier last week 
against a German relief group. The German 
and Italian UN contingents are leaving Beled- 
weyne, and no foreign force has arrived to 
replace them. 

Most foreign aid workers have also been 
evacuated from Baidoa, the town held up by the 
UN Secretary-general, Butros Buuros Ghali. as 
a model of UN success. 

The Associated Press reported: 

Somali gunman kidnapped two Italian aid 
workers Sunday and an Egyptian UN peace- 
keeper was ItiDed and another wounded in an 
attack on a military convoy. Sergio Passatore 
and Gianfranco Stefan were kidnapped at Jo- 
whar, about 80 kilometers north of Mogadishu. 



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S. Mil. CBtir.) W.10; 


Tbtwdfe: Never Too Young to Log On? 


- - - / ^ Mis 

. Hem York Tones Service 
- NEWYORK— DayrdCaropres, 3, sits 
on *■ ^raised straopapher’s chair in his fam- 
Tty’s upstairs office; using the (xrixmuter to 
play -irith efinosaur software, dieting the 
oomputec’s moose to make things happen. 

He has used the program since he was 26 
months cW, ami “by the traie he was he 
could name six. or seven dinosaurs —before . 
hecouid. count to 10," said his mofetf,-Qtri»- 
rinc, ft corporate -relocation specialist in Writ- 
ford, Pamsylvania. 

He has some difficulty moving the 
mouse where he wants iL she said, but no 


problems exploring the software at his own 
speed. And he is allowed to play in the office 
by himself. 

Call it lapware or totware, computer soft- 
ware is embracing younger children more 
ttym ever, and vice versa. Designed expressly 
for 2- to 6-ycar-oMs, the programs rely 
heavily oh sound to provide direction and 
encouragement 

Is a generation emerging that will be com- 
puter literate before it is literate? Many peo- 
ple seem to think so. 

“When they use these new programs, chil- 
dren are thinking ,, doing all the things we 
wrailrf Hite- children to da,” said Sue Bredc- 
Vflffl p director of professional development 


at the National Association for the Education 
of Young Children, in Washington. “And for 
young children, computers are really a social 
activity. Children wul interact in pairs, even 
in threes and fours. It’s very different from 
the adult experience of computing.” 
Twenty-five percent to 30 percent of 
American families now have a computer at 
home. Just how many of the nation's 80,000 
licensed preschool programs have computers 
is not certain, Ms. Bredekainp said, but it is a 
sizable fraction. “You can sense the trend, the 
ctritemfiot," she said. 

As more nursery schools invest in compui- 

See KIDS, Page 4 


By John Kifner 

,Vw Vflrfc Times Sendee 

SARAJEVO, Bosma-Herz^ovina — Serbi- 
an nationalists threw confusion into the United 
Nations-brokered peace effort Sunday with a 
demand that Bosnian Muslim infantry be 
pulled back in exchange for withdrawing their 
artillery besieging ihe city or turning it over to 
UN control. 

Even with the dock ticking toward a NATO 
ultimatum to withdraw the heavy guns bv mid- 
night Feb. 20 or face air strikes, the new Serbian 
objection was strikingly similar to the maneu- 
vers. evasions and broken pledges that hare 
dissipated ul timatums and peace efforts here in 
the past. 

The Bosnian prime minister, Haris SUajdzic. 
accused the Serbs on Sunday night of “a trans- 
parent attempt to delay and get out of NATO’s 
deadline. 

“That has to be expected. It has been their 
tactics for the last two years." Mr. Sflajdzic 
said, adding that he hoped the new UN leader- 
ship here, under Sir Michael Rose of Britain, 
was “professional enough to prevent these tac- 
tics of manipulation." 

The UN officer responsible for negotiating 
with the joint commission of Bosnian and Ser- 
bian commanders set up under Lieutenant 
General Rose’s peace plan. Brigadier General 
Andre Soubirou of France, went to the moun- 
tain town of Pale on Sunday morning to meet 
with the chief of staff of the self-styled Srpska 
Republic’s army. General Manqjio Milovano- 
vic. after Serbian officers failed to show up for a 
meeting at the airport. 

General Milovanovic, in a statement backed 
up by ihe president of the breakaway Serbs, 
Radovan Karadzic, demanded that the Mus- 
lim-led government’s infantry be pulled back 
from its front-line positions. 

“Back on February 9." General Milovanovic 
told reporters, referring to the airport meeting 
at which the cease-fire was brokered, “1 said 
that if they wanted to put Serb artillery under 


control, they had to put the Muslim infantry 
under control, because our artillery is a balance 
to the more numerous Muslim infantry. There- 
fore. I did not allow the withdrawal or control 
of the Serb artillery." 

General Milovanovic said after a round of 
meetings with General Soubirou, "I haven’t 
changed my position because they were unable 
to secure the Muslim army.” 

At nightfall. UN officials were describing the 
meeting as “productive” and saying that, after a 
day’s pause, some more small amounts of anti- 
aircraft guns, cannons, howitzers, mortars and 

THE BOSNIA THREAT 

NATO’s ultimatum: Only a first timid step. 
Factious suspend talks until March. 

Moscow softens its opposition to air strikes. 
Q&A: Muslim chief welcomes new U.S. role. 

Articles on Page 2. 

rocket launchers had been turned over — 13 
from the Serbs and 5 from the Muslims. 

General Rose said in a statement Sunday 
night that the cease-fire that went into effect at 
noon Friday was “holding" and that UN troops 
had been increased and were expanding their 
presence in confrontation areas. 

“These troops are here to stay,” General 
Rose said. While the Serbs have a vast advan- 
tage of heavy weapons ringing ihe city, handed 
over and. in many cases dug in, by the Serb- 
dominated National Army just before the 
breakup of Yugoslavia, the Bosnian Muslims, 
from more populous urban areas, have built a 
numerical advantage in troops. 

By the estimate of a top Bosnian Army com- 
mander, General Jovan Diyjak, the Serbs have 
over a thousand heavy weapons of 12.7mm and 
above, including a large number of mortars, 
and about 80 tanks and armored personnel 
carriers and 14,000 to 15,000 infantrymen. In- 
side the city, he said the Bosnian Muslims have 

See BOSNIA, Page 2 


Japan Rallies to Hosokawa 
In Standoff With Clinton 


Washington Plans 
To Retaliate With 
Import Sanctions 

By Peter Belir and Clay Chandler 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The Chmon administra- 
tion has decided to retaliate against Japan with 
sanctions on some imports to ma in tain U.S. 
negotiating credibility after a breakdown in 
trade talks between ibe world's two leading 
economic powers, officials say. 

A senior official said over the weekend that 
the administration, which has not given up 
hope of an eventual seulemem, was obliged to 
act firmly after the failure Friday of President 
Bin Gin ton and Prime Minister Morihiro Ho- 
sokawa of Japan to reach agreement on reduc- 
ing Japan's $60 billion trade surplus with the 
United Slates. 

“We'd lose total control of the process,” the 
official said referring to the negotiations. 
“We’d be clobbered” at home, he added refer- 
ring to expectations in Congress and much of 
the U.S. business community that Japan must 
be pressed to open its markets wider. 

[President Clinton has made no decision on 
im pwan g sanctions against some Japanese im- 
ports, a While House spokesman said Sunday 
in Hot Springs, Arkansas, aeon-ding to Reuters. 
“No decision has been taken," said the spokes- 


man, who was traveling with the president.] 
ng support in Japan for Mr. 
Hosokawa, after his refusal to agree to the U.S. 


There was strong 


demands for concrete commitments on in- 
creased purchases of foreign goods and ser- 
vices. 

Mr. Clinton and Mr. Hosokawa addressed 
the sanctions issue Saturday after their White 
House breakfast that ended their unsuccessful 
two-day summit meeting, 

“1 don’t think the failure of the agreement 
win lead immediately to sanctions," Mr. Ho- 
sokawa said. 

But Mr. Clinton said, “Well just have to 
examine what our next steps will be. and well 
be turning to that next week." 

Officials said that a decision had not been 
made on which products to target. 

One option is an announcement Tuesday 
that the administration plans lo impose penalty 
duties on selected Japanese products, if offi- 

See FIGHT, Page 4 


Trade Managed 
By U.S. Is Rejected 
As f Unacceptable ’ 

By T.R. Retd 

Washington Post Service 

TOKYO — Japan's political and business 
leadership uniformly supported Prime Minister 
Morihiro Hosokawa ’s stance in die U^. -Japa- 
nese standoff Sunday, with virtually unani- 
mous agreement that Japan must not accept the 
numerical trade targets that President Bill Clin- 
ton has sought. 

Despite the looming threat of trade sanctions 
or lunher American efforts to weaken the dol- 
lar — both of which would cut exports to the 
United Stales, Japan's biggest market — the 
strong consensus here was that Japan cannot 
yield. 

“No matter what. "said Gatshi Hiraiwa, bead 
of the Keidanren. the country's leading busi- 
ness group. “Japan cannot accept America's 
effort to bring about managed trade.” 

(Japan will make moves to open iis markets 
on its own after the failure of its talks with the 
United States. Prime Minister Hosokawa said 
Sunday, according to a Reuters report from 

Any US. mores to retaliate wmrid probably 
backfire, economists in Japan say. Page 9. 

Tokyo. “Soon after returning home, we will 
consider the problem.” he said aboard a gov- 
ernment plane shortly before arriving back in 
Tokyo. “Our side must come up with some 
wisdom and Japan will do what it can on its 
own." 

(Earlier Sunday, Japan’sgovemment spokes- 
man, Masayoshi' Takemura, said that Japan 
must make new market-opening proposals be- 
fore the next Group of Seven summit meeting 
in July to defuse trade tensions with Washing- 
ton.] 

Viewed from Tokyo, the White House meet- 
ing Friday may have been counterproductive 
for the U.S. side. If anything, the session made 
it less likely that Japan will agree to the trade 
targets that Mr. Clinton wants. Having been 
declared a hero for saying no, Mr. Hosokawa 
will find it difficult to change his position. 

Mr. Hosokawa has been one of the most 

See JAPAN, Page 4 


Kiosk 


200 Burmese Lost as Ship Capsizes 


BANGKOK (Reuters) — About 200 Bur- 
mese workers, many of them women and 
children, were feared dead Sunday after a 
boat taking them home capsized off Thai- 
land, police and rescue workers said. 


Crossword 

Weather 


Page 18. 
Page 18. 


PATRICIA 

WELLS 




A culinary sonnet in 
Brussels," explosive 
fare on a plate in Am- 
sterdam. elegance 
without arrogance in 
Luxembourg: Patricia 
Wells tours three more 
countries. Page 7. 





v&m rta $ : 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1994: 


THE BOSNIA THREAT / 

This Western Step 
Is Timid, Not Bold 

True Balkan Settlement Lies 
On the Path of Diplomacy 

By R.W. Apple Jr. 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON —To hear the Pentagon tell it, the threat of NATO 
air strikes in Bosnia, voiced after so much diplomatic huffing and puffing, 
is neither a carrot nor a stick but an aspirin. 

it is designed neither “to affect the military outcome nor to propel the 
parties to settle, ” said Walter Stocombe, deputy undersecretary of de- 
fense, but to “reduce the level of violence while the peace process 
continues," 

And to reduce the level of violence, other senior officers noted, only in 
a limited area around the besieged city of Sarajevo. 

Well, not exactly. The saber-rattling was also designed to break the 
psychological stalemate that has settled over what used to be Yugoslavia, 
it was meant to achieve a limited military end with limited military 
means, yes, but if that is all it does, it will have to be counted a failure. 

The real goal lies not on the scarred, wooded hillsides above Sarajevo 
but in the minds of the men and women whose passions keep this conflict 
alive. 

NATO's new step is bold only by comparison with the timorousness of 
past reactions. So then is the decision really a historic departure, as 


Li NEs 


NEWS ANALYSIS 

Secretary -General Manfred WCrner asserted, or is it only an opportunity 
for President Bill Clinton and the others to be seen, finally, to be taking a 
tough stance? 

Without doubt, the allied warplanes and their pilots have the capacity 
to knock out some of the artillery pieces that ring Sarajevo; NATO planes 
enforcing the no-fhghl zone have had ample opportunity to plot targets. 

There are perils, of course. Allied pilots might be shot down and 
captured, even tortured, with all the domestic political turmoil that can 
cause. The Serbs could move some of the guns close to schools or 
hospitals or other civil installations, to make them harder to hit or to 
ensure civilian casualties if they are hit. 

There might be retaliation against the United Nations forces stationed 
in Bosnia; toe fear of that is one reason the bombing threat was so hotly 
debated and long delayed. 

But the greatest danger perhaps is more mundane than any of those. 
Nothing in (he decisions made by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
in Brussels proven is Serbian offensives against other Bosnian towns, such 
as Tuzla and Srebrenica; in fact, NATO does not really propose to lift the 
siege Sarajevo, just to take the big guns out of the' military equation. 

Often in months past, the Serbs have shown that thqr know bow to play 
the game. Challenged by outsiders, they play possum for a time, and 
when the attention erf the West turns somewhere else, they take the 
offensive. 

Whether the NATO initiative accomplishes anything will depend 
largely on the much less well-defined diplomatic track upon which the 
allies have also embarked. 

The United Stales has agreed to take a leading role in the efforts to 
negotiate a settlement, which inevitably means, if Mir. Clinton is serious 
about it. an effort to nudge, cajole, persuade and ultimately press both the 
Bosnian government and its Serbian and Croatian rivals to agree oc the 
terms of a partition of Bosnia. 

Until now, the administration has been reluctant to bring any pressure 
to bear on the Muslims, viewing than as the aggrieved party, entitled to 
regain lost territory. Even now. State Department officials piously deny 
any intent to do so. 

No one shoald take that seriously. The Serbs and the Croats win have 
to be pressed to rive more — not necessarily the 3 percent or 4 percent 
more of Bosnia-Hexzegovina than the 20 percent originally set akde for 
the Muslims, although some net addition will surely be required. 

More important is the location of the territory aDoited to the Muslims. 
It wiU have to be more compact, more mflitanfy defensible, and it will 
surely have to include secure access to the sea. 

Having offered the Serbs, in the initiative last week, the prospect of a 
step-by-step easing of economic sanctions in return for good behavior on 
the battlefield, the United States may have to contemplate the threat of 
even tougher sanctions to punish bad behavior. 

But the Muslims win have to be leaned on as well, especially by the 
United States. At the moment, they have rqected partition outright, and 
they are fighting to regain all the lands where Muslims constituted a 
majority before the war. That represents a formula for continued strife 
and probably for eventual Muslim defeat, and if there is a peace 
settlement, they win have to be talked out of that goal, however righteous 
it may seem to be. 

Unless the United States talks tough, very little win be achieved. Given 
the slightest ray of hope, says Sir Fitzroy Maclean, who taught with 
Yugoslav partisans during World War EL “these people will fight on 
forever.” 

Certainly, a few localized air strikes wfll not deter them; neither Nazis 
nor Communists ever fuDy brought the Balkans to heel, and the force they 
used in these parts was indescribably greater than what the allies are 
contemplating using. 



With the Bosnian peace talks in Geneva in 
suspension. Prime Minister Haris Silqjdzic of 
the mainly Muslim Bosnian government talked 
to Robert Kroon for the International Herald 
Tribune. 

Q. Are the United States and Russia taking over 
the peace process because the mediators Lord 
Owen and Thorvald S token berg seemed to be 
getting nowhere after all these months? 

A. Washington and Moscow can still build on 
this tong-protracted process. No need to tell you I 
am very nappy with the active U.S. involvement. 
Russia, especially the Russian military, were back- 
ing the Serbs, while the United States stayed out of 
the game. In today’s world, a leading superpower 
cannot be the leader of the nonin volved. So we are 
glad that the balance has been re-established. Bos- 
nia concerns all of Europe and the entire world 
Yon need global players to establish peace in the 
global village. 

Q. Are the Russians on board now? 

A. 1 would hope so. It would be logical for the 
Russians to contribute to this joint effort to bring 
peace to the Balkans. But Moscow has many inter- 
nal problems. Writing off people like [Vladimir V.] 
Zhirinovsky would be a mg mistake. It's not the 
man; it's what he represents: the Russians’ frustra- 
tions and their lack of perspective. 

• 

Q. The Bosnian Serbian leader Radovan Karad- 
zic complains that be is now pressured by both the 
Americans and the Russians. Do you think the 
Serbs are facing up to that new reauty? 

A. I think so. The ultimatum was long overdue 
and it would make sense for the Serbs not to test 
the resolve of NATO. Perhaps the air strikes won't 
be needed after alL It is extraordinary' to bear the 
Serbs, who kilted 200,000 people, complain urat 
they are the victims of pressures. These pressures 
serve him right. 

Q. Mi-. Karadzic says that Western military 
involvement would be toe end of NATO and that 
in the ensuing chaos he could no longer guarantee 
the safety of the international aid workers. 

A. Ridiculous. Those are his usual threats. He 


has been “protecting" the aid convoys so diligently 
that many of them never get to their destinations in 
toe first place. 

• 

Q. The Serbs say they will hand over their heavy 
weapons, provided the Mudims consign (heir 
troops to barracks in Sarajevo, so Serbian fighters 
won*! be outnumbered. 

A. That’s not part of the deal There are far more 
Serbs than Muslims and we will not consign our 
troops to barracks until we have an overall peace 
agreement. 

Q. You say the active political involvement of 
the United States has re-established the balance. 
Does that mean you will no longer settle for one- 
third of tlx Bo snian territory? 

A. We win still accept the tripartite union plan. 
But it’s not just a matter of 33 percent. We need 
viable regions in East and West Bosnia for the 
refugees to come home to. European countries like 
Germany and Austria cannot be expected to cope 
with tens of thousands of refugees forever. 

• 

Q. With the Bosnian Croatian leader Male Bo- 
ban sidelined, you now seem more optimistic 
about making a deal with the Croats. 

A. That w(nild be an obvious solution and we are 
talking about it with the Croats right now. The new 
head (rf the Croatian delegation. Mile Akmadzic, is 
more moderate and cooperative than Bohan. But 
he still insists that Mostar should be the capital of 
the Croatioa part of Bosnia. If Akmadzte is serious 
about cooperation he should not daim a dry with a 
Muslim majority that the Croats have destroyed in 
a most barbaric way. We want Mostar to be open 
for everybody, so the people can go back there. 

Q. In sum, what is the outlook? 

A. In final analysis, everything still depends on 
[Franjo] Tudjman in Zagreb and [Slobodan] Milo- 
sevic in Belgrade. The United States, Germany and 
Turkey are now putting combined pressure on 
Zagreb to play ball I hope the Russians win do the 
same thing with Milosevic in Belgrade. If Washing- 
ton and Moscow show courage and determination, 
we may have a solution to the Bosnian conflict in a . 
few months. 


Moscow Would Back Air Strikes as ‘Last Resort’ 


By Steven Ed anger 

Sew York Times Service 

MOSCOW — Russia is moving closer to the modified 
Western position toward the Serbian nationalists in Bosnia- 
Herzegovina. sanctioning the possibility of NATO air strikes 
around Sarajevo as a last resort bur stressing the primacy of a 
political settlement. 

Foreign Minister Andrei V. Kozyrev said that in specific 
emer g encies. United Nations forces in Bosnia could ask for 
NATO air strikes in particular places in and around Saraje- 
vo, which is ringed by Serbian heavy artillery. 

But he stressed that in authorizing air strikes, the UN 


secretary-general. Butros Sutras Gfuliu would hare to con- 
sult with the Security Council, where Russia could use its 
veto. 

If UN forces “call fur air strikes, and the secretary-general 
takes the decision in consultation with the Security CoonriL 
that is something we think is conceivable and' possible, 
although not welcome," Mr. Kozyrev said Saturday. 

"This is the last resort," be said. “But this option exists.” 

As stated. Mr. Kozyrev's conditions would be hard to 
satisfy, requiring a specific request for air strikes in a 
particular place to be relayed to Mr. Butros Gfaali for his 
approval after consultations, and then be passed on to 


Toe plan also would assure the 
;esi that attacks on Bosnian government 333 percent 
an attack on UN of territory in Bosnia-Herzegoviaa 


BOSNIA: Serb Commander Demands Pullback of Muslims in Sarajevo U.S. Evacuates 


. Conthmed from Page 1 
2 tanks, 50 artillery pieces, includ- 
ing mortars .and 45,000 soldiers, 
lightly armed. UN officials hare 

' UNIVERSITY DEGREE ' 

BACHELORS • MASTERS • DOCTOMTti 
For Mark. Life Ml Acadm 


declined to give their troop esti- termination to go forward with air and there would be no extensions EmbaSSV Families febian^^atiraSredA 

mates. Strikes if the Frfl Rnf tlv mmcokl Aril. ■ —wSZr J r ■— 


mates. strikes if the Feb. 21 deadline is not or delays. But she expressed opti- 

Privatdy, UN officers described met. Alain Juppe, toe French for- nnsm about the willingness of Sob 
the Serb demands as “rubbish.” It eign minister, said in an interview gunners to place their heavy artil- 
was not part of the terms specified with U.S. television that both lerv under UN control, 
by General Rose when he an- NATO and UN credibility were at __ . 

nnutifwi the agreement. stake. The evacuation of American per- 


gotiating platform dedaring that it 
still regarded its self-proclaimed 


nounced the agreement. 

But publicly, UN officers at a 
briefing Sunday night repeatedly 


“We must implement this deri- 
sion,” he stressed, referring to the 


W (310)471-0306 
FAX: (310) 471 -6456 

CM a write tar UtaraaHn 
or scad taxied roamfe lor free Enfettao 

Pacific Western University 
5CW iv SeptfVwfc ffrt Orel ?3 
lIR flngetft CA 90049 


NATO deadline. “If the ultimatum 
which seemed flexible enough to jg not complied with, we will hare 
include anylhmg (hey could watch to uscl^sirikes. and France is 

T 0,11 Wltfa completely determined to do so.” 

air strikes or other military means. L . _ L 


The evacuation of American per- 
sonnel from Belgrade, oat of con- 
cern that air strikes would bring 


BELGRADE — The families of Serbian republic as a sovereign, 
UJS. Embassy employees left Bd- independent stale” with the right to 
grade for Hungary on Sunday as a join neighboring Serbia. 


j recaution against reprisals if 
rfATO attacks Bosnian Sorbs be- 


reprisals against US. citizens in tte 

Serbian capital “should be taken ^ heated for Budapest after toe 

asawsBmgihaiHearevtrvKri- SUleDtpmmmtwaratdUAaD- 

lihriokr ^ ’ zens not to travel to the area. 


I NATO DetenniBation 

French and U.S. officials on 


Madeleine KL Albright, the U.S. 
delegate to the UN. said air strikes 
“absolutely" would go forward if 


015. “ Mrs. AJ bright added. 

The U.S. defense secretary. Wit 


The emba: 
assistance to 


f also was offering 


The Serbs also said that since toe 
Bosnian government had “rqected 
the EU plan for solving the crisis,” 
it was withdrawing its offer of 33 3 
percent for the Muslims. The 72 
percent of Bosnia now under toe 
Serbs’ control, it said, would con- 


S unday underscored NATO’s de- toe NATO demand was not met. be ordered. 


Item J. Ferry, immrrrized the risks in the remaining Yugoslav repob- 
to U.S pilots, should bombing runs lies erf Serbia ana Montenegro who 


2,000 Americans stitnte their republic. 


nYwi] 

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ill 



West Bank 


OIIU A . TT VUUuw v . 

BETRTNIYA, 

^ *■* ***. 

“Tic amta* 

security service, were on ’^operational dmy^ to 

number at least three, fled, toe army said. c. ?««« «<k 

2£rpr Jerusalem, a former army Keuteoant who began wtntang tor toe 
mm of the Hamas oiganteatkm. - 

U.K. Aide Resigns Over Love Affair 

LONDON (Renters) — Prime 

suffered another How on Sunday when, a Owscmtive fegjwmd 
part-time cleric resigned bis post because of an alhaace with a female 

"^^^M^wismairied and has 

impropriety although he was quoted assaying he a nd Em ily Ban-, ja naa. 
>»«rt “an affair " that inspired mm to write ardent verses. _ ■ 

He said he would resign, as private secretary to ia Foreign Office 
fflirii<ter after Sunday ne w s pa pe r s pu b lis h ed details of Ins .affectio n for 

Ban: Mhlkxrfk a p^-tWMetoodirt preachy a^he had beta' 

seduced by a “sexy, fascmaiingf girl into Jrisang and cuddling. _ 

Anti-Malaria Vaccine Shows Promise 


Aacrf Gaf*J 'AfcacB ftuieJVaK 

A I Ik ramton I HS sohfim- watching as Mnsfimsdcaned a mmlm tfam was bting trailed over to peacekeepers m Tito Barracks in Sar^jero, 

Q&A: 'Overdue Ultimatum’ IJSJJ 

Bosnian Muslim Hails End of U.S. 'Noninvofaem&a 9 tt C T* 

With the Bosnian peace talks in Geneva in has been “protecting" toe aid convoys so dfl^entiy JL I Ivo 

suspension. Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic of that many of them never get to their destinations in 

the mainly Muslim Bosnian government talked ^ fl 1 * 1 place. ^ 

to Robert Kroon for the International Herald 9 lrl6uiUilOH 

Tribune. Q. The Serbs say they will hand over toeir heavy 

weapons, provided the Muriims consign (heir By David B. Ottaway 
Q. Are the United States and Russia taking over troops to barracks in Sarajevo, so Serbian fighters J Wadum/m Pm Semct 

toe peace process because toe mediates Lord won’t be outnumbered. GENEVA-- The three warrina 

Owen and Thorvald Stoltenberg seemed to be A. That’s not part of the (teal There are far more factions in Bosnia-Heraegovina 

getting nowhere after all these months? Serbs than Muslims and we will not consign our j une suspended their peace naif* 

A. Washington and Moscow can still bmld on troops to barracks until we have an overall peace rariv March to seewhat the 

this kmg-protracttd process. No need to tdl you I agreement. new n^diafion offered by toe Unit- 

am very happy with toe active U.S. involvement. Q. You say the active political involvement of ^ states holds for toe proems. 
Russia, especially toe Russian military, were back- toe United States has reestablished toe balance The special U.S. array to toe 
ing the Serbs, while toe United States stayed out of Does that mean you will no longer settle for one- talw rhai -w RMman hat l wynn 

the game, ta today’s wodd. a leading superpower third of the Bosnian territory? tosrassioos here with Haris SQmd- 

cannot be the leader of the notun volved. So we are A. We wiU still accept the tripartite union plan. ^ >h* m^iq^r rf 

glad that the balance has been re-established. Bos- But it’s not just a matter of 33 percent. We need lim-ted Bosnia ffovemmcnL to try 

nia concerns all of Europe and the entire world, viable regions in East and West Bosnia for the w determine toe eovemmenf s 

You need global players to establish peace in the refugees to come home to. European countries like “bottom line” for an acceptable 

global village. Germany and Austria cannot be expected to cope peace setiiemenL 

Q. Are the Russians on board now? with tens of thousands of refugees forever. The United States then plans to 

A. I wOTild hope so. It would be • communicate the Bosnian govern- 

SSSK&hStaS Q- With toe Bosnian Croatian tauter Male Bo- meat’s retirements to &»ian 

ban sidelined, you now seem more optimistic Serbs andCroats. But tote process 

about ntekdng a deal with toe Croats. V seems likely to take some days, 

tn-iri- it'twhat hr rnnrrjjnur thr Kii--q:ini: , fnrttrji A. That would be an obvious solution and we are Mcanwime, the UN mediator, 

f miking about it with the Croats right now. The new Thorvald Stoltenberg, said that all 

□ons ana umut uck ot perspective. head of the Croatian delegation. Mile Akmadzic, is three ades had recommitted them- 

9 more moderate and cooperative dym Boban. Bat . selves to a peace settlement based 

Q. The Bosnian Serbian leader Radovan Karad- he still insists that Mostar should be the capital of on a “union of the three ethnically 

zic complains that be is now pressured by both the the Creation part of Bosnia. If Akmadzic is serious based republi cs tha t would be cre- 

Americans and the Russians. Do you think toe about cooperation he should not daim a dry with a aied by partitioning Bosnia. 

Serbs are facing up to that new reauty? Muslim majority that the Croats have destroyed in “We spent quite a lot m tone to 

A. I think so. lire altimanun was long overdue a most barbaric way. We want Mostar to be open find a common baas tar these talks 

and it would make sense for the Serbs not to test for everybody, so the people can go back there. Main," he said. “Now we work on 

the resolve of NATO. Perhaps the air strikes won’t Q. In sum, what is the outlook? the basis of a umon of three repub- 

be needed after all. It is extraordinary to bear the A. In final analysis, everything still depends on »*■ . • ^ 

Serbs, who kilted 200,000 people, complain that [Fringe] Tudjman in Zagreb and [Sobodan] Milo- This principle had bemagreed 
they are the victims of pressures. These pressures sevic in Belgrade. The United States, Germany and to in August, but fefl into limbo as 

serve him right. Turkey are now putting combined pressure on m omentum gathered for toe tone 

Q. Mi - . Karadzic says that Western military Zagreb to play balL I hope the Russians will do toe repu blics to become fuDy indepen- 

involvement would be toe end of NATO and that same thing with Milosevic in Belgrade. If Washing- dent immediately, 

in toe ensuing chaos he could no longer guarantee ton and Moscow show courage and detennmation, Mr. Stoltenberg also said be ex- 

tbe safety of the international aid workers. we may have a solution to the Bosnian conflict in a pected the talks to proceed on the 

A. Ridiculous. Those are his usual threats. Hie few months. oasis of a European Umon “action 

— plan" unveiled in November. It 

specified that an agreement should 

a m /-*- m be based mi a “umon of three re- 

Air Strikes as Last Resort 

istration, and Mostar, a southern 

oeraL Butros Butros GhaLu would hare to am- NATO commanders who would authorize and plan any aty now divided between Croati an 
e Security Council, where Russia could use its mission. and Muslim forces, muter toe au- 

But Mr. Kozyrev’s statements did reflect a major shift toarity of toe European Unicoi for 

m ?^L i;J50WOOklasuretta 

ns on in consultation with the Security CoonriL rf“C. “h, ( M . 

ething we think is conceivable and possible, o ^ 

i wdmnv “ Mr Kn 7 vn>v Satii*riav Sarajevo civilians could be considered an attack on UN of tantaty m Bosnia-iterzegovma 

forces, whose protection is already sanctioned. Russia bad for a Mustim-majority repuHte. 
tie last resort,” he said. “But this option exists." previously insisted that air strikes oould only be used if UN The Sarajevo government has at- 
, Mr. Kozyrev's conditions would be hard to forces were directly threatened. tacbed particular importance toes- 

mring a specific request for air strikes in a “Just imagine a UN soldier was at that marketplace in cabhshing a union, even if largely 
face to be relayed to Mr. Butros Ghali for his Sarajevo and was shot,” he said. “Then it would be an attack powerless at first, in hopes of pre- 
mier consultations, and then be passed on to on UN forces. It b a matter of interpretation." serving Bosma-HcRegonoa. as a le- 

gal entity. 

ids Pullback of Muslims in Sarajevo U.S. Evacuates 

17 e Tji *i* on toe table, however, the Bosnian 

termination to go forward with air and there would be no extensions LDHwSSy raiTtlllCS Serbian delegation issued a newne- 


Health O r gmfaatirm said that a vaccine known as SPf66 bos shown 
promisca results in the first phases of h uman t rials m Africa. 

ftdteSnaiy data, to be puHished Friday iri toe British medical joumu 
Vaccine, that SPta6 induces a strong immune response without 

harmful ads effects. 

France Sets Exit Visa Requirement 

PARIS (Renters) — France announced Sunday that it would reqmre 
natCwils and refugees from 13 countries as well as P alestini a ns to o btain 
cat visas in tHtier to leave the country. An Interior Ministry deoee i>5tcd 
the countries as Af^iamstan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iraq, Iran, 
Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, North Korea. Syria, Sudan and remoL 
A rmmstcy official said toe requirement, which is to taw effect onApru 
4, was «n particnlar at curbing iDe^i entry by immigrants who 
have been sent or acquired documents belonging to foreigners who have 
r fuftwitMM t wrPrWncff Thp intro duction »f viMs-ynll mean that an reoatry 
papers win bear proof that toe holder bad actually left the country. 

For liie Record 

A large storage ties for contraband gaaoEne blew up in Port-att-Pri»» 
over tw weekend, destroying two loaded fuel trades and.a ha lf-bloc k 
stretchof warehouses, stares and at least onehdtd in toe Haitian cqnmL 
There was no indication of arton, and no casualties were reported. (AP) 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


Banking and gqmnment offices will be dosed ,or services curtaflcd in 
the fallowing eoaptaefraacl- their dependmriea tois-week because of 
national and-rehgmus bt^idays- . s . .. : . 

MONDAY: Andorra, !BoSvia, Brazil, Bc gn d ot , Sootb Korea, LnadMas 

H mutiny, V wwmf L t ; • ;■* V- 

TUESDAY: 6raal £coadoc, Mfi, Uedmauteia, Monoo, Ncpak' 

Panama, Portugal, Uroguay, Veneznda. 

WEDNESDAY; ih«n, Jamaica, Lithuania. . 

RUEMLYf Gnn&fa. . ... 

SATURDAY: Nepal - .. 

SrmaxJ.P.Moa^Kdkm. : :. 


S "7 


wish to leave ■ 


An aide to the Union’s mediate, 
David Owen, dismissed tocScctwn 
platform as rhetoric, . . 


BmOmnneTs StiBB&i&b' 

- • . v, ; ; 

• Reuters ■ ■ ;; X.i i-p'r^ 'c • 

FOLKESTONE, England — With aching feet and oobii^^ : 

^jont the boring scenery, mow than 100 pcojde have 

the ChamtaTonod and into toejnstory books as toe firsttococde^o 

anal fr om Fr ance to feSain. since the i«q I c e A g* 

The group emerged from the British ntonth of toe ^inSS^bt 
FdOcestone after a walk through toe 31-mfe 150. kBumefix^ii^el; 
toat u expected to raise more than £2 milfion m 
cbtorijt 

ap w^boam eajnd sports celebrities were among ttagrooiurf 

fireworks at Fottestoneand 

SS?” t? * dAf mamve 

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w- 


DAKAR, Senegal (Reotecs) — Airfares operating in toe African franc 
zone have voted to mcreage fares; by up to 70 peroent firflowing tire 
devaluation in January of the CFA franc. • . - 

Members of the Francortoone Assoriarion. <rf Ah Transporters gave 
approval for increases of, fi&pereeattJsaouiui-& 9 > fares asd^^Qpcut iu 
one-way fines, a statemen t raid . They also approved a Km pri cent 
increasein frrirfit ratejL’Anr'France, AirAfriqoe, RoyalAmlPlaxoc and 
Cameroon. Airfares are among, the camera scckmg the increa«s,; Which 
must be approved by the govt^ima^of toeu^home bases. , . , , . 

Bepes to tavest S3S0 nffiuabia bo^eaqdez at.tite Dead Sea 
resort often Boqeq, Israd, brad annotmad^Simtlay. Thcplans indode 
Ounese restataants andioQdorc dxtws: . /r, ■' ' - (AFP) 

Qina issued a» emergency o rd e r to iiywc ra d sa f ely and disdpfine 
after a series of^ vacation acadentekftnady 60 dead and more than 100 
ttgiired. toe Legal DaflysmdT - . ~ ' : ' ' (Routers) 

Expatriates workfagfa In d w arfa wgbe reqoked to cany certificates 
piovmg they do not have AIDS, Wdfare Monster Azwar Anas said. The 
Arrtara report of toe det^on did not jayaq^i^lj that tourists would be 
cxcaqjt firan such certificates, but Mafia Indonesia daily quoted Mr. 
Azwar as. saying toe l eq m reiuuButwpuld hot apply jo them. (Rotters) 


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operator mil put your can through to anywhere in the 50 States as well as a gnawing list of participating wond Reach countries''^'^ 

Austria 022 90S -Qi? Ecuador 170 Wjr. 172-1032 Sawft.AratM-. . tgOO-H . ' 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 1 1. tw | 


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. . — , 4 ,ji a WJUUL1J g cultural enwns. 1 DC 

result: less lavish parties andtigjiter^inore focused functions, indud- 
mg breakfasts and loaches. * 

“lo the past, we woold have big receptions," said Lionel Majfeste- 
J-arrouy, press insular official of the French Embassy. “Now we 
w °ridxig-scs«oa lunch or a dinKT-around a good 
■ 1156 ^ <2ystal and duonpagne, but.it is more 

Lfli vftl ftfi 


. Gone ^ ti® ambassadorial splendor of social functions Kira those 
given bv ArpesMr Zahedi, the Iranian ambassador in pre-ayatoDah 
days. Mr. Zahedi s parties featured live bands, fi^ orchids, 24- 
aarat game prizes, caviar and champagne with guests like Henry 
KiMnget, Andy Warhol and Elizabeth Taylor schmoozing in due 
embassy’s blue-tiled Persian Room. 

Gone, too. are the yearlong 'series of parties and receptions that 
bunt up to the visit erf President Ferdinand. E. Marcos of the 
Phiiippmes and his wife, Imdda, in 1981 That land of opulent 
. ovetKfll is frowned 'do today. - 

We can certainty say that things are not as lavish or extravagant 
as they way during the Marcos days,” said Josfc Ebro, a press officer 
at the PwSppme Embassy. “Our social entertaining is focused on 

business and investment initiatives.” t 

Didi Cutler, who worked for the New York City Oramisskm for 
the United Nations and the UN Cbnsnlar Corps, said , Today, it’s a 
question of what is a ppr o priate.” ...... _ 

■ j^pwipriatc does not necessarily mean fewer guests: In 1993, the 
British ambassador entertained 11 ,500 people at various functions, 
from anal] breakfasts to hn^e receptions. •../ • 

.Still, ambassadorial functions now are much more likely to be 
about drumming up business for the home countries fhan about ' 
celebrating the arrival of a political figure or an eligible movie star. 

Few diplomats can complain these days, as did Bernard Vernier- 
Palliez, toe French ambassador to ifce United States in early 1980s, 
that they have to attend “futile partiet”Tradesmanslnpis now as 
much in demand as statesmanship. (NTT) 

Law Experts Swoop on Balan c e Bmtgrt BIB 

WASH INGTON —- Constitational law experts across the politi- 
cal spectrum have signed alerter opporing the proposed balanced- 
budget amendment, winch is to be debated by tbe Senate later tins 
month. 

The letter was signed by 17 scholars, who range from liberals such 
as Laurence H. Tribe of Harvard Law School and Burke Marshall of 
Yale to conservatives such as Robert H. Boris, a former Supreme 
Court nominee, and former Sphdtor-CenecaL Chades Fried. 

The scholars told Senator Robert C. Byrd, a. West, Virginia 
Democrat, that although they “disagree about the nature, causes and 
cures of our present budgetary situation,” they "share the conviction 
that the balanced-budget amendment now before die Congress is a 
serious mistake. " Air. Byrd is a staunch opponent of the amendmotr 
I andplans hearings duit this week. ■ 

The lawyers trad Mr. Byrd that among their reasons for opposing 
the amendmen t are tint it “would deprive the Congress and the 
president of needed flexibility” “would inappropriate^ involve the 
judiciary in intractable questions of fiscal and budgetary poKcy** and 
“would be unenforceable and thus use the Constitution as a bill- 
board for failed slogans." 

They also said the amendment “would rigidly and per manently 

■ bias decisions against spending of social programs.” 

The White House is opposing the balanced-budget bill but is 
fearful that, in the face of public demands for fiscal austerity and 
deficit reduction, it may win Senate approval- It is hoping to use the 
letter us pan of its campaign to argue agimut the proposal. (WP) 


HOT SPRINGS HUG — President Bffl Cfinton embracing 
Ms late mothers husband, Ridnud Kefley, at file HotSfxings, 
Arkansas, aiiport. Mr. Cfinfoii made a weefceodtrip mere for 

r .m. — - - ■- »-■ — -J1-J — t — c . 


Away From Politics - 

• Hie navy unwed to dose the hooks ot t^-Taffi^ se^ 

• ine nwy A~jAina not io anneal the dismissal of the last 


tlvn*rasttarismgfrom thetnodenL inm means no.^wiuoe urea 

wnmen at a rowdy aviators convention in 1991 , despite 

KSSpS W ««k !to*. 

* 3 - j*.f uu As offiftal «hn (nred binl'lA whil 


" ti* official who WNi 

EE* Ori MM *« 


^HalL Hc&drove outside theiownand kffled himself with a 
angle gunshot to the head. 

^ 00 -pound f45^dlopam) Rottweiler and an SO-pound 
anBnab ’- ^™utowas in critical otihditkm foUowiiig the attack. 


non in. the magprine's TO-ycariustory. She has 


-P 


& E £ JjTsf 


: '?■!££ fv 


POLITICAL XOTESUr- 


Pot Washington Diplomat*, the Party 1 ! Ovar 

T ®? orc thc gldfeaf marketplace, before'lhc 
wesaoi^before thedcchne of greed and the rise of austerity, there . 
was the diplomatic party. Dozens of than. Every night 

* decent suit or a little black 
uress could ditch budget meals at home tograze on Jbond’oeuvresai 

SOffif. ^RinMKCV'.TinTTtTnn hum 


— j uui.uuu uwc. i,iMiaigcr. 

As governments around the worid tighten their belts, the squeeze 

dSc?S/5 I f. < LS any 166 164 . embassies in Washington Even 
tuose social nmctions that couizuue to exist are increasiiietY an 

■ Pklraci/in aP idai4^ am* — 1. — a. . _ _ ■ 


U,S. Weighs Taxing 
Of Welfare Benefits 

Money Would Go to Expand 
Programs for Job Training 


By Jason DeParle 

New York Tima Senior 

• Washington — T beadmm- 

Ldration is consideiing apian to 
finance President KB Clinton's 
welfare proposal by taxing food 
stamps, welfare benefits and hous- 
ing assistance and by cutting aid to 
legal immigrants who are elderly 
and indigent. 

While no decisions have been 
made, those are among the options 
being considered: by senior officials 
at the White House, Treasury De- 
partment and' Department of 
Health and Human Services, confi- 
dential documents and interviews 
&ow. The money from the cuts 
would be used to expand work and 
job trainmgpjrograxns. 

Critics liken the size of the cuts 
being considered to those pushed 
through in the Reagan administra- 
tion- The options illustrate the dif- 
ficulty of simultaneously pursuing 
ambitious welfare and health care 
proposals while seeking to reduce 
the deficit. 

One risk is that cuts will hurt the 
people the welfare plan seeks to 
help: the poor and near-poor. That 
was the fear of the administration 
official who disclosed the options, 
calling them “unconscionable." 

A second risk is that the poten- 
tial reductions, already being de- 
nounced on Capitol H3L could 
alienate some Democrats whose 
help Mr. Clinton needs to pass his 
health bill. 

Melissa Skoffield. an administra- 
tion spokeswoman, declined to dis- 
cuss any specific options, calling 
the discussions “very preliminary 
But die argued that the pain of any 
cuts would be more than offset by 
the benefits of the welfare program, 
which is intended to help poor 
women, winch are its main recipi- 
ents, find jobs. 

“The plan is going to provide 
new investments m cmld care, edu- 
cation and training for poor wom- 
en who were simply written off by 
previous administrations," she 
said. 

The cuts being considered are in 
addition to the $30 billion in pro- 
posed reductions included in the 
1995 budget, released last week. 
One administration official said the 
search for money had become 


“brutally bard" since “painful cuts 
have already been made.” 

The difficult choices are being 
shaped both by law and politics. 
The 1990 budget law requires the 
government to pay for any new 
spending increases with offsetting 
taxes or program reductions. 

And since welfare, mainly the 
Aid to Families with Dependent 
Children program, is considered an 
“entitlement program," the cuts 
have to come from similar pro- 
grams whose benefits go automati- 
cally to those meeting the criteria. 

. The largest entitlement program 
is Social Security, but officials con- 
sider it too politically risky to cul 
The growth of the next two largest. 
Medicare and Medicaid, is being 

restrained lo f inanre changes in the 

health care system. 

That means that most of the re- 
maining targets are entitlement 
programs for the poor, primarily 
welfare, food stamps and disabtHty 
programs. 

“Everything that’s left is virtual- 
ly a mortal wound," the official 
said. 

One of Mr. Clinton's principal 
promises in the 1992 presidential 
campaign was to “end welfare as 
we know it," and be has vowed to 
send Congress a bill this spring. 

Mr. Clinton has pledged to ex- 
pand training programs For people 
on welfare, but then require those 
still unemployed after two years to 
join a work program. 

There are now a record 5 miltirm 
families receiving Aid to Families 
with Dependent Children, the main 
federal welfare program. 












fciBit Wcnactl' -The AwKuid PTev. 

WINTER WONDERLAND — A Philadelphia man pushing bard to get his car out of the snow after weekend storms. 

Northeast Revives After Latest Storm 


Rmien 

NEW YORK — Northeastern transporta- 
tion hubs returned to near normal Sunday, 
and winter-weary travelers began reaching 
their destinations after days of struggle 
caused by the worst snowstorm in more man 
a decade. 

Freezing drizzle and light, snow were re- 
ported in a wide area from Baltimore to 
Boston on Sunday, but there was no hint of 
any repeat of Friday's knockout punch, 
wbicb paralyzed the region with a foot (30 
centimeters) to 18 inches of snow. 

Two lines in New York City’s subway 
system were still unable to operate, but the 
police reported an unusually quiet Saturday 
night as piles of snow began turning to pud- 
dles of slush. 


Both Kennedy and Newark airports re- 
opened after being closed most of Friday, 
and by midnight the terminals were cleared 
of passengers, some of whom wailed days to 
leave. 

The Long Island Rail Road, devastated by 
the Friday storm, said it was spending the 
weekend trying to get ready for the daily 
onslaught of 250.000 passengers Monday.' 

New Yorkers ventured out Saturday and 
filled supermarket aisles, stocking up oh sup- 
plies. Video stores reported unprecedented 
rental business. 

Children and their sled-carrying parents 
thronged Central Park, and cross-country 
skiers took advantage of the snow-dogged 
side streets and parks to get in some exercise. 


The Hudson River resembled an Arctic ice 
floe, and parked cars remained buried under 
snow. 

Accumulations were the highest since a 
1983 blizzard socked the city with 18 inches. 
The latest storm left a foot 'of snow in New 
York City. 

The storm was the 12th in an unusually 
harsh winter. Snowfall totals in the Northeast 
are the highest since 1978. according to 
Weather Services Corp. of Boston. 

In the South, ice left thousands of people 
without power. It covered northern Missis- 
sippi. causing pine trees to snap and fall 
across slippery roadways. Power outages 
were reported around T upelo, and some areas 
were without water because of burst pipes. 


sS ?££Sl Snow Strands Thousands of Travelers in Japan 


matter of sharp dispute, with the 
administration’s own estimates 
ranging from 500,000 to more than 
13 million. 

The hunt for money is crucial. If 
the administration fails to find the 
revenue, it could be forced to scale 
back. Administration officials have 
said in the past that the welfare 
plan would cost about 57 billion a 
year when fully put into effect. 

The options under consideration 
have multiplied in recent weeks, as 
officials prepare to send Mr. Clin- 
ton a list by March. 


Compiled by Our Staff From Otspaiihti 

TOKYO — The worst snowstorm to hit 
Tokyo and its surrounding areas in 25 years 
left road, rail and air traffic paralyzed on 
Sunday. 

High-speed bullet train services were dis- 
rupts, airports were crammed with passen- 
gers who were unable to take flights on Satur- 
day and most major highways leading to the 
capita] were closed. 

The storm, which dumped 23 centimeters 
(9 inches) of snow Saturday in Tokyo, was the 
worst since March 1969. Unused to the slip- 
pery surfaces, 171 people fell and required 


hospital treatment, the National Police Agen- 
cy said. 

A total of 277 arrivals and departures at 
Tokyo International Airport in Narita were 
delayed or canceled Saturday, an airport 
spokesman said. 

Of the 9,000 people stranded, about 3,000 
had to bed down for the night in 18 planes 
delayed at Narita, 65 kilometers (40 miles) 
northeast of Tokyo. 

The weather cleared Sunday, allowing 
most passengers to go on to their destina- 
tions. But on Sunday night, 380 people were 
stranded at Chitose Airport in northern Ja- 


pan on a British Airways flight that was 
diverted from Nagoya. 

An airport official said the passengers had 
to wait more than 30 hours for replacement 
crew members because of regulati o ns limiting 
the number of consecutive hours that pilots 
could fly. 

The freak weather, however, did not stop 
the Tokyo Internationa] Marathon. With 
help from Construction Ministry snowplows, 
authorities managed to clear streets where the 
race was bring staged. 

(Reuters, API 



Hanoi Won’t Brook 'Rights’ Interference 


By William Branigin 

Wcnhingtan Port Service 

HANOI — As Vietnam moves 
toward diplomatic relations with 
the United States, it faces increased 
scrutiny on human rights issues. So 
ficr. it is showing no sign of a softer 
hue against dissenL 

While dealings with the United 
States have focused mainly on the 
issue of missing American service- 
men, Hanoi also has agreed to be- 
gin discussions on rights. However, 
officials said, Vietnam will not ac- 
cept any “preconditions” in the 
normalization process or any “in- 
terference” in internal affairs. 

A U.S. assistant secretary of 
state, Winston Lord, told a Senate 
subcommittee last week: “The in- 
tensity and warmth of our relation- 
ship mil depend in huge measure" 
on Vietnam s human tights perfor- 
mance. 

The New York-based Human 
Rights Watch, in its 1994 summary, 
cited a “mixed" performance in 
Vietnam. Hanoi released some dis- 
sidents or reduced prison sen- 


Donald Judd, 
Minimalist 
Artist, Dies 

New York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — Donald Judd. 
65, one of the foremost American 
artists of the postwar era and a 

major figure in the Minima] Art 
movement, died of lymphoma here 
Saturday. 

! Mr. Judd, who had homes in 
New Yak, Texas and Switzerland, 
was .an artist of extreme self-confi- 
dence whose his sleek cubic and 
rectilinear works in the 1960s 
bdped redefine the direction of 
sculpture, riumnating pedestals 
and stressing open, somewhat 
weightless volumes characterized 
by -lash metals and translucent or 


art insisted that explorations 
of space, scale, and materials could 
be ends in -themselves. But. Mr. 
Jodd dislifcBd the wad Jvfinimalist, 
calling himself “an empiricist” 
when pressed, and refused to call 
his work sculpture because he 
thought that implied carving. 

Once he found hh> mature style, 
Mr. Judd pursued his severely re- 
duced vocabdaty with a conviction 
that few other Minimalists 
matched. He was.amaster of scale 
and detail, for whom the. thickness 
of a sheet of metal or the placement 
of screws were of paramount im- 
portance. 

While both hitartond his think- 
ing woe often seen as having di- 
rectly influenced Conceptual Art, 
Mr. Judd declined to-take credit, 
maintaining that “art i» something 
you look at”- I" 


traces, it said, while jailing others 
for the 'peaceful expression of their 
views. It erf ten made no distinction 
between opponents who advocated 
violence and peaceful critics. 

A Foreign Ministry spokeswom- 
an charged that a State Depart- 
ment report of Feb. 1 sharply criti- 
cizing Vietnam for rights violation 
was “not objective," but she did 
not dispute specifics. "Even though 
there remain untold difficulties, the 
Vietnamese government has made 
great efforts,” she said, in enabling 
citizens "to exercise their econom- 
ic, social and cultural rights as well 
as civil and political rights." 

In a new conference hours after 
President Bill Qinion lifted the 
trade embargo on Vietnam on Feb. 
3, Deputy Foreign Minister Le Mai 
conceded that human rights issues 
may pose “obstacles" in U.S. talks. 

“Both sides have the right to 
mention any problems or issues, 
including the human rights issue," 
he said. “We agreed that Vietnam 
and the United States can have a 
dialogue relating to human tights. 


Tran Cong Man, a retired general 
and unofficial government spokes- 
man, said that “there most be no 
pressures" on rights. “Ifs just a 
consultation,” be added. “Vietnam 
is now in a state of stability” that 
“we must not jeopardize." 

While Marxist rhetoric has gen- 
erally abated as Vietnam pursues 
economic change, the ruling Com- 
munist Party and the army periodi- 
cally denounce “peaceful evolu- 
tion,” a term used here and in 
China to describe what they see as 
Western attempts to destroy com- 
munism through multiparty sys- 
tems. 

“Hostile forces are attempting to 
wipe out socialism,” General Doan 
Khue. the defatse minister, warned 
recently. “Inside the country there 
are destabilizing dements which we 
must not underestimate.” 

He appeared to be referring to 
overseas Vietnamese, thousands of 
whom have returned to visit or in- 
vest in Vietnam after having fled 
following the Communist takeover 
of the llS.-backcd South Vietnam 


in 1975. The authorities welcome 
their money but fear their political 
views. The police made a number 
of arrests last year in breaking up 
several what they said were bomb 
plots by ami-Communist groups. 

Although the government toler- 
ates some criticism of official cor- 
ruption or incompetence, it prohib- 
its public advocacy of political 
pluralism or questioning of the role 
of the Communist Party. 

In November, four Buddhist 
monks and five lay followers were 
sentenced to up to four years in 

E rison on charges of creating “pub- 
c disorder” in Hue last May. 

In March. Doan Viet Hoat, a 
former university administrator 
and professor of English literature 
in Saigon, was sentenced to 20 
years in prison for “attempting to 
overthrow the government,” Hu- 
man Rights Watch reported. His 
offense: producing four issues of a 
newsletter, "Freedom Forum,” 
which urged democratic reforms. 


AMERICAN 


TOPICS 


Curbing Windfalls on Cases 
In Which Lawyers Do little 

Windfalls from lawyers* contingency fees — 
amounts contingent on their winning a favorable 
verdict or, more frequently, a settlement — have 
long been tolerated as the price of assuring access 
to toe courts of those who cannot afford lawyers' 

■ hourly fees. Bat perhaps not much longer, The 
New York Times reports. 

The outcome of one such case was a foregone 
conclusion. Plaintiffs’ lawyers had no need to take 
much time with it and ended up, tor one law 
professor's calculation, making at least 525,000 for 
each hour they spent on the case. 

Now legal experts have devised a system that 
links fees to toe degree of risk actually borne by 
lawyers. The Manhattan Institute Group, a conser- 
vative policy research organization, is asking both 
the American Bar Association and state supreme 
courts to declare it unethicsl’for lawyers to charge 
contingency fees on settlements that are virtually 
certain from the start. 

The system would work this way: Defendants in 
rivi] suits would be given, say, 60 days to make 
settlement offers. If no offer was made, the plain- 
tiffs’ lawyers would be free to negotiate fees. 

But if an offer was made ana accepted, the 
plaintiffs’ lawyers would receive only a reasonable 
hourly rale or a very modest share of the gross — 
say, 10 percent. And if an early settlement offer 
was made and refused, the offer would become the 
reference point for contingency fees. 

Short Takes 


on Jan. 1, and many administrators worry that 
their faculties will become overloaded with super- 


annuated and highly paid dead wood. Mandatory 
retirement became illegal for most jobs in 1986, 
but universities successfully lobbied Congress for a 
seven-year exemption. Now that time has run out. 
“I probably will work as long as I am competent to 
work," said Leslie Hicks. 66. a psychologist at 
Howard University. The Washington Post says 
that some administrators see toe end of mandatory 
retirement as yet another financial pressure for 
schools that already are anting positions and 
dropping programs. 


The typical f3m noir concerns a couple with bad 
judgment or bad character or both who are on the 
steep and slippery slope to toe gallows. The 1944 
film “Double Indemnity" is quintessential. How 
do you tell it’s a film noir? The New York Times 
gives several tips: A neon sign blinks on and off, 
perhaps with one letter missing. The hero spills his 
guts in voice-over narration. People smoke a lot. 
There's a hard-bitten woman named Velma. 
Streets are wet and glistening, even when there's no 
trace of rain. A muled trumpet moans plaintively 
in toe night. The movie seems to be black and 
white, even if it’s in color. 


Los Angeles is intertwined with the automobile 
and always will be. says rred MJL Gregory, a 
contributing editor to Car and Driver magazine. 
“This has nothing to do with our alleged love affair 
with the car,” he writes. “People don’t fall for 
hardware. ... If anything, we take the car for 
granted.” Mass transit? “Who needs it when we 
already have a mass-transit system that requires no 
waiting on platforms, is private and relatively safe 
and runs according to our own schedules — it’s 
called the car." 

Panhandler’s sign spotted by a New York Tunes 
reader and reported in its Metropolitan Diary 
column: 

at My age 1 Should be Enjoying Life 
Please help. 


Arthur Higbee 


We fly to 
the For East 
more often 
than any 
other airline 



Singapore Airlines offers you 42 flights from 14 
European cities to Singapore even - week. All connect to 
over 300 flights to the Far East, Australia and New 
Zealand, and of course, all have inflight service even 
orher airlines talk about. SIDGAPORE AIRLIfJES 


TO OUR READERS 


IN GREECE 


It’s never been easier 
to subscribe 
and save. 

Just call today 
( 1 ) 99 - 19-328 
in Athens. 














INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1994 


KIDS: In the U,S., a Surge in Computer Software That Targets Toddlers 


Continued from Page 1 

ere. some childhood educators say they see a 
variety of benefits to getting an early start on 
high technology. 

"Computer literacy is not something that 
happens suddenly when you're 12," said Barba- 
ra T. Bowman, vice president for programs at 
the Ehittoo Institute for Advanced Study in 
Child Development, a research center in Chica- 
go. "It's a long process." 

Yet it is not all blue skies in the world oT 
preschool computing. Some educators say they 
simply do not understand the rush. 

“Computers are an extra, they're fun. but the 
school’s time and money can be better spent on 
other things," said Linda Jo Platt, director of 
the Community Nursery School in Dobbs Fer- 
ry, New York. “Children leant by touching and 
feeling and bolding. I'd rather hand them a 
puzzle." 

Whatever concerns may exist, computing 
among the very young is clearly surging, pushed 
along by changes in hardware and software. 
More than a third of computers sold to homes 
in recent months contained a compact-disk 
player and speakers that provide sophisticated 


sound. This encourages software companies to 
develop programs that rely on sound, rather 
than words on a screen, to engage young users. 

And because compact disks have a far greater 
storage capacity than floppy diskettes or even 
hard drives, designers can load up their soft- 
ware with pictures and animation, as well as 
sound, all of which contains more data than 
text. 

“The hardware enabling is the key," said 
Harry Wilker, vice president of publishing at 
Broderbund Software Inc„ based in Novato, 
Californio, oac of the biggest producers of 
children's software. 

Many educators say the software companies 
are making the most of the new opportunities. 

“The software people have been marvelous at 
listening to the early-childhood people and are 
changing and providing open-ended stuff that 
allows kids — little kids — to explore and find 
thing? out on their own," said Pat Gardner, a 
professor of early childhood education at Santa 
Monica College in California. 

Many earlier children's programs, she said, 
were nothing more than electronic drill-and- 
practice workbooks that relied mainly on right 


and wrong answers, ihe newest generation of 
software focuses on encouraging exploration 
and rewarding curiosity rather than penalizing 
wrong answers. 

Along the road to creating successful pro- 
grams, children provide a central role. Many 
software companies rely extensively on re- 
search with children of various ages, conducted . -- 
at local schools and in testing laboratories, as ^ 
weH as on interviews with parents and teachers. ; '.'gy*. 

And one thing they have dearly learned is 
how to describe their programs in appropriate 
educational language. 

Mr. Turner, formerly of Knowledge Adven- 
ture, said his goal was for “a computer to be an 
incredibly patient, learned teacher." 

The company’s Kid's Zoo, designed for 3- to 
6-year-dds, provides information abort where 
different animals live and also offers matching 
games. In one. a child tries to choose which of 
four animals made a particular sound. 

In another, the child must choose which of 
eight animals rrmtrhas a particular characteris- 
tic displayed on the screen. 








1» 

z -V.. 


y V V V V Valentine's Day Messages 


I UNDERSTAN D, BBg Vt M£ I DO 

Wfax it ns femora id live. 

If wn rmr what said of me 
Why not id seaeb known to be? 


CouU tf be to put through Ihof HdCame 
fiwn Kxnaonv wanting cd bade m iheB 

Above cfl else know hot it's tree. Some 
one Hjmewhara cores drx&r lor you. 

A fnem fc lirp in love. firm, urtaixfng A 
iteance breached by thoughts sensing. 

On die beach, bond m hand 
Gentle warmth, a if the wd 

Remember our eobn. mo untain dear 
cm. Just Mirer yew heart, 11 be there- 
in fumy, you bow, the ilmgs dm I 
■a Beyond of course, the obwous UcB 

the voce, die m*. the rani, the hair 
The easy way the soufa could ihve 

Remember always, to youndf be true 
Thai h AA I Aw of You 

AuD-var Sweem. Je Fane 


■here was a young man from usn 
An Architect ay trade 
To Africa ha were, end bu* mare them 
a tent 

Mi fortune there he made. 


A lady ftem Atembi 

Did not know wh«j her Re would be 

She maned a get* 

Hs devotion he meant 

And they formed a nee faraiy— 


We love a nai ham Turkey 
He's smart and h a ndsome era land 
He fa in dl morning 
And he t always on out mind 


I love my WuMautan 
9* i pretry. smart ert) fanny 
9* ra*h-s videos dl the day 
And saves her school work far Sunday 

M - YOUWE- my only sunshine, you 
make me homr when skies me grey, 
& everything I do. I do far you. 
cause, you're my first, my fad, my 
everythng. fou're sjnedy the bedf 
Je 'totaiy - tone! 8T 


USE ONCE WAS A LOVES ntned 
John who wb qute mi maedHe Don 
but he l t uy e tl with Iha Mss wflh a 
hug and a bn tor what some may 
flunk o mi Ectl Happy 33rd Vo l etOi n el 


YOU ABE AW WUI ALWAYS BE 


love you am 


THRU BAD TIMES AND WORSE we 
reracwi n fave d no* total* sort Lie 
rats on a raft, we ham light and 

faugh So crazy we'd marry agon! 

PutfaBOWonitJDIXOX 

WHERE LOVE HAS MET: Cam* from 
the oppaste whd raid kiddy we 
crossed each other in Hong Kang. 
Thanking God gracefulness aid nr 
soeod mends, love jai XXX (Atom) 
MNMND - An appraencM place to 
state; You make my heart a tumble 
oni we never nave crosswords 
fflwnoo the 

.PWBIS 


Thcmfa to the anfine far dafiwmc 
message to you. I fave you. P (MO 
THB IS A VAlBflWE I send to 


THIS Q A VAISVnNE I send to you 
my dakng Bse, your dear cfauafaa 
Uly & your good ovf fine son Hog, 
my friend. I love you dt signed your 
Dowd 

THERE WA5 ONCE in CoraKnhnopfe. 
a man with a paRe so noble, that 1 1 
M far him at once, and once then 
with Constance, have farad him as 1 

much co o mogul Drone 

ANDREW ten years down a cobbled I 
fane. Two bds aid much less of your , 
brawn none. 11 rtffl km you when I 
you ere aid and our story am then be 

told. YIVA 

AVIVA far the most benutSul woman in 
the world The love maoage in the 
KT because soon the best in bantu 
too. I haps this is the fast VUentae 
day so fa frcrnU 

OUT ©3 THE EAST we find LoJy 
Di,who messes Mai. her favorite guy. 
She sends maty koses -md Valemme 
wishes to fit man die finds forever 

defidom XXOO. 

O MARY I thmk I lace ran; 
unless I an implied petty soon, 
to come up with a rhyme, for your 
Vtflentme, to ftf in the Herald 

Tribune. Luv ED. 

DEAR VALENTINE Years are fleeting, 
dm our fang ago bus Afton meeting, 
omazma Oh Lardy, it's <Anod been 
40, ana for you my heat a nil 

bejmflj Love lab 

DCS ONCE WAS A BEAR noted 
Sboo. who Eved n the forest, you 
see. Now she kves m Ptvee, wdh a 
bear naned 36. aid I hope she is as 
hettay ns mei Happy Vdentme-loraflB 
THB® ONCE WAS A LADY named 
Mo. an Irish french Coieen you know. 
9* hod so many talents, she threw 
me off bdaice, bur that's why I tovrv 
her so! GCS 

MAURICE IS TIC GUY I ADORE. 

I cnuUi't love anyone more We now 
Ive an the other side of the ocean. 
But that doanT daige my emonan) 
Forever end ohvays. Detfae. 


Rabin - thank you far Bobbin 
atong end for mAng ism the 
h ap p ies t Am erican In Iftra- Ntdy. 


VALENTINaESS 9. Monti ruled out m 
hrtwe. Od/Boh/Cr* & me aadwraiy 
owod to o onnAt a te your ate and 
make you happy at tet Da take up 

this axe dasram's offer. 

DMD . I HOPE YOU SS TMS 
on our spead day became you are 
io very far away. Know ihctf I lam 
you very modi and look forward 10 
another <0 yeas of row tends. LMD. 

TO THE OH« HALF OF THE oraige; 
I wfl always be there far you. Hcray 
Vnfartme. raneirber I fave you. ™- 
ever. 

JUNE CANT REACH YOU BY Ihe FTT 
soUjustinriheHTlopwiita 
brag int Be ny drama Valentine. 
Mfo 

an auspicious day m bbjo. m 

he bar and pfayuig Kano, true fave 
born n fart ensno. pfaase, Kch. be 

my Vdentmat S. 

LOVE WAS HB NAME A DC GAME 
pfarad now far IB yeas. Dicey. 5pey 
- 3 win, no faces. Definfidy not 

Tmnd PUourt XXXX ICT 

ROLF even though you don't under- 
paid much Ength what * I lad tKi 
on your diest ft* a km ar sipped it 
into you; pocket? tOBN 
OH CARMBL “MRS JUDGE", 
da budge before fas nudge: 
fat not my boon rtagm 

entwine it e'er weh nine! 

MY unu EASTS RABBIT, on Vden- 
hne's Day, dal Zera-ZeroJCm, la 
receive a super pa) ham Nffles the 

biffing f»U Mf 

TO UNDA JAYNE AND ROO 
I samdnes forget to say, the Km> of 
you mdz my day ond 1 wnh it was 
Vrfetraei day dl the year through 
TOM FROM THE VINE, ring wine 
mb e l rae ra i mafign. 2 marts erv 
twmed can redesign a pawon ran St 

ViJerdmn. Gmtanrtte nbe Ktoia 

DEAREST MKHABA. Swradheart, 
never slop lovng me for my heat 
heeds natfinn, oily loving you. I love 

_ yew, AM 

U1LEHAMMES MAY BE COLD report- 
ing on ihe dcae for gold, so Frfi don't 
forget you me mne ana wffl dwoys 

be my Vafartine- SB 

ALOHA. MY WAma SPARKLES My 
fan far you rads me a as near as 
we cotta be to ftradbe m Heaw\ 


NADINE IS MY TRUE LOVE ever sea 
we wane young & single- Now after 
14 yeas, 4 fad & I dog, she sdl 

nudes my toes tuigle- K 

SIMONE. Fm so glad you came fiom 
NYC to shae my Maras garret. Keep 
on wming your way eta my heart. 

Much fave, JeavFaul- 

HANKY - The Saturday momma 
p e a s a nt af nnr bra for you wel 
dwayi be skghlt/ flaky, but warm and 


WW - FIVE DOWN FOREVB TO GO. 

I love you. 

TB 


MARGHBDTA, Efo wOh you a great. 
Your hchand Una mi 1 your dog 
Tofy love you rarr nwdu 


USE AMY, (tobe Memo wr Ixeben 
dfah, Oration Alexander, Mrchool, 


MSSKA ON VA1BITMFS DAY you 
are my faraly carrot cake with my 
heart on the top: Rbaer Itabbt 


TO SUSAN. P. M MOSCOW. 


a Eeds you see today 
much fave, Vienna Rdimh. 

DEAR TAM 36 yan^d my Vekrta*. 
Mach love. 

_T. 

PATEKI, hope yew sad YB btR fat - * 
gMheJg cm Park on hold Al my 

JEANNE, rf I forget to weh you a 
Happy tfolera i ne today Neeae make 

sure to remind me. Lore fay 

FMMfiNUEUE - Je l adere, yo ta q«- 
ero. I law yoa lh_ is mum i can't 
wait to see yod Lora Peter. 

HOT SHOT. STAR UGHT 
Star bright, galorn of okve jaa for 

you totvehs. farachr. Hot lipi 

RROAB-Your Bon con sti brag out die 
fata m me. And soon cwr pnda 

grows - with fave, PURR. 

KHXCY GU 1 lora you mare hr 
words con »y si I guess I fad shut 
up. EAR BOY. 

FBKY you ora my JJei, dead you 
aren't, may our saioab go an brag, 

Li 

MARTVt A HEATH ff your IQ 
rhymes with £Q (decse do fly 
together. I love your Feathers. Liz 


TO LOVE. TO LAUGH » Era, n 
dream. Ta mefang more memones 
weh my ViAmtme Oiriitme. lave Bob 
VBtOMGUE SfiR. soSde. sansfn. 

Je t'om. 

Tom. 

ThE HUNTS 
chased the FBJNTttSS. 

Gam who gcftccughil 

CATHY. I fosraby HEflALD to toe world 
that on kfg i TEffiUNE you ore THE 
Qtd.Y 06 1 hug Love. Mirhori 
A. ki Bropes grap wu mow <raS be. 
but I rndi weh you * you do wdh me 
hogpfly for eternity. 

MKHAR KLOSSOti Bon is fed. 
Doddy a Blue. EmSy a sweat, every 
Vcfaitfine's Dor we fave you. E5 
VBOMOUE BE MY VALENTINE 
Wdh all my torts M umw tta and not 

fimiBTliim Tails In 


OLA MANOUU From iheCdnbbean to 
Singapore I coukki'l love you more. 

Tocr dmfcatad Ctatohnui 

RJ3L, Hey Lover! Out here in the jtaGfa ! 
you'll dwoys be my baa neoeiHy. 1 
fave you, SJL 


CYNTMA, Dan i get mod toot Cm wis- 
ing this ad. I pat lave you. Too Bad 


TO MY DARLING H 
lei me awe the ways. 

Your aformg ofabesis- bdebocnieh. 

xxx JULIA ANNE ami xsx Our 
14th Vdentra's Day on Feb. 14, may 
we have 114 more fave always. BBD. 

DEAR UNDA MARK PWedrasi me. i 
thou senior by me and FI be thine. 
AL | 

WHO'S BETTES THAN YOU? Hcaiy i 
Vdereme's Day. H! I.Y! - TJLOTfee , 
You Wednesday. , 


DADDY. HAPPY V DAY this dympe 
season, not 1 . Sanatta, Oxtan, Gf. 
See yo Toots. K»n 8. Sfa- 
JOSSBJME - The Natan oomaaigra 
m always *e bed. No headaches 
tomght - NcxxJecn Hie Utile 



OH af aur heads wffl your mqesry 

I accept the eqmAty and tw fralnrnty 

af the iiery of our napeoful hope I TO: SWBY - ROSES ARE RB, Vfofars 
of curtsying to you at Budanghan. are Bfoe. don't forget MorWy, he 
faior & Liz loves yau9 


DID YOU RECEIVE AN 
IHT VALENTINE TODAY? 

Why not reply to your loved one 
on Monday, February 21st 
in the Classified section? 

Contact your nearest IHT representative 
or Int’l Herald Tribune, Paris 
Tel.: (33-1) 46 37 93 85 or 
Fax: (33-1) 46 37 93 70 

giving a 3 line text minimum, name and 
address and credit card number. 





JOJO stop row bubo m the daks, i I 
snore pfasse fora me more, ar at faas> 
hole era no mora. i lora fora wifli van 
DADDY DEAR, daring Gaels. A Papa 
depua IW ta donws del ota, been & 
bonne nwnen we oil fair you Liz & Co 
AMLIAOCLAARB. 

Wkhiora. 

E.T. 

DEAR MOB, Happy VaforOne (fay. 

AD tny lovefiam cxmmthe ocean. 
Lave tora 

MY BIG SQUID. Let Our tqmshy legs 
entwine. Be my sofcy Vdentma. 

Love Soixfet 

FOR PATTY - 

It don't seem o day too much. 

How about yow 

BMW 
I lora you 

become we' re onxdy cflfcrert 

GBCVIEVE - (s Ihe days grow longer 
enj the heart grows fonder, hapPY 
Vdertme's day, St my law. A, 






Continued fironi Page I 

rials conclude that Japan has vio- 
lated a 1989 agreement to open the 
cellular telephone market is Ja- 
pan's main urban corridor to Mo- 
torola Iikl, officials said. 

At the same time, the adminis- 
tration is seeking to persuade Mr. 
Hosokawa and ms government that 
the trade actions should not cause a 
rupture of the entire relationship. 

The breakfast was part of an 
effort to ensure that U.S. relations 


with Japan — and Mr. Clinton’s 
relationship with Mr. Hosokawa — 
remain strong overall- “The human 
part of this matters," a US. official 
said. 

The adminis tration hopes that it 
is headed toward a more “mature" 
relationship with Japan, SO the two 
sides could quarrd over trade with- 
out critically wounding their coop- 
eration on foreign policy issues. 

“We've had trade ware with Eu- 
rope, but that never affected 


TO OUR READERS IN HOLLAND 

IPs never been easier to subscribe 
and save. Just call toll-free: 

06022 5158 


JAPAN: 

Leader Backed 

Contmwd from Phge l 

oopular prime ministers in Japa- 
SSeMstoiy. although his ratings 
dipped somewhat a wedt ago af- 
ter he proposed, and then dropped, 
a .steep increase in the national 

His trip to Wadnnpon will 

probably restme some of his luster, 

analysts here said. 

“1 drink his approval rating will 
ao right back up now," said a polit- 
ical consultant, Yoidu Masuzoe. 
“He stood firm against Clinton, 
and hell gel a lot of credit for it.” 
The problem for the world's two 
richest countries, which have a firm 
military alliance and ext ensive in- 
duscrial and financial intereonneo- 
rioni, is that their leaders can score 


ROYAL VISIT TO IWO J1MA — Emperor Akflato and Empress MSdtiko l^fag ***j®jf*^j' 
Oiink on cenotaph on Iwo Jima, a inooument to Japanese and Americans liW in Ihe W«id War it 
hoHitf for the island. Thor visit marked the 25th amrirersaiy of hs retmn to Japanese sovereignty. 

FIGHT: U.S. Set to Retaliate With Import Sanation* 


NATO fundamentally," another 
U.S. official said. 

Mr. Hosdrawa lent support to 
those hopes, saying the two nations 
were mowng “mto a new era. Until 
now, we renamed from speaking 
candidly and saying what was diffi- 
cult to a ay." ' 

But a senior Japanere . diplomat 
said the distrust of Japan evident in 
Washington’s approach would 
make a good relationship difficult 
to achieve. 


■ mg up to each other. 

Mr. Clinton was following a 

long-established political path 

when he stood bead-to-head with 
Mr. Hosokawa and demanded ac- 
tion to cut Japan's 560 billion trade 
surplus with the United States . In 
tbe me vein, Mr. Hosokawa en- 
hanced bis domestic standing by 
resisting (he U ^. pressure. At the 
moment, there seems to be less im- 
mediate pofitica] gain for eithe r 
man in rating a way to compro- 
mise on the various trade disputes. 

Among tlwse backing Mr. Ho^ 
sokawa on Sunday was Yohei 
Kano, leader of the diief opposi- 
tion party, tbe Liberal Democrats. 
M As a matter of principle," he said, 
"we have to rqect managed trade. 
For Hosokawa torqect the Ameri- 
can proposal was simply common 
sense.” 

But Mr. Kono criticized Mr. Ho- 
sokawa for failing to find some 
con^jromise that would have led to 
a more positive result. 

For decades, Japan has main- 
tamed what it often called a “tittle 
brother” relationship with (he 
United States. U.S. pressure has 
been brought to bear in various 
ways, and generally it has been ef- 
fective. 

Bat now, the Japanese seem 
comfortable with the idea that the 
two economic superpowers should 
deal with each other as equals. Mr. 
Hosokawa made the point twice 
Friday in his White House news 
conference with Mr. Ctinion, say- 
ing the UA Japanese relationship 
is now “a mature rehilionshqv a 
relationship between athills.” 

This struck a responsive chord at 
home, said Minoru Morita, a politi- 
cal analyst. Tor years, we used to 
talk about a ‘Japan that could say 
no’ to the U A Well, now we have a 
Japan that has decided to try it” 

For Mr. Hosokawa to say no to 
Mr. Clinton’s demand far specific 
import targets can only strengthen 
the prime minister, Mr. Marita 
said. Thus, he added the result of 
this meeting is to “straigthen Ja- 
pan’s resolve" not to give in. 


Still trying* to make 
an international c al 1 


/ e .t 


.re 

pi ' ' 

1 r 


MOVING 


GR05HR0N 

Tne lnt‘1 movers 

Aeomi rhn world 
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TM; Parii (33-1) 4B 1171 71 




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The Associated Press 

JOHANNESBURG — Chief 
Mangosmhu Buthdezi of (he Zulu 
. people told followers Sunday to 
prepare themselves for “casualties 
.$nd ^vcn _deatjj” after his parly’s. 
dedsTon to ‘boycott the nation’s 
firstall-racc election. 

The . Inkatha .Freedom fiait/s 
decision to sit om the voting wffl 
lead to heightened violence, said 
Chief Bathed, the party’s leader. 
He said months of intricate bar- 
gaining had failed to satisfy fo- 
katha’s demands for Zulu autono- 
my and decentralized government 

Chief Buthdezi accused' Nelson 
Mandela’s African National Con- 
gress of having already started “etie 


N meteen other-parties, including 
the ANC and the governing Na- 
tionai Party, metihe Saturday mid- 
night deadline for -registering lor 
the April elections, - ■ . 

Speaking in the - northeastern 
town of Empangeni to more than 
8,000 members . oT the Inkatha 
youth' wins; Chief Buthderi ham- 
mered at the ANCs alliance with 
the South African Communist Par- 
ty and at the inability of its leaders 
to stop political violence: 

"It is impossible for roe to lie to 
you and reassure vou that thelFFs 
^opposition. to- fighting the election 
. . . will not bring caamtiy- s and 
even death,"he; said. 

- “ If youiookat the ethnic cleans- 
ing that is taking place on die East 
Rand, they seem to have started on 
this kind of genocide,” Chief Buth- 
dezi said. He -said that the ANC 
and its Communist allies might tty 
to “exiermmale the Zulus as . the 
Nazis tried to esrtenninate the 
Jews." Supporters responded with 
chants of -‘'We won’t .vote!” 

■ Boycott Helps ANC .- 

Bill Keller of The' New. York' 

Inkat^s 

from the. vote seemed to assure the 
ANC 'an even inore tosided vic- 
tory than expected. With Inkatha 


retired to the political outskirts, the 
ANC seemed bound for a landslide 
' in Natal, the very province Infaatha 
' bargained most desperately to pro- 
serve.for itself. 

■ Tj^d^tF.W. de Klerk’s Na- 
tional P ! arty should also profit from 
• the decision. White conservatives 
who had drifted to Inkatha may 
now took to Mr. de Klerk’s party, 
- by default the main vehicle for vot- 
ers who Fear the ANC - 
But all polls show the the Nation- 
al farty, despite an effort, to diversi- 
fy its while Afrikaner power base, is 
hkeiy to be vwy mudj a junior pan- 
nermlhenext government 
The dectaon by InkathaV. cen- 
tral conmtiitee came hours before 
the midnightdeatfline for parties to 
be listed on the Section ballot. In a 
terse announcement, it said it re- 
jected the constitution under which 
the elections are to be held and 
vowed “to oppose the proposed 
dectian .in any and every way 
which is permissible by law.” 

- Between diem, Inkatha and die 
while rightists command the sup- 
port of less than' 10 percent of South 
African voters,: and polls suggest 
most.oC-them wiD vote anyway, for 
someone else. But the dissident 
grtmpsa»tflinwdl-annedxfidiflids 
-who^may interpret the caD for a 
boycott as sanctioning intinndation 
of voters, disruption of polling 
places, sabotage an dterror. * 

The: only outer black party with 
an important nationwide foflowing 
is die Pan Africanist Congress, a 
militant anti-apartheid group that 

X ' uses black nationalism and 
esale redistribution of wealth. 
The government’s chief negotia- 
tor, Rod! Meyer, said Saturday 
that talks would continue in an 
effort to persuade Inkatha. and the 
rightists holdouts to change their 
minds. 

■ The government is also negotiat- 
ing separately with the Zulu long. 
Goodwill Zwditftim, in hopes be 
. might give his Messing to toe elec- 
tions and head off election violence 
in Zuhi.coautiy. v . 






Qli Patriots , Sudden Sihmm 

U.S. to Await UN Talks on North Korea 










Munch’s f Scream ’ Is Stolen 
From Art Exhibit ion in Oslo 


TJm Asfadaud Press " _ 

OSLO ; — One iof Nonray^sbest known artworks, "TbeSaam" 
.by Edvard Munch, was stotexi frbtn the National Art' Museum over' 
the weekend- by thieves whoosod a ladder to climb in a window. 

The painting was part of a special exhibition of the works of 
Munch, one of the highlights of a Norwegian Culture Festival in 
connection wfflr the Winter Olympics in Lfflehamaier. 

The Jtbcsft yas discovered w&eu apoticeman saw the ladder against 

l0 ^5u: by a- ; 

director 

was Uj^^|^i|^c]^iaiioti on ybetl^ the two jnea were identifi- 
saft^a&JuiD^ famous to 


be soU, jsakl Ak Bhes. director otJhe Munch Museum in Odo. 
Mun^pifiTOtml^»p^rifW^Friei^flfltfe”'sei^in 
which tow ’aee central themes. ;• 


Reuters - ' 

ROME— Foreign Minister Ben- 
iamino Andreatra sounded an . 
alarm Sunday twer a “Zhtrinovsky 
effect’’ in Italy if nco-Fasdsts win a 
slice of power. . ... ' 

He aimed has wannng at Silvio 
Berlusconi, the busi ness man whose 
Foiza Italia conservative move- 
ment is joining forces with the neo- ' 
Fasmt-led National Affiance for 
the elections March 27 and 28. 

“I don’t think .Mri.Jieriusooni 
would like to play the part of ltalj^s 
Zhirinovsky," Mr- Audreatta said 

in a newspaper interview. - 

“Any tfhniegi or other accord 
with National Afliance in the. case 
of victory for right would bo 
interpreted by the press and foreign 
governments as a meet dangerous, 
sign of a 180-degree turn in Italy’s . 
foreign pobey and its internati on al. 

position.” • • • . . - 
Vladimir V. Zhuindvsky b the. , 
ultranationalist whose liberal 
Democratic Party, alarmed _the 
West by winning a significant mare 
of votes to Russia's pariiameatary 

elections. - . • j, . 

The National Affiance is headed 
by Gianfranco Froi, who is tryng 
to soften the image of his ItaBarn 
Soda! Movement and now, calls 
himself a “post-Fisdst” . ’ 

■ Bertusconfs jitter Held 
Juhn Tagfiabue o/ 77tfNewY^ 
Times reponedeaiier from 
hir. fierlvscaai s yotn^r . worn- 

oU T L ril SS!S'^ 

Berlusconi. 43. a pdmaan- and. 
head of the family’s ttal estate ^ ■ 
building interests, cast a 
ow over ids 

which pledges a ’dcwrf-J 
scandals, which nn» hom kick- 
bacta to ties to the Mafia. 

P^MtBaliPrrtesI 

Haters ■ ■■ 

JAKARTA - Riot po&e.fc«*c 
up «- student ptcust 
pbnned It^ufy wan. 
official Antara news agoitgr saw 

SU HKpoKce moved in whenlbow 

150 students •fiaibowl QUiade the- 

L™ Oi-° in 

dav jo demand a bah to the mu 
>B n^jn resnn, the agency said. 






..j £ »1 

Mm 










Cjtc Fn.izr- 

A boy demonstrating the ’leopard crawT ala rally Sunday m Katiehong. East Rand, held by Nelson 
Mandela’s African National Congress to welcome the South African Defense Force to the region. 


1*111 S\a}i From bupaKha 

SHOL L — Washington has agreed not to discuss 
d»io>ui* Patriot anti-missile batteries in South Ko- 
rea until after an International Atomic Energy Agency 
meeting next w eek on Nonh Kcwea’s nuclear paigram. 

“We*i ha ve agreed to stop discussing this issue before 
ir.e I AEA's meeting.’’ Foreign Minister Han Sung Joo 
fold Korean report er* in Washington after two days of 
talks with U.S. officials. 

Mr. Han said the agreernem between Washington 
and Seoul »vas intended to avoid provoking the isolat- 
ed Communist regime, which has threatened strong 
countermeasures if it were put under pressure to allow 
full outside inspections of its nuclear sites. 

But the minister said the deployment of Patriot 
missiles at l : .S. bases in South Korea could be open to 
discussions after Feb. 21. when the United Nations 
nuclear watchdog agency reports on its efforts to have 
North Korea accept full UN inspections. 

Wx^hinaton has indicated it would strengthen de- 
feases in South Korea to forestall a possible North 
Korean attack. 

South Korea’s national Yonhap news agency 
quoted Mr. Han as saying that chances appeared slim 
for an agreement between Nonh Korea and lhe UN 
on nuclear inspections before the deadline, but that 
the;- were not “not entirely hopeless.” 

The cuni>ter also tried to tone down the alarm over 
a posable conflict, saying he had told U.S. officials 
“that the security situation in the Korean Peninsula 
w as not as serious as pictured in the U.S. press.” 

Seoul officials expect the UN to declare Pyongyang 
in breach of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty 
unless it agrees to inspections by Feb. 21. 

The UN could then refer the North Korean affair to 
the Security Council, which could impose sanctions 
against Pyongyang 


North Korea issued several hostile sisiemecis cn 
Saturday, saying it would refuse io let the UN tr.a!- 
unconditional inspections of ali nuclear sites. 

Ii also warned the United States, which ho led 
diplomatic efforts to persuade North Korea to allow 
nuclear inspections, that any sanction would be 
deemed a “declaration of wax." I AFP. Reuter^, 

R. Jeffrey Smith of The H ashinsMi Fast reported 
earlier from Washington: 

The governments of South Korea and Japan "rill 
support diplomatic action against North Korea if i; 
fails to allow inspections, senior officials of the Asian 
nations said bere. 

The statements were the first concrete pledges tv. 
North Korea's, closest neighbors, which have argued 
for continuing negotiations on the nuclear inspection 
issue while avoiding punitive measures that might 
provoke a confrontation. 

U.S. officials said the statements by Mr. Han and 
Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa of Japan add 
urgency and political weight to an appeal by President 
Bill Clinton on Friday that North Korea promptly 
allow the disputed inspections. 


ton Post on Friday that u Norm tvorea aid noi com pi v 
with the inspection demand, “we will support the 
referral.” 

Washington is consulting allies on the extent of 
sanctions, buL officials said one option was to begin by 
barring all military trade with North Korea and later 
moving toward a broader embargo on diplomatic 
contacts and trade in such commodities as energy. 

South Korean and Japanese officials in Washington 
declined to discuss what sanctions might be tin posed 
but said they. too. favored applying them gradually to 
keep alive the possibility tiiat North Korea mien: 
change its position and accept the inspections. 


On Friday, a major poll 
pot Silvio Bed ascent's movement 
al ttehead <rf tire fidd, police offi- 
cials in Milan announced that 
Fado Berlusconi had turned him- 
self in at their offices and had been 
served with an Arrest warrant 

The poD --showed thin Foiza Ita- 
lia was favored in the March elec- 
tions by about 24 percent of -the 
voters against 19 percent for the 
nearest contender, the Democratic 
Party of tiie Left, the former Com- 
munist Party. 

. Earlier last week testimony by 

officials of CaripJo, a large govern- 
ment-controlled savings bank in 
Nplan, Knked the younger Mr. Ber- 
lusconi to kickbacks supposedly 

paid to pdhkaans after the sale 
several Milan office buildings to 
Cariplo’speasion fund. 

PaotoJBerluscom, whose real es- 
tate company at the time was part 
of his brother’s FininYest business 
group, has admitted that the real 
estate deals occurred bat said any 
.money paid was'.^ for legal fees. 

Links between Paolo Berlusconi 
and the kickback scandal surfaced 
last year, when he was charged :With 
illegal payments' to potitictans. : 


Yemenis Kidnap 
Onna JUd Team 

'Agave Fraaee-Presse • 

SAN*A, YoncH — Three Chi- 
nese technicians helping to build a 

road to moMtainousitmtiieBSi Ye^- ; 

men have been kidnapped, a Qn- 
nesediplomat said hce Sunday, a 
day aftw YejBoii r tribesmen freed - 
threeFrffis*^ ^tonrists.: . 

- The Chinese were abducted 
while building a toad between ffija,. 
127 kilometers (75 soles) north of 
here, and Maarebi. 173- kflomweis 
east, the (hplomaf ^aid. They bad 
-bees working under the terms .of a 
Ymeni-CSiinese coq>eratwn ac- 
a»d. ■ '■ . .. 

On Saturday Ahnun tribesmci 
-freed, three French ; tourists, they 
had . held for 20 days in- a bid to 
force, tiro government to -build- a 
road through thor northwestern re- 
gkra.Tw retiredagriculture pro- 
fessors, Henri Heslot and his wife, 
Jeanne, berth 72. and BrigjUe Fair 
tame, 42. a cardiologisi, re- 
ported to be in good heal th. 



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INTERNATIONAL 



WBI.IKtlKD WITH THh NhW VI IRK T1MKS *NU THfc VkUllllMStll* Hist 


U.S.-Japanese Tension 


tribune Linked Challenges: Bosnia, Russia, 

i tilL iK.ihllllhirtllKi PlKT . _ . T 


Compromise Is Better 

In tbe end, they were two men hemmed in 
by politics. Bill Clinton, leader of a Japan- 
bashing administration, could not accept Ja- 
pan's formulaic promises to open its markets. 
Morihiro Hosokawa, barely bolding onto of- 
fice. could not appear to cave in to American 
demands to measure American imports. So 
they walked away without signing a hollow 
trade agreement that invited ridicule. 

In a way. it was refreshing to hear them 
announce — - not in these words, of course — 
that they had gone for a political survival pact 
rather than a trade agreement. The two lead- 
ers reassured the public that the trade rift 
would not compromise the otherwise strong 
and friendly relationship between the two 
allies. The moment, both leaders agreed, 
called for reflection, not recrimination. 

At the core of the dispute is a persistent $50 
billion trade imbalance that has survived doz- 
ens of previous attempts to erase iL Last July, 
the United States and Japan entered into a 
vaguely worded “framework” agreement that 
committed Japan to reduce its trade surplus 
and specifically open its market to foreign 
cars and car parts, insurance, and telecom- 
munications equipment and medical equip- 
ment. Left unsettled was how to measure 
whether Japan was living up to its import- 
creating commitments; that question was sup- 
posed to be answered by Friday's meeting. 

president Clinton wants to impose numeri- 
cal benchmarks that would decisively measure 
market access; he Insists that those bench- 
marks need not set specific import levels. Prime 
Minister Hosokawa rejects numerical bench- 
marks because, he fears, they would evolve 
into Import targets — forcing him to dictate 
purchasing decisions of private industry. That 
prescription, he said, would reverse the dere- 
gulatory thrust of his reform government. 

So where do the two leaders head from here? 
For his part, Mr. Clinton can first lower the 
political flame under tbe co n t r oversy. He mis- 
represents the cause and exaggerates tbeimpor- 

American Impatience 

With tbe breakdown of the trade talks be- 
tween Japan and the United States, the pro- 
spect of sanctions against Japanese imports 
now hangs heavily in the air. The Clinton 
administration has been hinting for some time 
that it would have to take action iT these long 
negotiations failed to provide solid assurance 
of greater foreign access to Japanese markets. 
That failure has now happened. 

Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa’s visit 
to Washington was originally supposed to be 
little more than another routine celebration of 
good relations, but it gradually turned into a 
deadline for an agreement The negotiators' 
deadlock was not broken in his conversation 
on Friday with President BiH Clinton, and tbe 
tone of their joint press conference was polite 
but prickly. The way these two governments 
deal with each other is clearfy changing. 

There is an argument that the United States 
ought not press Mr. Hosokawa hard, on 
grounds dial he is a genuine reformer and the 
Americans' best hope for breaking up the 
tight alliances between Japanese business and 
government that discourage imports. There is 
something to that But the talks that have just 
ended reflected a sense of frustration and ex- 
asperation on the American side that has been 


lance of tbe unde deficit Trade deficits are 
homegrown, caused not by Japanese bureau- 
crats but by low U.S. savings — Americans buy 
more than they produce, and must import tbe 
difference. If Japan were to sefl less to America, 
some other country would sell more to willing 
U.S. buyers. That said, the Japanese do prac- 
tice protectionism, although its methods are 
subtle. Its practices undermine faith in inter- 
national rules of fair trade and victimize spe- 
cific U.S. industries. Mr. Clinton is right to 
demand that the Japanese play straight. 

Specifically, he can exhort Japan to do 
more than previously agreed to cut taxes and 
otherwise spur its economy; some of the extra 
spending will spill over into imports. He can 
continue to demand that practices fully under 
Mr. Hosokawa’s control — like government 
procurement methods — be changed to give 
foreign companies a fairer shot at contracts. 
And he can demand an end to discriminatory 
rules that keep financial service markets dosed 
to foreigners. If Japan refuses to yield on these 
specific demands, America would be justified 
in retaliating under international rules. 

But Mr. Clinton is on shaky ground when he 
broaches specific market outcomes. One dan- 
ger is that numerical targets mil be driven 
more by politics than by economics. Besides, 
there is ho basis for determining, for example, 
bow many large cars with steering wheels on 
the wrong side tbe Japanese should buy. 

For his part. Mr. Hosokawa could produce 
a list of quantifiable criteria — such as the 
number of licensing roadblocks a foreign in- 
surance company or investment firm must 
hurdle — that the United States could use to 
measure access. Those criteria need cot set a 
specific numerical target. 

If there was any cause for hope on Friday, 
it was that the two leaders seemed genuinely 
devoted to finding compromise that met 
each's legitimate objectives. Perhaps with 
the deadline of the summit gone, and if 
politically volatile events in both countries 
pass, they can find common ground. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


rising through at least three administra tions. 

Usually, in tire past, there has been a good 
reason for the Americans not to press the 
Japanese but instead to settle for another 
declaration of good intentions. While Japan 
has in fact opened its door wider over the 
years, it has opened that door only partially 
and very slowly. Meanwhile Japan’s trade sur- 
pluses — wUh tbe wodd in general and the with 
the United Slates in particular — have grown 
hugely. By r unning these enormous trade sur- 
pluses, Japan has in effect been exporting its 
unemployment, a matter of some sensitivity in 
other countries including the United States. 

In the past, American presidents have usual- 
ly avoided open breakdowns in these trade 
negotiations. This time something has changed. 
That some thing is. at bottom, the end of tbe 
Gold War. As long as tbe Soviet threat over- 
shadowed everything else in Pacific politics, it 
was a powerful incentive to reconcile all dis- 
putes among the democratic allies on tbe best 
terms available. But the Soviet Union is gone, 
and economic interest has now replaced mili- 
tary security at the top of tbe American agenda. 

Speaking at Georgetown University, Mr. 
Hosokawa said, “Ongoing changes in both 
countries trill help to strengthen U^. -Japan 
relations.” But (hat is exactly what is in doubt. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Lenin’s Capitalist Rescue 


At the 1917 Congress of Soviets. Leon 
Trotsky bade the Mensheviks good riddance 
with a resounding putdown: “Go to the place 
where you belong from now on — the dustbin 
of history.” Little could he have imagined that 
his most celebrated Bolshevik colleague 
would wind up in a New England scrap heap. 

Bernard and Nathan Schilberg run a scrap 
metal burins:* in the eastern Connecticut 
town of Wjllirr-antic. They call :t the Sehilberz 
integrated Nieizb Corporation. Others might 
call it a juttir.arJ. but no matter. The Schil- 
bergs began .-uyins scrap from remnant states 
of the former Soviet Union two years ago. 
There was no thin 2 remarkable about that un- 


til Izsl summer, when they found a 12-foot 
(3.6-meter) statue buried in a shipment that 
they acquired for about 50 cents a pound. 

The statue depicts none other than Lenin, in 
a pose described as “casual" by The Associated 
Press and “imperious” by Tbe Hartford Cou-' 
rant, one hand in his pocket and the other 
clutching his lapel The Schilbetgs have been 
unable to determine where the statue stood, but 
bent bolts at the base suggest a violent end. 

From Lenin's point of view, this story has a 
happy ending. Back home, he would surely 
have been melted down by now. At Schilberg 
Integrated Metals, he still stands 12 feet tali. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Other Comment 


Hosokawa Should Be Helped 

America's inexperienced administration is 
trying to devise a new approach to economic 
relations with Japan, at a time when the future 
of political reform in Japan hangs in the 
balance. So Tar it had made a hash of it. The 
underlying lack of communication is palpable. 
Such mutual incomprehension is not only 
undesirable — for lhi> is an alliance that 
America. Japan and the rest of the world can- 
cot do without — but also quite unnecessary. 

America's overall trade deficit is much 
smaller in relation to ’he size or the economy 
than it was in the mid-1980s. Meanwhile. 
Japan is struggling with its best chance for 
years of reai political change; a reform-mind- 
ed prime miiurter is fighting to keep a fragile 
coalition in place. In its own interests. Ameri- 
ca should be supporting the forces of demo- 
cratic change in Japan. Instead, with unfor- 


givably bad liming, it has spent the past few 
weeks threatening 10 “get tough.” 

Engage the Japanese: by all means, in 
friendly talks about matters of mutual eco- 
nomic interest. Make the case (and it is a good 
one) for a further easing of Japanese fiscal 
policy. Identify policies that hamper imports, 
such as public procurement rules, and argue 
firmly for their removal (but let Japan do the 
same for America). Monitor bilateral trade 
fiows, but only with a view to identifying such 
policies. Tell America's voters that Japan's 
trade is not as anomalous as Japan opbobes 
make out. and that many of its trade “restric- 
tions," such as they are, reflect private corpo- 
rate behavior that the Japanese government 
cannot change. Proffer no false remedies. Set 
00 targets. Make no threats. Above alL recog- 
nize a friendship which has benefited both 
sides immensely — and nurture it 

— The Economist iLandoni. 



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L ONDON —Like pieces of a jigsaw pmzle. 

1 the apparently separate challenges facing 
the West in Bosnia, Russia and Central Eu- 
rope are starting to ski into each other, and a 
picture is emerging. It is not a pretty picture. 
There was a time when some puzzles sought 
to instruct tbe growing child, and carried 
appropriate titles. Tbe title of this one might 
be “The danger erf leaving things too late. 

The first two pieces to slot together are 
Bosnia and Russia. What has been happening 
in ex-Yugoslavia for die pest 30 months and 
what is currently happening in Russia have 
become, for the democracies of the West, two 
parts of tbe same problem. 

This is not just because, of all the Slav 
nations re-created by the collapse of commu- 
nism, Russians and Serbs fed a particularly 

The democracies * 30-month- 
long failure to take serious 
action about the disaster m ex- 
Yugoslavia has helped to shape 
the pattern of events in Russia. 

close cousinhood, and are both on the expan- 
sionist prowL It is becanse the democracies’ 
30- month-long failure to take serious action 
about the disaster in ex- Yugoslavia has helped 
to shape tbe pattern of events in Russia. 

It is now widelv accepted that a military 
intervention in Croatia or Bosnia in late 
1991 or early 1992 could have prevented 
much of the subsequent horror. Even as late 
as last May it might have been possible to 
stop events from reaching their present pass. 

Each flinching back from action by Eu- 
rope and America, each broken half-pro- 
mise, has made the next possible imerven- 


By Brian Beedham 

lion militarily bloodier and politically riskier. 

And aO this has gone on under the world's 
gaze, not least the fascinated gaze of a revfv- ' 
mg Russian nationalism. The West’s, dither- 
ings in ex-Yugoslavia did not' crime men like 
Vladimir Zhirinovsky. But Russia’s national- 
ists would not be as numerous or as pugna- 
cious as they are today if the West had done 
what it ought to have done in the Balkans. 

At an international security conference in 
Munich a wed: ago the anxious word every- 
body was using, on both sides at tbe Bosnia 
argument, was “credibility.” That is the poly- : 
syllable Tor: “Do people believe that the West 
means what it says?” The answer, so far as the 
Russians are concerned, is that they incrcas-' 
ingty do not, and will act accordingly. 

The next bit of the puzzle to be slotted into 
place is therefore Central Europe. 

Last month tbe West decided not to offer 
the protection of immediate NATO member- 
ship to the Poles, Czechs and Hungarians. 
Instead ii extended the hand of “partnership” 
to every ex-Communist country between 
Prague and Vladivostok, with no obvious dis- 
tinction between re-expansionist Russia and . 
Russia's fearful neighbors. 

This partnership is to consist of things like 
joint military training and joint army exer- 
cises — and the onlyjotnt exercise mentioned 

S ' America's new secretary of defense at that 
much conference was, astonishingly, be- 
tween the American and Russian armies. 

What happens in Bosnia, in the next few 
days will decide whether this is a temporarily 
acceptable fudge or a blunder of the first 
magnitude. If the West does what it has now 
promised to do in Bosnia — if it removes die 
Serbian guns and mortars from around. Sara- 
jevo, and uses this success to push for a 
peace that Muslims and Croats can live with 


— the Weft's blurriness about the countries 
farther north may not do mud; harm. The 
Russians will be impressed by what NATO 
has achieved at Sarajevo. Tfe Poles, Hun- 
garians and Czechs wuf cheer up alittle..The 
question of NATO’s expansion can be de- 
ferred, for a time if not- forever. 

"■ But if the Sarajevo ultimatum falls to pieces' 
m bom of the world's eyes —if the Serbs 
keep theirgons around tfae.dly, or take' them 
briefly away and arc then allowed to slip them 


picture wiU be a global one. 

back and peace stays as dusiveas ever —the 
consequences farther north could be .cata- 
strophic. Mr. Zhirinovsky will find the rudest 
way of saying “I told you so;” Hearts will sink . 
everywhere east of tne, German border. NA- 
TO’s credibility rating trill be down to rero. 

.. It will then be essential to de-fudge last 
month's compromise about NATO manber- 

anJ'czechs ^S^^«triget^ribe s«m tpbe 

ton Russia gets: more joint n^^^^we 
help in re-eqnipping their armies, much btg- 
gpr combined exercises. 

If that is not enough to reassure them, they 
will have lobepromised full NATOmember-- 
ship by a fixed date. Yet another failure in 
Bosnia, because the Weft lefrtbmgs too late-' 
there, should make it determined not to leave r 
tilings too late ih the heart of/JEurope. - 
Now fit in a third, even bigger, piece of tbe 
. puzzle. Par the past few years the Weft has 
fondly bdieved that crises Eke the one in ex- 
Yugoslavia could be dealt with through the 
agency of the United Nations.' A concerned 
world would gather round the seme of die 
accident; the Security Council ambulance 


Mmld n<* 'np; everybody would ag>« 00 
m ^p^Comnimtift ^ ttoe b**ido many 

angle unitin more- than- a few 

when it comes to the big ^ 

Tbe Rusaaas did ndt want N At w to »ay a 
would use bombs tojj* those Ssrbrnn guns 
away from Sar^ero. They could not prevent 

based on a .Security Council resolution tp 
which they had already given theff “^sent. 

launching of the NATO bombas. ; 

Anderen if to bombing goes ahead, it will 

be much harrier to win Russian consentTor • 
any future Security Council resolution Much 
implies the use of force, unless that force 
plainly soils Rusaan proposes. ■ 

■ -Something s imilar is happening anhe op- 
posite end of Eurasia^ where Chin a is c a- 
pressing its reluctance to agreejo Sec urity 
Council action to. stop North Korea -from. 

- buflding a nuclear aimoty.- ■■ • ••' . - 

For two or three years, a Wink of history’s 


genuinely vimeu nouuua, » •* — 

of acommon justice. Perfams tb«ecM«, for 
tiie - occasional small affair , that docs not 
greatly affect, the big powers. But hot for 
making peace in Bosnia,- or for denying the 
bomb to North Korea, or for other such 
things on the agenda of . the future. , 

'• ;For the jigsaw puzzle nowbemg puzzled 
out is not confined -to the part of the weald 
which lies between Sarajevo and Moscow.,. 

in r__! * -■ V-a a alnluil Mv Tl will 


International Herald Tribune . . 


Activist France + Absent Germany = Newly Mobile Landscape 


P ARIS — By all odds. Francois 
Mitterrand should have faded 
into pre-retirement limbo by now. 
But tne lame duck president holds on 
to more power than could have been 
expected when his Socialist Party lost 
control of Parliament and the prime 
minister's office last year. 

In contrast, the other surprise that 
dominates European politics at the 
moment is the political weakness of 
Chancellor Helmut KohL After 11 
successful years in power, the man 
who personifies French- German co- 
operation is absorbed in an increas- 
ingly bitter and difficult re-election 
campaign that has diminish ed Germa- 
ny’s involvement in foreign affairs. 

American policy toward Europe is 
affected negatively by litis combined 
appearance of an unexpectedly activ- 
ist France and a politically absent 
Germany. These developments signal 
a re-emeigence of balance of-power 
politics in Europe, spinning new 
alignments around the conflict in the 
Balkans and the uncertain political 
struggle in Russia. 

The actual shifts in positions and 
calculations are slight thus far. Main- 


Bv Jim Hoagland 


i-imiqg French-German political co- 
operation as the core of the European 
Community continues to be France’s 
diplomatic priority. Maintaining the 
appearance of a united Western from 
on Russia is also important to Paris. 

But for the first time, key French 
officials now muse privately about 
the possibility that Germany may re- 
pay Mr. Kohl for his triumphs on 
Goman reunification as the British 
repaid Winston Churchill for having 
won World War II — by t urnin g hi in 
out of office. Mr. Kohl like Chur- 
chill, may be done in by the economic 
problems that his political successes 
created. Tbe high cost of unification 
has driven German unemployment 
up to a record 4 millio n, with more 
joblessness expected. 

It is just possible that the October 
elections will topple Mr. Kohl's 
Christian Democrat-led coalition 
and bring relatively unknown figures 
from the opposition Social Demo- 
cratic Party- to power. That is an 
unsettling prospect for Mr. Mitter- 
rand, who retains an inordinately 


strong concern that Germany could 
one day again become a powerful 
rival or’ even enemy of France. 

Mr. Mitterrand, now 77 and ap- 
parently fully recovered from surgery 
m 2992 for prostate cancer, was a 
German prisoner of war in World 
War 1L His concern about a reunited 
Germany, even under his friend Mr. 
Kohl was on display in 1990 as be 
sought to reactivate Paris’s tradition- 
al allian ce with Moscow to block 
German unification.' 

He failed. Worse, from his stand- 
point, tbe Soviet Union then col- 
lapsed. Boris Yeltsin came to power 
in Moscow detenmned to forge an 
alliance not with France but with the 
United States. When the Socialists 
were crushed at the polls last year 
and Mr. Mitterrand was forced to 
name conservative Edouard Bahadur 
as prime minister, the president 
seemed certain to Tade into limbo. 

But he has played with skill the one 
card that ihe French constitntian re - 
serves for the president. He. mam- 
tains overall responsibility for for- - 


eign policy and defense. Mr. Bahadur 
has been deferential in tins area to 

Mr. Mitterrand, whose support could 

be crucial to a presidential Did by Mr. ' 
Bahadur in the May 199S election. 
Mr. Mittorand has also constructed 
a Hoooth working alliance with For- 
dgn Minister A lam Jupp6. ; 

The three men are now more open 
in asserting France's traditional pro- 
Serbian sympathies thari was the case 
a few m onths -agn. While joining the 
United States in threaiaoug- the 
bombing of Bosnian Serbs at the mo- 
ment, Paris is in fact pushing for a 
peace accord that- would allow the 
Serbs to keep the terrilory they have 
won from Bosnian Muslims. - . 

Germany’s initial strong support 
of Croatia and Bosnia imposed con- 


straints cm French policy m the Bal- 
kans, snee Paris did not want to risk 
losing German support for tbe Maas- 
tricht treaty on European union. But 
French officials make no .secret of 
thrir feeling now that the constraints . 
have been laraely Hfted; Mr. KohL 

gering hii^ Oan ri tng af 

is in no mood for foreign quanefi. _ 
France, Greece and Russia are 


now aligned in diplomatic support 
- for Soto, which is proud of haying 
fought beside those' nations against 
Germany in the world ware. Austria, 
Croatia and Sfaveiiia.can ho longer 
count on dear German leadership in 
a counterbalancing alignment 
Events is Moscow are also breath- 
ing new hie into a-Frendt-Rusaan 
repprocheroenLThe departure at pro-. 
American radkal refoanere from the 
government and the ascendance of 
Viktor Chenmnqmin^ 
oT Soviet heavy industry and senior 
party roles to the prime ntimsterdim, 
seems reassuring to French officials. 
Chernomyrdin Sc Co. are Ihmfliar, 
more predictable figtires - for them. 

:/_ A Kohl victory u October, which 
polls show well wi thin bis reach, 
would hdp reduce- the French taro- 
tatiob to play halanoe^-powerpoa* 

: tics to counter Germany's wagbt. But 
ontil tten, America, mil toe dealing 
i with slnftmg pditical configurations 
in a' Europe stffl influenced by a weak- 
cnedbut dctcnnmedFraHhpresklcnt 
who intends iq y^dd power until the . 
laft-quarto-hburof tol4-yearreign- 
• The Washington PatL 


N EW YORK — Sometime on or 
after this Tuesday, the U.S. gov- 
ernment wifl decide whether or not to 
impose stiff trade sanctions on Indo- 
nesia because of violations of work- 
ers’ rights. At stake are tariff benefits 
worth some 5640 million a year that 
Indonesia receives under is'General- 
ized System of Preferences. Tee GSP 
program is designed to help exports 
from developing countries. Under 
.American law . acciincv tot violates 


By Sidney Jones 


Abuses of those rights h: fndcce- 
sio. the world's fourth i most populous 
nation, continue :o be widespread. 
But after eight mouths cf intense 
pressure within the coaruy and from 
the U.S. trade represer.tattve. the In- 
donesian government has made a few- 
modest steps ir. to right direction. 

It has repealed a law aiuhoruing 
military interference in labor dis- 
putes. A new decree from the Minis- 
try of Manpower for to to: time 
allows collective cayaag at the 
plant level. Iudrr.esia'ur.'i»t a dele- 
gation from the Lutsmatimal Labor 
Organization zc Jakarta ir. No - , ember 
to advise it or. labor rights protection. 


(Tbe LLO's wcotpmeriidations remain 
confidential) 

Tbe positive legal changes must be 
measured against the fact that serious 
restrictions cn freedom of association 
remain, only one trade union federa- 
tion has been officially recognized, 
and the army has indicated that it has 
no intention of ceasing its interven- 
tion in labor issues. 

The Uni led Slates has three choices. 
It can revoke GSP benefits on the 
grounds that progress toward protec- 
tion of labor rights has been msuffi- 
rient. It can renew those benefits un- 
conditionally, on the basis that 
Indonesia has made a good-faith ef- 
fort and that eight mouths is too 
short a time to expect anything more. 
Or it can maintain the pressure for 
another five months by keeping Indo- 
nesian labor practices under review 
mid postponing a decision on revoca- 
tion until July. 

In the view- of many Indonesian 
human rights organizations, the last 
choice would be the most appropri- 
ate. But the Clinton administration 
seems to be on the verge of rewarding 


Indonesia fra: changes in format with- 
out waiting to see whether changes in 
substance will follow. Should tins oc- 
cur, modest gains brought about by a 
potent combination of domestic and 
international pi e ssui e will be lost 

The threat to impose sanctions on 
Indonesia was prompted by petitions 
submitted to the U.S. trade represen- 
tative's office in June 1992 by Asia 
Watch and the International Labor 
Rights Education and Research 
Fund, a nongovern m e n ta l organiza- 
tion based in Washington. Both 
groups had taken their cue from In- 
donesian workers whose inability to 
organize to demand better wages and 
working conditions had prompted 
Che largest outbreak oT wildcat strikes 
in Indonesia in years. Grievances 
were particularly pronounced in 
plants producing goods for export, 
such as textiles, garments and shoes. 

Workers who aid not get the mini- 
mum wage w lacked union protec- 
tion and then tried to protest were 
hauled ofT by the military for interro- 
gation and usually dismissed. When 
management deigned to meet with 


employees to settle coaly work stop- • 
pages, the local milAaiy bar police 
commander usually sat in on the 
talks. Labor unrest in Indonesia by- 
mid- 1992 was front-page news in lo- 
cal papers, but no concessions had 
been wrung from tite gorcriunent 
After reviewing petitions from the 
two American hmzan rights groraw, 
the U.S trade representative's office 
announced in June, Indon esia 
Would have until mid-February to im- 
prove its labor record or face an end to 
GSP benefits. The warumg eame at a 
time when trade. and aid cqsa- -. 
ditional on h»™n rights improve-' 
marts had become a highly conten- 
tious issue between Asia md the West. 


A Free Country Full of Irate Victims 


N EW YOP.ri — imasLie losing 
a toe to to i;wr while cut- 
ting the lawn reckis-ly uphill, in 
defiance of comsuc and the 
owner's manual. Thirty years ego, 
the mkiin: tec wo- chat 

about an accident Jes? ser.cus : ban 
it might have been. In America to- 
day. a toe ricki'«i!> .*st bezels a 
lawsuit based or. to doctiir.e of 
strict liability, which piazes bias: 
with the ntar.uficiwsr zr.it abso.'ves 
ils of usir.2 cur machmer with core 
and cc-mmct f-enre. 

What has thw got to do w-.th Lyle 
and Erik Mener.dez cor.^niclme a 
detailed cisr. fir rlowirz tbsir par- 
ents away in Los Anjelss. ihen 
claiming that parerttzi abuse made 
them dc ii? ie mewer suit 
and the murder are emr.'e.T.atic cf 
the troubling American preference 
for Uikir.s cf. to role cf the -i rtim. 

How have wc o?me to this? Phii- 
oscpr.er Albcr. Bcrznuinr.'s newest 
book. “Crossing the fetmoden Di- 
'.idc," helps to explain r.ov. rampant 
indisiduaiism became a mask for 
greed, how Tight from r&sponssbiiity 
hecaise custtraar- — anu e.r-etoJly 
hew m.em’rershjp in to wciirr. cissi- 
es tcnur.e 

Stria iidbil.ty irdzh! « a rcawn- 
able standard for. xy. guns or ciga- 
rettes. predu-'ts that are Inawr. luH- 
ers. Applied elsewhere, the doctrine 
condones what Mr. Borgmzna de- 
scribes as “people’s inability to ac- 
cept reasonable respeoibiiity for 
their acutnsitimj zr.i Ecti-Tns." 
And it “sanctions their resentment 


By Brent Staples 

of pain and loss that follow from 
irresponsibilitv.” 

People have come to presume 
that good fortune is a right and that 
“one’ will be compensated for any 
burden, no matter how it was in- 
curred or suffered.” Freud called 
this “compensation neurosis ” 

Mr. Borgmann attributes this 
malady to the erosion of familial 
and communal ties and their re- 
placement by the ritual of material 
consumption. Ugly things happen 
when people try to close m a single 
act the gap between whft they have 
earned and what they d un k toy arc 
entitled to. The teenager who shoots 
you for your wallet is one example. 
The Menendsz family is another. 

For Jcsc and Kitty Menendts 
end the sons Lyle and Erik who 
blew them to pieces as they watched 
television, the story is sordid in- 
deed. The patriarch took joy in 
publicly humiliating family and 
colleague and was said to bold the 
credo. “Cheat, steal. lift but win ” 
Lvle longed for a Porsche, in- 
stead of to lowly Alfa Romeo his 
father had given him. He go* the 
Porsche — and much more— after 
he and Erik shotgunned their par- 
ents to death in the “family” room 
of tbeir home. The writer Domi- 
nick Dunne tells us that Lyle and 
Erik, in to weeks following the 
murder, spent about $700,000 on 
cars, watches and clothes, and pul 


down 51 million on a penthouse. 

Both were charged with fust- 
degree murder. They aduriticd plan- 
ning and carrying out the kwmgs. 
but said they had acted in seu- 
defense. They said they believed 
their fives were threatened, after 
suffering years of <«nal and emo- 
tional abuse. Tbe two trials ended 
in deadlock, with half the ju ror s 
bdicv^^bai abuse had actually 

er look; toy have much to say 
about to rhetoric of vtahnhood. 

That rhetoric is everywhere. In 
the ultra-radical feminism that 
sees sexual intercourse as rape. In 
tbe campus speech codes that 
abridge tree expression to “pro- 
tect” minority students. In the dai- 
ly diet of tefevision shows where 
panelists claim, often to question- 
able motive, lifetimes of horrific 
abuse by their parents. 

Yictimhood has become a cele- 
brated state — and a license. The 
Menendez case extends that license 
to two young met in their physical 
prime who kill with shotguns, shop 
relentlessly with to Wood money, 
then plead fear of harm from a 
middle-aged father and motor. 
This should give us pause. 

Albert Borgmann remains an 
optimist. He sees Americans shed- 
ding indolence and victimbood as 
toy begin to re-establish commu- 
nity and celebrate human values. 

I am Straining my eyes, trying to 

see it. wo. 

The New York 7bnex 


that Indonesia would amply ignore 
to threat, accept to consequences 
and direct rationalist outrage against 
UJS. firms by denying that lucrative 
am tractv After all, when to Dutch 
suspended aid to Indonesia after the 
killing in November 1991 of dozens 
of unarmed demonstrators in East 
Timor and then tried to renew it two 
months later, the Indoneaan govern- 
ment rejected the offer aim sent 
Dutch development workers packing. 

However, to domestic dynamics 
of the labor issue were very different. 
Last May, a month before the U.S. 
warning, a young Indoneaan woman 
organizer named Marsinah was bru- 
tally murdered after trying to protest 
to firing of 13 of her colleagues in- 
volved in astrike at a watch factory in 
East Java. Her death sparked a na- 
tional outpouring of grief and « ngp r 
in a way that made h absdntdy dear 
that to demand for labor ri ghts im- 
provements was first and foremost a 
demand generated from within Indo- 
nesia. It was not an effort by the 
United Steles to impose its values 
from, to outside. 


V Accordingly, to modest measures 
tot the Indonesian government has 
adopted since June can be seen as an 
attempt toplacate domestic concerns 
-as much as w. reroond to pressure 
from America: to same time, UA 

pressure has been critical in specify- 
ing concrete areas for i mprovement. 
It Wal^ provided a strong ecoDoro- 
ic incentive to the Indoneaan govern- 
ment to respond and a dear time 
limit for coining up with results. 

If to Gintm ad mmistr ation were 
. to revoke GSP benefits now, jt would 
in effect punish Indonesia for the few 
hesitant steps it has taken. The repeal 
of to law autborizmg mifitaiy inter- 
ference in labor disputes will not cud 
to interference, but it does mean 
tot to government now accepts that 
such .interference is unwarranted. 
This is a step forward. 

If. the Clinton administration were 
to ttoconditioaally extend GSP brined 
fits, the- strong message given would 
be that Indonesia's labor rights pro- 
blems were solved. That wotfla set 
baric to efforts of local groups winch 
have, used the American pr essur e to 
push for more chang e of then- own, 
such as getting umori" -refejftfafion 
procedures rased or establis hing ihe 
principle of judicial review of minis- 
terial re gulations which -violate inter- 


and Indonerian labor activists more 
tune to get results, not just changes on 
rapec. If after another five; months' 
there is little visflrfe sgn of ffamw 
GSP ' benefits should be vrithdrawri. ’ 

Thewriter is executive director of 
Asia WauSu a nongove r n me n ta l arga- 
nyation that monitors human ijgjhts in 
Ana She contributed tha cammed w 
Jbe International Herald Tribune. 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AMD SO YEARS ACA 

1894t Kll€cGfvQ OScodfid is at a standstill, the transport work- 


LONDON — Oriental susceptibil- 
ities have once more been wounded 
on to London stage, and to peace 
of to world cannot possibly outlast 
to run of to present Gakfy bur- 
lesque, “Don Juan.” This time h is 
[about] to Khedive, who has set in 
motion his representative. A dmji rcn- 
rivc, droll-faced tittle fellow plays 
to Khedive, and struts about, utter- 
ing amusing objections to his army 
whereupon Mr. Arthur Roberts 
frightens him with grotesque threats 
until ar last he humbly apofa aa. - 
Yesterday rooming [Feb,' 13t Mr. 
George Edwards was sent for to to 
Lord Chamheriam’s office and «rf- 
emnfy threatened with to Tower. He 
has withdrawn to obj c taro nab fc.iitm- 

1919; Spartadste Active 

. LONDON — Latest despatches 
from Germany Intoate that, though 
scotched, to ^artarift movement is 
by no means killed. Business in Berlin 


« at a standstill, the transput wosk- 
haying come out on stito. A.f>® 
sensatum has alsobeen^aused in to 
tyi? at *usatjon published in 
to Rea Flag/* oraanof to lfearta;. 
asts, to the effect that a certain nnm- 
°i“ officers and soldiera toe 
^lty. of to nssassinatum rf Ueb- 
knecht and Rosa Luxemburg, 

1944: BrifehQaestiozi 

^[Frompor New 
ion: edition:] The United States 
is porning a couracof 
Sffi. 0 ? 8 °«?trality in to RusSftn- 
^*tsh boundary butiswwrk- 

mg patiently and quietly behind. to 
goveroment 

and to culed Pofish eoSitontto 
^oodon again on speatoig ienns, ac- 
WTOi.og toinfonned (firfomatkiriiar- 
S? Be AnaScan. 

it was said, springs from -a 
*?*■« w>* to do ffiS.-winii 
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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1994 


Page 7 



World’s Best Restaurants: 


elgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands 


and 

*atri- 


PATRICIA 

WELLS 



Wuh this page an 

dw Netherlands, thelHTs restaurant aide, Patri- 
cia WeU^comdmes io rtde the world's ton ratau- 
raas. Each month failures a efferent destination 
®“ ® extended renew of several of the best 
restaurants in that region. A companion report 
focuses on more c a sual and affordable restaurants. 
Infiaun months we will look at restaurants in 
Britan, hafy, Germany, Spain and mom. If you 
wwMGiix io share your faverite finds with Patricia 
Wells, please write her at the IHT. 

• No. I: Comme Chez Sot, Place Ronppe23, 
Brussels, tek (32-2) 51 2-292 L 

• No. 2-Qiraiopbe, Leliegradit 46. Amster- 
dam, tel; (31-20) 625-0807. 

• N®- 34 I** linger, Route de Luxembourg 
17, Fnsahge, Luxembourg, tek (352)6-84-1 T. 

International Herald Tribune 

A GREAT meal ts all about harmony, 
balance, a slow dance of rbythuK 
and flavors that flatter, even, en- 
hance, one another. At Comma 
Sw, Pierre Wyn&nts’s winter menu degustation 
is just that — a veritable culinary sonnet. Id a 
menu that pays homage to good taste and solid 
experience, the 54-year-old Wynants weaves 
soup and fish, poultry and organ n ^ t t, wwting 
with a soothing warm 
Roquefort souffld: a' 
perfect antidote to the 
gray, the rain, thc oold. 

* - While- Wynants — 

' the holder of three Mi- 
1 chelin stars once 1979 
— could be considered 
one of the granddads of 
great European cuisine, 
he is dearly a chef in touch with the ’90s. He’s a 
Qian who respects the classics, yet carefully, 
jodidously adds' such Asian couches as lemon 
grass and fresh coriander, all the while honor- 
ing the game, wild mushrooms and Belgian 
endive of his native la gd. ’ 

His consomme d’oursins is like a touch of 
springtime in a bowl, a soothing, wdLtextured 
marriage of creamy sea urchins, briny oysters 
and aisp green asparagus. The sunshme poqrs 
in with his belle mtmierc de bar. fresh sea bass 
with its crackly skin, bathed in a warm and 
perfectly acidic vinaigrette, a crunch of poppy 
seed and sesame seed, a touch of tomato and 
celery. A timbale of spinach presents a flue 
contrast of color and lejtnre to Iris famed 
canard des bois griDi, an Asian-inspired duck 
with a spice-infused crust, enhanced with a 
satisfying ration of fore gras. ' • ~ 

Texture reigns again with his smooth, moothr 
fiflmg portions of ris de veau, or sweetbreads, 
offset by the crunch of fresh Made truffles, the 
sflken elegance of wDd mushrooms.. 

Wynants has been in the kitchen since the 
age of 16, the third generation to fill the tables 
in this once modest house on a ample square. 
Success has permitted mansion and renova- 
tion, and five years ago, Wynants and his wife, 

Marie- Thertse, with their daughter. Laurence, 
re-created a fittingly sumptuous decor In the 
style of Victor Horta the dty*.s great Art Nou- 
veau architect and designer. It’s an ensemble 
that suits them, and their lucky diners, just fine. 
Their well-priced means offer excellent value; 
Just be certain.to reserve well in advance. 

. Closai Sunday and McmdayUfema at 1JS7% 
3.150, and 4 J 50 Belgian francs ^^JOand 
$118). A la carte, 1,825 to 4,000 francs: Prices 
include service but not wine. 

It’s away from home that one often sees ontfs 
own culture in finer focus, and it’s clear that the 
Fren chman Jean-Christophe Roytx has his lens 


CASUAL PINING 

- «Nol I: A feTaNedes Gufflonx, 17-19 Rue 
de la Rfcsistance, Schouwafer, Luxembourg, 
tel: (352) 37-004)8. 

• No. 2; Brasserie Ls Rone <TOr, 26 Rue des 
Chapetiers, Brussels, tek (32-2) SJ 4-2554. . , - 

• No. 3: Keyzer, Van Baeriestraat 96,“ Am- 
sterdam, tek (31-20) 67 J-1441. 

TntenuOomd Herald Tribune - - 

I TS a clear sign of the times when a 
successful, urban, two-star Micbcta chef 
trades it all is for a modest country 
bistro. A year ago, Pienick Gufflou and 
his wife, Lys'ane, sold tbeir historic Luxem- 
bomgeois sanctuary, Saint-Michd, and in De- 
cember they opened the doors of a I650s farm- 
house turned bistro, on the outskirts of town. 
So instead of lobster and Jangoustine, we’re 
dining cm gratm de pied de pore and leeks in 
vinaigrette and loving every mouthful. 

A la Table des Goffloux is the epitome of the * 
world's new casual table, where everyday food 
is prepared with the same care and attention 
once reserved for grand palace dining. Which 
is why GuilJou's luscious, springlike offering 
of frH ' c in vinaigrette bears no resemblance to 
the soggy, fibrous version found in most bis- 
tros. 

His pig's-fooi gratin -- layras of creamy 
mashed potatoes embedded with tote erf pork 
— appears as graceful, elegant mid luxurious 
as any dish can be, and bis janet de porc tax 
l entitles arrives as a mound of earthy jade- 
green lentils topped with a tepee of moist, 
chewy slices of pork. 

The beautifully preserved Tannhouse —with 

its bnee copper-hooded hearth, thick tile floors, 
tork Sootobeams and an ^^anrKwewl 

into the wall — make you fed right at home, 
but, oh, what a home. . 

Closed Saturday hatch and Tuesday. A la 
carte, U50 Ijaembourg francs ( 535 \ cndu&ng 
service but not write. 

Chic, chm serious and cozy: Wbo could a& 
formore in a 

si«m from Bneselss Grand Place? BraswDe 
des Otapehcra, plays - 
aosuilgic low : 
back bar as Wg and imposing as an^llar, and - 
hits right to the funny bone, with its Magritte- . 



Art Nouveau interior ; above, and facade of Comme Chez Soi in Brussels. 


zoomed in on his native France. An early chfld- 
hood in Algeria, schooling in Toulouse, cook- 
ing stints in Amsterdam, Baltimore, New York, 
and then back to Amsterdam, have allowed this 
Mkhdin-siarred, 39-year-old chef an interna- 
tional vision. 

Fd return any day to Christophe, his elegant 
town house restaurant rigbt on an Amsterdam 
canal, to sarnie the explosive, creative modem 
French fare. If s hard to top the audacity or the 
resulting success of his fust-course offering of 
wane oysters with, red beets and endive: Indi- 
iridnal leaves ctf Belgian endive are bathed in 
butter, -and gently crunchy wands of beets re- 
ceive equal treatment- Everything comes to- 
gether as the warmed, plump 7 >d^ n An oysters 
bring their briny opulence to play, as colors, 
textures, flavors, erupt on the plate and on the 
palate. 

Equally pleasingly, equally sensuous is his 
impeccably roasted fann pigeon in its almost 
gamy wine sauce, paired with a festival of 
vegetables in matching tones of garden green 
— spring peas, fava beans, green beans tangled 
in a picture-pretty nest 

T was less enthusiastic about his roasted Zob- 
sterwhh sweet garlic and potatoes: It’s just not 
a great match, and neither potatoes nor garijc 
serve lb enhance the -basic rimpiiehy rf this »• 
often abused crustacean. 

. But Chef Royer won my heart, soul and 
palate with a dessert titled simply “roasted 
fresh figs with thyme ice cream." Somehow, on 
a rainy northern night he managed to import 
every rayof Provencal sunshine, evoking a sun- 


scbedule, unpolished, though dearly well- 
meaning — frnls to measure up to the magic ctn 
the plate. 

Closed Sunday. A la carte, 125 guilders (564), 
including service but not wine. 

From the second you walk into Lea I .bister’s 
country restaurant on the outskirts of Luxem- 
bourg dry. you know you're in a house of 
delicious scents, fine aromas waft from the 
kitchen, as the distinct perfumes of black truf- 
fles, snyKng lardons doused with vinegar, fried 
garlic chips, and a crisp, noble Riesling from 
the limestone soil of the banks of the Moselle, 
pm you right at ease. 

If you’ve ever wondered how a woman's 
cooking differs from a man's, Lea linster is a 
fine place to begin your education. Unlike the 
well-executed but unemotional cooking of 
many professionally trained male chefs, there's 
no thin g schoolish or role about her food, and 
you can taste dial extra dose of love. You taste 
it in her finely executed portions of saddle of 
lamb, wrapped in a potato crust and a blend erf 
parsley, summer savory and thyme; in the rosy 
veal-kidneys, cooked in butter and showered 
with golden slivers of deep-fried garlic. And 
you see it on the menu, where aD is f amil i ar yet 
nothing is cUchfed. as cubes of foie gras embel- 
lish a traditional green salad with bacon and 
croutons, and John Dory shares honors with a 
risotto of coqtrillages. 


Closed Monday and Tuesday. Menus at 2.000 
and 2,600 Luxembourg francs ($55 and $72). A 
la cane, 2^00 francs. Prices include service but 
not wine. 


THE LIST SO FAR 



The following is an evolving list of the 10 best 
restaurants in the world and the 10 best afford- 
able restaurants, based on reporting so far. The 
list includes reviews on Hong Kong, Tokyo, the 
United States. France, and the Benelux countries. 
With each monthly report the list may change, as 
restaurmts are re-evaluated on a world scale and 
new competition comes on board. 

The Top Tables 

• No. 1: Jod Rotnchon, 59 Avenue Ray- 
mond- Poincart, Paris 16. tel: 47-27-12-27. 

• No. 2: Lai Qring Heeo, The Regent, Salis- 
bury Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong, tel: (852) 
721-1211. 

• No. 3: Le Louis XV -Alain Dueasse, H6td 
de Paris, Place du Casino, Monte Carlo, tel: 92- 
16-304)1. 


• No. 4: KK3 m> (Kitcho), Chuo-ku. Ginza 1- 
11-2, Hotel Seiyo (Bl. basement). Tokyo, tel: 
3535-1177. 

• No. 5: Jlro, Chuo-ku. Ginza 4-2-15, Tsuka- 
moto Sextan Building (Bl, basement). Tokyo, 
tel: 3535-3600. 

• No. 6: Guy Savoy, 18 Rue Troyon, Paris 
17, tel: 43-80-40-61. 

• No. 7: Tafflevent, 15 Rue Lamennais, Paris 
8, tel: 45-63-96-01 and 45-61 -12-90. 

• No. & Restaurant Daniel, 20 East 76th Sl. 
New York, tel: (212) 28S-0033. 

• No. 9: The Inn at Little Washington, Mid- 
dle and Main streets, Washington. Virginia, tei 
(703) 675-3800. 

• No. Hk Comme Chez Sol Place Rouppe 
23. Brussels, tel: 512-2921. 

Casual Dining 

• No. 1: A1 Porno, 577 South Main St., Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, tel: f 401) 273-9767. 


• No. 2: La Tupina, 6 Rue Porte de la Mon- 
naie, Bordeaux, tel: 56-91-56-37. 

• No. 3: FroMera Grill, 445 North Dark. 
Chicago, tel: (312) 661-1434. 

• No. 4: Victoria Gty Seafood Restaurant, 
Sim Hung Kai Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong, 
tei 827-9938. 

• No. 5: Gty CMu Chow Restaurant, East 
Ocean Centre. 98 Granville Road Tsim Sha 
Tsui East, Kowloon. Hong Kong, tek 723-6226. 

• No. 6: Le Ganriitaii. 6 Rue de Chevreuse, 
Paris 6. tel: 43-20-6343. 

• No. 7: A la TaMe des GmDoax, 17-19 Rue 
de la Resistance, Schouwetler. Luxembourg. 
tel: 37-OO-OS. 

• Na & Cafe CrocodBe, 354 East 74th Sl, 
New York, tel: (212) 249-6619. 

• No. 9: Shaimsen, Chuo-ku. Ginza 5-8-2, 
Ginza Koah Building (Bl basement and second 
floor), Tokyo, tel: 3571-1717. 

• No. Ilk NanbameL, Minaio-ku, Roppongi 
4-5-6. Tokyo, tel: 3402-0606. 


BOOKS 


Inside Brasserie La-Roue d*Or in Brussels. 


nttppe Bmfa/Agace FmofFiox for it 1ST 


frescoes of gentlemen in big black Here, that means what’s on the plate is far 

less important than the surroundings — peo- 
ple gather around the well-lighted reading 
tables, sharing the slacks of newspapers set 
out for that purpose: down a glass oi beer with 
traditional offerings of i dtsmijter, planers of 
fried eggs and ham or cheese atop a slice of 
white bread Silvery herring in season, a por- 
tion of bitterbaUen (tiny, crisp, deep-fried 
shrimp balls), a piping-hot pea soup complete 
the tableau. 

Not much pizzazz but a ton of history, and 
worth every minute. 

Closed Sunday. A la carte, 30 to 90 golden 
($15 to 545), including sendee but not wine 

For an extended look at calk life in Amster- 
dam, don’t miss a rial to the large and cozy 
Cafe Luxembourg, Spui 22-24, tel: 620-62-64; 
to the traditional Hoppe, Spui 20, td: 623-78- 
49, and to the modem De Jaren, Nieuwe 
Doelenstraat 20-22, tel: 625-57-71. Coffee, 
chatter and light snacks are the order of the 
day. 


The menu includes such Belgian classics as 
croquettes de crevettes, waterzoa and mussels 
in many guises, bat steps into the modem world 
with a fare, updated renfitkHL of rabbit witb 
mustard (one rabbit leg boned and stuffed with 
a refined rabbit mousse, the other cooked on 
the bone, smothqed with an eJcgaht mustard 
sauce) and a gargantuan pot au feu tTagneau, a 
vqgetable-dommated creation that indudes a 
fight broth, plenty of lamb and an avalanche of 
fresh peas, mushrooms, green beans, snow peas 
and fresh baby onions. 

Closed Saturday and Sunday. A la cane, 1,000 
Belgian francs ($28). " 

In Amsterdam, few tables are as traditional 
as Keyzer, a dasac '“brown caffe” just steps 
from 'the Caacertgebouw: a highly democratic 
place where locals of all ages, appetites and 
-Ttfanafir gaifcer for a heavy dose of ambience 

and local culture. ■ 


tips 


Mmol Hritdd Tribune 

ED by 3 bond of simple geog- 
v and bolstered by tte flow - ; 

■ of the -European Union,. 
Him, Luxembourg and . the 

0 start a common, longtime 
•neb cuisine. Butarannnethe 
, one, and you’ll find wcD- 
jees, nuances that make a: 
_ in Ltwetnbouig.in Amster*; 

1 ones yen'll have rm French- 

[ <iueem boui* can best be drr 
k of expense-account fend, 
be danger F*** that bear 

-iilinarv value. 


'■ likewise— ladies beware —both ^xrfs arc 
havens for the sort of Neanderthal male 
chauvinism that was afl bin snuffed out else- 
where some decades ago. ^ 



. And while the Dutdt have worited hard io 
main tain a reputation as some of thewotifs 
greatest eateis, finesse and subtlety in their 
' own cu&ne are. not their fortes. 

V' That said, it’s best to adopt the “when m 
RtHDe": defense in all three. 


In Brussels, there’s a large gap between the 
grand palace tables and the sample brasserie: 
Grand dining there can equal that anywhere, 
yet standards shp when it comes to most 
brasseries and bistros, where ambience great- 
ly outshines the quality of cooking. 

In. Luxembourg, the capital itself has 
caved in to a mix of fast food eateries and a 
dmter of overbaring overpriced establish- 
ments. The real action is outside of town, just 
a short drive away. 

The best tables in the Netherlands are 
Fiend), and the Gaffic torch shines brightly 
there, where the discipline inspired by Esccrf- 
Qcr stands as a model for us afl. For everyday 
fare there, don’t pin your hopes on grand 
gastronomy. Rather, develop a taste for 
strong coffee, pea soup and tittle sandwiches, 
and stretch out meal time with a good news- 
paper, magazine or book. 


THE GHOST OF THE 
EXECUTED ENGINEER: 
Technology and the Fall of 
the Soviet Union 

By Loren R. Graham. 128 pages. 
522.95. Harvard University 
Press. 

Reviewed by 
Roald Sagdeev 

T HE opening of the Soviet ar- 
chives and Loren R. Graham’s 
dedicated research for “The Ghost 
of the Executed Engineer” has 
brought to light one of the mare 
interesting figures in Soviet history. 
The offspring of a middl&ciass fam- 
ily. Peter Pal chinsky graduated from 
Sl Petersburg Mining Institute in 
1901. His work focused on Russian 
coal mines, first in the Don Basin 
and then in Siberia, where be was 
exiled by the czarist government for 
bis political activities. He pro- 
claimed his admiration for socialist 
ideas, but rejected the violence pro- 
moted by the Bolsheviks. 

Escaping from czarist oppression 
in 1908, Pakhmsky meat five years 
in Europe, where be established 
himself as a prominent engineer. In 
his work on mqjor technical pro- 
jects, he featured what we now call 
the “system approach," focusing cm 
the social and economic aspects of 
the engineering work at hand. He 
sought to faring this knowledge to 
post-revdutianary Russia but per- 
ished in Stalin’s terror in April 1928. 

In his book, Graham, a' history 
professor at the Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology, makes the 
assertion that Palchinsky’s ap- 
proach to engineering may have 
been the cause of his death. But the 
reasons for Palchinsky’s execution 
went deeper than that The Soviet 
regime was suspidous of the intelli- 
gentsa, who were; according to Le- 
nin, all “rotten." Potential disloyal- 
ty to the Communist Party amid 
result in persecution or a ban from 
one's profession. My generation, 
which graduated in the ’50s, still 
had to answa- the perennial ques- 
tion: And what did you do before 
the October Revolution of 1917? 

In that sense, Graham's tragic 
hero was a marked man as soon as 
the Bolsheviks took power. Two 
nights before the October 1917 
events, the Proriskxtal Government 
in Petrograd (SL Petersburg) ap- 
pointed him one of the key organiz- 
ers Of the Winter Palace’s defense 
against an expected Bolshevik upris- 


WHAT THEY'RE READING 


• Anotf Baring, visiting professor 
at Sl Antony’s College. Oxford, 
from Berlin is* reading “ The Donn- 
ing Street Years " by former Prime 
Minister Margaret Thatcher. 

“I find this fascinating particu- 
larly her relationship with President 
Mitterrand of France and how she 
tried to get him to stop the process 
of German unification. Of course 
tins faded, but there are other inter- 
esting aspects to the book too." 

{ Michael KaBenbacK IHT) 



ing. When the Bolsheviks prevailed, 
Palchinsky became their enemy. 

Drawing on PalchinskYs tragic 
experience and the subsequent 
hardships of Soviet life, Graham 
draws conclusions about the even- 
tual degradation of the engineering 
profession, outlining even larger 
lessons about the failure of com- 
munism and the final collapse of 
the Soviet Union. 

No one can deny that the Soviet 
regime was unable to build an effi- 
cient economy based on their ad- 
vances in technology — except per- 
haps in the military area. From the 
very beginning, as Graham con- 
veys, the regime moved to purge 
the old intdligentaa, despite tee 
fart that many of teem were genu- 
ine assets for technological pro- 
gress. The party launched huge 
educational rffons to create a “new 
Soviet man," subservient to tee re- 


gime. By tee Brezhnev era the Sovi- 
et Union had more engineers than 
any other country in the world, and 
most were forced to work on gar- 
gantuan protects, building wbat 
was often called “the great Stalinist 
construction sites of socialism.” 
Graham specifically focuses on the 
few of these that created environ- 
mental disasters and unsuiroount- 
abie urban and soda] problems. 

But Graham’s assertion that the 
typical Soviet engineer was incapa- 
ble of serving the technological rev- 
olutioc is rather simplistic. He il- 
lustrates his point by citing a Soviet 
acquaintance, who described her- 
self professionally as a “ball-bear- 
ing engineer for paper mills." To 
my mind, (his terminology does not 
reflect the narrowness ofheT educa- 
tional background bui rather tee 
odd language on the certificates 
teat were issued bv tee authorities. 


I am not suggesting teal the Sovi- 
et system was a model for education 
in general. It was contaminated by 
compulsory Marxist dog m as and in- 
doctrinatioo. Soviet-style. But as 
paradoxical as it might sound, the 
country had a rather robust system 
lor techcacal education and man- 
aged to achieve some notable suc- 
cesses — Sputnik, for example, 
which triggered a chain reaction of 
educational reforms in the United 
States in the late ’50s-early ’60s. 

The biggest failure of the system 
with respect to technology was tee 
USSR’s inability to fully avail itself 
of tee talents of its engineers. The 
system simply ignored technology’s 
potential for improving the social 
and material life erf tec population. 
Thai oversight eventually contrib- 
uted to the collapse of the socialist 
idea in the Soviet Union. 

Graham's book is readable and 
interesting, and tee device of using 
one man’s life to tell a larger story 
makes the topic more accessible. 
But Graham draws too general a 
thesis from the life of someone who 
was hardly typical And any book 
that purports to address the factors 
that brought about tee collapse of 
the Soviet Union would have to 
number more than 128 pages. 

Roald Sagdeev, a professor of 
physics at the f/niversirv of Mary- 
Imd and former director of the Space 
Institute in Moscow, urn? this for 
The Washington Post. 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 

T WO players dominated tee 
two 1993 Player of the Year 
races in New York Citv. reports the 
Greater New York Bridge Associa- 
tion. In the regular listings, includ- 
ing all major events, Tom Smith of 
Greenwlnch, Connecticut, eked out 
a victory over August Boehm of 
Manhattan by a margin of just 2 
points. Boehm turned the tables in 
the Team Player of the Year race, 
hearing Smith by 25 points. 

They were playing together on 
the diagramed deal from the Re- 
gional Knockout Teams during the 
New Year’s championships, which 
concluded the tournament year. 
South's raise to two dubs was in- 
verted. and therrfore strong and 
forcing. He then pulled his part- 
ner’s double of two hearts, a wise 


move since that contract would 
have succeeded. But be erred in the 
play of three no-trump. 

Boehm, as West, led (he dia- 
mond king, which was permitted to 
win. Smith. East, played a discour- 
aging deuce, and his partner shifted 
to a low spade South finessed tee 
queen, hoping the king was on his 
left, but was disappointed. East 
won and played tee spade jack, 
which was allowed to win. Now 
East shifted back to diamonds, 
playing the jack, and South was 
doomed to a two-trick defeat. 

South’s play to tee first trick was 
an error. He should have taken his 
ace, led his singleton bean and fi- 
nessed dummy s ten, a play that 
was likely to succeed in tee tight of 
the overtoil Then be would contin- 
ue with the heart king, and have 
nine tricks before the defenders 


could do anything with their 

spades. 

NORTH (D) 

♦ AQ4 
OKQ }05 
0«3 
*K972 

WEST EAST 

• 8 B 2 * K 3 10 5 

CAJ 9762 ^«4 

9 K Q 10 4 9 JT2 

4— 48653 

SOUTH 
*973 
C3 

0 A965 

* A Q J 10 A 

Both sides were vulnerable. The 


bidding; 

North East 

South 

West 

1* 

Pass 

2* 

SO 

DfaL 

Pass 

3 N.T. 

Pass 

Pass 

Pass 




Wen icd (he diamond King. 
































































































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iv ; “ ' 


International Herald Tribune, Monday, February 14, 1994 


Page 9 


*ge 3 


-*H.. -?■ 


CAPITAL MARKETS 


Roadblocks, Near and Far, 


World Bank 
Cautions 



on 


Bundesbank and 


By Cari Gemrtz 

International Herald Tribune ' , ." ‘ 

are ripe for a rally, an 
array of analysts predict. But on the crucial question of 

“ ****■<*■ 71* majorimpedi- 
me at, is the Bundesbank reluctance to cut sbort-tenn 
Gcmaamterestiate^axidaftmhcrooim^k^onistTieht^haviftrnf 
Japanese investors. 

The fsflure of last week's U-S.- Japanese summit 'meeting to 
resolve trade differences is widely expected to add upward pressure 
on the yen against all currencies. With the dose of Japan's fiscal 
year hardy a month away, there is considerable feu that Japanese 
investors, seeking to rush assets bade into yen before the currency 
appreciates too far, will sell - 1 

overseas holdings and repatriate ■« . 
the profits. The yca’s rise would Jtyes are on the 
then snowball. - 

Simon Crane, a London- 
based trading adviser, considers 
that the yen is poised for a sub- 
stantial rise that could be set off 

by talk from the 115. administration that such an increase is 
desirable. . , 

He expects the dollar to fan from Friday's dose of I07.I0yen to a 
nrinimum of 10450 and posably to 101 yen. Mr. Crane is anticipat- 
ing “a major trading week for the yen, . which looks technically ripe 
fen a strengthening against all currencies. ” 

In Germany, meanwhile, analysts put low odds on an interest 
rate cut at the Bundesbank's policy-making mcMfng on Thursday 
unless there is a breakthrough m employers’ wage talks with the IG 
Metafl metalworkers union. The Bundesbank can draw ywne rdief 
from the recent performance of the x yntsdifc-mark, which him 
gained a bit in Europe and held up well against the dollar despite 
the rise in U.S rates. 

But the rise in the yield on 10-year German government bands — 
the rate is up 16 baas pants over the past month, to 5.77 percent on 
Friday - — is uncomfortable, for the central bank's policymakers. 
They contend that low long-term rates axe more important for 
recovery than declining short-term rates. 

Last week’s upset in the sterling market, where LO-year yields 
rose 20 basis points after a quarter-point cat m. short-term interest, 
rates that the market-deemed unjustified, can. only reinforce the 
Bundesbank’s reluctance to move. 

Investors appear to be in no mood to anthapate-the next rate cut 
because they nave already been badly burned. Since the start of the 
year, bond yields in Europe have risen in eight of the 13 major 
markets. The increase has Seen 24 basis pants in Germany and 40 
in Britain. Of the five markets bucking the trcad,onfy the Swedish 
market was able to advance amidst last week’s general gloom. 

The major haven for investors has been Boating-rate douais, due to 
the inliwifn t protection against rising interest rates as well as the 

See BONDS, Page 11 .7 



THETR1BINDEX 


IntemainnatHaaldTtibim 120 
World Stock Index, composed : 113 
of280InternaSonaByinvestable 

state from 25 countries, its 
compSeri by Bloomberg • 

Business News. ? 1t7 

Weekending February 11. 

daily dosings. 

’ Jan. 1992 = 100. 11S 

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Inflation 

The Associated Press 

BEIJING — fiiinij curb 
money-supply growth this year to 
bead off inflation, winch is the big- 
gest threat to stable development in 
the country, a World Bank official 
was quoied/Suaday os advising. 

“It is now more important than 
ever to be very prudent in mone- 
tary policies, n the China DaDy 
Business "Weekly quoted The World 
Bank’s chief of mission in China, 
Pieter Bo tidier, as saying. 

He urged the Chinese govern- 
ment to cany out its pledge to slow 
down economic growth, saying that 
the 13 percent annual growth of 
1992 and 1993 put too modi strain 
on infrastructure and environment. 

Prices rose an average of 24 per- 
cent in cities and about 14 percent 
nationwide last year, causing wide- 
spread gnnrihSng g»> w n nifl n 
concerns about social unrest. The 
gov ernmen t wants to keep e eo n rwn fc 
growth down to 9 percent this year, 
chiefly by r est ricti ng loans and new 
development projects, and hopes to 
hold inflation below 10 percent. 

' ‘The risk of High mftalirm is tfie 
greatest challenge faring China's 
economy in the near term,” the pa- 
per quoted Mr. Bottefier as saying. 

Separately, the Business Weekly 
quoted a financial official as saying 
that the national currency, the 
yuan, would hover at about 8.7 to 
the U5. dollar at least through the 
first quarter of the year. 

It quoted Xjao.Qiag, an official 
of the Bank of China’s Institute of 
Tntwnktintml Finance, as saying 

rein^ov^^credit anefbank in- 
terest rates would remain high. 

She warned against excessive op- 
tixmsm, however, saying inflation 
could create pressure to devalue. 

The government has tnarfg. great 
efforts to keep the yuan’s foreign- 
cxchange rate stable since Jan. 1. 


German Social Contract Unravels 

An Envied Workers’ Paradise No Longer Can Compete 


By Ferdinand Protzman 

New Ycrfc Times Semrc 
BONN — Steadily rising wages, a shrinking 
workweek, near-Kfetime job security, abun- 
dant vacation time, generous bonuses, superb 
training programs binge benefits are 
the envy of employees in other developed 
nations. Those were the toms of the unwritten 
social contract that has governed West Ger- 
man workers since the end of World War 1L 
In return, employers gpt a reliable, well- 
trained, hard-working labor force and re- 
markably few strikes. Judged on a historical 
Haris by the Hi gh quality of Germany’s prod- 
ucts and the success its companies have en- 
joyed at home and abroad, the pact was an 
indisputable boon u> both employees and 
management and formed one of the pillars of 
the nation’s economy. 

Unfortunately, it no longer works. Instead, 
the sodal contract that once made Germany’s 
economy a model of stability has helped 
erode die nation’s competitiveness as it strug- 
gles to recover from the worst recession in its 
postwar history. 

The result is that management and labor 
are now on a collision course in Germany’s 


Pith the battle lines marked in recent weeks 
by walkouts from auto plants, machinery 
companies and shipyards, the confrontation 
promises to produce changes that mil affect 
not only business and industry, but all of 
Goman society. 

The problems in Germany have implica- 
tions as well for economic and public policy 
in the rest of Europe and the United States. 

“We have a cost crisis that has caused 


something of a structural crisis.” said Hans- 
Peter StihL, president of the German Cham- 
bers of Commerce and the owner of Andreas 
StihL a chainsa w manufacturer sear Stutt- 
gart. “Either German unions will accept sub- 
stantial reductions in incomes and wages, or 
we will lose more jobs. We also have the 
possibility of moving more jobs abroad.” 

In Enrope, the upheaval is being seen as a 
foretaste of problems certain to surface in 
other countries. 

“Suddenly, there is a lot of uncertainty 
about the existing structures in the wake of the 
Gold War, not just in Germany, but through- 
oat Europe,” said Kurt Biedenkopf, premier of 
Saxony, Easton Germany’s most industrially 
advanced state: There is growing doubt about 
the premise of the welfare state, doubt that it 
can guarantee the individual’s health, welfare 
and workplace through constant economic 
growth. Exponential growth, as in the postwar 
years, is not possible.” 

In the United States, the American system 
may come to be sees more as a model for 
Germany than vice versa. While imming for 
president in 1992, Bill Clinton lauded Ger- 
many for its highly skilled workers and train- 
ing programs, and cited Germany, along with 
Japan, as countries that managed better than 
the United States in keeping industry from 
moving to lower-wage countries. 

Given the current labor-management strife 
here and the loss of about 900,000 manufac- 
turing jobs in the last three years, this may be 
changing. To create jobs, Germany may be 
forced to move to lower-wage, lower-stilled 
jots, as Lbe United Slates did during the 


1980s. Now it is the United States that is 
proving attractive to Goman business. 

For instance, Bayerische Motoren Werke 
AG, the maker of BMW cars, is budding an 
assembly plant in South Carolina to take 
advantage of that state’s low level of union- 
ization and relatively low wages. 

“There is a completely different sodal con- 
tract in the United Stales and Enrope,” said 
C. Fred Bergstra, director of the Institute for 
International Economics in Washington. 
“The U.S. has kepi labor costs down and 
created 40 million j obs over the past 20 years. 
In Europe, wages have risen about 60 percent 
daring that span but only 2 or 3 million jobs 
have been created.” 

Another major difference in many Europe- 
an countries is that companies are legally 
obliged to consult with labor representatives 
on all important decisions. 

In Germany, labor holds seats on the 
boards of all major companies and is part of 
the discussion when layoffs or shifts in pro- 
duction locations are being planned But pro- 
posals by the European Union would signifi- 
cantly weaken labor's position in the 
corporate structure. 

In the last few weeks, the struggle here 
between labor and management has been 
played out in the streets as hundreds of thou- 
sands of workers held a series of three-hour 
strikes. The walkouts were ordered by the 3.6 
million-member IG Metal! metalworkers 
union, which is demanding a pay increase of 
5.5 percent to 6 percent. 

| A strike appeared to be inevitable by IG 
Metall members after the breakdown of last- 

See SOCIAL, Page II 


Bundesbank Seen Maneuvering for Position 


International Hervld Tribune 

PARIS — It is no secret that 
France has no desire to unilaterally 
cut interest rates, despite high un- 
employment and low inflation, even 
though last August’s widening oT the 
European Monetary System’s cur- 
rency trading bands appeared aimed 
at fadfitating such inde penden ce 
from the Bundesbank. 


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Computer ' David 5 
Takes on Goliaths 


By Jacques Neher 

International Herald Tribune 

EVRY, France — Selecting 
Pilgrim’s Technology SA as the 
i name for bis new company last 
year, PhiKppc Tnichet might 
have reflected on the kmg, ar- 
duous voyage he has endured 
since 1988 m the straggle to 
bring his concept for a use- 
friendly, 
hand-held 


SMALL 

BUSINESS 




computer 
to market 

While 
his prod- 
uct caBed 
the Pil- 
grim, is 
starling to rofl off a Taiwan pro- 
duction hue, the French entre- 
preneur still may be a great dis- 
tance from his Meaa: est- 
ablishing a viable nkbe in the 
muhflnmba-dollar market for 
portable computers. Wc 
against him are shortages 
money, reputation and time to 
counter tire goliaths of the com- 
puter notepad and notebook in- 
dustry, such as Ftghsa Ltd, To- 
shiba Corp. and- International 
Business Maduoes Corp. 

“A lot of time has been wast- 
ed,” Mr. Tmdiet said m an in- 
terview at company headquar- 
ters, where a dozen employees 
woti in a suburban office com- 
plex: in Evxy, south of Paris. 

After consecutively entrost- 
mg.Jus idea to two different 
start-up companies in France 
— only to see them both go 
bankrupt — the 39-year-old 
e le ctron ics engineer last spring 
recovered his palest licenses 
andstruck but on Ms own. 

Backing the venture, with 43 


of enthusiasm, is Ad- 
vanced Scientific Corp., a Tai- 
wan, maker of notebook com- 
and fax machines, with 
of $25 miHion. 

^ *T think PQarim can be as big 
as Apple,” said Joseph Chang, 
president of Advanced Sdenm- 
jc, ref erring to the icoo of 
staal computing in the IS 
“This is a unique, truly portable 
compater. If we add commnm- 
cmkms, a portable copier and 
fKHtahle pmrta, we wifi be able 
to offer a real portable tffice." 

like its competitors is the 
nascent notepadmaziet —only 
a few thousand mms were sold 
industrywide m Europe last 
year — tie F3girnn b designed 
to~be used "iathe fidd.” 

For example, an insurance 
t use a notepad to 
' car pans on 
an ele ctr o ni c diagram and then 
catiubKc ite daim. Or a home, 
decorator mt^ht use one to pro- 
duce’ an orate estimate for a' 
tjob. 

, which weighs 1.5 
kilflgrains (33 pOonds), features 
a dual- processor architecture 
that sets it apmtCromcoiqseti- 
ub 5 in the notepad market. One 


processor handles the usual data 
manipulation required by com- 
pute programs. The second pro- 
cessor is dedicated to the user 
interface, features that make the 
machine easy to use 

These include a voice record- 
ing capability that would, for 
example, permit a salesman in 
the odd to record up to three 
hours of conversations, for a 
freight dispatcher to rive his 
truck driver prerecorded in- 
structions that would be acti- 
vated when the driver arrived at 
his destination. 

. Bat Mr. Tnichet says the 
most important feature made 
posable by the second proces- 
sor is an independent “virtual” 
keyboard — a picture of a key- 
board that appears on the 
screen whenever needed and 
permits the user to enter infor- 
mation by touching the “virtu- 
al” keys on the screen with any 
pointed object, such as a penal. 

Ml Tracbet says the always- 
accesable touchscreen keyboard 
overcomes a major handicap of 
competing par-based notepads, 
in vAkh the users employ elec- 
tronic styluses to write free-hand 
cm the screen. The notepad mar- 
ket never took off, largely be- 
cause of its poor capacity to reo- 
ogoxze handwriting. 

"When pai-based systems 
were introduced in 1991, they 
were promoted as ‘electronic ink 
on mteDigait papa,’ but the ex- 
pectations were too high,” said 
Fexeydun Khanide, president of 
Penplan fVnisnlting in Munich. 
Tt turned out to be their weak- 
est print, not their strongest” 

Despite his technical advance 
over competitors, Mr. Truchet 
faces the frustrating Caich-22 
encountered by many start-ups 
— proving Ins company 
can be counted on before any- 
one will count on it 

“Each time a prospective cus- 
tomer compares us with the 
c o m pet ition, they always say 
we’re tbe best bul then they 
say, ‘Who is Pilgrim’s Technol- 
ogy?”* he said. 

Mr. Tracbet is aiming to sell 
2JOOO units tins year, which he 
said would generate around 26 
million &ancs in sales and pretax 
profit of around 500,000 francs. 
The business plan envisions unit 
sales of 8,600 units in 1996, for 

% mitti rm francs in revenue and 
pretax profit of 9 ntinkm francs. 

Mr. Chang appears much 
more ambitious. He said the po- 
tential for the Pilgrim wiU not 
be tapped until production vol- 
ume grows W tire level of 3,000 
units pa month. Such a vol- 
ume, he said, would bringdown 
the Pilgrim’s price of around 
53,000 to where it could com- 
pete in the much larger m>to- 
borik market, where models are 
priced at half that level 

Articles in this seria appear 
every other Monday. 


The official explanation from 
Jean-Gaude Trichet, governor of 
the Bank of France, has been that a 
stable value of the franc is tbe only 
way to get long-term French inter- 
est rales as low as possible. 

Now, from Christopher Potts, an 
economist at Banqoe Indosuez, 
comes a political interpretation: 
that France “views such disconnec- 
tion as a trap, designed to safe- 
guard tbe Deutsche mark's domi- 
nant position in Europe.” 

He posits that Germany wants 
its partners in the European Mone- 
tary System to use the current 
weakness of the mark on the for- 
eign exchange market to cut short- 
term interest rales while German 
levels remain constant. 


“By holding its own rates un- 
changed for a prolonged period, 
the Bundesbank is again trying to 
demonstrate to investors that it is 
the most resolutely anti-inflation- 
ary central bank in Europe,” he 
said. 

The reward for this is protecting 
the mark’s status as the anchor cur- 
rency in Europe which, in turn, 
enables Germany to have lower in- 
terest rates, adjusted for inflation, 
than any of its neighbors. This is a 
si gnifican t and perennial advan- 
tage to German industry. 

Until last August, this essentially 
Franco-German straggle played out 
in the foreign-exchange market Bui 
when pressure there finally explod- 
ed, the permitted fluctuation tends 


in the European Uniat's exchange- 
rate mechanism were widened to 15 
percent either side of tbe central 
rates from tbe 2-25 percent previous- 
ly tolerated for most currencies. 

Subsequently, volatility in the 
exchange market has declined sub- 
stantially and the franc has 
strengthened. In August, immedi- 
ately after the crisis, the mark trad- 
ed at 35490 francs, well above the 
previous ceDing of 3.4305. Now the 
mark is at 33940 francs, within the 
old trading band and not far from 
its central rate of 33539. 

“The volatility has been removed 
from the exchange market because 
speculators no longer have a pre- 

See MARK, Page II 


U.S. Tactic 
On Yen 
Likely to 
Backfire 


By Steven Brull 

International Herald Triton* 

TOKYO — An attempt by the 
United States to get even over trade 
with Japan by poshing up tbe value 
of the yea would likely backfire, 
while retaliation targeted against 
selected products is likely to dam- 
age specific companies but do little 
damage to tbe broader economy, 
economists said Sunday. 

Frustrated over a lack of access 
to the Japanese market, Washing- 
ton helped talk up the yen to a 
record of 100 to the dollar last 
summer. Although the yen has 
since weakened, the strategy had 
some success, forcing Japan to buy 
more from overseas and led to tbe 
p eakin g of Japan's monthly trade 
surplus in November. 

But further yen appreciation 
would only undermine tbe reces- 
sion-mired economy and deprive 
consumers of the income they need 
to buy products from overseas. 

“We need a cheaper yen to spark 
a recovery” said Masani Takagi, 
chief economist of tbe Fuji Re- 
search Institute. “If the yen rises, 
there will be little chance that the 
Japanese economy will recover lat- 
er this year.” 

A wok Japanese economy would 
also send ripple effects throughout 
Southeast Asa, which benefits from 
Japanese demand fra exports. Slow- 
er growth in these countries, in turn, 
would further reduce U3. exports to 
the region, although this would be 
offset to some extent by the in- 
creased competitiveness of exports 
from other Asian countries against 
these from Japan. 

“The U.S. has a big stick, but it 
hurts the U.S. as well,” said Kazuo 
Nukazawa, managing director of 
Keidanren, Japan's powerful busi- 
ness organization. 

Still, Japanese expect Washing- 
ion to retaliate in some form fol- 
lowing Friday's collapse of trade 
talks between President Bill Oin- 
ton and Prune Minister Mortiwo 
Hosokawa. The so-called frame- 
work talks aimed to improve access 
to Japan's market for automobiles 

See SANCTIONS, Page 11 



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9f 


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I 


















/ 






Page 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14* 1994 


MUTUAL FUNDS 


(GroNomr Wktr 

FtJHame Lost Choe 


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FdNoin# Lost CM* RJ 


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MuritosnlOTf — 85 SmCo 1159 +84 GlabOln 1359 —18 
Retire n 1134—32 TxFSI 1032—83 Gwfftn 1178 -81 
TofRtn 1971 —OS RnHcrGvt 1137 . CAW 1185 — 88 

VotTmn 1537 + 84 HnHarMu 114! — 3B FondTrust 


1040 —85 WldWdt 1933 —41 


1172 —85 WShMm P1776 — 0* CdBtonna T ub* TCBedP 1020 

1180 —M AmGwlti 9.W — 05 Council 11)1—08 TCCarf 1272 

1345 —13 AHertton 145 —84 CdUSn 1177—81 TCIncp 1094 

1344 — .13 Arw Nedl Funds: SAPSBJn 1177 + 82 TCLatt 1643 

2149 +.11 Grewlh *23 + 84 S&PMId 1232 +.10 TCNoriP 10.02 


VaiuBf 2149 +.11 
Vahjp 2171 +.11 
V/e<na p 1744 + 88 
AMF Pints 
AeWAto 9.98 
IrrfJMMU 9.90 —87 
tollL kin 1071 —81 
AMgSecn 1189 +83 
ARK Funds: 


1589—151 Bond p 5.40 .1 

mpt i CaTEp 557 —83 ] 

133* .1 OSa 7.93 —83 

1247 -81 | DiSCOVP 12.11 +.15 I 

ll.t? —32 ■ EauffPlP 1137 +31 
Bde i Burin o 443 _ I 


intlt 879 — 11 SI Bond 21.19 - 

KPMt 2575-270 Bondn 2276 +85 

TxETrl 1170 —07 mtEqn 3687 —59 

TaxFrl a.06 —05 Mortoer Funds: 
teSW Amerien: Fxdinc VU1 —01 

Aulnclp 1087 - NY TF 1144—06 

CAPiF 973 - STFxJnc 9.88 —01 

CP12B t 975 - TREq 1279 —85 

SnA 1275 -J0S MATwEa 10.12 +83 
FixA 11.16 —09 MrkTWRe 10-43 —02 

FOAA H49 +.14 Marquis Funds: 


- StFTAn 10.19 - — m GdhD - 20.94 +89 GfOoBt 1118 +81 

MRsGafdttt.lS— 74 TXTTA n 1040 —87 GtinDt ' 11JQ — 84 HYldBfllT 871 — <8T 
Ttfflt 1079 —04 VahHBAP 13.98 +87 H8nc£)p 980+82 IntGUh US —10 

3 VaiueTA 1430 +87 brvGD 11.10—81 NdG0B<9 *36 —10 

12 VAITAn 1097— 89 NYTXDp 1134 —05 toVefBBnU46 —11 

-VAIlAp 1077 —89 MHtOp 1077—04 NMBB '1152—85 

ia NofiwiwMePds STGvtDp 2J& . _ PncGrB- 17.13—23 

» Ntflond 986 —02 SmCopO 1053 +85 STGfcB 979 —05 

M NOfttFd 1414 +8) y$GDp 9.99—81 MWArTf >273 —68 

- J183—04 UflDp: 945— 06 MUPLA 1040 -87 

- TxFret 1076—06 PpnGlobn 1176 — .16 AAuGoT 1172—07 

- USGtdnr 10.10 +81 FnpStk 15.1B+.15 MunHVt 1176 — 04 


Intonate *36 —10 scrtwwt 1587 — 31 
toVteBan12L46 — .11 ScuddurPjnttr 
MUKB 1382-85 BotoPCPdfl 1537+81 


PacGfB- 17.13 —23 CaTTUn TO© —86 
STGfcB 979 — 05 CaoGIn 2173 -86 
AfanArrT )Z33 —OS Devrtapn3*i6 +84 
MuFLA 1040 -87 EmMMne!2.1B - 


CATFC *34 —84 
CoshMA 1084 +81 
CcclC 989 +81 
Cwftuffl 9.98 +.m 


Aaartnn 080 - 

ConvFdn 1109 +81 

FuBdn + - 2 ? 
meant n 470 —81 
LuvGT ' 24JC +81 
NYTEn 1040 —06 


is* SndSSn 7783 +84 
iSSf A T^n 1172-05 

iSEEr {277 -02 USGUIfl 1247 * 81 


Bondn 2276 +85 Ne u b Bie i B emu Paragon Ft: 

IntEqn 3687—59 AMT Bal (96.12 —SO GutiS 1672 +83 

loriner Funds: Genesis 072 +82 MBd hus— JO 

Fxdinc W.11 —01 Gutrtkin M76 +81 LA TF 1BJ7 —04 

NYTF 1144—36 LldMaln 1034 — 01 STGv . laaB Si 

STFSdnc 9.08—01 MonhotnllT# +.12 VUEq 1243-82 


GS>- 1970—11 GvtSecA 9.91 

GvSA Id M _ GtfilnA 9.98 . 

HrEGA 2*43 +73 I VolEqAP 98> 

HrrGrA 2121 - I MuraltoR Band*: 

imdA 977 —02 Brine 9.96 -84 


Genesis 072 +82 MBd wus—ja Mu«ur 1142—07 
Gvmkrn 1876 +81 LATF 1R97 — JM -MunMAt 1286 —JO 
LldMaln 1034—01 STGv . tea —01 MuMnt 1232—06 
Mantafnll7t .+.12 VnlEq 1243—02 . MunMIt 1246 —OS 
MUST 10J6— 07 VatGr 15.12 —08 MunIMod n 172—07 
PWtnrsn 2077. +82 FnrtaMas ASlxi .. MuNCI 1181—08 
SelSrtc t it 2331 +85 BendFdx 9.90 —06 MurtUl 1184—06 
Ultnfldn 940 . EauOvA 1684 +.18 MnNYt 1283—08 


MufnsA 1148 —07 taSmCb 1476 — ll 
Mvnmt 1149 —06 GoWn -- 1386 —47 


MunMIt 1Z46— OS MBd n 1336-86 


GNMAn I486 +83 GvtlncA 1171 — g 
GUin 2130 —60 GvttnB 
casmCb 1476—11 Gftcn 4M 
GoWn - 1386 —47 trrvTrO 875 +81 AjdaAP 
Grvrtncn 1740— 10 hnrTrAP 077 _ GffldBj 

(mxcngn 1384 — 02 invTtC 079 ■- GoW«: 

Intwnatt B4S.16 —M NYTF A p 041 — 0* MBny. 
MBfln 1136 —06 NYTFC 042—04 Wrjdtoc 


AsiaDvnBWJt —41 
AstoAp 1635— 41 
GIBcriBP * 

GoUResp 435 —35 
Infllnv. 1*99-4.17 
Wridlncp 8.93 —02 
wrwrrttpuoi —04 


UltroBdn 940 


. NewAHer 3093 +8*1 HEnAx 1487 — 0*1 


MunIMod n 172— 07 LatAmrr-2544 *J6 sModnai Funds wrtjrmplUl — Q4 

MuNCI 1181—08 MATxn 1*19— M Amtndn 1g — 01 VwtoumMMer: 

MurtUt 1184— 06 MetfTEn 1133 —06 Assoc n 80 +81 gft,T^ Ap ]S-iS Tg 

MuNYl 1283— 08 MMB 9JM —01 mvesln 142 — J» OwOtAO 1988 +81 

MIMQlTMiC— 06 NYTXn 11.16 —06 OCoatWn 240 +81 WYWAP 1081 - 


1289 + 84 Glabaln 13L59—.I8I FedhKP 587 +82 j Omen 1746 +.15 GvWtcn 979 +81 1 Nditln 2642 +78 SmCpA 23.10 +48 


Income 2176 +.04 ICttvertGreupc 


API Gr ten 1311—23 ArietAp 2270 


Am Perform: 

Bond 9.97 —8* 

Equity 11.93 +84 

MBd 107* —02 

AmUttFdn 2243 —26 


Baton p 1086 
Eauttvp 1*32—82 
Eafdxp 1087 +8Q 


Aagn»fpl534 —78 I 
Groin fp 1682 —79 
Gwttifp 1*22—72 
Incotp 1036—84 

MgdTRfe1137 — 83 


GlObEq 1*21 —14 OetwH 


FxtAnc p 11.10— 01 FU w dome ^u l Funds 


GovBd p 941 
frrtlncp 1081 
Udine 1081 —81 


NYMunnpJ.JB 
USGovn 1^ —81 


Cea Gr n 1*91 +89 ArmwvMutf 7.77 +82 
Grtnean 1073 +JW Arntyflcn 12.13 +8* 
Income 1088 -81 AnchCttof MM —19 
A5M Fdn 1038 + 87 AmAtoPunds 
Accessor Fonds: AZTF ICU? I —85 

IntFxIn n 1279 —82 COTF 107* —85 
AccMorto 12.19 _ HI TF 1180 -.05 

ShtlntF, 1277 - KYTF 1088 —85 

Acomln 1*68 —12 NrgnstTF 1077 —06 
AcmFd 13.95 +.03 ORTF 1071 —04 
Adsncnp 2182 — JB AqutoasPimd: 
AdvCBotP 1043 +8S Bcfixicen 1083 
AdvCRefP 104* _ Eqlncn 941 

Advest Advent: Fxlncn 1085 

Govt rm 1034 —85 AnhPuiMte 
Gwthre 1745 —06 Bal 1*08—82 


CdUSn 1177—81 TCIncp 1*94—81 ExcoUVUdos *17 — 10 Hrat Amer Funds: Aagresfp 154W — 78 

S&PSSOn 1177 + 82 TCLatt 1643 +.13 Exlnv+Sp *00—81 AstADp 1049 +81 Grom to 1682 —39 

S&PMId 1132 +.10 TCNoritJ 1082 - FAMVdn 2042 +85 Baton P 1086 _ Gwltlfp 1432—72 

Jalvert Group: TcsCpt 10.17 _ F8L Series Eauttv P 1672 —82 Incntp 1076 —84 

Ariel 3074 + 83 DetGfpInMt EHCMpI 19.10 *M Ealdxp 1047 +82 _ MqdTRtoll 77 -83 

ArfelAP 2370 . Decit 1380 _ Growth r 1346 —JD Fxtflncp 11.10—81 FUadameWal Fuads 

GlObEq 1*31—14 Oetwrl 1*69 -+.I2 h«VBdt IMS —SI GovBd P 941 _ CAMUl np 940 — 89 

tnco 1772 - Dlcot M-94 +.16 HTYTWt JOTfl —02 InHncp 1081 _ NYMunnpl.7B 

MBCAI 1044 —04 Ochl 770 . Mongdt 1272 —83 Udine 1081 — 81 USGovn 1.95 —81 

Munlnt 1044 —03 TsvRsI 979—81 PPB Lexicon: MIoSkp 1078 — 82 GAM Funds: 

Social C 3044 +87 Dataware Graapc CvApp 1179 —88 MunBdP 1046 —83 Glotx* 16042-749 

SacBd 1*96 — 83 Trend P 13.94 +85 Fxdln 1047 _ RegBlP 1247 + 88 Ml 21077—644 

SodEa 22.11 +85 Vctuep 20.96 +.13 IrPGv 1078 —81 Stocks 1650 +.03 PaeSos 192.15—191 

TxFLtdn 1073 - Deteapp 2674 +.17 Se1Vaiuepll85 +83 FsteoslG 977 + 82 GCEUUnsiS: 

TxFLno 17.16—0* Dedrl 1671 —83 FFBEa 1081 +81 FsfEod nr 1574 +.12 Oiversfd nl*?l 

TxFVT 1643—86 Dadrllp I2JV —.02 FFBNJ 1772 — JH FrstFdE 1078 —82 &k*3Ctn 17.18—34 

USGov 1580—04 Detowp 1*68 +.11 FFTWRuxtoc FIHwMu 1172—04 Income n 1143 —85 

Ombridue FdK inttEap 1117 — 79 Intafda 1083 —17 Rnl Investor*: S*SU>gnll49 — 04 

CcaGrA 1570 —85 DeWtP 770 - US Start 9.97 - BICniPP 1571 -.00 S&5PMn37J* -83 

GvInA 1376 —83 USGOVtP *76—82 WWHedn1«.04 _ GUUp 672 —.14 TaxEx 1272 — BB 

GwthA 1671 +89 Traasp 979 —01 WWFxdmlOfll +81 GovtP 1147 +81 Trusts n 3480 -.08 

MUlncA 15.90 —88 TxUSP 1162 — 05 PMB Funds: Grotncp 666—02 GE Fundi; 

CaoGrB 1 15.18 —85 Txlnsp 1144 -85 DivECP 1145+83 WgtiYdp 57a —81 GtobofC 1941-78 

GvtnBt 137B — .03 TxPrPnp *74 —83 DJvEI 1145 + 83 Income p *23—81 ItKOmaCnlZOr — 85 


GtobBdp 614 —03 
GloGrp 699 —00 
Growth p 1746 +.13 
HGYdTEp *77 —82 
trarTE P 580 —83 
Hip 1043 —71 
MedRP 11.98 —87 
Moss P 542 —03 
Midip 573 —83 


. NeWAller 3043 +8* HEnAX 1407 —86 MUOQhMiC — 06 NYTXn 11.16 — W Oceans n 240 *81 

. NewCnffti iZ25 -.19 biKtwAxIfljW— J5 MuPaf 1UI — « OH TV ft I3JE7— 87 OtbRMFVf: 

_ NewilSAP 1247—83 MCMsA 1X73—73 . MMunt 162* —10 PA Tam 1346 —08 capOppn327S +-1» 

Nichotas Grows LMMOIA x ? j* —or - struct to 11.72—03 PacOwanl**— 62 -SS 10.17— 81 

H MchOln 5*59 +86 MIMuA x 1180 —80 StnidBt 1172 -83 QwriGrn 1611 +84 Hwuuxin 1171 — 05 

11 Nditln 2682 +78 SmCpA 2X10 948 USGvtBnT0J2 — 84 ST Bond nil 49 +J1. irMynen 10.13—01 

. Mdrincn 347 —01 USGvUx 972 —06 UHBft 982—01 STGWn 1140 —01 ^Sdn *99-81 
. NdiLdn 1846 +76 PaetataneCSta: . PtudMiFiriluilL TxFHYn 1245 —07 1U0 -85 

6 Nk^oteAitotogale: Bata. Cnxl 170 +83 ArtSSp 1U9 +JB - VWuen 124* +82 SSS5S 9,« . 

2 BtVGthS 1*16+75 BondCnx 989 — 06 Bain. 1170—82 Zer2000n 1286 — 03 sSJS o 973 — 85 


NkBolax Groats 
MehMn 5349 +86 1 


PtxA 1186— 08 IntBdn 980 . Nldllncn 347 — 81 USGvtAX 972 —86 

5tcA *30—82 ST men 977 _ NdlLdn 1*96 +76 PreWont C 5h*r . 

TxPA 1079 —85 Stock n 1045 +.16 MchotasApPtesale: Bata. Cnxl 1.70 +83 

WtldBA 9.58 —07 Malhenn 1*90—12 BaIGthB 1*16 +7S Band C nx 979 —06 
FtxBt 11.15—09 Maxes Funds CoreGthAl*29 +89 Enu«vCnl675 +J8 

FQABf 1147 +.14 EauBy tonT371 —13 OjreGrthBT4S3 f J» 

GtttoBt 19.18—11 mcomnf 1087-05 OxeGrthaT347 +89 
GvSBl 1088 —81 Prism tonTMO —09 EmOGrA 1246 +86 

JmdBt 931 —02 MentGth 1*07 +.11 EmgGrB 1244 +86 


ST Bondn 1149 +81.! 
STGWrt 1140—01 i 
TxFHYn 1245—07 


EauBy fk»i381 — ^ 13 .. . _ __ 

incamnf 1047 -OS CbrtOnhQ 1147 +J» HYEqCntoJP — M 
Prism fpn 1080 —89 EmOGrA 1246 +86 MtGvtChxi089 — 8S 
llentGA 1487 +.11 BngGrB 1244 +86 httiCn 1370 —32 

flentstrn 1240 +.12 EmoGrOstlllB +86 L«C 944—05 

ifcrgerFd 9(11389 - McGta 1*92—14 NUMnC 1180—09 

tertetiatn 25.79 *85 InaGrfl 1585— M NtoBctC 1071—09 

lerriBLysch: WWGt® 1*97—15 SmCOPC 2370 +49 

AmerinA 1071 —07 WWar 1585 —14 PamBcin 177* —02 

ArilRAp 973 - Nomura rtf 1*51 —33 Parnassus 3382 +.99 

AZMA 1185—07 North Am Funds: Pasadena Groats 

BaiA 1245 +.06 AjtAIp 1189 +81 BaIRtTiA 21.90 —31 

BaSVIA 2379 +83 GiGrp 1*26 —27 GrowthA 1541 +81 


BaIGthB 1*16 +.1S BondCnx 989 —06 
CoreGthA 1*29 +89 Equity Cnl 685 +J8 
CareGrtiei*23 +89 Gvttncc 942 ~m 


HYiEqCnhU7 - 
intGvtCm;i<uj- 


_ j CAMun np 940 —89 | MNTEP 543 —82 PTxFBt 1184 — 88 | Ment5tT_n 1290 +.12 


HYBdp 949 +84 
Inconp 1X13 
MuBONat 10.19 —86 
sod np 2178 +.16 
Aetna Funds: 


malyttcn 1X13 +8* SocEa 2X11 +85 VtXuep 2*96 

JKhCttof 2(1.49 —.19 TxFLtdn 1073 . Detowp 2676 

mUBo Funds TxFLno 17.16—0* Dedrl 1671 

AZTF iftSU — 85 TxFVT 1643—86 Dedrllp 1X99 

COTF 1074 —85 USGov 1580—8* Detowp 1*60 

HI TF 1180 — 85 Cambridge Fdx intiEqp 1X17 

KYTF 1088—85 ConGrA 1570—05 DekJIP 770 

NrgnstTF 1077 —06 GvInA 1376 —83 USGov! p *76 

ORTF 1041 —04 GwthA 1671 +89 Trees P 979 

AUhMSPimd: MUlncA 15.90 —83 TxUSP 1X62 

Barexwnia88 - CaoGrB 1 1118 —.05 Txlnsp 11 J* 

Eqincn 941 _ GvtnBt 1378 —03 TxPrPnp 87* —83 

Fxlncn 1085 „ GwthBt 16.17 +89 Dlmemioarri Fds 

nhPundK IncGrBt 1543—01 USLre 1*08 +83 

Bal 1*08 —82 MuincBr 15.91 —88 USSml *67 +86 

Em Grttt 1180 — 83 CttaWksd* nil 85 + 81 US 6-10 n 1187 +83 

GovCare 10J4 —81 CopItcJEqn 985 — JB Japcmn 2*37 

Gralnc 1246 — 86 CarttaB=ln 1043— JH UKn 2572 

MoTF 1179—06 COPPielEGnll07— 01 Contn 1*38 


MIoSkp 1078 -JB GAM Funds: 1 

MunBdP 1086 —83 Gtatx* 160J2-749 
RegEqp 1X49 +8 8 Mlt 21077—444 
Stocks 1*58 +.03 PDC805 19X15—241 


MUMP 1253 —05] St« 
NYTEp *50 —83 TtfBl 
NewOP 1472 +JB GWpCi 
O lios 544 —03 TxKTI 
PrecMIp 9.05 -.53 FbcCt 
Prooresp *90 +.07 FOAC1 
Select D 982—81 GvSCt 
Stocks 2SL17 +85 ImdCl 


StcB* *32-82 MergerFd pnl389 - 
TxFBi 1079—85 MerkSrein 2S./9 +85 
GWpCI 1974—11 Mens Lynda 
TxFCI 1079 —85 AmerinA 1071 —07 


FfccCt 11.16—09 
FOACt 1178 *.M 
GvSCt 1089 
ImdCl 977 — 82 


•mmestare: S&S Loom 179 —o* strtnet 

BICMPP 1571 -.IB S&SPMn378i -83 1 StrSTt 
GtoWp *32—14 TaxEx 1282 —08- StrWGt 
Govf p 1177 +81 Trusts n 3*00 -.08' TEBndl 
Gretncp 646 —02 GC Funds: | UHlncp 

HWtYdp 57 a —81 GtobotC 1971 -JB ; IS Funds 


Sr AW I 1541 +.14 JWCI 1184— W 
StrEot 946 —85 S«3 *32—82 


Equity Cnl 685 +76 GlhSikri 1271 +.13 
GvttixrC 982 —06 ' tocometnl0.il —02 


HyMunn 1171 — D5 
Income n 10.13—81 
InlmBdn *99 —81 
irrtMunn 1140 —85 
LMMlnn 9,97 . 

MudMun 983 —OS 


GwthA P 1978 +81. 
KffYMAp 1071 - 

InTFAp -W8J -»W 
MunlnApl*B8 —11 
MulncBM686 —10 
PATFAB1880 —09 
PATFB 1749 —09 
STGIAP 982— M 
ST GIB t 982 —04. 
StolnAP 1482—09 
SlglnBI 1*81 —09 


InflSlkn U84 — 29i 
StMttxn -H85 *82! 
Putnam Funds: 
AmGovpxAM —85 
AdlAp 1047 —01 
AstaAp 1421 —15 
BtGvAp 441 


U86 +82 
1777 +85 
11.12 —01 


se2l&3s SBStfiB35 

SpSuTISS^M TxFr+fiAplSj62 — 87 


Stakn "2*76 +82 USGvBt 1574 
toSSw 2643 -35 l^GvApliM-fli 


AZTE 948 —85 TxEX 
CATxAp *84 —04 Ultra 7JC 
Converts 1941 — 8r SetedednuHb: 
CHAT *185—11 AmShsnpl** 
DMSrp. V9.94 +8J SptStanpla.ll 


UiSfflyAp 1*31 —84 
L«Bt 1*39 —04 


1471 +85 Mfto59 W81—03 DvrlnA nxlXW — 10 1 USGOVPO 9.16 •_ 


641 —81 KIARF 987 
1.01 —01 Kidder Grew: 

57B —16 ARMGvA1284 —81 


C0WW1A 12Jis — JB Grtncp 1X68 _ PaxWUrid n!33B — 02 

CapfiJA 2*56—81 US Gvt p 1084 - ftovsanfil n 1248 —81 

Cnnsuttp 1246 —15 NelnvGrn 2487 —01 Prfaxi 12.14 +83 

CP+8A *48 _ MelnvTrn 1042 +87 PonCOpA 680 — 83 


EnRsAp 1445 —05 lSeBpwm Group: 
EqbtAp *84 —01 [ FrotUtwAlLlS +.11 


TEBndP *16 —CO I AstAHB 1343 + 81 OnvGdA 1143 — 02 NorwMFwxH: 
Utaincp 676 — 86 ! EmMidA 1285 -88 CpITA 11JK —02 AtBUST 1087 


PAMunlp 1172—05 


EuGrAp 1X02—36 CapFdA 1*17 +.17 
Fudlnpx taia— 86 CCTTXA . 746—02 
FLTxA 946—05 CmSdcA 1371 —03 


_ sMtapFUsds: UfilDyAP 1*31 —04 

7S DMdendnZ777— 87 UBB t 1 AS9 —04 
1077—12 Gtwmn 2036 +84 VtaceErttoWta 

Ta Tm smeopn 2673 +84 Cwf 

lo» — Strong Fun ds : 

7% Tin Advtgn 1120 - Ky**" 

ite MMinn 9.99 —04 Ebw —M 

iSx tja CmSlk'n im - 

1*12 —81 DtoNn +"t7 

ou GovScn 1040 —JO SCFtd 12*54 +.1/ 

rme HTYlMu 10.16 -82 VoMUtoTl Group: 

1U5 +.11 Incan 1034 —84 AdmTTn lag — g 
1M7 +.17 InSMU n 1144 —83 AdmLT n 1049 —83 
746—82 Intln ■ 1*99 — 33 AdmST-n 1*19 — 31 

U71 — JD3 Invstn 1939 +84 ASSOtAn l*ffl +81 


4385 —18 AmShsnpl*64 +82 gpS*" Jf-JJ 
9.94 +83 SptStanp 1*12 — 01 IK2 - "£1 


AdmSTfl 1*19—01 
AssetAn 1*50 +81 


EmMktB 1X05 —87 


iTUGCp 1*44 — 32 


IntGI 1*44—82 
MiTFp 1072 — 
NbTFI 1072 —84 


Income p *23 —81 . . 

IrrvGrdp 1138 — 82 ' SirogC 1*00—831 NoAmp 1*19 

UfeBCs 1*36 +831 USEaDn 1*37 +811 Train 1*16—85 

UWfYn 1170-841 GEUSE 1636 -81 HtdQneGT 1027 —01 
USA np 1X01 +.04 GfT brvst; i Independence Cte 

MATFP 1X25 —86 EqSpcn 2177 +.161 Opportp 1138 — 85 

MI TF p 1X82 — M HiYldn 1082 —87 SfntGvtP 9.97—81 

NJTFp 1344—88 TxFtVAnl172 — 86 TRBdP 1*37—03 


IncameC t\72JJ7 —85 * Munipn 1*96— 07 1 GftEUBn 7*56 — & 


Jancxin 2*37 -.11 FPA Funds: 


Conn 2032 +84 
Newlnc 1086 + 81 


1036 —82 ICoDpieiUtl 974—15 DFARIEsfH47 +841 Parmnf 1*11 +82 NYTxFr pTS.ll — W fGTGWtofc 


GlBd 10535— 21 Fairmln 2*15 +79 

Govt n 10544 — 83 Foscianan 1772 —06 
intGv 11439 — 87 Federated Funds: 

inttHBM 1132 —21 ArmSSpn 9.90 


UCapInt 1241 —19 Arm In 990 - UtHIncnp 572 

PocRIm 1*19—47 ExchFd n 7106 —.01 VATFp 1380 

USLgVal 1074 —86 FtotlSn 1048—01 FiretMut 1*21 
USSmVd 1173 + 86 FSTIIsn 983 —81 Rnl Omaha: 
Odgs&cac FGROn Z393 +86 Eautivn 1049 

BMan n 4743 +.10 FHYTn 989—82 Fxdlncn 1041 


Aetna n 1*92 +JO TUmstnan *87 +84 capstone Groan: Fixdnx 101 .98 —25 Reran 22.18 —04 

Bondn 1037 —01 AHantoGrpI140 — 87 FundSW llBl +75 GlBd 10575—21 Fairmln 3*15 +79 

Grwinco 1130 +83 AltasPunds: Gvtlnc 48a _ Govtn 10544 ~jn Fmdano n 1772 — 06 

IntlGrn 1142 —77 CbMuni 1173—86 MedRs 19. IB —54 IntGv 11*39 — 87 Federated Funds: 

Alger Fumbe CAlns 1044 —80 NZtaid 1X63 - IntiHBM 1172 —21 ArmSSpn 9.90 

Growth I 3174 + 35 GvtSec 1079 +82 NJQpan 7.12—81 LCOPlnt 1241 —19 Arm In 990 

JncGrr 1382 —02 Gtolnc 1435 +86 US Trend 13LBS +.19 PocRVn 1*19—47 ExchFd n 7388 —81 

MMCpGr 11274 -.17 NaMuni 1179 —07 Qmfinal Fandy: US-gVal 1074 — JM FlatfSn 1048—01 

SmCapt 3X37 +86 BBAT Funds AooGrh 1034 +.15 USSmVa] 1173 +86 FSTilsn 983 —.01 

Affiance C ok Been 1035 + 82 Bdanced 1038 +82 DadgeUtee FGROn Z393 + 86 

Aliancep 697 *83 GrolocT nll46 + 82 Fund 1299 —01 Baton n 4743 +.10 FHYTn 979—82 

Baton p 1*12 —JB InlGovT nl*12 —82 CevtObEg *49 +81 Income it 11 9B +.01 FDTSn 1044 —01 

BatonBt 1535 - SKSoVTn 1*11 — 81 CorflCn 1117—87 Stock n 5585 +31 FTTSSn 1*44—01 

BandAO 1*96 —06 BEAFundse ComegOHTE9.9S— 83 DomSoctol 1248 * 86 FiifltlSn 1070 

Canada P 546-88 EMJtEI 3*12 +81 CnKBIA 1579—26 DnmtooFurah. Fs-sMSSplOJO . 

Cnstvlnv 1039—81 toHEa 2086—27 CftKBIB 1577 —34 COrtm 1481 +86 FST n 2*04 +82 

CpBdBp 1*96 — 86 StoFxlnp 1778 —02 CentumGP 941 +.11 HiRtn 1*07 +.16 FSTlSSn 983—01 

CpBdCn 1*96— JM BFMShDu n 9.93 — JH CntryShrn 2347 — 17 SmCpN/dnllJO +.13 GnmaffinllTB +82 

Count p 1746 + 88 BJBGIAn 1X24 —07 QtCOPBC 1346 —82 Dryyfta: GnmnSn 1178 +JB 

GtoSAp 1X13 +JM BJBIEqAP 1491 —186 OiesGrih 1*15 +40 A Bondn 15.19 _ FlgtSSp 1*68—81 

GovtAp 870 — 01 BNYHatnOtoR CHestnt 14*79+1.11 Aprecnp 14.95 —10 1MT1S 1*98—87 

GovtB P B 50 —01 Eqlncn 1148 +81 ChlcMaw nu*40 +83 AseetABnlXB3 +JB MoxCta 11.98 +82 

GdVtCp *50 . liUGovf 1087 — 07 OlUbbGrln 1*97 — 03 Batted 7347 +82 M'dtoapn 1285 +84 


PA TF P 1388— OB I 
SnecBd 1X37—04 
SoSirp 1840 +87 


Opparip 1138 — JOS 
StntGvtp 9.97 —81 
TRBdP 1*37—03 
TRGrp 1272 +.12 


Amerp 1740 -.10 UnvResh *64—81 

EmMU 1875 _ 1 tavScr OpRd: 


GbEnen 1*69 —25 
Gfi&A 1646 —25 
GtaFxB 1X38 —03 
GtoFxA 1X38 —IM 
GvtAl 1474 +82 
IrrtFlA 1X31 —85 
KPEI 2670 +.15 
MuniBdA 1 1 JO — 87 
SmCacA 1231 +31 
LMHn 1847 +89 


AiSGovA 1087 


DevCap 1791 +JB AdiGovA 1087 . EqCanp TL86 .» GtGvAp 1537 

DrOBA 1779 —75 COTF A 1076—05 EWnsn 7176 _ GIGrAP Ml 

EuroA 1*15—47 GvttndTV 972 - EnRCp- 1072 —01 GrblAp -1X77 

FedSecAP978 +81 GvtlncA 972 . InRIo 1072 —0) HBhAp Z7J5 

KL62 — 00 lncom«Tr1*28 — JB STFlCpn 9.99 - MYdAp 1377 

1*06—81 btcomgA 1*29 — 02 STFHn 999 _ HYAdp 1074 

1377 —03 TFlncA 1*22 —05 Ptem Port Funds: inanAp 734 

9J6— 07 TF InCT 1033 — 85 PermPtn 1788—06 InvAp .*» 

1096 —02 VctiuGrA 1*19 +.14 TBSn 6404+80 MntnAP 931 

1379—13 VctiUGlrT 1*75 +.73 VBanda 5449 +84 MaTWt . 940 


GeuApx 1383—17 CamunA 1*4? +76 MgnBdnlOM— 03 ^rtVlR . lXg +-M 

GtGvAp 1537 —m GammunD 1*28+76 0pp»ntynM84 — 84 Bqliton — 8J 

GtGrAP Ml— U FL TxA *07 —05 STBondnl*25 — 03 ExoiorerivttH +.19 


enn Port Funds; I InanA p 774 — 81 
PermPtn 1778— 06] InuAp *28 +82 


GrlnAp -1377 — . GATXA OJM — 06 snilunn «76 —02 Ntorawin 12.13 +.10 
HBhAp 2785 —83 GMEmrgAIJO +84 Total n 2581 —02 PrmaJJi >986 +.12 

HYdAp 1377 +82 GIEmoD 11.14 +83 Sun6apGyt - . . Quart J ItS 

_ HYAdp 1074 +.01 GrowthA 573 +82 SunAmertcaRte STAR" >£« + *°1 

InanAp 774 — 81 tanmeA 1*60 — 86 BattauMplUS+JM TMnfln XLM —79 

InuAp *28 +82 .InaxneO U75 —07 Bat0u»tBp1i22 + 84 -THIS _ 3143+34 


ManKnnlXl3 +.10 
Prma>n 1986.. +.18 
Quart n l*5S'+83 
STARn 1376 +81 


1379—13 
1*15 - 


DrVIncflp *10 —81 I 'STYteyn 1076 —01 


845 —OS I BnSrAa17S7 +70 STFedn 1039 — m 


PerttCGn 1272 +J4] MITMlP 94*— IM MassTxA *26 —06 EmGrB 1742 +^ STCOrpn 1086 — W 


EmMUB 1871 


TaxEwrtplOJl —06 Europe p 11.17 —M 
TotRetP 1288 - EuroB I1J2 -79 


Uffllm p *52 —83 
VATFp 1X00—07 
iretMut 1031 +85 [ 


FGROn Z393 + 86 EouBvn 1*69 +87 

FHYTn 979 —82 Fxdlncn UM1 —01 

FlTlSn 1044—81 SIFxInn 1*09 

FTTSSP 1044 —01 FPDvAstP 1102 — 88 

FSigtlSn 1070 - FPMuBdp 1271 —86 

FsoWSSpiajo . First Priertly: 

FST n 2*0* +82 EouityTrnlOTS— 05 
FSnSSp 9.03—01 FxdtncTr 1040 — JB 


Europe p 11.17 —40 1 QuOSttc 1471 
EuroB IIJ3 — 79 US Gvt 1006 +JE2 
GvtncA 1*21 — -C9 ' t u vesae 
GvIncS 1031 —89] Dvnmp 1333 +35 
GrincA p 645 —.13 1 Emgrtti pol2.B6 + J» 
GrlncB 645—13 Energy n 1074 —85 


1X69 +81 Luneta uiri c Funds: 


1X49—14 CAInsx 1090— 13 proa Fund *82 +JB MuniAp 975— 85 


Baton n 1*35 +JB 
Equity n 1*90 +84 
Inline 986 —02 

totiEa 1X11 —45 


HeotihA *02—03 


CAValx 1093 —1! Pboente Seriec 
FLValx 1077— U BWcnFd 1599. 


MnTxtlp 970— M 


1045 — 02 insMunx 11 JU —13 1 1 CrtTkEp 1370 — JD6 


GnmaSB 1178 +82 I First Union: 


GovtB P B 50 —81 
GairfC p 850 . 

Gromcp 243 
GwthC 2146 
GwthFp 2547 +87 
GwtnOI 2185 +JM 
GrlncB 0 241 
InMAp 1*38—06 
InsMuB 1078— IS 
InsMC P 1*38 —86 
UttlA p 1*14—32 


Aprecnp 14.95 —10 
AssetABnl2B3 +82 


RglSSp 1*68 —81 
1MT1S 1*90—87 
MOxCOR 11.98 +82 


Eaunvn 1*69 +87 HBOB 1939 —79 Environ 747—01 
Fxdlncn 1*41 —01 hBncfi 1573 — .16- Ewooen 1384 — 41 
SIFxtnn 1*00 _ 1-ElncA 1576—16! FtoSvcn 1*00—05 

POvAst p 1382 — JB l HflhCro 1976—791 GoJdn *71—34 
PMuBdpIXSI — 86 Inti P 1145 —35 1 Growth OP 545 -85 
M Priertly; Inf® 117V — 25 , HHnScn 3597—09 

Equity Tr n 1*58 —05 Japan P 127* +.15, HiYld HP 749 —83 
FxdtncTr 1040 — JB 1 LetAmG 27.96 + 182 > lndtnconpl23a +JB 
LldMGv 9.97 +81 i LrtAmGB2791 +1JH , InlGovn 1266 — 81 , 
inf Unton: ! Foots 1578 —£0 IntlGrn 1673-06 

BaTTn 1235 _i PacHB 1570 —99; Leeuren 2271 +.12 

PocBasn 1*15 -31 


Envimn 747 —01 Laurel Ponds: 
Eixnaen 1384 —41 Batted n 1*17 +82 
FinSvcn 1*00 —85 tntmlnn 1086—01 
Gatdn *71 -34 S&P500 1075 +82 
Growth OP 545 +85 Stock n 1*51 +86 
HHnScn 3*97 —09 Laand Grams 
HiYld HP 749 -83 Bwllv 1*34 +89 


totlnc 986—02 inflEaA 1186—15 AADVOIx 1047 — 12 

totiEa 1X11—45 MIMUA 1*51 — JB IMA Ins X 1044— U 

NYTFrtP 1170 — JM MN/IAuA 1*91 —85 MAVofX 1*12 —II 

USGvn 987 —81 LrtAmArl9.19 +74 JMlVdx 1*72—11 
nurei Ponds: MnlnsA *55—87 MuniBdx 976 — J® 

Batted n 1*17 +82 MunLMA 978 —02 NJVgjx 1076 —89 
tnrmlnn 1086 —01 MulnTrA 1*39 — 07 NY Ins x 1082—13 

S&PSOti 1*35 +82 MNallA 1089 —06 NYVoix 1887 — 11 

Stock n 1871 +86 NJMA 1176 —05 OHValx 1082 —11 


NJTXAp 940 —05 MfrnrTKA *16—03 
NWOPAP2530 +33 MOTxA *12—04 


19.10 +83 1 NYTKAP 940 —JM| 


MDTxA 879—04 FedScBp 1047 +83 
MiTxA ■ *94 —04 GrtrwtnApWJH +89 
MJnttTXA *16—03 HIlncBp *43 ■_ 

MOTxA *12 —04 ifflneAP *62 • _ 
NatfTXA *09—06 TElnsApl249 —04 


1224-811 StrcdAp 1X40— IB 1 


. I NYTEn 1*34 — 06 OtUbbTR 15.17 — JB CtfTxn 1572 —09 


1X47 +82 Wnicapn 1285 + 86 


Babton Group: 
BondLn 182 
Bond 5 n 1*27 —83 


Clipper n 5085 —13 
CUtoaiai Funds: 
IntEqtp 1944 -32 


Callnfn 1384 
CT Irtn 1X70 


ShrtTerm 1*32 —03 
U5 Gavin 1*51 —02 
5BF An 1645 - 


BoJB 0 1234 —81 < 

FxfnBp 1040— 81 | 
FtdnTn 1040 —81 


1331 —26 
1182 —47 I 


PAMA 1143— 07 OVBf 


MuniBdx 976—08 
NJVdx 1*56—89 
NY Ins x 1082—13 
NYVoix 1887 —11 
OHValx 1082 —11 
PAVtfx 1*66—11 
VAVHX 1*60 —11 


EatyOpp 74V —04 OTCEp 1177 +37 
Growth 2136 —06 OhTxlTp 972 —04 


977 . 

988 —04 
*87 —04 
1286 —32 


NYOpAp VJIl —83 NJTxA S87 —05 USGuA *51 

OTCEp 1177 +37 NYTxA *47 —84 USGvBp ZM 

OhTxlTp 772 —04 NCRxA *10—04 VatueB 1535 

PATE 975—05 OllMTXA *54 —04 TARGET: 
TkExAp 945—06 ORTkA 787—09 IntarBdftl 1*23 
TFtaAp 1742—09- PATxA *29 —05 lnt£an 1X96 

TFHYA TSJ6— 07 CAHvTxA 645 — 83 • LgOCtaGrn988 


FedScBp 1047 +83 rrrsrvn 1*65 — M 
GnnrtftApMU +89 SJMAn >ȣ 
HDncBp *43 ITCarpn 989 — M 

HBneAP 042 - _ LTTsryu 1*54 —03 

TE InsA pl249 —04 LTOorpn 932 — 03 

887— 85 USGuA 851 - - HYCOron *12 —02 
047 —841 USGvBp 870 - Phzftfn -940— 83 

B.10 —04 ] -Vowed 1535 —83 WxTP®ni005 —01 
ARGOT: tdxBal 1080 

IntarBdln U33 — JB tdxSOOn 4471 +87 
InttEan 1X96 —43 JndxExtni947 +87 


SmCap 1546 +88 


14JJ0 +88 CbpAppANUM +85 TotRefp 1737 —08 


StratB 1X39— IB I SeUncmnp67B —01 LebenNY *10—85 

Teles 7742 — 89 ' TxFreenpt640 —80 UwbRern 1*86—01 

Telecom 1730 — 80] Tectin 2389 +45 LmMason: 

Wtdwp 1*01 —41 1 TotRtn 1*47 +81 AmwLdplQOB —02 

WMwB 17.92—41.- USGovtnp 738 —01 GMGavtP l*1» — 06 

ObetE Funds: : UNn 1049—82 Gvttm}npl*30 —03 

ABCs 1087 +81 , VaJEq 1749 +JW UtvGrnp 1042 —81 


1772—81 
1*19 —01 
*10 — 85 


EnterpQn 1*00 +.18 CcfTEA 777 —05 
Entrptl 1683 + 87 QxiTEA 781 — JH 


Dreyfus 1X28 —06 FktaBv Advisor: 
EdSttd 1290 —01 I EaPGR 2971 +.19 


UttlA p 1*14 
MrrgAp 931 
MrtgBP 933 
MrtoCP 933 


FLIntn 117B — 12 

Gwthn 1X19—81 FetGec 11.19 -JB GNMA np 1530 +87 1 
Inti 1499 — 33 FL7EA 7JS — JH GnCA 1414 —89 f 

Shadow nl2 .» +86 FundA *38 +83 GMBdP 1537 -87 

TaxFrSn 1183 —.03 GrwltlAP 1*17 +.14 CNY p 2187—10 

TaxFrtL.it 935—05 HiYldA 788 —01 Gruicn 1775 —JH 

UMBBn 1178— 0} lncnmeAp433 — 01 CwthOpnl083 +89 
UMBHrtn 978 —81 WGrA 1037—19 lnsMunnpl9.01 — 14 
UMBStn 1673 +.10 MATxA *05 —JM Iwermn 1457—88 

ypJuen 2684 +.16 Mi TEA 776 -JH Irder&jp 1572 -70 

aRanRSetaUKatser: MN TEA 742 —03 UtvGNn >540 + 83 

Diversa 11 1X19 —It NatResA 1284 —32 MAtotn 1331 —88 

InMEqn 648 —15 NY TEA 743 —04 MATannl7.il —87 

IrtHRn 1031—15 OhTEA 779 -JM MunBdn 1371 — OB 

crird Funds; SmSlkp 17.96 +.13 NJIrtn 1389—10 

Arfllnc 9.94+81 ShtlncA 744 —JB NJMunn 1X99 — 87 


MtgTrAp 989 -311 
MtoTBp 9.90 


MlgTrCp 9.90 

MITIG 1034 —82 ... 

Mltlnl 180 _ Diversa 11 1X19 —It NalResA 1284 —32 

AAM5AP *89 -84 InMEqn 648 —15 NY TEA 743 —04 

MMSBt *89 —04 IntiFl n 1031—15 OhTEA 779—34 

MCAAP 1081 —05 BOM Funds; SmSlkp 17.96 +.13 

MwCAB 01031 —85 Arfllnc 9.94+31 ShtlncA 744 —JB 

MuCACplDJll —85 BiOlipp 1*65 +.14 TxExAP 1484 —80 
MuFLCp 1630 -37 CapOevP2X47 +32 TxInsAo 84V —85 
ICATA 1330—07 BakrGvn - USGrA 12.13 +JM 

MullCAB 1339 — m Bankers Trash USGvA 635 _ 

MINBa 1*00— JM InstAMel 1*02 +JB UlilAP 1X96 —.13 
IMuOHCp1033 -37 inslEnn 1*79 +31 CATEBI 777 —85 
MuNJBP 1030 _ InvtmTF 1*54 —06 CTTEBI 781 —04 

fAuNJCo 1030 — 37 ttvIrtlEq 1X95— 19 FedSeBt 11.19 —02 
MNYA 1*07— 35 tovUMIn 1044 —89 FLTxBt 775 — JM 


EqPlnc 1X60 —32 USGvtSplOJH 
ErCapApnlQ89— C I USGvtCr 1*02 


SpVlA 1635 +.12 EmGrthA 1037 +32 USGvB 931 +32 

StrDvA 1X81—04 GovtSecA rtV.Vl —03 WldOpp 1086—15 
STGlAp &6O—02 OakHrtin 1418—06 Wei pont rd s: 

TechA 487 +36 Oaknek 3417 +36 Bondn >42 —01 
TXMA 1J.M— 06 Ortrmntt 1581 —27 TEBonanllJS —JD 


MulFlAp 1373 —04 TFHY8I 1X16 —87 CAQTXA 736 — JB 

MulFBOUTO— 05 TFlnBt 1583—09 SCTkA *35 — JK 

StockFd 1375 +.11 Texas P 979—05 USGvtAp 7.76 

TE Bd 1187 —07 USGVAPK1376 — 06 HTCBdAp 785 

TafRefP 1537— 08 UHlAp 931 — AS StadUelGnapi 


LocopGr n9JB +JM 
LaCaoV 1*13 
MtgBkdfhl*2a +82 


khcTatn .1181 +JB 
■dxGran 1031 +81 
ldxVrtn 1138 +JB 


SmCitoG 1X22 +.10 IdxSTOC 1687 +80 
SmCttV 1230 — 05 khEur n . 1135. — 49 


TotRtSd 1*26—01 


EmGrthA 1037 +32 USGvB 931 +32 VstnAp 780 +37 ASGGrthP 13S +30 TMSFmMb 


1X10 +.10 
1*45 —31 


BdancedPl571 - 
Bonds 637 —81 


msTFC I 11.13—31 Wldwp 1*01 —41 | TotRtn 1*47 +81 

InsTFBp 11.13 —85 1 WMwB 17.92 —41 ! USGovtnp 738 —81 

IMnBdTn 1*45 . | Gabeffi Fundi: : Ulfln 1*49—82 

NCMuflCtlOTO— 87' ABC P 1087 +31, ValEq 1739 + 39 
USGvtBp 1032 -1 Asset no 2X56 +35 InvPflnp 1038 — 31 

USGvtCr 1082 .1 ConvSCP 1187 -llnvPfNY 1X51 —04 


WkflncA 973— 04 Oberaeis 2X32 +45 


TEBonOnlUB — JB ( 2MGVB7 431 
BngMEqHLSB —89 CATxSt 083 —04 


AsiaBt 1417— 151 CamStkp2939 
BJGVHf 431 -/ GvSecsp 1074 >JM , 


lntSjBpnlX34 -72 
AdiUSAp 745 —01 


IdxPDCtl 11.16—13 
Idxlnsln 4469 +87 
MuHlYdnlOW —06 
MuniSrtn 134B — 0B 


BotanAR 1275 — JM MuLMn 1038 —04 
BdtocAp 1X15 — 03 MuLOtiPnllJ? —06 


Gvttnd np 1*30 —33 
IrrvGr np 1042 —81 
MdTFp 1682— JM 


AdiRB 934 +81 OceanTEpliM —03 Equity n 198V +83 DvrtnBlxT291 —09 
AmorlnB 11*71 —07 OlMntl 1171—76 Ca»APPn2X03 —02 GeaBtx 1X79—13 

AZMB7 1135 —87 Okfl3an*i 2089 +JQ InttEqn 1133—14 FLTxBt 948—04 

BaiBt 1X45 +31 OfvEqlnc 1677 —07 POBaxEG 1X65 +32 GtGrBt 

BasVSl 2X50 +33 OvBafln 1686 +31 nvfcnORC GrtnBt 


Growth P 1783 +.W CA.TFAP7.8! —04 MutrUon 1X77 —87 
PATFp 1386—06 GapGrBnl549 +30 MUlSWn 1X59 — 03 


GMRnc 1783 — 89 VatoeBp 1735—851 Eqlnco 1134 *82 ; InvTrGvtflf 981 —02 j jptnynp 2300 +34 


PATFp 1633 —09 COWlnBt 1XIM — 08 OneGreupc 


Grlncn 1775— JH HI Mud 1X6 
GwthOp n 1083 +89 HiYld on 1X1 
InsMunnp 19,01 —.14 IncGiP 1530 —88 
Intemtn 1457 —88 LMTBtpi*54 — OS 
Inter&jp 1X03 —70 udTBR 1187 — JB 
UtvGNn 1540 +83 UdTB 1*55—04 
MAtotn 1X71—80 OvseoP 1335 —22 
MA Tax n 17.11 —87 STFlp 1*08—01 
MunBdn 1371 —0B Strotopp 2083 -.06 
NJIrtn 1389—10 FUelhr tosShih 
NJ Mun n 1199 —37 EqPGtn 293 
NwLdr 3461 +35 EqPItn 153 


Gov top 981 . VatueCtn 1734 — 35 1 GJTelP 1*72 — J17 1 IsndFd np 1506 + 86 

GrwOpp p2685 +.13 VatueTn 1735 — 85 f Growth np2X21 * 06 JP Growth 1786—03 TotR«re»1431 

HI Mud 1X66 —07 FTOtFdFn 1080 —82' 5mOx« 1733 +.10 I JP Income 9.93—31 VolTrnp 1930 +.10 

HiYld on 1X11—01 Flag Investors: Value P 1X03 -.06 IjFMtosnb LednutanGn* 

tocGtp 1530 -88 EmGlhp 1241 +.12 Grdaxy Funds: ; Bondn 9.98 _ CnvSecn 1431 + JH 

LtdTERpl0u54 — 35 Intln p 1*54—01 AssetAflnll.15 +JB| DtwsHdn1IU3— JB CLdr 1X04+37 

tolTrp 1X96 —35 EnGrih I4C0 -31 1 EmgMkBm®) — OB GNMAn *34+33 

MMuntP 1*96 — JJ7 EatVoJ 1X13 *.10 ' toflEqlv n 1084 — .14 Global n 1418—15 

QualGrp 1239 +37 Eatoctn n 12JH + JB | ST Band n 9.94 —31 Gaklton 637—54 

TeUitoSh p 1X59 —02 HjQBd 1033 —321 SmaUGanl039 — 31 Glhtocn 1643—32 

TolRTsv Pl*16 -35 intBd 1081 — 03 SeEqtyn 1139 + 32 SIGovtn 9.96—01 

Vatuep 1131 +33 tot&tfn 13JJ8 -25 JadtsanNrtiaaafc Ml 418 — 10 

togsffipOreuR NYMun 1135 -36 Growth 11.14 +32 Sttnv 270-71 

AATEOP 1170 -86 STBdn 1*13 —32 1 Income 1048 —32 TEBdn 10.93—35 

AATECo 1179 -36 SmCaEqnlZJQ -881 TaxEtC 1037-87 WWBm 1434—27 

AZTEP 11.15-37 TE Bond nil 83 —05, TofRtn 1086 - Liberty Farete 


totTrp 1X96 —25 
MMunip 10.96 —87 


TxInsAp 849 —85 NYTTx np 1X01 —.06 
USGrA 1X13 + JH NY Tax n 1480 —88 


EqPGM 2932 +31 RogsfaipGrauR 
EqPlIlt 1530 —.02 AATEOP 1170 -36 


MuOHCpl*23 -37 
MuNJBP 1*20 _ 

MuNJCd 1*20 —37 
MNYA 1*07 —35 


MuNYB P 1037 -85 BaronAsJ n 2178 +32 
MuNYCp 1037 — 86 Oantoft Funds: 

NMuA p 1030 —87 BasCVl n 1S87 —32 
NtlMuCp 1080 —00 Fixed) n 1039 
NEurAp 1286—39 VI Inti 1385 -37 
NAGvA 1070 — JB BascamBrt2X59 —31 
NAGvBP 1070 — 32 BayFands tout 
NAGvC 1039 — 32 STYleto 9.91 


USGvA 435 _ NYTEP 1*63—12 

UlilAP 1X96—13 Peoptodt 1410 +33 
CATEBI 787 —05 PcoMidml/35 +36 
CTTEBI 781 —04 ShlnGvn 1139 -32 
FedSeBt 11.19 -32 STtoCPn 1X38— 33 
FLTxBt 785 — JM SWnTp 1337 -84 
Funds t *37 +83 TlKfCrtrn 036 -JM 
GTEqB 1235 — 33 USTInl 1X49 —IQ 
GwthBt 1411 +.13 UCTLna 1587 -.04 
HYMuBt 1073 — JB USTShn 1582 -32 


987 

1139 —31 1 


TxFrlnrp 1583 —39 [ CaoFdBt 2*16 — 03 
TotflMnpMTl . CpHIBI *40 


KUO— -US AseMffp 1*73 +JB ARSIV 735 

2*16—03 BhlCEqA 1X35 — 01 AUSI-A 730 

*40 - DSCVrtA 1287 +39 AcSUSlV 733 


733 —01 
735 — 31 


OnvGdB 1183 — JB EqtodxA 1X26 —31 
CprTBr 1180— 32 GvArmAn935 


DragBp 1784—55 GvBdAp 930 — JB 
EuroB t 1462—45 InCEaA 1X73 +31 


- ARS FA 7.17 —31 


Vatuep 1131 *83 1 


AZTEP 11.15 -37 


AgrTFm 1X22 — JB 
AMarn 1X70 —32 
AMwGrn1464 +.03 
AMarlnn 11.12 —31 
Bateic 1X53 —09 


CHEAP 108* —36 1 Gateway Funds: 


BhieCh 2476 +37 KYTEAP 1175 -06 


COTEp 1*31-36 Cavffidn 1072 -.05 
FLTEp 11.12—37 irwxPln 1400 -38 
GATE P 1*90—35 SWRWG 1475 +83 
GWRbp 1*05-83 GnSecn 1X49 +.11 
tolTEp 1870 —85 IctoM Group: 


Gtobain 1418—15 
GaldWn 627 —54 
Gttitocn 1643—82 
3 Govtn 9.96—01 
StSl 410 —10 

STlrtv 220 -71 

TEBdn 10.93-05 
WUEm 1434—27 
Liberty Forete 
| AmLdr 1575 +31 


FedSecBI 9.90 +31 
FLMB1 1*62—00 
FdFTBt 15.96—31 
FdGrBt 1*32 +39 
GtAiBt 1X44 -83 
GtBdfli 936 —37 
GICvBt 1130 -JB 


tocnmeBd 939 -JB 
IntFxt 1071 
InlTFA 11.10—03 
MIIEqAn 1344 — 21 

KB :a 

LtVolA 1*74 +31 
OHMuA 1127— 84 


727 —81 i 
-785 _ 

7.15 - 

7.16 +81 1 
741 —03 


Gocetx 1X79—13 TFlncp 1*90—06 CnpGrAplS54 +21 

FLTxBt 948 —04 World p 1297—18 GlobGAplXIK — 10 

GtGrBt 978 —IS SertrvFdn 1487 +85 GfOpAp 1285 +JJ1 . 

GrtnBt 1388 _ Seqmian 553* +75 GvSCAp 1185 — 00 

HtihBl .2688 —34 Seven Seas Series: - GwthAp 1*77—83 

MYHBf 1383 +81 Matrix n 1X02 +84 HftocAP 1024—81 
InaxneBt 722 —81 S*PMklall96 +JH IntEqAp 1579 — 32 
tovBf . *23 +82 SPSOOa 1076 +JB UtfUSA 1X45 —01 

MUOSI 974—35 STGvtn 987 —01 . Ma»TApl72X— 10 

NJTxBt V Jf — JH YWRn 1*01 - TxEkAF 7JB — JH 

NwOppBHSJM +23 1784 Funds VafueAp *07—03 

NYTxBt 970 —05 GavMtd '■ TRAKFUntC . . . 

OTCBI 1149 +.16 Grotocn 1187 . totrFxn 040 +31 


CAInsn 1185—05 
FLInsn 1*94—00 
NJlnsn 1188—05 
NYlnsn 1137—08 


tovBt . *23 +8 
. MuoiBl 984 —3 
NJTxBt 989 — Jt 
NWOPPBI2&IM +3 
NYTXBt 970 — 0 
OTCBI 1149 +.1, 
TxExBt 945 —3 
USGvB be 1383 —0 


Matrix n Izat +04 HRncAP 1024—81 
SAP Mid a 11 96 +JH) IntEqAp 1589—72 


GwthAp 1*77 —03 OHtosn 1177.— 05 
WtncAp 1024 —81 PAhttn 1141 —JM 


IntEqAp 1579 —72 SPEOTOr 1572 —09 
UdUSA 1245 — Oi l SPGaidr 1X79—95 


VrtueAp *07 — 33 
TRAK Funds: . 

totmen 040 +31 


GNMA 1X55 +83 UflIBI 987 —34 
HTlldp 6JB . VWoBt 786 +36 

MauOcp 1X49 +.W VovBt 1191 +71 
STMMI1 7.63 - QraOaOm Gnxne 


Grotocn 1137 . IntrFxn *40 +31 

MATBnnl*37— 04 trtflEqn >*13—13 
TExMed ni*34 — 04 tnUFxn 844 —01 


SFHBhr 3575 —44 
SPServr 2381 +32 
SPTcchr 19.12 +26 
5FUW 1127 -39 


. ... USGrori 15.12 +.10 

n 1*13 —13 InllGr ■ 1393 —37 
n 844—01 Wefclyn 1925— *1- 
in 1030 +36 Wetonn 2084— m 
tr 927— 83 Wndsra 1440 +33 
;d p *14 +JB -Wndsll -1721 — 03 
I . *n —86 verturaMvta* 
vn 1X85 +87 Inert . S27 +81 
In 026 +85 Mlftint 984 —01 
ri *40— JB NYVtet 1X24 +81 
WtBrane . ■ R PFBt 627 +J31 
ftriXSO.+i+JB RPFGRt 1582 +81 
IC "1599 —10 RPFGi - . 1145—17 
dp 1X57 —16 RPFCV .1745—01 
P 2946 —32 VfchHYrtMR 
>p 1500 —27 Corned 996 —01 
IP 1*40— Iff JBquUr M90.+37 
p 990 — 84 GovtBd 1080— OT 
■ U72 — m swGvtmv 939 ■ : 

»p 889 —06- VUd F unds: . 

9 -1640—15 BaW 1189 +84 
ontosrit: . .Boodpn '1131 —01 


1345—13/ SmCoGr 1740 +.M >P«nr rtndfr 


Bo«IFttGrl*33— 13 


Sbawmut Foods: LoGrw 

i 

GrtncETr nl046 + JM Mortn 
ln>Gv1Trniai2 — 01 SmGrw 


p 1081 -36 CaviBdn 1072 — .05 J Balanced n!X26 -37 CopGtap1X« +^ 


PrGritiAPIXIl +00 Bondn 1*12 
PrGrthBpIXOO +37 Equity 1136 +80 
QusrAp 2436 -26 BavFuads Invest: 
STMtoP 9.19 —32 STYiBWn 9.91 
ST WUbt 9.1V — 32 Bondn 1*12 
Teen P 2776 +JQ EquBvn 1136 *30 
Wldtncp 1.90 - BcacHHI 30.90 +35 

AmSoulh Funds.- BSEmoDbf 1130 — 04 
Balance x 1239 —02 Benchmark Foods: 
Band x 11.11 —07 Balanced 1*39 - 
Equity x 15O6 -31 BondAn 2044 - 
Gvnnx 9JM — 33 OivGrAn 103V ♦ 
LtOMat x 1042 — 34 EqktxAn 1130 + 
RcgEq « 1731 —33 FpcGrA 1092 + 
Armndnc 1323 — JM ShIDur 1033 


HYSecBr 788 -31 Dreytes COrroiodc 
Incomes *73 —31 CopVatA 1146 —19 
IrtGrB 1*76—19 CapVOBT1183 — 18 
MATxBt *05 -35 PSIgAp 9.71—12 
NrtResB 11283 —21 PlSlgvOI 9.71 —13 
NYTxBI 743 —JH Droytus P re mie r . 
OHTxBl 79V —04 CA MunA 1349 -37 

Strltnat 744 —32 CTMuA 1X60—07 

TxExBt 1434 -38 ‘ - ” 

TEInsBt 849 —05 

USGrBI 1X05 +.03 

USGvBt *75 - 

Ut3Bt 1X96 —13 


CAinsn 11 jo —37 
CATFn 1X35 —37 
Conodon 1878 —26 
CapApp 1720 —34 
CaPlranrlXll 
CtxigrSTn 15049 +85 
COntra 31.16 +35 
CnvSecn 1&40 —80 


KYTEAP 1175 —.06! Ertsonp 2»87 -34 
K5TEP 1070 —86! GintFan 1548 +31 
LATEp 1120 —05 GtenmeOe Funds 


LtdTEp 1*93-04 
MITE A p 1285 —37 
MO TED 1123-86 


Enterprn 2149 *84 
FedTxExn729 —34 
Flxlncn 9JB -83 
Fund n 1953 —20 
Grthinc 1*90 * 01 
IntGvt 5.11 +.02 
Mercury 1299 +.10 


Equity n 1323 -JB ! ShTmBdn X31 


InlGovn 1044 
Irtn 1394 —20 


Twenn 2WJB 
Venhn 49.15 


34 EqMCAP 1125 —07 
84 EqhlCC t 1125-37 
83 FTtofn 1980 -78 
■20 FT0ft 1190 —37 
.01 HitoCBd* IIjO -38 
02 MnSc 1132 -36 
.10 USGvtCP 822 + 32 
. USGvSecA 022 + 32 
39 UtW=0 1X34 -.12 
.15 UIBFdCI 1X33—12 


GrIRBI 1734 +.19 TFBdA 1037— 89 
HeatihSt 349—03 UlOoroo 1028 -31 
(nttEqBt 1181 —16 UlCDrNC 1*74. 

G 1XS6—I3 O ra enpeb u w Fd: 
LatAmB119.lt +44 Asset A p 1325 
MAMB1 1121 —88 CATE A Pi 092 
MIMuBl 1*51 —06 ChpHYP 1X32 


NCTEAP 1*76 —35 Muntotn 1095 — JM ! WrtdW 2631 —91 iLtterty Ftoanctat 


Desttovl 1795 + 39 I OKIE Apll48 — 35 GaMmoa Sachs Ftrty: 


CopGth 1693 — 86 


CTMuBt 1240 — JM 
FL MunA 1577 —00 
GblnvA n 1678 —2) 
GtolnvD I 1*27 —22 
GnmaA 1437 +35 
GnmoBi 1438 +85 
MAIWunAlX36 —86 


Balanced 1*39 -36 Oriundiio Funds 
BondAn 2044 — 38 1 Balance n 1*1 5 +84 


Gvnnx 9JM — 83 OivGrAn 1039 +.12 ComSlkn 1541 +.08 

LtOMat x 1042 —34 EqldxAn 1130 +82 Fixed n 1379 —JM 

RcgEac 1721 —JB FacGrA 1092 +22 Govt 873 

rrondne 1323 —JM ShIDur 1*03 _ Grttin 2*92 -.17 

m£m$a*K Fxk SIBdAn 202V +81 InflSlkn 1329 — 29 

BctacF 1041 -86 SmColA 1149 +.07 Muni n 1X68 —.07 

Bend n 1002 — 02 USGvA 2082 _ SPKtn 2021 +03 

CoreGrFniT2l +.12 U5TldxAn2061 — JB Common Sense 
Growth n 14.03 -23 Benbam Group: Govt 1139 —01 

liOkn U13 -821 AdiGovn 9.B2 —81 Grotoc 1*13 * 83 

totBordn 9.99—811 CaTFIn 1175 —87 Growth 1597 +.11 

InttSik n 14 C8 —26 I CaTFIn n 1041 —35 MunB 1*04 — JB 


DeStovli 2*38 +.19 
DisEq 1*77 +.16 
Divalntl n 1220 — .19 
DivGthn 1226 


EmaGrorl772 * 20 |FJexFundv 


PATEP 1043 —06' 
TnTEAp 1149—05 
UtilAp 1047 —09 : 
VATEAn 1*99 —25 


MAMBt 1121 -88 
MJMuBf 1*51 —86 

mmat lasr— os 

MntasBt *55—06 
MnUdBt 9.99—81 
MuirtS 1039—87 
MNatiBt 1*88—07 
NJMBt 1176 —OS 
NYMnBt 1X06 —00 
NCMBI 1*88—86 
OHMBI 1120—06 
PacS I 2146 -21 




— IB BrtGrAn 1037 —02 
—01 EqAaAn 1X67 +33 
—08 -EnGrAn 1129—01 
EatnA 11.18 — 85 
-34 FxiRnA 1042 —TO 
—81 lnbnGvAn1*45— JB 
— 32 NJMuAlt 1095 —04 
+20 STtovAn NUIT - 


BootCrtHiMAM +33 LTtocTrn VJl —81. 

BMNumOlKM +24 SraCpET 1186 +34 


BMNum01574 +24 SraCpE 
BosNumOl536 +24 StaraTl 
anew Far Vakw: . Cotttu 

CATE 1125—86 CWnci 


026 +85 
M8—82 


EalncAP 1*15 — 05 r to u e er rw td . 

EatotB 1*11 — 35 EqtoCP 1627 —09 


GrtocA 1*12 
toyato - IU7 


WUK . CalMup 1177—06 AmerTr r 1338. —07 
1125—86 Cptacp TL34 —08 OnAac T599 — 18 
1X10 +83 EmrGrp.UXB +32 DevMfctp 1547—16 
M.H— 10 FUnsp 1075—08 FOrsWP 2946 —72 


2X14—43 
G«rn 1532 —26 
GtabEnvpIl.tX— 13 
GMMIAP3X19— 86 
GtoWB 3*08—36 

gtRpW^: 

HiYldA 1*75—04 
H5YUJB 1*71 — JB 
tmTEA P 1788 —0* 
IntrTEp 1521 —87 
IrtvGrAp 1136-JB 


ErrrMk) 1094—11 Bondn p 2*19 +.01 SriEa 1 *74 - .00 ' 

Equttoc 3493 -38 GWnpn 972 -31 SmaCcp 2046—13. 

EQlin 1*92—31 Growth nnl327 +.I61 Gobtmon sorts tow. . 

Eaktx 1745 +JB Mukfdlpn 5.46 —89 1 AiSGv 935 

Europe 1927—91 Fonhanen 1040 —831 GdvAfl 9.95—31 

ExchFd n 101 88 +.19 FartisFandc ShrTTF 10.13—03 

HdeFdn1974 +31 AstADp 1439 +39i ST Gov 1032 — 31 , 

Fifty 1*84 +35 CapApp 3446 • 78 : Gavelt Funds: 

GNMn 103V +87 GauMp 1798 +.14; OutoBcJ 925 

GtaBd 1246—3* Fiducrp 2920 -26 1 Emg/Ait 1940 -.05 -J 


Fixed n 1139 —34 j MD MunA 1125 —88 1 


!n«ondn 9.99 —81 ) 
InflSlkn 14 C8 — 26 I 


SmCOGf IU4.I9 -.III CaTFSn 1*32 — .04 f Ctanpass Ottflaf: 


Ambassador Inv: • 

Bondn I002 —37| 
CirtGrn 1731 -.13 1 
Gnnrttin 14.32 +231 
inBond n 9.99 —31 1 


Govt 873 - Ml MunA 1623 —JB FfctaFd 

Grttin 2*92 -.17 MN MunA 15, 72 —87 Fifty 

InflSlkn 1X29 —29 MOMuS f 1X25 —80 GNMn 

Munin 1X68 -.09 MuBdSI 1438 — 38 GloBd 

Ssecfn 2021 +02 MuniBdA 14.98 —07 GtoBaU 

Dm moo NCMuA 1349 —88 GvSec 

Govt 1139—01 NC MuB t 1338 — JH I GtoQj 
G rolnc 1*13 +83 NY MunA 1535 — 89 Grotoc 

Growth 1597 +.11 NY MuB 1 1 586 —88 HiYld 

MunB 1484 —85 OH MuA 1X46 —.05 tosMun 

tontpass Grafted: OHMuSt (346 —85 IntBdn 


NMTEP 1*38 -85 SmCapn 1473 -.04 1 jmtoFdn 1123 +.10 Gthtoc 1036 —01 NCMBI 1*88—86 

NYTEp 11.13 — JM OheeintA 1009 —07 1 Jabo Hancock: tosMuni 11.11 —03 OHMBI 1120— JM 

' KtaFnriv: CATE I 1X13 —JM TFBond 1*87 —03 PacBI 2146 -21 

1573 -JM DiSCvBI 977 — JM USGov 971 +83 PAMBt 11.63—87 

1*96 -85 Growth p 17.07 *10 UW 1196—06 PtmxBt 1327 +88 
1595 —OJi IIAcore 1114 . LTMFIVp 1*11 . STG»T *60-82 

1*00—26 LTGvAp 0.74—83 LmtTrmo IOI3 - SOVTBf 1548 +.12 

Munitoc 1498 -87 1 MATE I 1X71—37 Undoer Fund*: StrOvBt 1X79—05 

■ _ 1*74 - .00 ' fAgTEB 11.97 — JM Ovn 2731 —07 TerttBt 420 +37 

2*46—13, NYTEfP 1X50 -87 Fundn 21B0-85 TXMBI 11.13—06 

efts Inst: . STStratB 839 -821 I30n 1123 + 39 UlttoBt 972—06 

935 SPdEAp 1524 -.15 : LDOmtS Soylee: , WkttncBI 972 —JM 

9.95—31 Sod EBP 1546 +.15 Bondn 1127 -81 1 MefTtawn Fd*t 
10.13-03 SaOasA *64 -.11 J Growth pn 1 122 +.131 AstAHnf 1125 —.10 

1082 —81 , SpcOpsB 863 -.10 1 tonEqn 1X36—72 1 BIOl 11*9—14 


PacBI 2146 
PAMBt 11.63 
PltlDcBI 1327 
5TG8B1 *60 
SOVTBf 1548 
ShDvBt 1229 
TecftBt 480 


1327 +30 
*60 -82 
1548 +.12 
1X29—05 
480 +37 


Americp UTS —81 
BandP 9JB —83 
COpGrp 1631 +70 


JU7— 04 
1173 — 0* 
1190—07 
1890—03 
1624 —07 
T178— 01 


CapGrp 1*81 +70 USGov U28 — *1 
G OU 732 —47 RBBGvtp 1042 —to 

Growth p l273 +.16 RCMRjnd 2144 +75 
Income p 11X7 —04 RSI Trust 
EUTOPCP 1893 —56 AdBd 2779 —01 

PtonrFdp2X33 —06 care 3*05+79 

PinMBdPlQ23 — 06 BmGr 3*94 +76 

IrttGr 2345—36 toffid 2*99—01 

PtarDp 1*40 —11 5T1F 17.99 

PtoThra*p2099 +35 value 2623 —05 


InflGrp «04- 171 
NatMap 1133 —061 

,'.S£p-i 5 S ' : 

Signet Setach r 
AADMultnllJM— 00 
UStndtn4*53 — 02 
UShOTn 1093 -JB I 
ValErtto 1290 -81 


World p 


P 1500 —72 
p 1*40— (ff 
> 990 —06 
1472—01 


EtnMSP 1340 —17 
■ForEaS 1489—24 
FESOIS TXV7 — Jl 
GrwfhS 1X31 —21 


CAInt W.15— 03 

GopGT 3X16 +31 


n 090 — to lThhaAvV. 1742 +.14 1 


3*54 +76 VAMuTrtll.13— Of Ttamea Gratae 


EquByptalXffl 
Govlnc 1136 - 

Grtoc 3L1S +8* 
GwWsftp 1*52 +.12 


TXMBI 11.13—06 MlgtncA 1434 t31 
UlttoBt 972 —36 NYTaxAplSTfl— 06 
WWtncBI 972 -04 NYTxBn 13X9 —05 


MSlncGrA2X37 +37 STtoc 393 -31 1 Rainbow n *46 +.10 i Morthlj>tnRU5— 02) 


25l 99 —01 L VnMurt 1 11.13 —09 EqtaA 13.07 +32 GrlltBr 3138 +36 

17.99 _ [skytine Rotate: GwthA 22X2+36 InflEaA 1X50—22 

2*73 —05 Europe 11.15—51 tocoA 540—03 NYTF 1196 —JB 


TaxFreo P1X7D — 05 I ReaGra p 1333 —02 
USGvp 1044— 01 Regb FUnd: 


GtaBd 1246 —39 
GtaBd n 1398 -8V 
GvtSacn toxv —85 
GroCn 2979 -.15 
Grotoc 229S +31 I 
tfiYld 1290 —37 


GtoGrihpl*12 -38 GKWln IC04 — 8» 

GavTRp *90 IrrtlEa 1395 —81. 

Grwthp 2*93 - JO PfcSiB 10X5 


Shine tp 7JS— JO SmCapn 1*06 — 11 1 CopAppI 1095 —12 StrtncAp 577 —31 
Ta*& to RT5 -JK loaf AObrtfc [ F?«8<lfn Jflxc —04 SfrtncSf 927-82 

HaniBCk Fraetfere I Affiltdp 1*77 — 81 MeiLfle SfcMSt HgSTlAp 404 

AvTech 1141-04. BondOebP9.94 -81 CorApA 1092 + 86 1 StlnGrAp 5X7 . 


AvTech 1141 —04. 
EnvmAP 927 —85 [ 
GnnBt 945 —08 


Ins76utn 12X1 —.08 TFNat 


COITFHn 997 — 051 Eatylnai 1X79 — JB I PA MunA 17.11 —.07 1 


CalTFL n 11*5 —851 
EcGran 128V +.01 
EurBd n 1*73 -J1S I 
GNMAn 10J7 -81 I 


Fxdto 1082 —81 
Growth 11X4 -81 


1082 — 811 PA MuB 117.10 —88 
11X4 -81 TX MuA 2185—13 
1X83 —70 » VAMuA 1744 —09 
1003 —81 ; VAMuBt 1744 — 3» • 


intiEtyn 1487 — 27 | GakOnn 1X99—39 MunBd 11J14 — 35 -Dreyfus SMegict 

3mCoGrnl4.!V -.12. tocGran 1531 —81 ' NJMun 1135— JM] GiGrp 3644 —JO i 

TrlnrBdhlDJ? -JJ3 . LTreas n 10.19 — JB 1 Btniiil 1*55-01 Growth p 38JB — X3 J 

Ttbatsodor Ret A: tcTFin 1188 I Composite GroaR . Income s f*69 —J15 1 

Jonst 19.22 —32, NTTFLn 1X04 -37 BdSIk P 1X16 _! Inv A 2X11 —.04 1 

Zzrrfy - : itxi -.13, STTreas n 9.9B > Growth 0 1X5B -87 . invBi 31.94 —04! 

5r**nt 14 02 - X3 1 TariWSnV*68 „ ! incoFda vji —87 , Dupree Mutuab 

in'Scrdi 9.99—01! TcranOn 7134 — J4 , NWSOp 1431 - 04- InlGovn 1038 

MB* I T407 — 77 I Tarttxan 5081 — .16. ToxEjir 800 -85' KYTF n 7.73 —03' 


TrlntednlD37 -83 
Ambassador Ret A: 
Ssnst 19.22—32 
C=+eGrl 1? 21 -.13 
Grwrit 14 02 -93 


D37-JJ3. LTreas n 10.19 —JB | SBTHit 1*55- 
RetA: tATFin 1138 —88 CDirwoilte Gratae 

9.22 —32, NTTFLn 1204 -87 BdSiti p 1X16 

771 -.13, STTreas n 9.VB _ j Growth 0 1X5B - 

402 -33 | T ort 995 n 9*68 _ IncaFdP 9 71 - 


IntBdn 1*73 — 82 TFNY 1140 
litterGvrn 934 -31 US Gvt V.B5 
intlGrln 1*07 —J6 1 Fortran tovst 
lituGB n 736 -JB 1 AlSRt I V32 
Jtennn 1239 - 38' Bond r 1*13 
LahnAmnl*13 -41 GISIm 9.12 
LWMun 9.95 — JU MunlnC hcl 1X3 
LowPrr 17JW — 3V OHFcrtp 11.74 
Ml TF n 1223 -07 UTS r 1333 


V82 -31 1 SmCPS 1*5: +74 GtobAp 1176 —X0 
10.83 — 34 'GvtEctyn 2348 —35' GtobBI 1X40 — X0 
11X5 — 36 jGnnfisan McDonald: GUnA 9.45—38 


OevekMh p!044 +. 10 ! 
Eq 1990 p 1*28 +371 
FdVafuP 1X98 +JJ4 | 
CHEqp 1X76 — 23 I 


COBADB 1*47 -JB | 
CapAoC 1*55 +35 
EqlncA 11J8 +32 1 
BdacC 1178 -32 1 


NYTaxApl3XB— JM USGvp 1044 —81 RraNFUnd: 
NYTxBn 13XV — .OS Piper Ja fln i y. C&BBtri 1X32 

QPIW 11.15 -JM Bakncp 1X29 -jn C&BEq 1X14 

PA TEA pi 234 —36 EraeiGr 2*29 + 39 OSIDv 1LT2 

SpMAb 20X6 +.14 Govtn 9J3 —Q5 DSILM 937 

SlrtncAp 5X7—31 Grtnc 1032+31 FMAspc 1044 

3X7-82 InstGv H3J +37 KWSC I&97 

aSTlAn 434 . IrarGvAdi 10.0V > SAMiPtdnVXO 

StlnGrAp 5X7 - MNTE 11.19—35 SKpEnnl739 

arinvAp *12-31 NotfTE 1177 — JJ7 SbGwttinl0X2 
TinetP 26X5 +31 PocEurtJ 1545 — J4 SrSTRn 1583 
TxFfB 1*40 —85 Sector P 1732 +32 »Bafn 1*11 
TxFrAp UL40 — JM Vatuep . 1939 +84 Sterol n 1L72 


SpEauttnlXM +35 
SpEquMI 1186 ♦ J7 
mUBintr.. 
taflC . 1*06-30 
GXIAPA 1434 + 86 
CopAuB 1471 +86 


1387 -34 
3*84 +43 I 


C&BBal 1X32 +81 5<n3b Brener. . 
CSBEq 1X14. +34 taflC (036 
OSIDv 1LT2— 39 CcoAPA 1434 
DSILM 937 +32 CopAuB 1*71 
FMAspc 1044 +81 Enu0yAp>5vQ 
KWSC 16X7 +.11 GKJvfA 1336 
SAMI Pfd 119X0 — JH . lncGTOAPlX45 
ShSpEnn I7J09 +.12 IncRetA 974 
SbGwthn 1*22 +82 IntlA 1X87 —30 
SrSTRn 1033 +81 toflB- 1*72—49 
ShBaln 10.1 1 +31 AAoGavtA 1230 +82 


PrcMtA IXM-J7 Vatanet 


ST Bd p |*18 
TFInan .1X52 — JB 


ShEGvA 960 -31 
TargetA 1X73 +.12 
TO(A 1249 —30 
USGvA 231 -31 


'nyeveurFdtt 

AZlns 1175-35 
COTF TUB— J» 
FLtosd 11.10 — JM 


EquByA P1542 +33 I 'EqlnB 1335 +32 J GraSflcp 1836 -33 


GrwfhS t 2139 +JW 


Incomes t *35 —33 
MSI ' 1X96 —84 
OoorSt 3*M +81 
rt0CMetB1255 —86 
ShiGvtt -988-31 


•- MuCalA 1331 —83 1 TaxEkB 11X49 —37 


1140— JM' EstVdprZLM -36 GtobRx 1633 —.15 GavtSKR X95 -! EatovC 1X53 *JB7| TotRtAp *82 -31 [PWflco F dg 


*W-33j EWvOA 1XM +37 1 TtotaP 1*50 ‘71 [PtontTWx 10J3-85I T5WEq 1189 — 32 j MuFLA 1X64 —85 1 TtargetB 1X62 +.12 


US Gvt 9.85 .. Gcvlrco 1375-71 

hw» Invst I GHTFp T3J1 -36 

AlSRt I 932 OsoVe 0 1*79 - 76 

Bond r 1*13—81 GHMNTE 1XST — 74 
GISIm 912 +J32 GHNcTTE :1A," —V 
Munlnchc11X3 —37 Greerscrrsl4X: 
OHFcrtp 11.74 -.05 GuardtaB Ftrafe 
UTS r 1333 —.13 AstATgc 


Grrecft 1888 *39 NaTIFTr *99 — JJ5 1 GovSecA 740 —31; ToiRtSn *77 —JJI | BalKn 2X10 +.16 


GotJA 1644 —.14 
GotaBt 1640 —.15 
PacSss 1531 —.40 
RtfikA 2053 -JB 


TauFrp 11.78 —.07 KMCA 
TFCTp 1*71— J»l KfitocB 
TxFfGal Pi 142 —.07 , IntlEq I 
TF FL p *17 — JU | inflFxh 


685 + 32 
683 +.01 


TSWRx 1048-311 
TSWtoti U70-34 


(ATT 1030-33 
MMrti 10X5 — 83 
Mtonfid 11.11 -33 
AUnnTF 1X76 — JB 
MO Ins 1076 — J» 
NctiTTF 1*74 -34 
NDTF 71.12 -JM 
USGv 1073 —33 


toflEq P 1*50 —.26 


RgSkBI 2*46 -85 TFMQp 546 -33 1 


Mooe#an7X74 • 74 ! Poram Funds 


Mktlnd nr 3*96 - JM . 


MATFn 1X11 —86 I tovSSk 


MrgeSecnian -32 . 


1*84 -33 
276 -32 


Muncsl n *64 — JM TaxSvr 
NYHYn 1190 -TP 'Fduaden 
NYlnsn 1X14—871 Bains 
NewMkJnl*T7 —.04 BiueOn 


:-rr CoGr) J4.I9 -.17 1 Tor2010n 37 J3 - 04 , USGdvP '.076 -I fCYSMto 57D — .01 • NYHYn 1190 —37 

TFirrSd? 1057 — .03 Tar20t5 n 2847 —81 : Conestoga Fundi: 1 E8I Finds , NYlnsn 1X14-87 

Amcore Vintage 1 Tcr2020n2*lB _! EflulTV 1514 -37 : Eau.lv p 6*19 - 24 NewMk}nTX77 — .04 
fisuity 1049 -mi TNOten 1047 -31 tocm 10.6V —81 \ Reno 5460 -JM NewMiO 1X35 —Cl 

Fxlr.1T 1X25—01 UMIncon 938 —07, LtdCAaf 1*77 .. Incames 4843 — 32 1 OTC 2*20 — 81 

!+KtTF 1046 —05 | Berger Grata: ;Corr Mutocfc EreonVonoe • OhTFn 11.91 — JM. 

mcr AAdvont lOOpn 17817 * 79 i Govt 10.91 -31 Our-as 1647 —41 > Ovrsca 2?80 — 56 

Biotin 1245 —82 101 on 1X00 — 85 Grwlh 1581 -.14' EVSIk 1161 -.05: PodBas 19X5—71 

Eaiifvn 16JT — .03: SmCOGr X6I -37, Income 934 -.31 GrowfltP *71-07' Furftat 1*31 -32 

irescrynixil — 41 ; Bernstein Fds: Tctfiet 1*81 -88. tocBosp 6.76 _• ReotEsTn 1X71 -XI 

LtTTrmn lu 34 -31 ! GvShDunlXM _ Coplevn 2*40—11 CAunBd 1086 -JM RelGrn 1835—81 
mercapitnt . SWDurn 1787 -81 C u reF un d s : 1 STGUt vj?_g3; SMTBdn 937 —8! 

CmstAp 1673 - 02 iniDurn 1349 -I BatonAn 10.71 STTsyp 55X4 -.021 STWldn 1*13 —JO 

Cn-itSP 1*58 -.07'; CaMun 13X4—07 1 Eald* 21X8 -81 SocEqlD *43-39' SmallCcp 1*95 -.14 

7.17—.Q1! DivMur n 1386 —87 I GtaBd! 1*08 — 06! TrcdGvt 1178— JU; SE Aston 1431 —88 


ME Bad 1*92—86 
TaxSvr 1*66 —.35 


AstAToc 

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GBG:^ 

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■.2X9 —Jl 

BaiAs 

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TFNJp SL42-JB; 
TaxNYp 11X6 —.O61 


inflFxtof 831 —81 I 
MgdAsS 945 +JM 


VUSUp 

OvertandE 


Bdktx 2830 —33 RchTangn 1738 +.11 
Eqtodx 33X4 +35 iRembcretdtFreutn 


Gruicn 2X31 +34 


AstAOA 1X01 +32] IntBdM 10X7 — JH 


MuUdA 680 —31 USGovBt 947 -31 WHkMSfiMd: 
MwMM 1*18—36 Thernbura Fds: TatRet 1X49 +32 

MoNJA 1*15 — JM bdMu 045 —36 Growth 1*42 +38 

ftflPIYA 1X64 —36 LJdTtfi 1X39-31 LkHtem W39-JJ1 

5HTSY *M _ LtdCol VLK — JB Muni 10X5 — JM 


1*08 +JKJ USGvtA.. 1X76 +33 LtdGvtP 1X71 -31 1 


CATFA 1144— JM 1 , MidGrLn2237 +72 I aFUbUT nlB47^A5 IfltlAp 1X92 — 37 \ UdMunp072 — JB^WCBSt 


NtgoAOA 977 +.03! MutncA 11X5 -34) ST Bend r> 7078 -31 
ModAstC 978 +JM I ShotGrA 1X65 ♦ JH ] SaGrn 31X8 +70 


9 JO — JB 
110 —87 


TFTXp 1041—361 RschBaC 943 -JB ! STGavt 5133 
TF PA p 570 -34, TaxExA 878 -35 | USGvtA 1*0 
TF HI p 52S-03i TxExB *38 -JM VHGA 9X9 


USGvtA 1*0— 81 iPietarredGrawK 
VRGA 9X9—311 AssetAn 11.11 +Jfl 


TFMt 5X2 -JU [MIMutnc 11.12 — 0? IPBHGGrn 15J3 +74 Fxdln n 1074 —81 
TTWAo is — 33.MUwesfe [PFAMCaFdK Growth n Vov +31 


!+«1TF 1046 —05 

Amer AAdvant 

Bc-'onn 1245 —82 


Amer Capital: 

CmstAp 1*53 - 82 
CrrstB P - .07 

0:3(3 P 7.17 —.01 


0:3(3 o 7.17—.Q1! DivMun n 1346 —417 GftlBdl 1 0X8 —06 

CnroECA 5 r.17 —81 1 NYMun n 1345 —87 1 GrEqn 1*30 -.06 

ErrGfC 2594 - 46, TrfflVdn 1646 —XI , IntBdn 10.G4 

EGAS 2687 -47,B«wvnFdn!lW -77 IntlGrn 1*11 —XI 


EmGrB S 2543 - 45 1 BerwynkicnlXOl — J12 VdEoP pnl3X3 - JJ7 ' OHTrFI 10X5—04 

EntAp 1240 - JN : BhirudMCG 1 137 +72 iCoweniGr um — .06- CcTxFl 1*55 —JH 

ErrBp 1275 - J» 1 Batman Funds: ICowenOo 1*77 -X3 1 FLTxFf 1042 — JXJ ! Vafu 

SsVincA o540 Batawed 1*47 -.01 ;Crotri» Hasan: : fAA TxF 1 1047 — W : Wrtd 

SqlfKBt 540 . EauJv 1044 -33 AStAlIP 1371 - 09! MtTrFl t*17_34'FWe» 

ErSiFS IIJOB -46 Efltndex 1042 *81 ! Eawtyp 167i -.1* NctTxFr M0L64 - 04] Ar r 

Ff/taA a 1Z79 — .01 I Pixadlnc 9.91 _[ ORMunN1232 — 85 • NJT«Ff 1*54—34 

Rw a 1240 —01 STFixinc 90 . Special n 13XI -89; fJY TxF t 1047 — jm 

GJeaAs 11.87 —73 1 SCMuni 11X0 — JJ5 Oeslftowb Trust PA TxF f 1*63 — .04 

GEaBpn tl.71 —22 | B famhun l Funds: Bondn 1*13 — Xt ' Eaon VMaraltre; 


* Eaton Vance . OhTFn 11.91 -86, GovSec 9.97 

1*91 -31 Ounos 1647 —41! Ovrsea 2540 —46 Gnrthra 1X9S -l? 

1541 -.14 EVSIk 1241 -.05: Pocfias 19X5 —71 : PosaBrtn 1*74 — .17 

946 -.to Growflto 3X1-07' Puritan 1431 -32 , jaeclpn 739 -.13 

1*81 -88. tocBosp *76 _• ReatEstn 1X71 -XI I WtdwGrpl*M — 05 

2*40—11 tAunBd 1046 -JM RelGrn 1*35 —81 ■ Faonkiin Square Fds: 

• STGWt VJV — M I SWTBdn 942—81, Bclcircrd 1972 -82 

10.71 STTsyp 55X4 -.021 STWldn 1*13 — JJ3 ■ GavtSec ICC8 —32 

21X8 -81 SocEqtP *43 -3?! SmailCcp 1*95 -.14, MtoCcp 1049 -.14 

1*08 — 06 TrcdGvt 1178 —83, SE Aston 14X1 —40 | OmPCd IG.13 —JS 

1070 -.06 1 Trcdlirvp 733 —81 SlkSc 1949 -X3 ' QwriGr 9.93 -JM 

10.04 _ TrcdToflp *62 — .09 SfrOtof 2*70 — 04 ! Prenkin Group: 

1*11 -XI I Eaton V Lid Mty: Trend n 59.97 -.11 1 AGE Fund 2.73 

1 1173 - JJ7 ' OHTvFI 1025 — .04 . USBln 1*96 —.02 ArtUS 940 —.01 

1146— .06 • CcTxFI 1*55—84! Utillncn 1543 — S3 ARS 9.99 

1277 -XJ ' FL T+F r 1042 — JO ! Value n 4187 - 86 AL TF 11X9—85 

BR : f/A T/F 11*47 — 04 ! WrtdW 1172 —.15 I AZTF 1177 —05 


Bains 9C8 -.09 HT.VsFla :;X5 
BlueOipnn642 -85 HcritoCcw ?'.Z 
Discvp 21X4 -.t? Hanover lev Fdt 
Fmtrns 2*25 - 14 BCtGr :i3c - "C 
GovSec 9.97 .. STGv 985 

Grwlh rs 1X9S -72 3r+CsCr :*I~ — C3 
PtBSBrtn 1*74 —.17 US sen iC/.: -8i 
SoKtpn 789 -.13 HrebarFaads: 
WtdwGrsl844 — CS Bend it JS - 31 


VtfuApppll 82— J15: AdiUSGvt 9X9 
1*5 Govt 4LW . i Govtp 1039 -87 


8-Gvp 11.14— jn 


1283 — JB j BroWYd* 9 95 — 86; LeshU«Al*87 -J19 


KS IMwriJ 1242 — JM . Fund 1801 -J15 , LeshTsyA »43 — JM Enh&jn I?X4 -ill AdUS *76 — J>1 

Kaufmretnr 344 - 82 1 tocame *97—81, OKTF 1243—8*1 Eqlncn 1180— JBl Botarae 12JB — JB 

Kemper Fu nds 1 Mura 884 —84 . TFWp 11 JO —05 Infln T2JJ0 — .15 1 BKftG IIXI +JM 

AaGav 843 . ; CopGr 1*49 -.14' USGavLM 841 — JB MpdBdin 10.15 _| CaTTxn 1042 — JB 

EluoOtP 129] —81 .MASRjpdJ: 'Manetla 1547 *.U| MUCop 1*22 +74 1 CapAprn 12X6 — JOS 

Csflf rss —OS BofemcednllJBI .;ManeWMClU9 +JJ4, SmCbG WM -331 OvGron 1146 — JIT 


Baton 7*60 » JB | Intln 1241 —71 Retire tavTltt 
CDPApn 1X89 +80 ST Gov n 1*82 — JB 00*90000 17X4 +M 
DiVLOwn 7214 * J17 j vauen 1146 — J77 EqGro 18X3 +X7 
EnwsMMUJl . Price Funds: Eqtocam 1*78 +JM 

jnfagqn 11X4 -Ji AiflUS *76 -J11 tocorm 1*05 — *7 
Etonco 1180-82! Bafanoe 1282 — JB RevnBlOi 1*82 -JR 
ktfln 12-00 —15 1 BtChG IIX* +JM RtoMaraCraare 
Mp«dl n 10.15 -I GarTXR 1042— JB BhraChp 32X9 — 47 


iTsyA *43 —.04 Enh^qn HX4 -81 AdiUS 
F 1243— 8*1 Eqlncn 1180— JB ! Batata 

tp 11 JO — 05 Intln 12.00 —.15 i BKftG 
uvLM 841 — 03 MpdBdin 10.15 -I QriTxi 


10.C4 _ TrcdTatl O *62 —.09 

1*11 -XI Eaton VLM Mty: 


O ICoweniGr 7146 —.06 • CcTxFI 1*55 —86! Utillncn 1543 — SR ARS 9.9V . W'.TxF *239 —X2 

ICowenOu 1277 -X3 1 FL T«F t 1042 —03 ! Value n 4187 -86 AL TF 11X9—85 Hercules F-jatt 
11 ,CrnMn Hasan: ! tfA T/F 1 1CU7 _ w : wrktw 1172 —.15 AZTF 1177 —35 Ewe* '.ZJT C 

a ASIAtiP 1131 - 09 ; MIT /FI 1*17 _ J4 1 FMefltY SatadE BcDrtv 22C3 _C9 ! LArnYVc T ~7 - 31 

11 i Eawtyp l&Ji -.1* NetTxFrt 10.64 —04' Airr 17X3—38! Cdllm 1247 —54 'ULTrOre-341 - Zi 
_( ORJMwiN1282 — 85' NJTxF t 1*54 ^01 1 AfflGold r 2247 — 83 I CA Interm 1*80 —85 PctBVa '.ISA — 14 

. Special n 1121 -891 rjYTxFt 1047 — JM I Autor 2592 —85; CefTFr 7JQ — 82 WidBd VV9— 3 


wnreFdE C=i*spr.;*7> -Zi 
1*32 -82 Grown- '156 -36 

1CC8 —32 irPn 253! —ZI 

1049 -.14 inflGr "j: —S' 

IG.13 — JE ShIDur c 9.2: 

9.93 -JM Vsfjeh \ZX—ZS 
amt HcretfaadFdx 

I19J . - USSvtp IC45 — 3 ? 
940 — Cl Value s 24.45 —32 
9.99 . W. TxF ‘239 —X2 

11X9 —js Hercules Fund: 
1177— zs. EuroJl '.zzr — ,:c 
2203 —39 LAmrVe 12=7 -X4 
1247 —36 ■'ULTrOrr'S4: -3J 


Divines *63 —.91 
EnvSiT 1177 —.06 


ST Bend 7)70X8 — Jl GwjhTT n 7*43 +J6 5mBmomrj.ll +J7 NMtnf 7X33— J» MnburertUcut: 
SoGrn J1X8 +J0 toMEqTrnUXS —26 SmBrSbG; injl +87 Tbcqucv 1X50 +JJ7 Grtocn lSf 
T)£mBd _nia30-JM SI&/FIT 70JD-J1 SmBhttnySbreaA: TtorarFundx SpAcpnUXI +JJ6 

referred crowq SmCaoT ia34 +X2 AdfflvAp 0X2 +JB CqpApp 13X1 +JM EmQthn +»ira 

SSSSR" Ml +-5J TEFITYnl*a-8« AdrerApgX7 +J6 LAMun 1140 — S R)Snc a 1*^ -JJ7 

Fxtonn 1*34 —81 Tax FJTrnlOXl — JI AdGrAp 2782 —.14 TWrtRet 1*19 — Jl GtaMRaJ nil .12— 85 

gPWllin Mot +X1 VolueTr nl*3 3 +JM ApprA p 11.14 +J4 USGV 7*55 _ ■ Int&un 3*41 31 

j°ti n 1241 — Ji Retire inv Trst TeK>AP 1374 — jn Ttaderorek Funds: iri^tq n 16.13— J9 

STGOvn jftor — JS Batooood 7274 *Jfl TUb TSSX8. +X1 Bufyn 1*7B +JJ IntGvt n 10X6— JB 

vm*n 1146-J7 EdGro l*» +Xi AzJtoAp 1*56 ^05 GavSw) nttUi-S 

aS2^*474 01 SJSS?" KYMwinlO^ -j» WtasotdiA&WM +J2 

ASUS vl — JH tncorm UM —JO . DfvsSKncP&45 — v04 SI Govtn 9J3 MnPMxaw* 

SSS?" SStS S£2£S- MJa - Jn TroSSSricir “ n5^rt%T\m 

BtCbG IIX* +JM ItWitim e Cre e p. giopAp 3mi —32 aogvA 9X0 awt inv —m 

« ^"Qip — JB MhxAt 1232 —M2 CATFA p 1*01 — JB Grire: S80 T%7 

ConAprtt UJ6 — JB RTFdnIp35A8 +JB fatCAA 840 —JK CopAn p 1X21 + 15 Gvrtb inn *jo 

“ vGran n44 -XI GovSecp 1055 -JM MNYA 844—83 Sap M71 +v| SSi&»i*44 im 


CopAppnMXl +JM 
BnQtbn 2243 _ 

Flwflncn 1*25 — JH 
GtaMFiaJnll.12 — JB 
Int&un 2*41 —31 
InMEqn 76.13 — 39 




RT Fd ntp 3548 +JB 
GovSecp 1355 — JM 


^ —5? CATFA P 1*81 — JK Grtnc 
**0 CocAnp JX21 +.15 Gwfh 

*64— JB EriGAp 2671 +X3 Quant 


2380 +.07 

119X7 *70 


QuontEon54< +JB 
Tudor n 2341 +X8 


1062 — 37 \ F4dlniin 1141 -81 
9.77— JK I Fxdlncn 1IJI 
1392 - .70 j GIFxin 7048-81 


wwiPVoln 945 — J6 

WtitxValn 1*63 —30 


7*40 — jn 1 

B.79 _ 


GIFxin 1048 -81 FxtoT 21.95 —81 
HYSecsn 971 -.Cl I GrwfltT 2*44 -JH 


InflFund 1094 — XS I 


IntlEq n 1545—311 
LidOurFI nl043 > 81 


MunBd >048 — J» I MtoBkFc 1351 -JH! 


GlEqapn 11.71 —22 Btamftonl Fund* 
GlGvAp E.97 — .03 AmerEanlOJft +JJ9 


G-GvBcn 9 Jl —82 ' FlxTFBdn 115 — JU I 


1*11 -82 1 China I 


NY TxF t 1047 — JM I AUtor 75.92 —25 ; CCfTFr 742 —S3 WC8 C SV9— 3 

PA TxF f 1*63— .041 Btalectr 2779 —66; COTF 12.14 _.C6 HeTOooe FcrnCv 

Mon V MaraltIB; Bnfcstr 7379 —12 CT TF 11.43 —34 CcoAaop'LTi -33 


1182 —SI I 
ID. DO —.07 
UM -,I0! 
1346 -.00- 
1*98 -861 
946 - JJ5 1 
987 . I 


I MB —89 1 SJBdT 


21.95 —01 TRltl 945 —81 
2444 — .04 LawOurniail — 81 
2131 +.07, LDH 1*12 
9X2 . 1 ShortTn 9.90 

21X9— .11 Frgnn 1*66— JB 
2043 - Jfl ■ 


rttostotnlOJO 
GNMn *71 
GATFn 1042 
GbGw 9X6 


—80 HmaStk I2J7 +JB MaMaApT3L39 —00 
+81 RlvwTnE 1049 —A* NW11A D tXD — .07 
— 84 RferarltGVl 98* +JB NyMOAp 1740 — 00 ; 


PMttAP 2 *68 —1 41 


SeTEan 17.99 +J£ ' MMlGttP 1146 — X5 < HiYld 


GtoMn 1*17—06! Gwthlnn 1671 —05 




-iMonitrSiP 17X8 +JM | Grwlh n 7410 -.101 toosmgn 9X2—01 


sovain 1341 —01 iMa u ac me tyFiift 


SmCnVl n 1741 - JK , Enoemw 16.09 -.14 > PNC Funds 


LTUSGn 1*69 —to i inflBdn 10X4 . 


Retires 986 — J?5 J SpFIn 040 _! GtobCom 1645 — 22 ; 

Rct«5 9J77 .1 Valuer! 1249 - ' InstEMMdAC — 89: 

STGtob 7.y> — .03 ' MP* - b3EmcaoM87 

SmCpEa 403 . 12' MITAp 1147 —85) ShDurGf 10.07 

TocTjoI 1066 -70 I MIGA p 11X8 *.07 , SmCapn 17X3 

Tk TF 1*58— J7 I BandAp 1X71 -JH; Men StaBFd* 
TnlBw+n lflflc < PMVAiiltlM - Ml tUiTrA 17?<( 


GiGvCs B.96 -I Rodnen 5.1 5 —01 


GvScAp 1072 -Jl' GlGrnn 1160 —.05 
Gvifis 1*73-01: Pi-cMltn 9X8 — X7 ICuFdAdin 10.01 —81 
GvScCp 1*71 -81 ST Gin 145 . ICuFcSTn v.M — 83 , 

GvTo97piii8 -.92.. ST Bondn 100 ' Outfer Trash 

GvTlAn 8.96 -'BdEndnw t*38 — 01 AovEan 1*25 -JH: 
GvHBp 8.96 - Boston CbbHfc , Eqtvlncn nlOXl— Jl . 

G/TiCs £.96 - 1 AstMarBn 11.90 -83 GovtSccnlD84 -8> ' 

Grtnc a 1X13 —31 | CaApBp 2843 -.02 DGMvOStar; 


SoEatt 1287 
vataen 1 1 33 
VAMun 10.42— C4, 


ALTxFt 1184— JM 
AZTF! II Jt — JJ7 I 


Broker r 1770 —46 Cvftec 
Chemr 3141 -X3 1 CNTC 
Compr 25.73 -49: Equity 


AR TxFt T0J8— (MJ ConPrdr 1520 -.02 
CdMni 10X7— JBl CstHaur 2*01 -86 


1242 —.'3 D.rincpv '.250 —25 
948 -85 IncSrs VJJ -37 
6.96 -JD L-VGcv 937 — JT 


COT -FI 1*39 — .06 ; DfAerar 19.0* —.07 
CT TxF t 1*88 —07 DevOtoirl949 -40 
Eqlnt 11.19 . 1 EleUtilr 1247 — n 


Etrinc 14X7 — M 

CFHnur 2*05 -86 : FIST ARS 1*00 . KfcfcMark Fanta: 

DfAerar 19JH—.07 FedWemnaa6— D4 Scttrxr-~:i6 
DevCamrl949 - 40, FedTv 1243—04 Bcndrt TJc —to 

EleUtilr 1247 —11 FLTFIn ICJS -36 GevtSdc 7.S2 — V 

Etacrrr 1688 -31 R_TF 11.95 — 05 Growth + ■; u -.t+ 

Etwryvr 17X4 -81 gatf 1221—05 incGrr :::7 . 


SipCsc3s 76^ -.78 KnmrkM: 


FlQTxFt 1149 —37 

GATuFt 1065-56 
Gcviawt 986 


Tk TF 1*58— J7 I BandAp 1371 -JB : Mara StaaFdto 

TatReem 1*05 - 1 EmGrAp 19JI0 -XI | AstaiGrA 17X5 — . 57 

U5Gvt 9.1B - Ji' GtOdap IIJS + JI • AsionGS 17.18—57 
tenparlnvsfc GvUAp 8.97 GfcbEaA U45 — 17 


GtobCcen 1645 —22 ; BatomS 1274 —01 1 bdSMcn 1246 -M 
tms&masxi -Mi Bokvtc 1274 —81 1 Jtraann 1049 —85 
lratSmCnpM87 -JB! CaraEnt 1*17 +JH 1 LatAmn ll45 + JQ 

ShOurGf 10JJ7 _j COraEnS 1*1 7 +JM | MdSMn 5,11—01 

SnCflpn 17X3 +85 Growth! 10X3 +JJ| MdTxFTnUUS — 86 
rare Stan Fds \ ktxEq 11.18 +J1 NUdQranlS.15 +JT 

AstaiGrA 17X5 —57 > MrnBdS 9J2 _ 1 NewAmnZ7XS +JH 


Prtfm WX6— Jl 

_TNM uO b J* 46 — JQ 

Contra n 1174—14 
BnGrp 1X71 +J2 


1*18—01 
W46— 11 


ImOwrip 9X2— 02 AstAlIn 1*34 
_TFBdA. 10X4— 04 BondUKn 9X3 _. 

T^mnrelertttcfc Gwths»ci»?U3 
BWltof 1179 +J3 SAP 500 0T*55 tJR 
CAJRI 1041 —85 USTAIn 9X1 —02 


WttrtP 640 —81 1 GrtnBt 11X4 


goGBt ■ 2688 +X2 Wetaeorar 
Gvtncl *41 —Jl AZTF 


WWPAP 174 


I inBpfcn 1*43—08 BnGrp 1X71 +32|sd»waantit ~ 
1 tnWcn U36-36 VoJPJuj 1X90 + Ji) AbSST aS — 1J 


Wig— 05 iRocfe u fer rds. 


»J«1 —to AZTF HL94 —07 

1X6—11 BdgPI 15.18 +J11 

9to— JE LTBd 10X0—81 

033 —82 ModVOl 13.14 —82 

Mj — -n ORTE 17X6 —to 


bitGvts 1*34 —81 ; N Asia 


A*rrxFrnl*A5 —86 LMUYp 133—01 
MrfJQran 1S.13 +Jt Rodney Square: 
NewAmnSXS +JH Dhrtnp 1X25—81 


Erwrovr 17X4 -81 


*: , GvUAp X97 GiobEoA 72A5 —17 1 MTM 973 NewEron2D88 — to MSSqp TUB —34 

6X9—0l! GwMoAp 682 +J2> Gtob&JB 12J9 —17' bdGovtl 1*34—81, NwHrmnUJS +.13 ItorCeF U tols: 

740 -.02 ; GvScftp 989 - (MG From o 1*63 —04 ; KlHEq 1149 —23 1 NJTFn 1142 —JH PennMu *41 +J2 

7.91 +87 HUrtCAP 5JS3 MG Muni 1*96— JB; IntEqS 1348—23 NYTxFn 11,14—07 EqtflC 166 +JB 

B5» — 81 [ btOsAs 8X4 — Ji . MrgKsSo 0 1383 + to Maxi aetf !C-79 —01 1 OTCn 1540 + JS Piw ri wn 646 +81 

7.37 — JE LMMAP 7X7 — D1 Rfitas Stas teEfc , Monqpec S 1*79— 81 . SoTdin »XS +X7 Votaetn 983 +JB 


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17.91 +87 
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_■ EnoS vc r 11 JC —18 1 GJGvlnc 9X8— CC 


J RacftAp 1383 


AUCryn 1X16 — 24 ) PATFp KU9—85: STBdn 


SmCoEQtnjw -XI : Sect A p 13X2— .IC! AitatEQ I12WI —821 STBCI 


NYTxFn 11,16 —07 EofeC 164 +JB 
OTCn 1548 +JS P t ra nrei i 446 +JH 
SoTdin 19X5 +X7 Votaetn 983 +J3 
STBdn SjH . , Rodwtenemrat 


-• STGttn 4J9 —01 


*oo — jh net Gunny: 
GBdBt 1436 —06 MUtyr 14X1 
ODaBt 39X9—33 GWn 1740 
gga* ’•» Grwtittn 2247 

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>™GdBf 1*11 —07 9 M 


f mm* 1*66 — jn 

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(nneqn 772—10 Bdlmt 7X7 + JE 
LTMMn M4 -05 sc^ 73S +to 


ESCORTS & GUIDES 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


LONDON HEATHROW •••■• 

“ vAre - Scott “ savia - 

“:5 : - 76 » -556?” 


rorRAp 1333— 07 ( Bet 9St -SI' SmOapVSOAS *49/ SrtCVT 1447 —03 

UtilAp 7JB — 04; ErrtGr 1606 +47| SmCOpVl 1383 +8»: SPOOGr 1288 —JM 

VduAP 1083 —81 i EmABd 19X3 -.37 1 Votaet 1189—011 Ssectt 11.73— 02 

HtaGvApIlIl —toi EqGrn T2J39 +.13 VrifaeS 1149 —to j Txfeen f 86 — AS 

WoGrA 16X4 —26 j Pxdhtc 1*66 , iPRARHvn 945 +.12 TlAHYnl244 —06 


WoGrA 16X4-261 


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BELGRAVIA 

ORCHIDS 


(Continued From Page 4) 


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TO OUR READERS IN ALBANIA 

Hand delivery is now available 
Just call: ( 42 ) 23 502 
"Independent Albanian Economic Tribune" 


VkkmFt b»r retd Guide Sereke 

• f«seee!7<ftM- 

!;*! x jj *tz' 

■ V[ENNA 4 PAR15* MILAN ‘ZURICH 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE* MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1994 



uh» \\Sj> 


Pape 11 ;e 3 


Wtew Inter national Bond Issues 

Comprise/ by Laurence Dwviiettes r ~"" “ 


Issuer 


Amount 


(niton) ***■ C % P ’' Prte ? • nd 


Price 


Terms 



- 




nee* 


Mm Notes 

Abbey National 
Treasury Services 

: (1,000 

1999 

1/16 

9971 

— 

Below 3-mon0i Libor. NoneaUabla. Fees 0.15%. {Goldman 
Sodutntl) 

Banco di Napofi 

$100 

1999 

0.15 

99 M 

— 

Over 6-ntomh Libor. Noncoilable. fvngiw* «nfh outaondmg 
iscue, rosing total amount to 5250 nJfion. Feet 070%. 
Denoimnationt SIROOOl (Merril Lynch fmt) 

BHF Finance 

$200 

1999 

. tor 

99.325 

■. — 

buerert vnfl be the 3-taonfti Libor flat NonedtaUe. Feet 
070%. Denominrtoni $10/300. (Momf Lynch Im'L) 

Cofinoga 

$100 

1999 

>0 

9971 

— 

Over a^nomh Libor. Noncolabie. Fee* 072%. Denominations 
$100,000. {Owned Investment Bank.] 

Drescfaer Bank 

$100 

2004 

V4 

99so 

. — 

Below 6-tnorah Libor. Mniinum nXerDSt 5ft%, manraum 8H%- 
NonmBotfe. Fees 0.50%. (Lehman Brottien InfL) 

Giro Credit Bank - 

$100 

■2004 

» 

m 

— 

Ww 6-month Libor. Minimum interest 554%. Nancdldble. 
Fees 050%. (Mernfl Lynch fatfl} 

Goldman Sachs 
Group 

$700 

1998 

% 

100 

. — 

Over 3-morrth Lfccr. CnBnhln of par from 1996. Fee* 1%. 
[Goldman Sachs.) 

Pemex 

$300 

1999 

1 

99J4 

— 

Over 3-monfh Libor. Noncofobie registered notes. Fees 
050%. {J-P- Morgen Secunbes.] 

Deutsche Bau & 
Boden Bank 

DM200 

1999 

.. 1/16 

100.08 

— 

Oner 6^nonth Fibor. Nonccflable. Feel 070%. (DG BorJc) 

Halifax Building . 
Society 

£500 

1999 

. Bar 

100 

— 

Interest vril be the 3-month Libor flat Roofftred al 9972. 
CaOoble a par from 1997. Fdds 043%. Denonxnatioos 
£10,000- (S.G. Warburg SaeuritiDL) 

Salomon 

£150 

1999 

0yf° 

99.355 

— 

Owar 3-month libor. Noncollobte. Fees 075% (SaSoroon 
Brothers tafl) 

Infle Nederlanden 
Bank 

' C$200 

2004 

030“ 

100 


. Below 6-monrh Bankers Acaeptances'. Minimum interest 6%, 
mrndmum 9% NoncaBable. Fees 1X50% pGddar, Peabody.) 

Fixed-Coupons 

Bonk Nederiandse 
Gemeerrten 

, $150. 

199 7 

5 

101.117 

— 

BeoRered at 9973. Noncadobte. Fees llHL {Goldman Sachs 
. Int'IJ 

General Electric 
Capital Corp. 

$400 

1997 

5 

101.377 

99.92 

faoflered of 100.19. NoncoBdbte. Fees l%% Swiss Bonk 
- CorpJ 

General Electric 
Capital Corp. 

. $400 

1999 

5Y> 

101^2 

9935 

Reofferad at 99595. Noncdhble. Fees 1K% (Swiss Bank 
Corp.) 

Grupo Mexkario'de 
Desarrollo 

$250 

2001 

8W 

100 

— 

Swnionruofiy. Noncolabie. Fees not dbdosed. [Bear Stacm 
hfl.) 

Swecfish Export Credit 

$300 

1997 

5 

101 .IBS 

99.82 

Reoffrred of par. NoncaOable. Fees 075% flQdder Peabody 
Wl) 

Toyota Motor Credit 
Corp. 

$300 

1997 

5 

101.283 

99J» 

fleo ffereef at 100.10. Nancdlobte. fiw 1M% (Swtes Sank 
Corp] 

Bayerische 

Hypotbekenbar* 

£50 

1999 

6 

100.825 

— . 

Seoffered at 99% NoneaUabla. Fungible with outdancing 
issue, rasing total amount to £150 mffiem. Fees 1ft*. |Hom- 
bros Bank.) 

Commerzbank 
Overseas Finance 

. £150. 

1999 

.614. 

10174 

— 

Reofhrad at 9944. Nonccdbbh. Fees 1%% (Newest) 

Dresdner Finance 

£200 

1999 

6 

10041 

— 

Reoffend at 96-81- NomdUile. Fee* TK% (UBS.) 

General Electric 
Capital Corp. 

£150 

1999 

6 Va 

101485 

— 

Reofferad ar99M NonooBobie. Fees Ut% (Deutsche Bonk.) 

UCB Finance 

£100 

1999 

m 

99.874 

• 

Reoffered <4 100% tifanaJatte. Few 030% (Bering Broth- 
-v) 

Lloyds Bank 

£400 

2004 

m 

101713 

— 

Reofferad at 99463. NoncdWJe. Fees 2% (Sakxnon Broth- 
ersj 

Welsh Water Utilities 
Finance. 

£100 

2004 

734 

101.138 

— 

Recffared at 99-511 Nonct4oble Fees 2% (Bering Brothers.) 

Welsh Water Utilities 
finance 

£100 

2014 

m 

10078 

— • 

Reoffmed at 98305. Noncolabie. 25% payable on subscrip- 
tion. balance in Dec. Fees 2H% (Boring Brothers.) 

Cridit Fonder de 
France 

ff.730 

.1997 

7m 

100 

— 

Nonenflcble. Fees not dadosed. Redemption amount at matu- 
rity wB be inked to the peHoromae of the CAG40 stock 
index. Denominations 500,000 francs. (Bonkers Trust tntX) 

5oci£t£ G€n&rcde 
Acceptance 

FF800 

2004 

m ' 

9970 

“ 

Interest wiU be 6W% until Dec 1994. thereafter 1570% less 
U 55 tones the Smonfh Pixy. NbncefiuUe. Foes (L50% 
Denonsnatians 1 miKon francs. (SodM Gkrtende.) 

Thomson Brandt . 

FF 1,500 

2004 

6% 

10&534 

99X6 

Reoffered ot 9S76 l NoncoMoble- Fees 2%. [Crkdit Commerciai 
de France.) 

European Investment 
Bank 

sp 50,000 

2001 

7W 

101 V4 

99.60 

Nonoofkibk. Fees I%%- {Argantaria) 

Awtrofion Industry 
Development Corp. 

Aral 150 ., 

2004 


W-n 

9720 , 




National Australia 
Bank 

AMS 250 


W* 

joots; 






State Bank of South 
Australia 

Ai«$ 100" 

1998 

6 

100 jo 

9970. 

NoncaBable. Fees 1%B% (Bordays de Zoeta WeddJ 

Toronto Dominion 
Bank 

Auc$ 125 

1997 


100 js 

9870 

NoncaUabie. Fees 114% Increased from AusSlOO mOCoa 
(Hambras Bank.) 

Equfty-UnM 

Bangkok Bank 

$400 

2004 

open 

ioo ; 


Gxjpon mdcatod ot 3 to 354% Noncdtoble. Convmtibte at on 
expeaed 23 to 26% premium. Mandatory conversion to 1997 
if stock trades at more than 140% of conversion price. Fees 
2M% Terras so be vet by Pah. Id. (Morgan Stanley Ml) 

Fifinvest 

$100 

2004 

open 

100 


Coupon indkatad at 3J4 to 4% Redeemable from 1998 to 
yield 2 to 214 over Treasuries. Gonvenfcle either 100% in 
REnvar Development Corp. at 32 to 35 pew per share, or 
65% into FDC at some price raid 35% into Rawest Load of a 
10 to 15% premium. Feet not rfsdased Terms to be mt Pels. 
17. (Peregrine SecurittaL) 

HongKong Chino 
Treasury 

$120 

1999 

2 

100 

’ 

Redeemable at 117% in 1997. Gonwrtfele at hK$5.172 per 
share, o 16% premium, and at hK$773B9 per dofcr. Denomi- 
nations $10,000. [Dawra Securities] 

MaedoCorp. 

$200 

1998 

114 

100 


Nonadabift. Each SSjDOO note with one warrant exeroiscMe 
into mmpany's shares at on expected 2M% premium. Fun 
2ft% Terms to be set Feb. 14. [Datwo Europe] 

Nippon Gonsys 

$100 

1998 

m 

TOO . 


Nuncatobh. £adi S10JXX) note with two warrant extras- 
Me mto company's shores at an expected 2» premwm. 
Fees ZK% Terms to be set Fab. 15. P^kto Europe] 

SXLCnrp. 

$200 

199a 

114 

ioo , 


NooccSabte. Endi SIOjOOO note with two warrants exercts- 
able into company's shares c* an expeaed 2H% pramiunv 
Feei2K%. Terms to be sei Feb. 17. (Yamdchi Inti) 

Tata Iron & Steel 

$100 

1999 

214 

100 


Nanadabl*. ConvertUe at 291 ropees per shore and at 
317698 rupees per dolcr. Fees 2H% (CS First Boston] 

hfissen 

DM190 

1998 

OjffS 

700 


NonadobliL Eadt 5 JKOmorfc rxtte with fhe warrants ntetif- 
afaie Ho company's shraes.at cn expected 2K% prarnwra. 
Fees 2K% Terms to be set Feb. 16. (Nomuro Bank.) 


BONDS: Roadblocks in the Way of a European Rally 


Coatimed from Page 9 

prospect of dollar nxoyexy— espe- 
cially in Europe — during u*e year. 

Last week, $2.6 bilMoa of float- 
ing-rate notes were issued. The 
$300 million offering from Pttro- 
leos Moricanos, or Pemex, me 
Mexican state-owned oil company, 
was the most revealing the 
strength of underlying demand and. 
the hunger for enhanced returns. 

Top-class names Eke Abbey Na- 
tional, which sold $1 billion of five- 

investors i hin returns. Abbey paid 
6.25 basis points bdow the t hrec- 
naomh London interbank offered 

rate, which, far large investor » 
stOI 6 basis points more than they 


could earn had they deposited the 
money at the bid rate. 

By contrast, the five-year notes 
from Pemex — in its first-ever float- 
ing-rate issue — offered a hefty yield 
advantage of 115 bads wants. The 
coupon was set at 100 basis points 
over three-month Libor and die of- 
fering price at a discount of 9934. 
J. P. Morgan & Cd, the lead manag- 
er, said demand for the paper was 
“exceptionally strong,” 

As generous as the pricing ap- 
pears' zor investors, Pemex estab- 
lished a new low borrowing cost for 

Mexican names. Morean dud the 
eqirivident cost . in fixed -coupon 
terms works out to aspread over. 
U.S. government paper of 135 basis 
points at a time when outstanding 


fixed-coupon Mexican debt is trad- 
ing at aspread of 150 basis points. 

H unger for i ncome was also the 

g aff 1 denominated in Greek 
drachma. The European Investment 
Bank sold 1 0 billion drachma (about 
S39 nnDioa) of 5-year notes carrying 
a coupon of 173 percent The issue 
was more than five times oversub- 
scribed, which enabled managers to 
lower the coupoa from the expected 
17.75 percenL 

. The Greek government itself is- 
sues only floating rate five-year pa- 
per in the domestic market —pay- 
ing 200 basis points over the one- 
year bifl rate, which now is at 193 
percent, -or- 213 percent in alL 


New Price Data Will Have Investors on Guard 


Comprint by Oar Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Investors in U.S. Trea- 
sury bonds, who went through a roller-coast- 
er ride late last week because of one measure 
of inflation, are bracing for another this 
week. All eyes, market analysis said, will be 
on the consumer price index for January. 

With the sentiment in the market still one 
of great uncertainty about how fast interest 
rates trill go up, investors are ultrasensitive 
to any sign that inflation may accelerate, and 
thus that the Federal Reserve Board may see 
a reason to raise rates again soon. 

Investors’ touchiness was much in evi- 
dence on Friday, when after the producer 
price index for January was released, bond 
prices seesawed wildly. The PPl's 02 percent 
increase reassured bond investors, but the 
fact that the core rate, excluding food and 
energy prices, rose a relatively strong 0.4 
percent had the opposite effect 

In addition, the rate Tor capital goods — 
including prices for such products as ma- 


chinery, heavy trucks and computers — was 
up 0.6 percenL "That’s one sector where you 
really have inflation pressures building." 
said Robert Brusca, chief economist at Nik- 
ko Securities International Co. 

A separate, reassuring sign for bond im es- 

U& CREDrr MARKETS 

tors came lain in the day when the Universi- 
ty of Michigan reported a drop in consumer 
confidence in February. The Michigan sur- 
vey index fell to 92.9 from 94 J in January . 

The 30-year Treasury bond gained 14/32 
of a point on the day. to 97 30/32. bm lost 
19/32 of a point on the week. Its yield rose to 
6.41 percent on the week from 6'36 percent. 

The 2-year note’s yield was unchanged on 
the week at 4.40 percenL 
Analysts said the market had also been 
trying to digest $40 billion in new securities 
auctioned last week in the Treasury’s regular 
quarterly refunding. 


This week, "People are going to be focusing 
on the CPI on Thursday, said Joshua Fern- 
man. vice president and economist at Bankers 
Trust. He said Bankers Trust economise bo* 
iieve the January consumer price index will be 
“well behaved.” up 02 percenL with or with- 
out the food and energy components. 

Charles Lieberman. director of financial 
market research at Chemical Securities, 
called the CPI “the real issue.” 
"Distributing the refunding would not be 
a problem if the markets were comfortable 
with the notion that the Federal Reserve is 
not going to tighten raoneiaiy policy again in 
the near future," Mr. Ucberaian said. 

But he contended that another Fed tight- 
ening was both needed and likely. As a 
result he said, the sale of the new securities 
to retail investors is sure to take longer than 
usual and at higher yields than currently. 

Mr. Lieberman said he expects the Janu- 
ary CPI to post a 0.4 percent rise and for the 
core rate to rise 03 percent 


Contrary views were numerous. 

“Personally. I don’t think the Fed will 
lighten again this quarter," said John Poplos, 
who manages about $33 billion in fixed- 
income securities at Delaware Tiusl 

The price report argues For lower bond 
yields, said Matthew AJexy, a market strate- 
gist at CS First Boston. Crude goods prices, 
for example, rose 13 percent in January while 
intermediate goods rose just 02 percenL 

“Gains in crude prices aren’t being passed 
along to the next stage of production.” Mr. 
AJexy said. 

Philip Brarcrman. chief economist of 

DKB Securities Corp., said the modest gain 
in producer prices demonstrated that the 
Fed’s rate hike on Feb. 4 "was neither justi- 
fied nor the be ginnin g of a cyclical rate rise.” 

Therefore, he said, “bond yields will re- 
sume their decline over coming months." 

(AP, Bloomberg, Knight- Bidder. Reuters ) 


Economy 
In U.S. Feels 
The Chill 

By Kenneth N. Gilpin 

New York Tuna Semce 

NEW YORK — The seemingly 
endless freezing weather and the 
waves of rain, sleet and snow across 
the United States are hampering 
output, productivity and sales in 
businesses from construction to 
airlines to retail stores. 

”In economic terms, we pretty 
much always ignore the weather,” 
said Donald Ralajczak, director of 
the economic forecasting project at 
Georgia State University in Atlan- 
ta. “But this winter has been so 
harsh in so many parts of the coun- 
try that we can't ignore iL” 

Mr. Ralajczak is projecting (hat 
production in the current quarter, 
the one ending March 31. will be 
half a percentage point lower than 
it might otherwise have been. At an 
annual rate, that translates into a 
drag on gross domestic product of 
13 to 2 percentage points. 

Most economists are assuming 
that production lost in the first six 
weeks of the year will be made up 
in the rest of the quarter and later 
in the year. 

But Alan Blinder, a member of 
President BQ1 Clinton's Council of 
Economic Advisers, said, “If this 
keeps up far another month, it 
could have a significant negative 
impact on the first quarter ” 

Despite weather that virtually 
shut down huge areas of the country 
on Friday, the government was open 
long enough to report that retail 
sales fell by 03 percent in January, 
the first decline in 10 months. 

January’s freezing temperatures 
woe a trig reason for the slide. 

“Some of the purchases not 
made in the last three to five weeks 
will be made up, but only some." 
said Kurt Barnard, president of 
Barnard’s Retail Consulting Group 
in New York City. “A lot of shop- 
ping in January is impulse shop- 
ping, and that cannot be made up.” 

USAir. an airline with a heavy 
concentration of routes in the 
Northeast, estimated the impact of 
the weather in January amounted 
to $10 million to $20 million in 
terms of revenue Iosl 

State Farm Fire & Casualty Co., 
the leading U3L home insurer, said 
it expected to pay more than $81 
million in claims for storm damage 
in January in 14 stares and Canada. 


China's Imports 
Of Electronics 
Outpace Exports 

Agence Franee-Preae 
BEIJING — China's elec- 
tronics imports surged 32 per- 
cent last year, to $10.6 billion, 
contributing to the widening 
trade deficit, according to cus- 
toms statistics published on 
Sunday. 

Audiovisual and telecom- 
munications products ac- 
counted for $53 billion, the 


China Daily Business Weekly 
said. Further rapid import 
growth is expected in 1994. 

Electronics exports grew 
only 18.1 percent, to $8.1 bil- 
lion, slowing from a 40 percent 
increase in 1992, as the gov- 
ernment’s credit squeeze left 
exporters struggling for fresh 

^MSnisiry In- 

dustry official as saying. 

The imbalance in electron- 
ics trade accounted for nearly 
20 percent of China's total 
deficit of $12.18 billion. 

Although electronics pro- 
duction soared 26.4 percent, to 
$16 trillion last year, China’s 
main exports were low-value 
products such as black-and- 
white television sets. 


MARK: Bundesbank’s Strategy 

■ Contained from Pag® 9 


ctse frontier to attack, Mr. Potts 
says. In his view, the tension gener- 
ated by the.* ranco-Gcrman stand- 
off now is played out by increased 
volatility in rtw band market. 

"What is worrying Tor the 
Bundesbank at present is not im 
convergence of short-tain rate ® 
Europe on the l«d of DM rme 
but rather convergence *°ng- 
term yields.” be savs. 

Mr. Potts noted that yields on 

bonds denominated in European 

Currency Units, at about 0375 of a 
percentage point anr-Gtrm** 
els, have never been so la® relative 


to yields on mart bonds. “At a time 
when investors are skeptical about 
the plausibility of European mone- 
tary union, this narrowed spread is 
a very strong market statement, 7 * he 
said, pointmt to ah unfavorable 
long-term outlook for the mark. ' 

The yield on French bonds, now 
9 basis poin ts above German levels, 

has been osefflating between plus 
and minus 10 baas, points. That is 
much narrower than the spread of 
300 basis points, or 3 percentage 
points, that had prevailed before 
France established serious anti-ro- 

fiauonCTedeniials. : ' r ' ’ 
— CARLGEWBIT2 


QVC Defends Its 'Prudent’ Bid 

Ream 

NEW YORK— QVC Network Inc. said Sunday thaiii would make no 
change in its bid for Paramount Communications Inc, and said that 
although.it has additional bank funding set aside, it chose not to use iL 

“We said we" would not bid above the prudent value for the company, 
and we haven't," QVC said. “We said we would not compromise the 
integrity of our company and its stock, and we haven’t” 

QVCs statement was released one day before the dea d line that 
Paramount has set for the bads by QVC and its rival Viacom Inc. 

Paramount has said that if neither Viacom nor QVC obtains 50.1 
percent of Paramount’s stock by midnight Monday under their cash-and- 
stock offers, then ih&agreement among the three on bidding procedures 
wOl end. 

On Friday, Paramount told QVC that it had “grave concerns” that the 
home shopping company might have violated the bidding rules it accept- 
ed to conclude the five-month takeover fight Viacom had complained 
that QVC was hinting it might shore up its bid by future purchases of 
"QVC stock. 

QVC said Sunday that it has made the superior bid and wants to 
manage Paramount 


The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, Feb. 14-19 


A schedule of the waek's eoonom,c ana 

financial Gvants. compHed ter IM Interna- 
tional Herald Tnoune by Btoombarg Bust- 
ness News. 

Aala-Pacfflc 

■ Feb- 14 Sydney Hong Kong Gover- 
nor Chrtsuapher Patten to deliver Keynote 
address, to the Austral ia-Asa institute as 
part of a week-long visit lo Australia. 
Hong Kong Quarterly business survey 
lor the lounh quarter of 1933 
NewDeM 10 -day world trade fair 
Osaka Osaka Suck Exchange lo list 
Nikkei 300 futures and options 
a Feb. is Jakarta Deadline imposed 
by Ctmtan aonumsronon for Indonesia to 
Show mom progress on workers' rights or 
risk losing preferential tariff treatment 
Tokyo Government to submn fiscal 1 993 
Third supplementary budget to psifea- 
ment, end decide fiscal 1994 budget 
drafts. 

Tokyo January bankruptcies. 

Tokyo wholesale price index. 

• Feb. 16 Hong Kong Shares in Sim- 
eon Metals (Heidinga). one of the largest 
scrap metal traders in Hong Kong and 
southern Chine, begin trading. 

Tokyo December industrial production, 
revised. 

Tokyo January trade balance. 

• Feb. it Sydney February consum- 
er confidence and December housing fi- 
nancing oata. 

Woffington Gross domestic product ex- 
pend dure based at inflation-adjusted 
prices, for Septemoer quan ar. 

Europe 

• Expected this week Lisbon Jan- 
uary consumer price Index. 

Madrid Fourth-quarter unemployment 
ran. Forecast 23.9 percent. 


Rome December producer price index. 
Forecast Up 4 O peicent 
Frankfurt December trade balance 
Forecast: 7.0 WUon DM surplus. 

Ztirieft January trade balance. F orecast 
600 million Swiss franc surplus. 
Copenhagen January consumer price 
index. Forecast Up 02 percent m month, 
up 2 0 percent in year 
e Feb. 14 Brussels European Union 
finance ministers discuss unemployment 
London January producer output puce 
index. Forecast Up 0.5 percent In month, 
up 4A percept in year. Excluding food 
dnnh and tobacco, up 2.9 percent in year 
Paris November current account. Fore- 
cast 6.0 CnDion franc surplus. 

Oslo January trade balance Forecast: 
3.7 biHion kroner surplus. 

Stockholm January unemployment. 
Forecast 6 4 percent. 

■ Feb. 15 Amsterdam December pro- 
ducer price naex. 

Helsinki January consumer price index. 
Forecast: Up 1.2 percent 
London December manufacturing out- 
put Forecast Up 0.3 percem in month, up 
3 S percent in year December industrial 
production. Forecast Up 07 percent 
Jerusalem Spruit Corp.. Eltxt Ltd.. BCE 
Inc., Tad tran Lid. are expected to submit a 
jam! bid for a second cefkjlar-reJepftone 
network in Israel. 

• Feb. 16 Amsterdam December in- 
dustrial production. 

London January retail price Index. Fore- 
cast' Down 03 percent in month, up Z6 
percent in year. Excluding mortgage in- 
terest payments, up 3.0 percent in year. 
London January retail sales. Forecast 
Up 0JI percent in month, up 3.3 percent In 
year. 

London January unemployment. Fore- 
cast- Down 25.000. 

■ Feb. 17 Am ste r da m Unemploy- 
ment rate in three months to January- 
Forecast 72 percent. 


Brussels National Bank of Belgium pub- 
lishes annual report. 

Frankfurt Bundesbank Council meets. 
Frankfurt wage talks in German con- 
struction Industry start. 

• Fab. 18 London January M-4 mon- 
ey supply figures. Forecast Up 0.4 per- 
cent in month, up 5.7 per cam in year. 
Parts December industrial preauction. 
Up 0 1 percent 

Stockholm January trade balance. 
Forecast 6.0 billion kronor iurpius. 
e Feb. IS Abu Dhabi Sixth hearing in 
trial of 13 former top BCCl executives. 



Americas 


• Feb, 14 Now York Rival lender ot- 
ters tram Viacom Inc. and QVC Network 
(nc. tor Paramount Communications Inc. 
expire at midnight 

Washington December business inven- 
tories and sales. 

Buenos Aires Iberia Air executives lo 
present rescue plan tor Aerdhnses Argen- 
tines. Outlook: Iberia, the operator, is ex- 
pected to otter to increase its 30 percent 
stake by buying most ol the government's 
43 percent interest 

New Yoric 91 st Annual American Inter- 
national Toy Fair. Through Feb. 23. 


e Feb. IS Washington January in- 
dustrial production and capacity utiliza- 
tion 

Neuquen, Argentina Presidents Canos 
Menem of Argentina and Patnao Ayfwin 
of Chile attend inauguration of an oil pipe- 
line unking southern Argentine oil fields 
with Chile's Pacific coast 
o Feb. 16 Washington January hous- 
ing starts. 

Ateany, New York and Cleveland Share- 
holders ol Keycorp and Sooety Corp. 
vote on a merger to create the llth-larg- 
esi U.S. banking company 
Phoenix A federal bankruptcy |udge 
considers America west Airlines' motion 
to prohibit the sale of unsecured creditor 
claims, debentures and large blocks ol m 
common slock. 

> Fob. 17 Washington December 
merchandise trade balance. 

Washington January consumer price 
index. 

Washington December real Bantings. 
Buenos Aires Government awards 10- 
yaar concession to operate a statoowned 
coal field in southern Argentina. Outlook: 
Two groups, one with Polish company 
K opens and Cememaiion Mining of Brit- 
ain as joint operators and the other with 
Skoda of Czechoslovakia as operator, 
have submitted bats. 

Ottawa December trade report. 

Orlando, Florida independent Bankers 
Association of America hoida convention 
Speakers Include Federal Reserve Chair- 
man Alan Greenspan. Comptroller of tne 
Currency Eugene Ludwig and Fannie 
Mae Chairman James Johnson. Through 
Feb. 19 

• Fab, 18 Ottawa January depart- 
ment store sales. 

Pittsburgh Mellon Bonk Corp. is re- 
quested lo reply to a totter from Represen- 
tative John Dingeu. a Michigan Democrat. 
Questioning the legality or Medan's acqui- 
sition Of Dreyfus Corp. 


SOCIAL: Germany's High-Quality , HirWage System Begins to Unravel 


C onfirm ed from P&ge 9 
ditch talks on Friday with maoage- 
meni Reuters reported from Bonn. 
The IG MeialJ president, KJaus 
Zwickel told German radio he was 
“no longer al all optimistic" there 
would be a fresh attempt to reach 
agreemenL] 


Hie union, however, is a weak 
bargaining position. About 600.000 
jobs have been eliminated in the 
metalworking sector since the 
spring of 1991. 

Even Mr. Zwickel conceded that 
job preservation is now the union's 


main goal The union has offered to 
accept a lower pay increase in re- 
turn for more job security. 

Meanwhile, managers in an ossi- 
fied. hierarchical structure badly 
underestimated the ability of other 
nations to build high-quality prod- 
ucts at lower prices. Now. the com- 


bination of recession and rising for- 
eign competition, particularly from 
the new low-wage market econo- 
mies emerging just to the east in the 
former Soviet bloc, has cut into 
sales and earnings in the automo- 
tive, chemicaL steel heavy engi- 
neering and machinery sectors. 


SANCTIONS: Backfire Likely 


Cootinued from Page 9 
and auto parts, insurance, telecom- 
munications and medical equip- 
menL But negotiations deadlocked 
over Tokyo’s refusal to accept 
Washington’s demand that "objec- 
tive criteria” be established lo en- 
sure progress was achieved. 

Japanese concede the United 
States has little choice but to strike 
back to maintain its negotiating 
credibility and satisfy congressmen 
upset over Tokyo’s $60 billion trade 
surplus with the United Stales. The 
Gist move could cope Tuesday, 
when the administration must de- 
cide whether Japan has violated a 
1989 agreement to open the cellular 

C ’ ne market in Japan's main ur- 
corridor to Motorola Inc. 

If the market is deemed closed, 
duties could be imposed on select- 
ed Japanese exports to the United 
Stales. The U3. company has less 
than I percent of the cellular phone 
market in the Totyo-Nagoya corri- 
dor, compared with roughly 50 per- 
cent in other regions, analysts say. 

The imposition of sanctions on 
selected Japanese expons has 
shown mixed success, however, and 
there is little enthusiasm for them 
among the American business com- 
munity in Japan. Moreover, any 
pain is likely to be borne more by 
specific companies than the broad- 
er economy. Perhaps more signifi- 
cant, sanctions also would cause 
Japan to lose face" and sour the 
atmosphere in future negotiations. 

Tokyo's distaste for sanctions 
was clear in recent weeks as govern- 
ment officials issued veiled threats 
to U.S. companies here. “The mes- 
sage has been subtle." a U.S. execu- 
tive said. “They simply asked, ‘Are 
you prepared for damages? 1 " 

The tactic, however, raised 
doubts about Japan's arguments 
that it has no influence over deci- 
sions made by private companies, a 
position used to deflect U.S. de- 
mands Tor “objective criteria,” 

“On one hand, they say they 
have no tools to influence the pri- 
vate-sector decisions, bm on the 
other they say well put the screws 
on you," said Robert Orr. senior 


research fellow at Temple Univer- 
sity in Japan. 

■ Korean Car Sales to Rise 

South Korean auto exports will 
jump 27.7 percent this year, to 
815.000 vehicles, partly helped by 
the strong Japanese yen, Agence 
France-Presse reported manufac- 
turers projections as saying. 

The Korea Automobile Manu- 
facturers Association based its 
forecast on the expanded produc- 
tion capacity of Korean carmakers, 
diversified overseas markets, devel- 
opment of new models and the 
yen’s strength. 


Euromarls 
At a Glance 


Eurobond Yields 


US. L few term 

U5.S, indm term 

US. s. staff term 

Pounds xterttna 

Freed! fronts 

Italtonllre 

DauUtiKroao 

Seadtati krone 

ECU, tamtam 

ECU, nutai farm 

Can.S 

Ads. I 

ILZ.S 

Yen 


Frt.11 Frt « 
AU 631 
SJSt MS 
5JM AM 
033 427 

605 5.77 

7.98 735 

*20 *25 

7.11 7.W 

*29 *31 

597 5.90 

4SB Lf7 

M3 4*7 
413 A 13 
3.10 109 


Yr talon Yr low 
4J6 431 

U9 445 

5.11 408 

439 *3* 

US 537 

8.17 7.91 

*37 421 

7.17 744 

*32 6.U 

5 !P 531 

*33 *38 

434 459 

*39 539 

3.11 237 


Source. 1 Luxembourg Stock Exchange. 


Weekly Sales 

Prlmtrr, MortfH 

CetM 


Falx 11 


Enrodenr 
5 Nans I Non} 
Strok) Ids 217.10 28130 *5490 1.95270 

Convert 7730 - 11400 13130 

FHNs 24450 MM 430430 KUO 

ECP 533470 232190 1035730 S.1S4D0 

TDM 533930 3395*0 15J40SB 105410 


Cadet Eorodenr 

8 Nani S Noe 
StrataMs XUKLU 2138180 31.70.10 393*970 

Convert- 573.90 7*410 ZS1U0 234130 

FUN* 535430 1354.10 2LS57 70 5J0US 

ECP 73*950 1052530 774100 KJ4400 

Total 24J85J0 14329.90 MJW.70 713*240 

Source; Ei/roclear, Cede/. 


Libor Rates 

l-mwitti 

SmeMtt 

Feb. 11 
*- month 

ILLS 

3*s 

3»rte 

Ote 

Dentsclw mart 

6M> 

J15/1* 

Ste 

Pomf Wert Ins 

SV16 

5 3/1* 

53/1* 

French {rose 

*W 

A 

«te 

ECU 

*R 

*te 

*3/1* 

Yen 

* S/I* 


2 2/1 * 


Sana: Lloyda Bonk. Reuters. 


Last Week’s Markets 


Alt figures are os of dose at InxRno Friday 

Stock Indexes 

United State* Ffi6.Il 
3394.78 
216.91 
1,903.14 
43730 
47U18 
SOM 
BUI 





Money Rato* 



Feb. A 

ant 

united Statu Frt. n 

Feb. 4 

34714? 

+ 0i0% 

Discount rote 

3D0 

3-00 

22071 

— 150% 

Prime role 

too 

600 

1 SOUR. 

— 137% 

Federal funds rate 

31/16 

I'm 

43S SI 

+ 042% 

Japan 



44941 

+ (Ufl% 

Discount 

lte 

tte 

5*7 Sh 

+ 009% 

Call money 

2 3/16 

2*4 

&1J1 

+ 0W% 

3-month Interbank 

2Vb 

2Mj 



Gennamr 



3471*0 

-2J8% 




7AM at 

•—277% 

Lombard 

6te 

6te 



Call money 

6'w 

60S 

20301. 

-153% 

3-monfh Interbank 

&.9S 

ias 



Brftatn 



2.13875 

—273% 

Bank base role 

51 i 

SVi 



Call money 


59/16 

12,15740 

— 576% 

3-nwnth Interbank 

53/16 

57/16 



Gem Feb. 11 

Feb. 4 

Cvga 

43770 

— 2J6% 

London tun. R*A 38145 

wa 

— 171% 


nerW index From Maroon smhYCOpifai tntt 


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This week's topics: 

O Finally, The Payoff From Thatcher's Revolution 
O Inside VW, The Casualties Pile Up 
O Hong Kong: Rents Soar As Demand Dries Up Supply 
O British Aerospace May Shed Its Chairman 
O Reuters Moves Into The World Of Multimedia 

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NASDAQ NATIONAL MARKET 


39 3'A 2U. 2U. 


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ASTIR PALACE HOTEL - NEAR ATHENS • MAY 30-31 1994 


The conference will be 
addressed by a distinguished 
group of speakers who will 
discuss issues, including: 


FOR FURTHER DETAILS 
PLEASE CONTACT 


Potential for development and the 
flow of funds • Rote of capital markets 
and official aid • Creating 
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Sarah Whicefield 
International Herald Tribune 
63 Long Acre, London WC2E 9JH 
Tel: (44 71) 836 4802 
Fax:(44 71)836 0717 


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Page 14 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY. FEBRUARY 14, 1994 


SPORT 




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Moe Upsets Aamodt in Downhill 
For Rare U.S. Alpine Victory 



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Crm Emr«cn.' Ajmct FniKC'IYav 

Lamine Gueye, die only Senegalese athlete in the Olympics, 
leaving the downhill course in disappointment after missing a gate. 


By .Angus Phillips 

Washington Post Service 

LILLEHAMMER — For the 
first time in a decade, and only (he 
.second in Olympic history, an 
American skier look the top" prize 
Sunday in skiing as Tommy Moe 
won the gold medal in the downhill 
with a nerveless run down the icy 
slopes at Kvitfjdl. 

His time of 1 minute, 45.75 sec- 
onds was four-hundredths of a sec- 
ond faster than that of the silver 
racdalisL Evjetil Andre Aamodt of 
Norway. The bronze went to Ed 
Podi vinsky of Canada, with a time 
of 1:45.87. 

Patrick Ortlieb of Austria, the 
defending champion, was fourth in 
1 : 46.01. while fifth went to the five- 
time World Cup overall champion 
Marc Girardelh of Luxembourg, 
who had the No. 1 starting posi- 
tion. 

The race was a disaster for 1991 
world champion Franz He Inzer of 
Switzerland. The reigning downhill 
World Cup champion, he lost a ski 
as he came out of the start and 
flailed the snow with his ski pole in 
angry frustration. 

Moe. a 23-year-old Alaskan, 
sped down the course in a style just 
reckless enough for his first victory 
in world competition. He was dis- 
missed from the national junior 
team at 13 for smoking marijuana 
and put on team probation at Id. 
But that was all just childhood “ex- 
perimentation.'' he said. 

Moe became the first U.S. gold 
medalist in an Olympic downhill 
event since Bill Johnson won the in 
Sarajevo 10 years ago. Moe was just 
half a ski length faster than the 
home-town favorite, Aamodt. 
whom he followed to the starting 
gate. Both had waited nervously on 
the frosty mountainiop for the 
course to be cleared after Cary 
Mullen of Canada skittered off a 
turn and into the safety netting 
halfwav down. 

The cowbells that Norwegian 
fans clanged raucously after Aa- 


modt's run suddenly quiet, 
and Moe joined Johnson as the 
only American men ever to win an 
Olympic Apline race. 

“‘I can’t believe I skied that well." 
Moe said. a My goal was to place 
among the top six. possibly among 
the top three with a good race.” 

Aamodt. who stamped his boots 
and donned a blanket for warmth, 
was asked later whether the delay 
had rattled him at all. “Oh.” he 
chuckled. “1 don't think I lost more 
than five-hundredths of a second 
because of it" 


After his splendid run. thou- 
sands of Flag-waving Norwegians 
at the base of the rim were confi- 
dent that they had the winner. Aa- 
modt 's time was the best of the day 
by three-tenths of a second. 

Tbeir cheers were still echoing 
when Moe poled out of the gate, 
and they grew louder when the 
American’s Hist splii-time popped 
up on the scoreboard. Moe was 
19/lQ0ihs of a second slower than 
Aamodt on the tricky, steep rurns 
at the top. 

But the Alaskan had speed left 
in the bank. 

“The split times showed me 
fourth after the top. but 1 carried 
good speed onto the flats after the 
jumps," be said. 

At one point he seemed on the 
verge of skidding out of control as 
he caught a ski-edge midway down, 
but recovered .And Moe conceded 
“On the last jump I went at it too 
hand. I landed at the very bottom 
and 1 thought. There’s no way 
you're going to pull this olT.' " 

His parents, who had barely ar- 
rived in Lime to see. danced circles 
on the sidelines. Moe's father. 
Tom, a building contactor, said he 
and his wife. Tyra. had spent 46 
hours en route to Norway after air 
traffic was routed out of New York 
because of bad weather. They got 
into Lfllehammer at 9:30 Saturday 
night and forced their way onto a 
bus for the trip north to the slopes 
in the morning. 



Di Cento 


M'lV if I* 

f i-hlii 1 


Easily Wins 


i . » 


Freestyle 


• ■ i ■* 

• i -• • ; i - 
.• i dJ i » * 


By Christopher Clarey 

tffw York Tunes Service 
.ULLEHAMMER - 
just won the first gold ffieaalof 
long career. 

to be the first gold medal of wese 
Winter Olympics* and Manuels Di 
Cehta, like so many Italians, was 
having no difficulty finding words 

to match her feelings. 

“Volare. volare, volare, volare, 
she said in her native tongue. “Al- 
tar the second kilometer, I just feu 
like I was flying, flying, flying, and 
f just kept on flying all the way to 
the finish."- • 

For -nearly a decade, Di Cents, 
the. personable skier who put woro- 
eri’r cross-country racing on the 
crowded sporting map in Italy, had 
never been able to break through m 
a major event. But Sunday, before a 
crowd of 31,000 flag-waving, back- 
pack-toting Norwegians in very 
chill y Bitfeebdner Stadium, she was 
p ptmn g abort of dominant in the 
I5-kflometer freestyle. 

going from a staggered start, the 
31-year-old from the medieval vil- 
lage of Paiuzza in northeastern Ita- 
ly "recorded the fastest time after 
1.7 ttk»neters and never came 
dose to faltering oh her way to a 
find time of 39 minutes 44.5 sec- 
onds. 








, •. • i. .. - i LA-., ■ r ' - X' T^.v.u, 

- . •••!•■ .."t --r-v' '.'--J ,' l - 'y ’ 

Manuda Di Cents on her way to winning the gold medal in the women's 15-kflotneter freestyle. 


Thai was a whopping t . minute, 
17 seconds better than the silver 


medalist,' Lyubov Egorovs of Rus- 
sia, the dominant skier in the last 


Moe has visited the medal podi- 
um only twice this season on the 
World Cup tour, both times for 
bronze medals, once for downhill 
and once in super- G. But KvitfjeU. 
a classic downhill course that re- 
wards both technical skiing and the 
ability to glide, was right for him. 
he said. 

Moe bad excellent practice runs 
this week, ending up with the 
fourth-best time in the final trial 
run Saturday. Paul Major, the U.S. 
Alpine coach, said the whole team 


carried high expectations for him: 

“We were confident with the way 
he skied, with the weather, with 
everything," Major said. ‘‘There 
were a lot of smiles last night" 


Moe has the chance to add more 
glory in the super-G and combined 
do wnhill events. The combined 
downhill plays out over two days, 
and is a combination of rimes from 
one downhill ran and one slalom 
run. The downhill half is Monday 
at KvitfjeU, but overall winners 


won't be decided until die slalom 
half of the two-edged event runs 
Feb: 25 ala tamer comseat-HafielL 
■ The men’s super-G is Thursday., 
and Moe is a strong contender. -- 
Amid his celebrating, Moe seized 
die chance to lash bade at critics 
who . ridiculed the U.S. men's ski 
team before die Olympics. Sports 
Illustrated dubbed the mat’s skiers 

the lead-footed snow-plow brigade, 
he said, “but none of it is true. We 
work hard and we don’t deserve to 
be ridiculed" ; ‘ • 


A Former U.S. 


By Ian Thomsen 

Intematsvnul Herald Tribune 

LILLEHAMMER — His friends were 
celebrating around him when Connor 
O'Brien xi» the tears in his wife's eyes. 
He was telling the story of his Olympic 
comeback to reporters while his friends 


Soviet Union, and her son was still young 
enough. Why didn't he ski for her country 
in the Olympics? 

His first reaction was lu remind her 
that « wasn't so easy, that he had retired 


It only figures that the more heart he 
put into’iL the more desperate they both 
became to make it happen. There were so 
many bureaucrats and hassles that he 


laughed and hugged one another. Bui 
c n tir 


from skiing in 1985. She phoned the Esto- 
nian ski federation, which rarely pro- 


eouldn't begin to describe it all The truth 
hey knew it was possible, because 


each time he looked up. he looked at her. 


She was going to make him cry, too. 
lilt 


duces Alpine skiers. If he could recover 
enough form to satisfy himself, that 


Intermittently he looked away, before she 
could. 

It isn't often that a story works out just 
the way you plan it. Connor O’Brien is 33, 
an investment banker for MerriJI-Lynch 


on Wall Sire-! in New York. The job. by 
his wife's count, cub up about 120 hours 


per week. For the last 10 months he also 
was in training to ski in the Olympic 
downhill. Or. Sunday afternoon, he" final- 
ly took off down the mountain, in the 
uniform of sis mother's country, desper- 
ately chasing after his shadow. 

O'Brien was bom in Montreal and re- 
fers to himself j> a Canadian, but on 
Sunday he represented Estonia. His 
mother is Estonian. The idea of him com- 
peting again had come from her. Estonia 
had ’..on independence from ihe former 


would be fantastic for them. 

He began training last spring as if it 
was going to happen. Even if the bureau- 
cracy prevented him from skiing in the 
Olympics, he figured, it wouldn't hurt to 
be ra competition shape again. He aimed 
for eight workouts a week, sometimes at 6 
A.M., other times 10 P.M. In between the 
traveling and the 15-hour workdays, he 
would sleep four hours and get out of bed 
to train for the Olympics before his first 
business meeting, it sounded silly when- 
ever he tried tc explain iL 
“I'm glad he did it." said hi; wife. 
Louise .Anne O'Brien, before the race 
began. “It was a lot of work, but he loves 
this so much, the skiing. ! could see the 
life coming back in him." 

“h rejuvenated me." he said, seated be- 
side her.“F became reullv excited about it." 


is that they 
O'Brien had already represented three 
countries internationally. The basic 
Olympic rule is that your country recog- 
nize you with a passport. 

He finished 33d in the 1984 Olympic 
downhill while skiing for Britain, with 
thanks to his father, who was bom and 
raised in Belfast. He represented the 
United States in international meets — 
no one bothered to check his citizenship 
— while attending Middlebuiy College in 
Vermont on a ski scholarship. .And he 
skied for Canada in World Cup events 
until 1985. when surgeries to both shoul- 
ders convinced him to retire and go to 
business school. 

Last in the reams of details was to 
achieve a world ranking. He had to com- 
plete two races this season in order to 
qualify for the Olympics. He arrived at a 
Europa Cup event in Va! Gardena. Italy, 
two months ago. and look off on his first 
training run. He recalled that there were 


camel bumps about two-thirds of the way 
down. 

“But they've changed the line from 
how it used to be." he said. “The way it is 
now. you have to take off on the second 
bump and clear the third. You have to go 
151 feel to do that. I went a lot further 
than 151 feet." 

The two short ribs in his bade snapped 
off where they meet the spine. He was 
carried down ihe hill on a stretcher. All of 
his effort wasted at the start . . . 


A doctor told him iL was possible to ski 
with broken ribs, but that he would have 


to go light on the painkillers in order to 
pass the drug tests. Two days after the 
accident, taking the long, slow line 
around the bumps and tucking like a 
warped coat-hanger, he qualified for the 
Olympics. 

“The Canadians have really helped me. 
but it's still been a lot of work." he said. 
“There are all kinds of things \ou have to 
gel done. 1 needed to acquire 14 different 
pieces or equipment. My downhill suit 
from I9S5 was obsolete: its slower than 
the ones they're using now. I needed a 
helmet, goggles, the right pole*, skis, 
boots, bindings. Today they have tr.oe 


binding plates that you use. You may 
take it for granted, but 1 had to get all erf 
these things together, and they’ve all got 
to be fitted right" 

He said this Friday night, less than two 
days before the Olympic race. He was 
found sitting in a chair with his hands 
pressed together, mentally steering him- 
self down the course. 

The practice runs here were his first 
since the ribs had healed. He was not 
coming here expecting a great perfor- 
mance, the land to invoke celebrations. 
He had visited Estonia just a week before. 


a cloud and the last amateur pushed him- 
self through it and down the mountain. 

Approaching the second turn /he felt 
the right, ski leave him. His bare boot was 


skidding on the snow. He slid on his back 
down the. hill for some tune and info a. 


giving interviews, meeting the people, 

the first 


seeing his mother’s country for 
time. She herself has not returned since 
1944. when her family escaped after the 
war. Fifty years later, here he was. 

A Canadian company had custom- 
made a ski suit for him to wear, in stripes 
of turquoise and white. He remembers a 
technician looking at his bindings at the 
hititop, but he can’t recall if they were 
actually inspected. He was 52d of the 55 
skiers entered. The medals Had been de- 
cided — the bronze was going to Edward 
Podi vinsky, a fellow Canadian, a friend 
cf friends — when his breath appeared in 


soft mesh fence. The second turn, 

An hour later he was at the bottom of 
the course, speaking to reporters.' They 
had never heard of any drier repr ese nt ing 
four nations. It was quite a story. He 
explained that he had refastened die ski 
and skied across to a lift and ridden a. 
chair to the bottom of the hilL Not five 
paces behind him the Canadians were 
celebrating the bronze medal of Fodi- 
vinsky, 23. Louise Anne (YBrienwas cry- 
ing ns she waited near her husband. 

“I base put . in my time." Podrvinsky 
said to a larger, circle of reporter, a vic- 
tory wreath cradled in bis arm, his skis 
posed against his shoulder for. the cam- 
eras. “1 have been paying ray dues . for a 
long time. I’ve put all erf it into competi- 
tion and now it’s paid off Tor me." 

He went on like this, oblivious to the 
couple behind his right shoulder, embrac- 
ing as if they were one, until her tears 
became his. 


Olympics with three golds and two 
silvers. Nina Gavriluk, a Russian 
who' Very nearly wasn’t picked to 
start this race, took the bronze by 
finishing weD ahead of Di Centa’s 
more-celebrated countrywoman 
Stefama Belmondo . 

1 had no idea I was leading by 
So much," Di Centa said.! “All 1 
knew was that it was easy for me 
today.” • . 

Despite Di Ceuta’s surmydispo- 
sition, fortune has not always treat- 
ed her . kindly. An early marriage 
failed to last, and in. 1992, after a 
disappointing Olympics, a non- 
functioning thyroid gland left her 
feding perpetually exhausted. " 

Medication, which she must take 
daOyforthe rest of her hfe, cleared 
tip the problem, and Di Centa has 
reqKrnded 'vrab 4he best season of 
her career. In '-the 13 World Cup 
races leading up 'to the Olympics, 
she was on the podium in" eight of 
them. v , 

Bui Di Centa arrived here in 
even better forhi after TO days of 
training apart from the Italian 
team in Livigno, a high-altitude re- 
sort in northern Italy "where the 
snow and cold temperatures are 
anrilar to those in Norway.. 

- Di Centa is best known -m these 
parts for. her rather cryptic rela- 
tionship with Vegard Ulyang, local 
cross-country -superhero and the 
most eligible bachelor in Norway. 
Last year, after Di Centa was pho- 
tographed hopping into Uhrang's 
car after a race in nearby Hamar, 
the Norwegian tabloid newspaper 
VerdensGimg ran the picture on its 
front page with the headline. “Ve- 
gard’s Girlfriend.” 

Neither Ulvang nor Di Centa 
has bothered to confirm or deny. 
So leading questions were-hardly in 
shot supply Sunday. Di Cana 
gracefully and cheerfully dodged 
them alL 




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. ■; ■ iv,- :---v 'T^ssr. — * 









In Seeking Historic 


in 


JJILEHAMMER — Germs, 
Qys defending men’s hue champi- 
on* Georg ffackl, tboka iS. 
day toward Olympic history in one 
of u» most dangerous sports at the 
LdlfihammCT WtDter Gimcs. ' 
After taking a kad <jfW httn- 
drem-ofra-second ovei . Austrian 
Markmi Frock after tbe&st two 
nmsor the singles event; the stocky 
Bavariaajsin a position to become 
the first mast to win two CMyinmc 
goW medals in ttemdirotaal event 
The27-yea--oki Hack! picked a 
good line down the Hunderfossea 
track to;finish the first run In a 
track record at 50296 seconds, just 
loor thousandths of a second ahead 
ofProck; the silva- ntedafist ait the 
1992 Albertville Games. 

„ The Berehlesgaden soldier, who 
firar took np the spoit at school at 

the age ofl f.docked 5G.56G m the 
second nm to extend his slim kad 
with an aggregate time of 1 minute, 
40.856: The racers face: die final 
two runs oa;Mooday. ■ 

Frock went down the second run 
m 50.566 for an aggregate 1:40.866. 
Italian Anmn Zo cgge terwag third 
in 1:41.042. 

Duncan KeraiedY,tteU-S.lngcr 
beaten by neo-Nazis while training . 
last October in Oberhof, Germany, 
finished the day’s two runs m 
fourth place. * .... 

Two erf the. skinheads who ^at- 
tacked him were arrested and sub- 
sequently convicted, one receiving 
a sentence of three years in prison : 
-and the other getting one year: 
Kennedy’s time of 1:41.220 sec- - 
ends was just 0364 seconds off that 
of HacfcL 


ner of the track on Monday to 
diach hzsplacein frige history. 

■ No man has ever won two golds 
in the singles since the sport was 
first introduced to 4e Games in 
1964.- although Steffi Martin- Wal- 
ter, from what was then East Ger- 
many, achieved die feat in the 
women’s events in 1984 and 1988. 

After winning a sNermedal at 
the 1988 Calgary Games, Hadd 
w31 rate as the most successful 
Oiyznpicluger ever if lie can keep 
his narve on Monday. 

' The affable Bavarian, who has a 
. penchant for German, beer, seemed 
to be showing Ettle signs of press: 
aura - 

Asked if he might have problems 
sleeping on. Sunday night before 
the big day, Hackl said; “I have 
had no problems so far. Tm not 
sure abernt tonight Let’s just see 



Skater Koss Wins 
5,000 Race With 

World Record 


(Reuters, NYT) 


Kennedy finzsbed. lhe first of the 
two runs in sixth place, but fdt 
more comfortable tne second time 
around, as be improved his posi- 
tion by two notches. . 

“1 got some Of my nerves out erf 
the way the second time, " he said. 
“And I took a few name risks. 
There’s one curve. — we cadi it the 
1 3th, because it can be bad lock- 
in which I made, a little bjt of a 
loop, which cost me same time:'! 
mule an adjustment the second - 
time around.* • ~ 

Luge competitions am often de- 
cided by a few Thousandths df a 
second. Although Hacdd as avsea- • 

to 


. ThcAaSockoed Press 

LILLEHAMMER — Roman 
*’ Koatsek scored with 5:48 left to 
rally Slovakia to a 4-4 draw with 
Sweden, mice hockeydn Sunday. 

Sweden won the wodd channrf- 
onshxpin 1987, 1991 aid 1992 sad 
finished second- in 1990 and 1993. 
But the Olympics have been a dif- 
ferent story, fotbe Winter Games, 
Sweden has finiahefl better than 
third josttwice, With silver medals' 
in 1928 aod 1964. 
;Risseededsecondinihe<Mym- 
I»cs, but it needed a big save from 
goalie Hakan Algotsson rat -a de- 
flected, bouncmg shot with one sec- 
ond left tolnep from losing. 

.. Slovakia, which split from 
Czechoslovakia on Jan. f, 1993, has 
only two players from the Czecho- 
slovak team that won the bronze 
medal in 1992. ft is seeded 12th in 
the- 12-teaza field because only the 
Czech Republic was allowed to 
ofi^peie m last spring’s world 
chanipionsh^tijat determined the 
top. 11 seeds. Slovakia got the last 
both in a qualifying tournament. 
^Former .National Hockey 
players .were instrumental 
p^da nee goals. ■ ■ • ' 

spqnsix sea-. 

• ■?*- ■ ' s.s: • ...••••• 


Johans Ofay Koss of Norway racing toward Ms worid record of 6 minutes, 34*96 seconds in die 5^00-meter 

Stnns Sweden With 4-4 Draw in Hockey 


The Associated Press 
HA MAR — Norway s Johann 
Olav Koss broke his world record 
in the 5,000 meters Sunday to wio 
the host nation’s first gold medal oi 
the 1994 WiniCT Olympics. 

Koss. propelled around the Vi- 
(ting Slip Olympic Hall by a bois- 
terous crowd of about 12,000, won 
in 6 minutes, 34.96 seconds, smash- 
ing the mark of 6:35.53 he set on 
the same ice Dec. 4. 

“This is my biggest moment in 
my whole life,” said Koss, the 1992 
Olympic 1,500 champion and 
10,000 silver medalist. “Because it’s 
on the home track, and when you’re 
not feeling wdl and it's not going 
good, it’s really nice when you can 
skate good again." 

Skating in the fourth pair — and 
immediately after an ice resurfac- 
ing — Koss lagged behind his 


sons with Calgary, made it l-0 ana 
power play 7:42 into the game. Af- 
ter Bianisiav Janos tied the game at 
. 11:51, the former Montreal star 
Mats Naslund stole the puck to set 
up Palrik Juhfin’s goal 23 seconds 
later. 

Miroslav Satan tied the game 11 
seconds into the second period, and 
Peter Stastny, the 17th leading 
saner in NHL history, made it 3-2 
on a 12-meter (40-foot) slapshot at 
- 3:29. Bat goals by Roger Hansson 
and Kenny Joensson pul Sweden 
ahead, 4-3, nine minutes into the 
third period. 

Oto Hascak set up the tying goal 
with a pass from the slot Koatsek 
quickly fired an 8-meter (25-foot) 
wrist shot bom the right side over 
the left glove of Algotsson. 

The Slovaks nearly wen when Lu- 
bomir Kohtik's bouncing shot with 
four seconds left hit Algotson’s pad 
and fell in front of the crease. The 
gpalie looked behind him, then 
found die pock in front and fidl bn it 
with OTC second nwnnining. 

United States 4, France 4: 
France’s goaftender, Petri Ylonen, 
misplayed long dots by Peter La- 
vidette and Brian Rokton in the 
final 9 mm oles, enabling the Unit- 
ed States to salvage a draw. 


Although three officials’ deci- 
sions went against them, the Amer- 
icans stffl controlled the g*nv until 
three turnovers let France take a 4- 
2 thud-period lead. 

The Ofib goalie, Mike Dunham, 
made only 10 saves, but his three 
best came in the final two minutes 
with France on a power play. Don- 
ham hung his head and stood mo- 
tionless in the goal as die final han 
sounded and defenseman Brett 
Hauer slammed his stidc against 
the boards. 

At the other end, Ylonen bashed 
his stick against the ice and his 
teammates congratulated him for 
his 28-save performance. Ylonen, 
however, could only remember his 
two miscaes. 

With 8:37 to play, LavioJette's 
floater from outside the zone dud-, 
ed the goalie: And 2:35 later , Rol- 
ston’s soft shot from the left corner 
got under Ylonen ’s stick and inside 
the far post. 

Canah 7, Italy 2: Canada root- 
ed Italy behind two goals each by 
Petr Nedved and fjins Kontos. 
Kontos scored back-to-back during 
a four-goal spurt in the second peri- 
od for the fourth-seeded Canadi- 
ans. Nedved an assist to go 
with his goals. 


The Italians, seeded eighth, kept 
pace with the Canadians in the first 
period, then failed to convert three 
power-play chances in the second. 

Wallace Schraber started Cana- 
da’s scoring run in the second when 
he took a feed from Derek Mayer 
and connected. 

Canada got lucky a few times, 
too. Mark Astley’s slapshot veered 
left of the net and skidded around 
the boards before Todd Hlushlo 
dumped it in for a 4-1 advantage. 
The Italians then scored into the 
open net, but the goal was disal- 
lowed on an interference penally to 
Gaetano Orlando. 

Canaria took a 6-1 lead into the 
final period on Kontos’ s goals. 

Orlando temporarily halted the 
Canadians with a goal in the third, 
but Nedved capped the scoring 
with his second goal at 14:58. 

Win Saturday's matches: 

Germany 4, Austria 3: Germany 
rallied with three goals in tbe third 
period for the victory in LrOeham- 
mer. Tbe Austrians, seeded ninth, 
(ed 2-1 on Marty Daflman’s goal 
early in tbe third before costly pen- 
alties unraveled their attack. 

Benoit Doocet and Wolfgang 
Kummer started Germany’s come- 


back by scoring 22 seconds apart 
for a 3-2 lead. 

With just three Austrians on the 
ice, Thomas Braudel put fifth-seed- 
ed Germany up 4-2 with four min- 
utes remaining. Manfred Muefar 
received a 10-minute misconduct 
and Engelbert lind«r was penal- 
ized for roughing, leaving tbe Aus- 
trians undermanned. 

Russia 5, Norway 1: In Gjovik, 
tbe Russian hockey remained the 
mystery it was in the days of the old 
Soviet Union as a team of Olympic 
rookies struggled before winning. 
Russia succeeded the Soviet and 
Unified teams that won the last 
three gold medals and eight of 10. 
It led 2-0 just 3:27 into its first 
game but outplayed Norway only 
sb'ghtly after that. 

Tbe top-seeded Russia is an enig- 
ma again in these Games, its first as 
an independent republic, with no 
players having Olympic experience, 
j t did htde to qniet talk of its vulner- 
abihiy, although it may have coasted 
against llth-9eeded Norway. 

Ravfl Gusmanov got the first 
goal when he circled behind the net 
and tucked tbe puck into tbe right 
ride. Serga Berezine soon made it 
24L 

Then Norway came ahve as it 


kept the pressure on goalie Andrei 
Zuev. It finally paid off as Norway's 
best player, Espen Knuisen, drilled 
a perfect cross-ice pass to Marius 
Rath. Rath faked Zuev to the ice 
and scored into an open net at 18: 19 
of tbe first period. 

Finlaud 3, Czech Republic 1: Fin- 
land. behind a stellar performance 
by its goal lender, Jarmo Myilys, 
got the Olympics off to a rousing 
slan with an upset of the Czech 
Republic in the first competition of 
the Games. 

The Czechs, seeded third, are a 
medal favorite in tbe 12-team tour- 
nament. Bat they were dominated 
from the opening face-off by the 
Finns, known more for their goal- 
tending and defense than scoring 
ability. 

A small, partisan crowd in Hakoo 
Hall in LiOehammer chanifri and 
waved blue-and- white flags as Fin- 
land led, 2-0, in the opening period 
on goals by Turn Judla and Janne 
Ojanen. The puck slipped through 
Myflys's legs and off his pad on 
Kamfl Knstek’s goal thai pulled die 
Czechs to 2-1 late in the period. 

Sami Kapanen gave seventh- 
seeded Finland a 3-1 edge in the 
second period, and the score held 
up. 


world-record pace most or the race, 
raging as much as 0.86 seconds 
behind with 1,200 meters to go. 

But the 25-year-old Oslo medical 
student turned it on down the 
stretch, making up eigbi-temhs of a 
second on the next two laps. 

He was six-hundredths off his 
world-record pace with one lap to 
go and. with the frenzied crowd 
chanting “Johann. Johann, Jo- 
hann,’' set the mark with a final lap 
that was six-tenths of a second bet- 
ter than his December race. 

He realized the world record 
could be his as he closed in on the 
finish line 

“I never believed it before 1 had 
12 meters more to go.” he said. 

His teammate Kjell Storelid, 
whose time of 6:42.68 had been an 
Olympic record until Koss skated 
two pairs later, won the silver. 
Rinlje Rjtsma of the Netherlands, 
the world-record holder at 1,500 
meters, won the bronze in 6:43.94. 

Riisma. skating two pairs after 
Koss, wore Lycra-covered skates 
and rushed out ahead of Koss's 
record pace. He was 2.18 seconds 
ahead of Koss after 1,400 meters, 
but had fallen behind by 3,000 me- 
ters and continued to slow. 

Tbe old Olympic record of 
6:44.63, set by Sweden's Tomas 
Gustafson, bad stood since the 
1988 Gaines in Calgary, the only 
other Olympics skated indoors. 

Storelid delighted the home fans 
with his record, his personal best by 
nearly two seconds. After the 
Dutch contender Falko Zands tra 
— the 1992 silver medalist — fal- 
tered and two Zam bonis cleaned 
the ice, Koss, who got his first pair 
of speed skates as a Christmas pre- 
sent at age 8, gave the Norwegian 
fans a golden gift 

The Norwegians traditionally 
have dominated the Olympic 3.000. 
winning 18 of 39 medals and seven 
of 13 golds from 1924 to 1980. But 
they had been without a 5.000 med- 
al since 1980 until Geir Karlstad 
won the gold at the 1992 Games. 

Koss has held the 5.000 world 
record since February 1991, lower- 
ing his own mark for the fifth time 
Sunday. He was a disappointing 
fifth in the 1992 Games, skated just 
a week after he had had surgery on 
his pancreas. He rebounded with a 
gold in tbe 1500 and sflver in the 
10 , 000 . 


Compiled by Q*SbtfFnm ZV^mriiV 

LILLEHAMMER—^ Ibefobya 
Harding-Nanw Kentgaa sideshow 
is giving the f p g yngr 

ers more than one headache. 

- “We’ve had to change tbe room 
for mess briefings after the skat- 
ing, said a spokesman. Tor Anne! 
“Wc had originally planned one 
(hat can bold 150 journabsts. Now 
we have one that cansccommodale 
at least 450, and that might not be 
enough.” 

• • France's Surva Baoaly, ooe of 
the favorites far ihe wonsen's figure 
tinning title, left l i Uehanun cr . mi 
Sunday after just 24 hours. 


ceremo n y, bot is trakung in the 
French Alpine resort of Pralognan. 

“His in a national park and it is 
more convenient because I can use 
the ice as much as I want,” she said. 
“Here I would get less than two 
hours a day.” 

• Gerd Leopold, an assistant 
German bobsl ed coach, admitted 
Sunday that he was employed an 

an officer by East Germany^ secret 

police, rite Stari. front 1982 to 1990. 

Leopold, 35, said he compiled 
reports on his tedders under stan- 
dard East German procedures box 
denied actively spying- . 

Team officials said Leopold 
'would remain at the Games be- 
cause they were satisfied he had 
banned no one. 

• Tbe heavy snowfalls have left 
only one meter showing of flu: two- 
meter fence protecting the railw ay 

. tracks, and spectator arriving by 
tram have bon ju mpin g the fence 
rather than crossing the track by 
the bridge. • ■ . 

“With all the trains amymg m 
Lakhammer these days, " we are 
afraid that there could be as acci- 
dent if people do not bother to use 
the bridged said a poBceconstablfe 
AtleObstfelder. _ 

. • The youngest competitor here, 
' 16-year-old Johnny Aibertsen of 
Denmark, gw a stock 
found he was entered m the down- 
hill. 

•it must have been a imsnnn er - 
standing.’* said Aibertsen, who has 

! never sided a downhill .. . 

Alpine officials got hma switched 
to the nanL slalom. 

\ 9 Several people (muted m the 

. crush of bodies as the cro« : of 
40,000 gathered for the opening 
. ceremony. Another perswibrotea 

- leg falling on the icy path back 
down w town. 

“There were too many P®*"* 

- coming at rite last minute and quite 

• aftWddnY make it in time for “c 
; opening." said Aune, the spokes- 
man for tteorgsmizas sad. 

' He the last spectators got 

• into ibe arena an hwr after toe 
’ start, 

‘ oinci -in Lriichammer, the poure 
.. raid after they had recent about 

• 20 reports of stolen -walks. . , 

"Evwyibing w&caw .*“* -&* 


fis^tsdalto^oa£trfapirfessknuI 
gang,” said a pofioe spokesman; 

Svczm Erik SbnensesL . . 

“* •'M&f ^ oeweted article erf doth- 
injp-- the Norwegian- Broadcasting 
Co.’s parkas with fur-rimmed 
bood^ orange and purple splashed 
-across the backs of the pikas to 
crate the effect of sky and moun- 
tain p eaks. '.- 

’■ The most conspicuous clothing: 
tbe fufl-kngth tnmb on almost ev- 
ery female skating coach at Kerri- 
gaa’s woffkoul in Hamar. 

• Kristin TaIbot,tte U5. meed 
dealer who recatily donated txme 
marrow to her brother, who is has 
aplastic anemia, reported that both 
are d<»ngquitewdL 

Talbot, 23, said she was back on 
the ice a wedc after : theproceffiire 
on Jan. 11 and *Tm back to nor- 
maL” Her brother, Jasmt, 19, is out 
of tbe boroital, and she said, “Tm 
just glad Jason is back to bong the 

same old brother agam.” 

• Fkwence Grirath-Joynci. the 
th re e- t im e Olympic gold medalist 
who is part erf a White House ddo- 
gation to Norway, wished the U5. 
team good Iwk, but added: “Now I 
know why God created the Sum- 
mer CSympici. Fro sot cut out for 
tins crifi weather.” 

•The' UA CMyxitpdc Commit' 
teds executive , rortcwr, Harvey 
S bhiHer , made a sbgbi gaffe vriten 
he introduced the USOCs presi- 
dent, LeRoy Walker, to EuDacy 
Rodham CMton as the prcsdent 
erf the United States. . 

“Harvw, I appreciate ihe pro- 
motion,” Walka - responded. 

(WP.HYT, Reuters, AFP) Sfeu i 



SKATER: 2 'Strong Personalities' Will Share Space 


Continued from Page 1 

Olympics.*’ said £vy ScotvoJd, who 
coaches Kerrigan. “You’ve got to 
do what you’ve got to do.” 
Harding’s former husband, Jeff 
Gfllooly, has pleaded guilty to 
helping plan the clubbing attack on 
Kerrigan on Jan. 6 at the national 
championships. Gillooly has said 
that Hanhng knew of die plan and 
gave the final go-ahead. An investi- 
gative panel established by the fig- 
ure skating association has said 
that “reasonable grounds” exist to 
believe Harding knew of the plan 
to barm Kerrigan. Those must be 
chilling thoughts to Kerrigan. 

“It’s a unique situation,” Scot- 
void said. “It’s very, very taxing for 
everyone. She looks awfully strong 
to me. She’s very determined. She’s 
here to do what she set out to do all 
along. Shell concentrate and forget 
about all the other stuff.” 

Maybe. But Kerrigan appeared 
to be annoyed early in her practice. 
Someone said she appeared to have 
trouble getting into tire rink. Then 
Mahlon Bradley, the figure skating 
team doctor, comp lamed about 
photographers using cameras with 


“She’s trying to find a moment 
of silence, sod Tanger. “Appar- 
ently that moment erf silence, and a 
little mobility, is in the village ” 

A contingent of Olympic and 
skating officials and skating team- 
mates, including Brian Bostano, 
showed up Sunday to (rod Kerri- 
gan support, saying hello, applaod- 


Thc Associated Press 

HAMAR. — Ekaterina Gcrr- 
dewa and Sttgai Grinkov of Ru$- 
Sa, the 1 988 medalists in pairs 

skating, won the technical program 
Sunday night, fiaishzng just ahead 
of fhes- teammates, tile 1992 Olym- 
pic cfaampioos- Naiaha Misnkn- 
tientik W Anm Dmitriev. 

Evgenis. Shishkova and Vadim 

^ wotti dffinraems ^ 
bd te Brassoir and Uoyd Eislaof 
Canada. . 

Easily the dass of-A-fidd that 
mdndes six colics with nmdals 
from world duanpits^s, thetcq) 
Russ^ wraerensatioiHL 

GrinfcovhadsEgto trniHeqn an 
individual but he and Gor- 
deeva more than made up for it 
with raqaiste paizs ^paas, an in>- 
maave Rft tmd - fine footwork. 
ut^perfDnoaiute,ja^^ foil 
music, earned Gordeeva and Grin- 
kov five marks of 5-9 oot of 6.0 for - 
aristic iuqjressHn^- Their techmcal 
marks ranged from 5.6 fo 5.8, plac- 

^XCs t^ pairs 


Si^MmdPtigyof Sweden being upe n ded in Ms team’s 4-4 draw wifirSoydria in flieopea&igronnd. 


Roods Clear, 
T7tunsonTime 9 
Drivers Sleepy 

The ABndaled Press 

ULLEHAMMER — No 
mrgor traffic problems had 
been reported as of Sunday on 
the narrow roads to LilWiani- 
mer and tbe other Olympic 
sites. 

“The roads were dear, there 
were no accidents, the trains 
were on time,” said Tor Aune, 
the spokesman of the LiDe- 
h a nnne r Olympic Organizing 
Committee. 

Helicopters had been enlist- 
ed in recent days to drive off 
140 moose spoiled near the 
railway tracks. 

But said Aune, “Tbe only 
problem is transporting volun- 
teers. The buses are not leav- 
ing on time, sometimes be- 
cause the drivers overslept.” 


Meuo said. “Whatever the marks 
are, there's nothing we can do 
about that.” 


skating should be,” said the UR 
Coada, John Nkfo. 

’■ .It was no surprise the four-time 
world champions, who turned pro' 
in 1990^ were in front Except to 

the 1988 world championships, 

they had not lost a major -event 
from the 1985 junior wood cham- 
pionships through 1990. And they 
appeared sharper than ever after a 
2J4 year absence to skate co the pro 
tour and almost another yearoff to 
hayeadukL" : 

Mtshhrtioaok and Dmitriev re- 
crived the louder applause. With 
Gordeeva and Grinkov watdimg, 
and dapping, the defending Olym- 
pic chamjsons put on a splendid 
show. Thor spiral was ewxptional, 
as was their fift, which included a 
l»dcward r fl^j in the exit Judges 
from Australia and Germany had 


from Australia and Germany had 
them first 

. “Yes, I was happy,” saidTaroara 
Moskvina, who coaches Mishkn- 
tienck-Dmitriev. “I thought they 
showed e&totian through the pro- 
gram. There was tarve in their pro-.. 

gram.Ithadmeamng.’*. 

The Cfflipfc Aaled to*5)onQui- , 
sole." 


Brasseur and Ester, bronze med- 
alists in 1992, skated last to gypsy 
music. Thor excellent lift and split 
double twist earned than a 5 3 to 
technical merit from the Canadian 
judge, who had them first overall 
“In '92, we were siting in the 
third spot with frowns on our 
faces,” Ester said. “Now, we’re sit- 
ting in third with smiles on our 
faces. We have as good a shot as 
anyone.” 

• Io tbe technical program, worth 
one-third of the '-total score, each 
ooupk must do right required de- 
ments, from arias to lifts to jumps 
to footwork. The free skate will be 
Tuesday night 


Eider was 
Brasseur drew 


x that be and 
first spot in the 


final warmup for the free skate, a 
disadvantage because die other 
couples get an early look at them. 

The Americans did not farewell 
even though UJS. champions Jenm 
Meno and Todd Sand skated rate 
of tbrir strongest programs, with 
Mod spins and solid double axels. 

"we skated the best we could,” 


Cbebea Clinton chatted with 
Boitano and Kurt Browning, the 
four-tune world champion from 
Canada, then was taken to meet 
Kerrigan after practice. 

dearly, Kerrigan is America’s 
sweetheart Many thmk Harding 
has more of a burden to overcome. 

Meanwhile, Harding has until 
March7 to respond to a notice of a 
disriplmary bearing before the VS 
Figure Skating Association. 

“We are agreeing with (he USOC 
on the resolution of this situation,” 
Ferguson said. “We are continuing 
with our own investigation, and she 
will have a chance to respond.” 
Until (hen, Harding and Kerri- 
gan will have to settle their differ- 
ences in a more accustomed forum 
— the rink. 

■ Coart-Brokered Approval 

Michael Janqfsky of The New 
York Times reported earlier firm 
Portland. Oregon: 

After weeks of legal maneuver- 
ing and hours of intensive negotia- 
tions Saturday, (he U.S. Olympic 
Committee said it would let Tonya 
Harding skate in the Winter Olym- 
pics. 

An agreement was readied in a 
state circuit court in Oregon Gty, 
about 20 miles south of Portland, 
when the Olympic committee 
agreed to drop administrative 
charges against Harding for her 
conduct rdating to tbe assault on 
Kerrigan. That decision, canceling 



Mb*a Agsaor/Agflcc France- Presu: 

Nancy Kerrigan at a training session with her choreographer. 




a hearing that had been scheduled 
for Friday in Oslo, effectively al- 
lowed Harding to compete. 

In exchange, Harding agreed to 
drop a suit in which she charged the 
Olympic committee with interfer- 
ing with her right to compete in the 
Olympics and asked for $25 milli on 
in damages. 

By terms of the settlement, the 
committee has deferred any disci- 
plinary action against Harding to 
tbe U.S. Figure Skating Associa- 
tion, which conducted its own in- 
vestigation and found last week 
that grounds existed to call her con- 
duct into question. 

The association gave Harding 30 
days to prepare a defense and 
passed the information it had gath- 
ered on to tbe Olympic co mmittee 
which claimed certain jurisdiction- 
al rights in the matter, since Har- 
ding’s acknowledgment that she 
bad learned about the involvement 
of her forma - husband and the oth- 
ers came after she had qualified for 
the U.S. Olympic team. 


As a result, tbe Olympic commit- 
tee scheduled its own procedural 
review, culminating with a Feb. 15 
bearing in Oslo. At that point, Har- 
ding objected, claiming that notice 
of just eight days both denied her 
enough time to prepare an ade- 
quate defense and disrupted her 
training. To delay the hearing, her 
lawyers went into court, seeking a 
restraining order. After hours of 
deliberations, the two sides re- 
solved their immediate differences. 

[Harding “realizes dial it is a real 
critical situation,” her coach. Diane 
Rawlimon. said in an interview in 
Sunday's Oregonian newspaper in 
Portland that was reported by Reu- 
ters. 

(“She knows there wi3 be people 
who are really behind her and that 
there will be those who don't tike 
her.” Rawlioson said. 

[She said Harding would leave 
Tuesday for LQtehammer Tuesday 
and was skating exceptionally well 
“Her jumps are big. ber spins are 
fast.” Rawlinson said. 1 


’ T ■* 









i* 


Page 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1994 


SPORTS 

Happily, Sadly, 
Games Begin 



IHll IT jib® 





if': 

r .SW,.,.y. : : 


By Christine Brennan 

Washington Past Sent of 

LILLEHAMMER - As spar- 
kling snowflakes fell softly in the 
twilight of a cold winter’s day, the 
XVfith Winter Games, the first on 
the new, two-year Olympic cycle, 
opened is a frozen sea of colors, 
sights, sounds and emotions. 

It was a ceremony in which time 
blissfully stood stiQ and the outside 
world was kept — mostly — away. 
Not once in the two-hour festivities 
Saturday did anyone mention Nan- 
cy Kerrigan or Tonya Harding, the 
two U.S. figure skaters involved in 
the most spectacular controversy in 
Olympic history. 

Kerrigan watched the event on 
television — her coaches said they 
didn’t want her standing on her 
recovering right knee for hours In 
the cold — while Harding was still 
in Portland, Oregon, packing her 
bags and practicing in seclusion. 

Without them, the Games still 
managed to get off to a fine start on 
their 16 -day run throughout this 
frosty lakeside valley. The venues 
had been ready for months, the 
snow is deep and omnipresent; the 
townspeople perhaps the most ac- 
commodating in memory. 

But, for all this happiness, (here 
was a sad contrast. When the small 
delegation from Bosnia entered the 
arena, the second-loudest cheer (to 
that for the team from Norway) 
rang out from the 40,000 spectators 
gathered at the base or the ski 
jump. 

Minutes later, the International 
Olympic Committee's president, 
Juan Antonio Samaranch, quieted 
the crowd with an unprecedented 
appeal, a reminder of the tragedy of 
war-tom Sarajevo, the site of the 
1984 Winter Olympics. 

After asking everyone to stand 
for a moment of silence for Bosnia, 
Samaranch said, “Please stop fight- 
ing. Please stop killing. Drop your 
guns.” 

Sarajevo was a beautiful Olym- 
pic host 10 years ago. every bit the 
winter wonderland that Laleham- 


To our renders in Frmcc 

If* never been easier to wbscriha 
end save with owner* 
toll free service. 

JustcaS us today at 

05437437. 


raer was Saturday. Now, wood 
from the figure skating arena is 
being used to make coffins, and die 
stadium where the Opening Cere- 
monies was held has been turned 
into a cemetery. 

[Samaranch will leave for the be- 
sieged Bosnian capital on Monday, 
a senior Olympic source said Sun- 
day. Reuters reported. 

[Samaranch has long said be 
hoped to take a delegation to Sara- 
jevo as a gesture of solidarity dur- 
ing the UUefaammer Games. The 
source said he planned to return to 
Lillehammer by Thursday.] 

LiUehammer. Tor such a cold 
place — at midmoroing, the tem- 
perature was minus IS centigrade 
(zero Fahrenheit), the air bitterly 
cold and dry — was remarkably 
warm and hospitable. 

Spectators cheerfully pulled on 
white ponchos to resemble snow- 
flakes and create a stark picture for 
the cameras overhead. People were 
standing everywhere, in the aisles, 
on hillsides — just to get a peek at 
(he show. 

The procession of 69 nations at 
the Opening Ceremonies was a joy- 
ous celebration of all the change 
that has come over the world the 
past several years. 

There was the figure skater Mi- 
sha Shm erkin. a former Russian 
Jew who escaped religious persecu- 
tion, pumping his gloved fist and 
carrying the flag of Israel into the 
Winter Olympics for the very time. 

There was Surya Booaly, the 
French figure skater who could be- 
come the first black woman to win 
the Olympic gold medal in her 
event, bundled up and waving 
wildly to the crowd. 

There were the rich and famous; 
Prince Albert carried Monaco’s 
flag. King Harald V of Norway 
declared the Games open and Hil- 
lary Rodham Clinton sat near him, 
heading an American delegation. 

The athletes came in after the 
traditional show of local and na- 
tional folklore. Sky divers dropped 
from the blue sky bearing a huge 
red-white- and-blue Norwegian 
flag, while a traditional song ech- 
oed throughout the arena and the 
adjacent wooded hillside. 

Reindeer-drawn sleighs, Norwe- 
gian folk fiddlers and a flurry of 
skiers and ski jumpers led the way 
for traditional dancers, who filled 
the snowy floor with a Christmas- 
like scene. At the foot of the ski 
I jump, Norway’s 400-member Chil- 
dren’s Choir formed the five inter- 


-"V", * 

: 



5 


TV Schedules and Events 
On Monday and Tuesday 


OLYMPIC SCOREBOARD 


i OEM 


Kcm Lmnpc/kmcn 

Crown Prince Haakon of Norway lighting die Olympic flame. 


connecting blue, yellow, black, 
green and red rings that are the 
symbol of the Otympics. 

After the show and the athletes 
ramp the entrance of the Olympic 
flame. The veteran ski jumper Stein 
Gruben. a late replacement for Ole 
Gunnar FidjestoL who had suf- 
fered a mild concussion in a fall 
during practice two days earlier, 
sped down the jump, flew into the 
now-darkened sky and made a per- 


fect — albeit a bit short — landing 
with the five-foot torch. 

Gruben banded the torch to 
Catherine Nottingnes, a 19-year- 
old cross-country skier and guide 
from Bergen, Norway, who is near- 
ly blind. 

Nottingnes made the last pass to 
Crown Prince Haakon, who 
touched the torch to the Olympic 
cauldron, signifying the be ginning 
of another Olympic Games. 


Monday’s Events 

All times an GMT 

Alpine Siding - Man’s combined 
downhill, 1000 . 

Cross-Country Stcflng - Men's 3b- 
kilometar freestyle, 0930. 
fee Hockey - Germany vs. Norway, 
1400; Czech Republic vs. Austria, 
1630; Russia vs. Finland, 1900. 

Lugs - Men's singles, third and 
fourth runs, 0900. 

Opswrtafcttng- - Men's 500 meters, 
1300. 

Monday's TV 

EUROPE . 

AB times ana local 

Austria - ORF: 0600-0950, 0950- 
1955. 2015-2100. 2230-2330. 

Britain - BBC2: 1415-1550: 2000- 
2100; 2315-2355. 

Bulgaria - BNT/Channet 1: 1200- 
1400, 1700-1740, 1915-1945; Channel 
2: 2055-2330, 0030-01 00k 
Croatia - HRT/KTV2: 1450-1710, 
2230-0030. 

Cyprus - CYBC: 1715-17451 2230- 

Czech Repubtic - CTV/Channel 1: 
0915-1300, 1945-2015, 2300-0005; 
Channel 2: 1715-2000. 2000-2230. 
Denmark - DR: 1020-1433. 1450- 
1730,2130-2215. 

Estonia - ETV: 1125-1345. 1430- 
1600, 1915-1945, 2145-2330. 

Finland - TVr. 1105-1605. 2055- 
2330: TV2: 1900-1930. 

Franca - FR2: 0955-1020. 1025- 
1050, 1050-1200, 1205-1250; FR3: 
1430-1455, 1500-1740, 2005-2030. 
Germany - ZDF: 0950-1750. 2100- 
2145. 

Greece - ET1: 08300900. 1700- 
1600; ET2: 1915-1945. 

Hungary - MTV/Channel 1: 1515- 
1600; Channel 2: 1905-2059. 2205- 
2235. 

Iceland - RUV: 0930-1130, 1255- 
1400, 1625-1855. 2315-2345. 

Italy - RAI1: 0955-1300; RAI2: 241 S- 
0100; RAI3: 1730-1800. 

Latvia - LT: 1055-1330. 1915-1945. 
0030-0100. 

Lithuania - LRT: 1125-1400, 2130- 
2150. 

Luxembourg - CLT: Highlights on 
evening news, 1 900-2000. 

Macedonia - MKRTV/Channe! 1: 
0855-1130, 1255-1420; Channel 2: 
0925-1200. 1355-1630, 1715-1745. 
1755-1830, 1855-2130, 22302300; 
Channel 3: 0930-1150, 1625-1900. 
Monaco - TMC/IT: 1000-1300; 
1315-1400; 1600-1925; 0100-0300. 
Netho rta ncta - NOG: 0930-2315. 
Norway - NRK: 0900-1750, 2000- 
2400; TV2: 1845-1900. 

Poland - TVP/PR1: 0950-1100, 
1830-1855, 2200-2300; PR2: 1105- 
1300, 1605-1725, 19052000. 0005- 
0105. 

Portugal - TV2: 2300-2320; RTP1: 
1100 - 1120 . 

Romania - RTVR/Channal 1: 1200- 
1330, 1430-1800, 1915-1945, 0030- 
0100; Channel 2: 2055-2330. , 

Russia - RTO: 1225-1500, 1830- 
1915. 2155-0030; BTR: 1250-1400, 
1555-1700, 1705-1715, 2135-2205. 


Slovakia - STV/SK: 0600-0830. 
1025-1055, 1155-1300, 1815-1845. . 
Slovenia - RTVSLO: 1005-14®; 
1700-1845; 1955-2015; 2035-2245. 
Spain - RTVE: 1000-2400; TVE2: 
1445-1500. 

Sweden - SVT/TV2: 1015-1300. 
1355-1520, 2000-2145: Channel 1: 
2145-2300. 

Switzerland - TSR/TSl/DRS: 1030- 
1300, 1400-1530: S+; 2000-2230. 
Turkey - TRT: 1800-2015, 2100- 
2330. 

Ukraine - DTRU/UTI: 1455-1600. 
0030-0100; LTT2: 1200-1340, 1915- 
1945. 

Eurosport - 0600-2230. 2400-con- 
tinuous coverage. 


The easy way to 
call home and 
update them on 
the gold market 



In + Norway, Dial 800-19-877. 

With this; Sprint Act-ess Number, it’s easy to call home from any phon*- in Norway. You can bill the call to your Sprint 
WorldTraveler FONCARD." 1 your L.S. local calling card, or call collect (»o the L .S.). You’ll enjoy Sprint’s lew.' international 
rates, without costly hotel surcharges. .And Sprint lets you call just about anywhere in the world ^ . 

from over 75 other countries just as easily. While winning the gold is difficult, calling home - — SpJTFtt- 

shouldn’t be. Elsewhere In today's paper, you’ll find our full list of Sprint Access Codes, including: 

/C Ji- (Mercury): 0500-SJMJ877: UqBX); 0800-8d4)87^;+Sw^en;030-7?7»-01 1: +<^rm«riv = 0130-0aL3. WfartfftgjUSASf S*? 

-n Uk Jttitm irmy Pi^iiiiv-Kkn uruutl. /.\w»«»*' m /■*~i [>)K<ino\D un « Ir uoirhMin-pn Liu-rrii.iJnrcii ConuttufUraiikw O^v-rtuinu. 


MEDALS 



4 

COUNTRY 

G 

. s 

B 

Netherlands 

8 

0 

1 

Russia 

.0 

. 1 

- 7 

Holy 

1 

0 

0 

Untted States 

.1 

0 

0 

Norway. 

1 

3 

. 0 

Canada 

0 

«■ 

I- 


ASUUPAC1RC 
AH times era local 

Australia - Channel 9: 2030-0100. 
Nw ZvMand - TY1: 0700-0800. 
2130-2400. 

Japan - NHK: 2200-2400 (general): 
1230-1500. 1800-0630 (satelKte); 
1300-1500. 1900-2200 (Ht-VHorQ. 
Papua New Qukwa - EM TV: 2000- 
2300. 

China - CCTV; 1800-21 00.. 2300- 
2400. ' 

Hong Kong - TVB: 2400C1® 

SouBt Korea - KBS: 1430-1730, 
2200-2300, 2410-0140; MBC: 1000- 
1300. 

Malaysia - TV 3: 2316-2415. 
Singapore - SBC/Channel 12:2400- 
0100 . 

Star TV - Starting at 0300, darting at 
1800. 

NORTH AMERICA 

All times are EST 

Canada - CTV: 0630-0900, 1330- 
1700,20002200. 

United States - CBS: 07004)900, 
20002300, 0037-0137; TNT: 1300 
1800. 

Mexico - Televisa: 07001100, 1700 
1900.23302400: ' 

Tuesday’s Events 

Alt times are GMT 

Afetina Skflng - Women’s Super G, 

1000. 

Cross County Siding Women's 5 
km Ctesstcai, 0900. 

Figure Skating - Pairs. Freestyle 
event, 1900. 

Freestyle Skiing - Men's and Wom- 
en's Moguls Elimination, 1130. 

Ice Hockey - Sweden vs. Italy. 1400; 
United States vs. Slovakia, 1630; Can- 
ada vs. Francs, 1900. 

Lugs — Women's Singles, First and 
Second Runs. 0900. 

Tuesday’s TV 

EUROPE 
AB times are local 

Austria - ORR 0600-1500. 2015- 
2115, 22100030. 

Britain - BBG2: 1415-1500, 1630- 
1730, 2030-2230. 

Bulgaria - BNT: 1130-1400, 1815- 
1945,215001®. 

Croatia - HRT/TV2: 1510-2000. 
2130-0035. - 

Cyprus - CYBC: 1530-1600, 2030- 
21® 0030-0100. ■ -■ r ‘ -'•• . 

Czech RepuMc - CTV: 0915-1230. 
1945-00®. 

Denmark - DR: 1050-1330. 1856- 
1930. 2130-2215, 2245-2345. 

Estonia - ETV: 1125-1400, 1015- 
1945, 2145-0030. 

Finland - YLE/TV1: 1115-1355; 
TV2: 1900-1930. 22000035. 

Franca - FR2: 0955-1253; FR3: 
1430-1740, 1955-2330; TFIs 1055- 
1155. 

Oerauny - ARD: 1958-2215; ZDF: 
0950-1745.2015-2300. 

Qreeca - ET1: 08304)900. 1200- 
130a 2345-0100; ET2: 1915-1945. 
.Hungary - MTV/Channel is 1207- 
1237, 2005-2010, 2235-0035. 

Iceland - RUV: 0955-1200, 1825- 
1855, 2200-2265, 2315-2346. 

Italy - RAE: 0955-1235. 0016-0030; 
RAIS: 1455-1800. 

Latvia - LT: 1055-1300. 1915-1945. 
0030-0100. 

Lithuania - LRT; 7125-1230, 2130- 
2150. 

Luxembourg - CLT; Highlights on 
everting news, 19002000. 

Macedonia - MKRTWGhannei 1: 
0855-1130. 1355-1630. 1715-1830. 
1855-2130. 2230-2300; Channel Z 
0925-1030, 1125-1345, 1625-1900; 
Channel 3: 0955-1 135. 1855-2235. 
Monaco - TMC/IT: 1000-1300, 
1325-1400, 1500-1925, 23450200. 
Nether la n ds - NOS: 0930-2335. 
Norway - NRK: 2003-2400; TV2; 
1845-1900; 2130-2320. 

Poland - TVP/PR1: 0950-11®. 
1830-1655, 2100-2300; PR2: 1105- 
1300, 1605-1725. 1905-2100, 0005- 
01®. 

• Portugal - TV2: 2300-2320; BTPt: 

11 00 - 1 12 a 

Romania - RTVR/Channal 1: 1155- 
1330, 1915-1945. 2230-2400, 0030- 
•01®. 

Russia - RTO: 1225-1330, 1830- 
1915b 0030-0230; RTFfc 1250-14® 
1600-1620, 2125-2155, 233001®. 
Slovakia - STV/SK: 06004)830. 
1025-1230. 1725-2035, 2145-2335. . 
Slovenia - RTVSLO: 1005-1225. 
1700-1645, 1856-2015. 2030-01®. 
Spain - RTVE: 1000-2400; TVE2: 
144S-150Q. 

Sweden - SVT/TV2: 1015-12®. 
1455-1655. 2100-2340; Channel 1: 
1655-1730.2000-21® 

] Switzerland - TSR/TSl/DRS: 1030- 
< 1230; TSi: 1230-1330. 1355-1520. 

[ 1855-2245; S + : 20002330. 
t Turkey - TRT: 1830-1930, 1800- 
! 18®, 2115-0130. 

Ukraine - DTRU/UT1: 1125-1230. 

I 1615-18001 1915-1945, 2130-24®, 

I 0030-0100; UT2: 1800-1830. 

Eurosport -: oeaO-continuous cover-. . 
age. 

ASIA /PACIFIC 
AH times are toe# 

Australia - Channel 9: 2030-01® 
New Teelenrt - TV1: 070008®. 
2130-24® 

Japan - NHK: 2200-24® (general); 
1230-15®. 1800-0630 (satellite); 
1300-15®. 1900-22® (fti-VWon). 
Pqm New Quine* - EMTV: 2000- 
23® 

j China - CCTV: 1 BOO- 21®, 2300- 
J 24®. 

! Hong Kong - TV&24®01® 
i South Korea - KBS: 1430-1730. 

I 2400-0130; MBC: 1000-13® 

' Malaysia - TV3: 23154)015. 

I Sin ga po re - 240001® 
j Star TV - Starting at 18®. 

NORTH AMERICA 
ABbmesara EST 

Canada - CTV: 063009®. 1330- 
17®, 200023® 

Untied States - CBS: 070009® 
20® 2330. 0107-0207; TNT: 1300- 
16 ® 

Mexico - Televisa: 0700-11®, 1700- 
19®. 2330-24®. 

Inform ati on provided b? thelOC. 7W5. 

[ ty the International Herald Tribune. 


ALPINE SKUN6 
- mwts oowtiira ‘ 

GOLD — Tammy mm. United aofe» 
SILVER— Klein Andre Aonwdl. Norwcir 

BRONZ E Ed wa r d PodMraky. Canada 
■ CKOSSCOUtmiY SKUMG - 
Women's iHCtoakr 
GOLD— Moaorio DI Orrto. UnTY 
IILVER-LVUbev Esorovo. Russia 
BRONZE— Nina Gavrdak, Russia 
SPEED SKATMO 

ManMe mnw 

GOUJ—Jotam 0»v KBss. NsrwoV 
SILVER— KMI StareM. Nomay 
BRONZE— RhTlIe Ritsrna. N eto s t lends 


DOWNHILL 


MEN- — L Tommy ifaa. United Sloes, i 
minute. eSTSsecoadwZKletl] Andre AomodL 
Wnrecw.lM3JNlEdsiardp BBh 4naky.Cwo- 
4, Patrick OrtBed, Anstrta. 1:4*41; 
& Marc GktsTMU. Luxe mfa o u ra, 1MJB9; i, 
me) Nlcates Burtin. France and Homes 
Trtafcl. Aastrta. 1M32; 8. Loc AMwnd, 
Franca, luaas; 9. Alta Stasadoi; Norway, 
l;4MfiiajanElrar'n<erMn,Ngrsay.T-.4U4. 

1L iCyfc RasmuaMn. Unite! State*. H4US> 
IXPatar ■BamoMer.nalv.l rtSJI; lipjetre 
vnatM, Holy; 1U&4D X Daniel Matter, 
S wta erl o a^l'UMSi lAArmlnAutnBer.Am- 
Irfa; VMM; 14 WBlIain Ban. SwHarMnd. 

1 MTS; U^UJOtL United statevl:4U2: k 
Lam Mas. Norway. If. oowder 

Mader. Austria 1 i*eJO; 2 A Kristian Ghadlna 
Italy, 1 -M&t. 

ZL LaM Conor), Italy, 1 :4MS; 99. Chrto- 
taanePI*. Freacbl M7.11; 99, Franco Ccwasa 
Switzerland. 1:47.15; 24, Jtera-Luc CrMWr, 
Fnanae.1U7j7; 9S.Hanrioera Taraetwc Ger- 
many. vJOJti 2 6. Gfnham Bad. Britain. 

27, Luke Saurier, Canada 1:4745; 21 
Martin Ball, Brltabv \-Jtrje: a. -Juareen 
Hader,UacMw)a*eto.1^a; Sk Janue Lea- 
klncn. Fin land, VMXr. 

31. Rolf Sodier, Canada 1 X?JT3;2Z Fredrik 
Nyberot Sweden. liOSIl XL Adllfti VWb 
Ueddensteln. U4JM; 3*. PafrSt- Jaartwn, 
Sweden, 1UB4B; SlAUraa Rawiar, Stovenfe, 
VMM; 36. Marius Wdsmeiar, Garmenv. 
1^153,- 37. Andre] FinscMdibRiaslal :4U); 
31 Crata ThraaBer. Untied stoles. 1 :4SJJ; », 
Mnrttus Foaer, Ue cH ianiWn.1 :OJ3MlMar- 
a> BueriRL Llecttenrte h L U41f7. - • 

4L Georges MeodoS. PortueoL VMM; 42. 
was Unaebtn. CBUa VMM: 41 Andrei Ko- 
tofvJne, Korakhstoiv 1 JttJf; 44, Peter DB- 
dieu Jkitaorla l :5L07; 43. Mariano PuriaeUI, 
Areeaftnal J23B; 41 Mordn Saakanald, Po- 
Wl V.S2J9; 47/ Burca, jitkahviu, OeerMa 
I^az7; «L HubertuS Haherdoha Mndca 
1 -.5337; 4f, Oleso Moraomnl. Chita VJU& 
SB. Lattiar Oatsllafl Monder, Brazil, IMMf ■ 
LondneGuov* senoaaL on P; Cennar 0*B<1- 
en. Estoihv DNF; Prats Het raer. Seflzer- 
land. DNF; Cary Mallta CMda.DNF.' 


CROSS 

COUNTRY 


WOMEN'S U-KILONUTTGR — LManutfa 
ttiCenWllaly,37i>itnutea445Mcandi<2.Lyi>. 
toe Edereva Ruria4].-eUti A mnaGavriUi, 
Russia 41-.NM; 4 Stefcnla Betmondo. ftay, 
41 rtU: & Larfm Lauthra, Ruria 41^74; 1 
gtena Vnfca rtueda 42MA; 7. Artonkw OF- 
dhw, Jwedn yC Jl l ; lAteieto ttey r anritova 
5kwo«U, OLWi 9. SonWe WMeWBAante 
aunjf V* Antta Mm Norway. 4IC4W. 

n, Fuaruco Aatt Japan. 43.-cix: it Ga- 
brieHo ParuzzL l»ty,43«.l; 13, EHn token, 
Norway^lrWJ; 14. (lie) MsttweM, Norway, « 
and Katerina Neanasm CUech RepuMc, 
43rtl1) 11 Miria LaMinen, Finland, 4*a0i7i 
17. MarteHelene Oesttona, S weden , MXtUi 
11 Bemodetta Barak, Potand, 44:11* w, 
Anno-Lena Fritzsn, Swedaa^4:249; 20. Brate 
Martireen, Nanny, 44rtUL - 

21. Sylvia I la n iue w . Switzerland. MXlSt 
2 Z Oorato Kwrany. Poland, 44:4LT» » Plret 
N Mas. Estonia. 44:413,- 24, Mari H1e|oia,Ptr>- 
kaxL <4343; 21 Hafloo Nowak, Poland. 
45:03; 21 Sabina Va&UKL Haty.SKBUiO, 
Irina Tofoneofca Ukrabw, 4S:lWi til KO*- 
Hna Srnlam Estonia 4Srtl.1; 9, Aatika 
Bvtodeeaq. Sweden. 45rtMr 31 Batova 
Mettter. Switzerland, 45^U. 

31. Mvtlno Vondrava, &idi Republic, . 
41:0.1; 32. VMa Vendoa* LMNaal*4fc4U; 
31 EleaaSInkBdlcn, MerwK4fc4A4; 34. Lav- 
ra McCabe. l/nHed state*. eSsSLU 35. Laura 
WH*B,UtttodStal*a,45JM;31SuinawVo- 
kayiimcLJopaa.rfirtOAi 37, Leslie TtoraMOn. 
Untied Sfatos. 41:103; 31 Brian* Atoractt. 
SwMaer to nd. 4t:lte; 3k Isabelle Remy. 
France. 4*: >w; SftSMdnilna MadusaiLPa- 
JondrMNOa 

41 Iwta ZeDaserava, Czech Republic. 
44:513; O. Nino KemweL United sfatos. 
44JU; 41 Oxana Kotova. KoiattBtarv47Ah 
41 Irina Kopodn NJXuwdntt Bulgaria 
47305; 45, CrhW Vtotra ENorta47«SJf 41 
Taltona Kuflltova^tove*Ja47:X»;47,Elewi 
Vatodtea ynMMHbw 47054/ 41 Luda 
Cbraadawsfea Czech ReouWc. 47d7J: 4k 
Stea Sulla Estonia 47:4X3; 51 Srdtano K» 
motoftoia Belonnb474UJtil Elena PBrdntn. 
Baiaras. 48:413; 52, ineto Kravato. Latvia 
4»:37J ; SS. Elena Tenenw lm va Kaaokhstan, 
47:517; Syhrte GNy-ftautont Frtorca DNF. 


SPEED 

SKATING 


BOB SMetoETUtS-L Johann Ofay 
Kan. Norway, 4 mtnutei 34M seconds; Z 
<1*0 siaread. N o rway, tu an; 3. Rtmie 
Rttma Ndtierlonda. 4:4M4;4, Fonco Zand- 
sfra Netnertond*. 4s4UK 5. Bort Vddkarrm, 
Noftorlanab *:4kM; 1 TaaMMo Kokowa 
Man, ttMJti % iurarnlr Nodba Poland, 
4:5040.- IFrttoK DITtricb.Gennony.4:S137.- % 
Mdaai HodsOde H. Aawria - 4^302; u 
CttWian Samoa r. Austria 153.11 

TL Audrey Ai w Wedea Rassla4d3ti}| iz 
Jones Scbowfc Me e d e a teSUft W. Kcrutdro 
Sola Japan, 4-JMB; U. Per B en gfeeoiv 9we- 
dea*^7J7; 11 Roberia StoheLUaly, 4^730; 
11 Rod* BMdwnlavev. KanAMSarv4-Jll7; 
17. Neal Marshall Canada 4dK44; UPoiwal 
ZvoniwnL Palana 15UI; w. Yaeoenv Saw 
arov. Kazawtitaa 4-JM2; 2k Dezlderki Hor- 
eatb, Romania M5RB4. 

2L Vary Stoitoa Ukralna ttSOU 7Z ML 
mod Hail. Canada i -JUSki 21 Atamfes- 
BaumoaertL Germany. teMMt 34. Tara 
AawaadLtoPtonfcM* ZLDanav KatoAua- 
India 7:0082; 21 Alto voorvfls, Norway, 
7,-teJJ: V, Vadim Savatta Ketokhston, 
7A1J3.-21 Martin Fd w edd orJeBarltol 
7.-82.12: V, T1»masKaaHLGanacny,7:ia.U; 
50 Brian Itoneh. unned siatos. 73S95) 31, 
Ota Pevtov, Russia T&SB: 32, vBa* HovL 
d*ata Bitorus. 7:1755. .. 


HOCKEY 


SATURDAYS RESULTS . 
nws sle I I 14 

meavr j » *-> 

F l r ri perio d 1 ^Russia RteUOusmooflu. a. 
Rustia Sored Bercdne (Atonel Ktoidodtov); 
(ab). X Nwtar. Morta Ram FBsdn Xruth 
MiwCalaAnderen) FeneHta— I tar leonow, 
flu* (frtopkw; swm Em BtorMoA Hv 

IrifldblitoK Igor vorltsW, Rus (sImKob); 

5v«n Erik Btemdod, not (taMkw) Tommy 
Jokotan Nor HmUm) A lama ke Srak- 
any. Rue (haoUtol. 

Second Pe rio d 4 Russia ’Andrei Tore* 
*enko < Povef Torodevl, 3: 47. Pen drta S w ^ 
ad SoraUna Ruslbaalung); Pned Tareoev. 
ttos tbatanoK ■ 

Third ueried % ti Mda Vderi Karim 

|GuearaulE«tkMMH).IZ:34(ait)ARaBUa. 
Serael5oraMdaPra b8to» pmiw onsenu. 
RuslIrtakP); P«»tort«stoB,Nor (Mtorfer. 
■ace): Atonondr* Staraan. R m OaMaau 
Mereaa Andenefl. Nor tbeakta). . 

3nalM«ent-f«m«fe*-W*32:Noraafrw 

5-»l 

Auairitr ;. " * 

Genwaqr 1 • 8—4 

Rrd periwa-L Germopy. Slefon Udori 
IRBUnuwi HBoeri; ' Z" MAh Mnd 
PWtMA. |W* raer kerlw* Ctondito*-E» 
Mtotrl Under. M fhqekMHtart Hetafe. 
A«f itearmno). 


SKaad Pert*-***. 

’saswMK-ss 

dwel RumrtdU IGermW. Thom» ^g 
tLeeStofeh) 

(Marlin' Ulrt di); P M KdtleS-K l^ H^ 
Aut (croBdiedUnBJ. Montad « 

(MaMUddnol: MantrraA ^ .A^mator 
(misconduct); Ewoltort Under. AuUdawN 
bio): HMtoen Hoheriberew. A«f iraittihlngi. 
Leo Bfeftn, Go- tnooWnal- 
Shots ao pool -Airitrta Gynmv 

7-7-20-3*. , » e-a 

nutad ? J S 

rwe Kapabik: ■ ' * v 

Ffnt portae- bfmtlanAVmo Junta imbw 
S traembere); Wi.Z 

(Petri VortaMceltoPotolilOwdiRePuWc. 

Kamil Kodak 

*— Antonin Siovlana Cx* (Mati-dle Mtw); 
Richard Zendktoa Cm (holding). Roaoa 

ToupaLCze Btoordlrw). . ^ 

Serand period t FlnkM Sami Kadonen 

(RoinwHdmlnenl^: 3LttorwlHa^reh» 

mtr Kadlec On 

(hodd>w); Pdr Hrbek.Cre (rouoWnol . saw/ 
Kdwu. Fin (rouaWna) Tomas SneikOa 

IhtotMdldcino); JanneL««Wconen,Fln (Moh- 

sttddna). 

TMrd period— Non*. Penam*»-U<«" 
UiukknneaBnOioddiW)J:54;VesoH«na- 
lalnen. Pin thooWno); Shots on ood: Finland 

S-13-3-2C Czech ttepuMSc 1M-11 

5 hotsanooal— Rnlond HM-« Czedt Re- 
uuWic 4-3-5— i*. 

SUNDAY'S RESULTS 
Sweden 2 • -*-< 

SSa « * .V 4 

Rryf period— I, Sweden. Haakon L«*lTo- 

mcdJanaaon, Fredrlk. SMIhryai). 7:C 
Stovakf&BronidavJflflOs tOQft Wtd PtAffYh 

11^1: 3. Sweden. Patrik Juhlln (Mats Noe- 
tund). 12:14: Pen oH les-Jereus Boea^sek 
(voes-diedOna). 5:12; Braatfetov JonoaSrii 
(ltooldwg)>*:38; Lubomfr Kobilk.Syfc (eaaow- 
tao). 16:31 

Second ptrie d 4, Slovakia Mlroswy Satan 
Mereus Boca). 0:11; 5. Slovakia, Peter 
Stnstny (Jazet Dana), " 3d9. PenaBta- 
— ChcBleo Beralund, Swe (hoWno), tSti D«- 
M Rydmark, Swe (boldlMi). 4JI; Chriottoi 
Doe-Bote. Sate (nnshlna). 11:22; Robert Pe- 
trovidcv, svk ireuohkw), Hrt2; Litoomlr Se- 
ksraa, Svk ltriPPtoa). 13SS; More* Smer- 
dak.Svfc trauoMna). 1639; Stantoiav Medrik. 
Svk IreoaMna). 17:44: Jonas BerekvW, sw* 
(nwhliB). 17M1 

- Thfird period— 1 Sweden. Reo*r Hanseoa 
4:3?; 7. Sweden. Kenny Joantson, fc57; A 
vaUa, Ronnai KontaeK (Olo Hasaak. Lubonrir 
K 0 toik),U:l 2 . Penal ties— Robert SvehlaSvk 

(delay). 70 iM; Sweden bench, served by N to- 
las Eriksson (too many, aien), 18:47. 

Shots on seal— Sweden B4-M4R Slovakia*- 
WOaii-Goen to S wed en . Hokon Atootoson 
(21 shots. 17 saves). Slavoklai Eduard Han- 
mann C2S-24). . .. 

ooaBes-^fiwedBn, Hakan Alaatoson . (31 
shots. 17 saves). Slovakia Eduard Hartmann 

m-20. 

nett * 8 >-• 

Canada 2-4 1-4 

First period— 1. Canada, Polar Medved 
(Brad Wa nt s , Ptart Kortyo). 702 (pp); Z 
■ Italy, Lina DeTOriU): 14; 3, Canada Brad wen- 
ettoa (Paul Kdlya). i«:40 (pp). Penalties. 
—Brad wwenka Can (hoWktol. 2:31; Carey 
Htraca Goa, served br Dwayne Norris (de- 
towl.arSf; Robert Obommca ito (hooSUno), 
6^4; Bnato ZorrUkv Jto (trtpplnuj, 13d»; 
Chris. Therlea Con. (aeoPchecUna), 14:4*: 
MourUe Mansi, Na (hoUnal, 18:31; 

‘ second po rt ed 4. ' Canada Wallace 
Srinfter (Derek Mover). 134; S. Cauda 
Todd fflmhto (MaricAetievi.7M3;lCanbda 
OirWopherKordM (Brim Sovaoe), MzZii 7, 
Canada, ChristacAer Kontos (Peter Medved), 
ms*. PenoNta— Brian Savage, Can (creep- 
cheddns), 2.-04; Derek Mayor. Cm (Nah- 
snridnaL 5ri2; Patrick Draaneifc Ha (inter- 
(•rapes), B.-06; Peter Medved. Cm (hooking). 
lUh Gaetano Orlando, I to (interference), 
13:37; Rotund Ramoser, Ita (enmrina). 17:04. 

Third period . 1 Italy, Gaetano ortanda 
7:13; ftCmada Peter Nedvad (Paul Kartyal, 
HA P w ultto s O n to .Tharten, Cm (ttdd- 
tooL 0i54: David Hartoct Cm (hokfloa;. 
Z3U Robert Obarraudv Ito OnaklnB), 9M. 

Shots an aooi-ltaty.lM-ll-a*. Cmada 12- 
.14.1231 ’ . . . _ 

Oeat tes I kd y, David Detftno (24 shots. 38 
■avHLauchael Reeatl flbtrd, »il). Canada 
Corev HJracit (2*47). 

Fraoce . - 1 1 3-4 

IMM titan J 8 2—4 

First: period— 1, United State* John Lfltoy 
(Marie Baaukitt).5:04; Z Franca ChrislOPhe 
VlUe (Fronde Saunter), 15:141 X United 
stnlea Peter Ferrara (Crate Johnson), 17:41. 
PennH t e o Dav id Socca US (hteh-stiddns). 
'7 Oil Brunb Saunter, Fra traughhio), n:1S; 
DavW Socca US (rauMJnp}, 77:15; Franck 
PolonkovakL Fra (hooking), 17:44; Steven 
Weodburn. FraCfttitanoL 7 T: 1>. 

Second saba-H Franca Franck Prior 
kaenki, 18®. P mcJ ttee— Franck Palon- 
kowekL P re (hoaMflg)r8rt2;Chr1stai>heVIKa 
Fra (haoMaa), 13®. 

TUrd p eri od— 5. France, Bentomin Asaet, 
2:3*; «, France. PtorrtckMatn (Seree Peu- 
drter. Benoit Laoorte). 7M (ah); 7. United 
States. Peter. Lavtotette, n«. 8; United 
States. Brian .Roisten (Peter CkwasHa), 
13 JLPenotifei— Franck Saunter, Fra (skah- 
ta). 3tifi; stoshme Bottarl, Fra (holding), 
4U7; Arnaua Briand, Fra (hooking). 14^1: 
Brett Hauer. US (hoidta). 1844. 

Sol* oa peel r ran ee 43^-44. United 
Stoles 1449—82. 

OeaOei— Franca FMtl Ytoran (32 shots. 38 
saves). Uteted States, Michael Dunham Ha- 
lt). 


LUGE 


MBITS SUKHJES (fSntf * aecoMl nms to 
•orantheseio-L Gvora Model. Oenremv. 1 
mtowle^UStoaaanda (SUPhSOSB); Z Mor> 
tm Pratt. Austria l:«LBM(5U0A9R5M>; 3. 
Armtr Zdsoetor, Watt, 1U1BQ (50441, 
50407); 4 Dunam Kennedy. Untted States; 
la4U20 (IIBUUWi & Arnold Haber, Italy, 
l:4U2T (5&ssi,3QjS3) ; ajeasMoewr, Oer- 
wagy,U4Unt W 5 *3 jaJS Oi7,AibjgTQett>t. 
Chenka Rosste, 1:41444 (5M0L 50343); S. 
NorttertHuber, Hoty.lULMS (SB4SI.MJ3U; 
f, Wendei suckaw. United slides, 1M1317 
m M L S Smm la. Markus SctenkU. Austria, 
1ML534 (53*44, 508)0). 

11, .Gerhard OM ttw dte r , Austria l-JUU 
WJ57. 50571); IZ Sean* Dasflfa Russia 
1ULMK5074Z50S731; IXMDtoM HehmSlNM 
dm IMau (50717, 51JB7): 14. Aiewmler 
Bou, Germany. 1--4Z0W .(BUBO SUPS); TS. 
Anders Saedertows, Sweden t:4£30B MT.ia 

5LW7); W. Edouard Bourmbtrav. Russia 
1:42X53 (5LI02. 51J51); 17, RObWt PlpMm. 
United States. 1:41580 (51248. 51232): 18. 
Benot Watean. .SnedMV 1^2X56.(31331- 
SU3S); 19, KanMfco Tttoaatotsu, Japcso. 
1:43.12* (51X3051X71); 30 tarts EtertaLat- 
*te 7:41772 (5UHt 57J77). 

U Clay Ives, Canada, i-xU40 ; (51510 
51222); 22, Juris yovenke, -Latvia, 1MM\ 
(51X47, 517*4); 23. Joart Skvatefc. StovakkL 
1^3X10 (5lJ7151Xa5>; 3L Kyle HrtWritaVlr. 
(tin Wands, 1^4814 <52507. 52807); -25, 
Spyra*-Pw Ptoofc Gratae, 1:4064 (515*6, 

5%i70);tiLY(iH5aaakWapaKlH82tt(5Tti7A 
sani; 0, Marco Felder, UsditaMiw 
l!«k UUKSbUSU-tiUtaut HfabArttota, . 
1:44X00 (Stxta BUM); 39. AlsuafaT SosokL 

Japoa isaun tiBXtt524rt);3a Iteio Offiy, 
Svttteertend- 1:45295 (51740, SZ55S1: 3L Si- 

W Perm, tieniwdte vmm isuot, 

SUS); 31 MednsfLornteora, BosMa-Herze- 
eariaa. 1:44380 (53254. S3.1U); 3L Jteaer 
White. Aastraod T 3DS)tfT5a74, 34344), . 


FIGURE . 

SKATING >v- • 

•/ ’ 

- ' - -i 

PMRS.TBCHMK!^ntO^^ 
terimOanMemaad 53rau GrMBtv. Russia. 
Btiteetoredaldtids;%^kti08BMIMu)neni)fc 
and Artur Dmtttev. Rnesia, U): X laahrite 
tirataM- md^Os^ gsta,-attodci,T5; 4 
Evepente ShmWova and Vadim Naumov, 
ttaetobStia 'VBu i lto .ifldtoirtimrB bad Rene 
Navolmr, Czech Reaubiic. 25: AJenMMena 
and Todd sand, (tailed States. Aft, 

7, Peso* 3rln m and Atawnder Koerdu. 
German lSf Wotzef and irqo 

Steaer. Gernw^fl; *. YWena Berazncdauu ' 
Otea StodtoyJxevta.43; lAOmteBe Carr and 
Stephen Or?, Australia 58; IL Kristv-Lw 
Seram* ond XrMoter Mrtx. Court* SS; IZ 
Anatom .Ctam and A**» Rms drata d t . 
Germany, 4JRU Koran Cwritend md Tbdtf 
mfactez Mta stows, t* 
lAJonde liM Me and Jcoon Tumor, Com- 
dft, 7 j; (AKritil^labmd Jam Dmgta.unB- 
•d States, 7Jrt4 Jacqueline Saamn ana John 
-Mnktah Bribb,Bft.i7. Yetena Betaanow. 

wtataite and Stteri Qnttg, Betonm TA. 


m, 

Lvn' 










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■- 




No Magic, Larry or Michael, 
But a New Galaxy of AUrStars 


- ; By_ Clifton Brown “ — “ — — r- 

MINNEAPOLIS — ftScfc ^ 8 NBA. Teams 

ing remembers being at Naticma] rp '■ m /?, 
Basketball Association All-Star *0 JrlaV bames 
Games m past seasons, sitting next „ 

to MidraefJardim and Larry Bird, Abroad 111 Fan 
and playing agnmet Magic Johnson. 

This year/Ewing looked across ne Associated Pnss 

the locker room after practice and MINNEAPOLIS — Eig 
saw SbaqoQle O’Neal, Alonzo 110081 Basketball Assoc 
Motrramg and Kenny Andeison. te&ms wffl p^exMbrtwn gs 
Call it inevitable, call it different, Europe and Latin American 
but tiie NBA’s most glamorous ^ the league's deputy a 
weekend has been injected with an acmersaid. - 
influx of new blood. The official, Rnss Gram 

When the NBA All-Star Game is ^hai Atlanta, Charlotte, ( 


played Sunday at the Target Cmter 
m Minneapolis, 10 of the 24 players 
in uniform will be maVrno their 
first All-Star a p fi ean«nro» 

_ Not only has the league imd to 
ac^ust, but so have the fans. The 
same people who used to wait ea- 
gerly for. Jordan and Johnson in 
hotel lobbies are now waiting for 
OWeafand^hawn Kemp.- - - 

Only astute fans were able to 
recognize players like Latrell 
Sprewefl ana Mooide Blaylock be- 
fore they slipped by without being 
noticed. 

Why so many new faces at the 
All-Star Game this season? Just as 
the Chicago Bulk were forced to 
adjust.whm Jordan put down ids 
sneakers for a pair of baseball 
spikes, the league has adjusted 
without Jordan, Johnson and Bird. 
And judging by the enthpsjasm . 
shown by fain in Minneapolis this 
weekend, the public is ready to em- 
brace a new wave of stare. - 

“I think it shows the league hsdf 

it (frms " A 4. - 0. 


time AH-Star. “Guys Hke Magic, 
Breland Michael did a great jok 
but it couldn’t go on forever. You 
. can’t have the same guys co mi ng to 
All-Star Games far 20 years. So, this 


TT .m .N T Vi. 1 

HOCKEY 


NHL Stand bigs 


EASTERN CONFEMNCE • - 

Atlantic Dtvtsfcre ' 

* l; Tfti«f« 
NY Ranters * J 5 4 » 197 M2 

mo senn ion t 

Washington 27 25 4 A1DT7I 

Florida 24 *.-* 

PtmadriuUa 2S J 7 4 » 1 w no 

NY ItJavters 21 27-. 4 « IN W 

Tamoa Bar 21 3 4 « ,W 117 


DaHas 
St Lauk 
CMCOBO 
Wtanbres 


Mamraaf .. » -4 amw 

flaoMi !■•«»» 

ptttOMHvh ' 2 » namn 
Buffalo 27 23 -6 4ft W l* 

Ouetjoc 7T 29 5 47 177 IN 

Hartfonf » St 4.44 16*194 

Ottawa » « 1 awn 

WGimW CDMFEHHCe '■ 
CNMOMta 

» u m»F«i 
D*in>4t an s to ms m 

Toronto 27 17 11 4M»W 

Dona 30 20 7 47 2K W 

St Unite M 21 I v wn» 

CMCOBO 25 24 * 56 TM t» 

wtonbres • ' . 17 «' 7 « '» n 
FacMc Dtvfstaa 

awY aa v r- ee jm m 

Vanamvar 21 35 : 2 Si 1*1 1*7 

San Jas* 20 24 11 51 154 VS 

LOLMMH 21 2* 4 « 285 218 

Anatetm 21 32 4 >4* 157 177 

Edmonton 3 35 8 38 174 20 

FRIDAY'S RESULTS 

Momma) 

’MU* 1 1 3-« 

Pint TOM B Mob Bov 22 (Knmytov. 
Ha wwctmklf (pp). ftMXwmmooa te 25 iMutb 
•AMtawa): (m»l. snood Paftata b-homnb 
2tSmHflfc>; (tett.Hltal Petted: Bua. nw nv* 
(SomOHU; B-Moaflf*v23 (Sattoo,Ho9cM; ► 

* Mgrl31hawmt taA .anMMR).*taRiap— fe 
M (M Howfe) »-l»-tt-aa.B fan KwrtarJ «-7- 
11—31. 

PMfeKttMla • * 

Detroit > 1 *-* 

Ftrte Porta*: D-Fedoroo 34(jhJD-Y2*r- 
■non 13 (Shwaant KonsfemtOwlJ O-Knriov 
37 (Fedorov); MD5ncond Period; P-Fausl 4 
(WHktar undras): P-F«f>* « (BrtmfA- 
maar); D-Drafcc * (Prabnrt, MattalaL TWrd 
NrM D-SMPPOrt 48 (Y!mrniotaCartnW)J 
D-Y*onndnl4(Sh«PPafttOaf(wJjfttilP*F*' 
tfrt idIRsrtrera. YlMtaeovt c li ) W wtawaU 

■ p (on oaaoo4i> 6-11-10—27. D (an Sousa*. So- 

dantrom) 16-114-3*. _ . , 

Taranto * * 1”? 

* 1 ^ 
Snood Pa rt o di T-Andravcta* 43 (Lnfri»- 

vra, Gflmoor] ; <ib)T-Eoafiuood 4 IBtntm- 
oartnar. Pearson): W-Ttoctiu»t38(ZbaBW/. 

II daBtLCtorfcl.SBalsoagoal: TfonOWnDW 
1 4-73-10— I*. W (an PaMnl D-tW-34. 

LD> MMM * * •“* 

Anrtwfm 2 8- W 

First Period: LA^SratakV 37 (DooontlY. 
KarrU: LArOanatW»' 15 (Srate fcv),- A -V». 

■ Allan S (Yoke. Samfcwr) ; (PPJ- A^ottawi w 

(Doorts. vofld: (pp). Socaoa.PmM At U ; 

Karri 23 (Grctdcy.fUofcn); 4fhlLArKwr>*J 
(Sydor. QntzkrX. TMrfl Ppted: 

(Cartoon. Ssmw); L*-Ge*a*ra» P***- 
era. Btafeai: (■>>- «N» on ao*4:LA(w 
HObart) 8*6—33. A (onHruday) M.16-15-4A 
Morttart • I 

MaV -1.2 1—4 

M Period: C -Tttov 21 

Kocrrmr); (pp). Sowad 
22 IPrwocf, ZotopakD: fPP»- C- Ycmnav 4 
(Ranhafm. MMU 
jWnctanlM i (ppI- T*M P Og*-, 

(Ntanmr*Mf>laW,Stadaoa*oah ih irtnver- 

non) 85-7-aa C (on *e») Mf 1 -® 

z?sl * * s 

■ font parted: sj-^aotaw ta (OaoRnA 
Itortaot. looted 

‘ mcvOaoUmn); tonl. C-Roa«lck» Jltow. 
Watnrichl: <PP)- V it****. 

Gan-mou): taX. 

(PPL TMrt Parted: SJL4Et»-1 4 {P^L-W. 
BrrwvU OJtotfou* (G«uiAMwplnrL»ott 
an paeU C (on (rt»> 6-tM-m. S-L (on Bet- 
ftWl MW-». 

SA1W«»rs*«0*.TS ^ 

smoftwtnt (awoprt- Q^V ^gg!" 

*^rnw 7 (Donate - 

13 (MeKavl: NJ.-aw** 1 1UJWW7.»« 
M port: pu.. (an CawvJ -0*+-™- * ton 
aredtu f. Tmert) tf7 M-33L ^ ^ ^ 

’l 1 1—3 

^Ssirpfftodi P-5ievtn» 30 J* 

miaua7:(Ml.P-W.Prrt*" U(y : 8r ? t ^ ^? 

•n* pwtad: cm*. ® r «^.^?fScrrtB 

LemkHM rwwrnw. FroneW^^RVj™ 
IS (Ttamrt. Udvatw: <P**£ , ?*r^rA je . 
fiow 11 (R wrtm| 'iZ%L*£!Zp » 
anrOH P44a*to04l 4 ‘SJn^. £ 

CourtraiaJSlW 

(ModootanoWitfli 

CtOBl. SWtaon *0*1: D lwwy l>' w 
18-36. Y ton TM forti* » 

PMMO j |'w 

H.Y. tmni d af S . _ . . .. . uw, 

PMI rp l a d; FXawrv > 

- KmeaSt P a taornn . 

SS 

«■*«» 


Shota on pad: F (onMcUnndaHoididOS-lO- 
5-101 N.Y. (on ntzpotrlck) M67-30. 
Vonbaner j‘ ‘‘ * .1' 8-8 

Tampa Boy .. I 1 6—8 

paid Parlod: VvCoarfnafl jo. fUoden 
Lemma); (pp). V-CourtnoM 38 (Bara. Ad< 
one): T-Wkoa22 (Owmbera. J Bnm t i): (pp). 
■acan* Parted: TnJoaaph 0 (BerotanA 2o- 
fflnaarl ;v-B<dnrcti 4 (Oman, C4non). Shota 
oa part: V*» Pwppo) TFTUt-02. T (ea Wilt- 
cnor*> 85-7-^aa, 

Taranto 1 I M 

C eto enr - ' .8 .8 3-8 

f=1rst Ported ;T-Anderaon 12< Grata. Zazai); 
T-fldt 7 CBBatour. AadcnOmklr tool. 
Tldrd Parted: ORoniMim TO (Otto, Itabarta) ; 
CN tea— to tafcjj (Mncf ante); Oftabartt 34.- 
(OtteO. Abate op-oopfc T (oa-Vpmon) BT2- 
•3-2a.C(oa potvioi T-H-M-aa. - . 

□atm tt - . *28 1—8 

St. UP* ' -4-8.1 M 

. Fha* Parted: D-Fadorov 37XNdSL-Prok- 
'harw6[MBIar,HadlcipO:(PP).SL-Sbanmaai 
it (DwChetoa. MMer) : {ablOFadarev 38 
(YtarmoibSMPPOPAf (pp).3L-HuU37 Uao- 
nav. Brown) ; (ppL Second Period; D-ornper 
1 IC Huhi ); D4happord-41 ( Fedorov) ; 
(PPL Tbkd Period: SLrLatavelte 2 (CtaaA 
BerapLOaprtl mo:lWBCp«ty8(K n terttan,. 
Fedorov). Shetaappanr: D (on Joaapft) W-TO- 
14-2-86. SJ_ (on CtMoetdoa) 1M-U4-K. 
K.Y. Ranaera 8 12 1-4 

Ottewn ■ 8 > 11-1 

Soeonrr Parted: o^tnw 4 (MCBoin. Dai- 
atoL'CMtaiwdard {Metiwate, Yaohla}; H.Y.- 
Graves36(AmontALaatcb); (PP).Tldrd Pa- 
rted: M.Y.-Grove» 37 (Zotov); (LDotote.M 
(Dtaaen); RYd-NemcMnov 18 (Karpo v taev). 

• o re r l »ip e:-|t.Y/Gqrtner 25 (TBUcmn, 2to- 
bov) Jtaata on n»f: N.Y. (oaAtatoieyl FW-O- 
"3-87. O (on RkMor) 5*4 -1—1 6. . • - 

Qoab ec 1 0 1-8 

Moptrort . • 1. 1 3-6 

F ir st Period: lAGdteetder 13 IDomphOOBto. 
Matter) ; <pp t. 0-««teftar 1 TMOn -Lorn** 
stool. Socead Parted: M Mutter ia(pp). M- 
tanwll t On taw ta Pnpovtd. .Third Part- 
ed: M-Ronon 4 (WlteoiO: Q4tamamfcv n 
-(Sondhh'- MpODamfeO; -66*c*neUbr )4 
(RonarvOdetaiT); fm). Shota an oont: 6 (an 
Rov) HM3-11— 84. M (on mat) 1FW-W-3L 
Horfterd . 2 1 ;M 

First Parted: HOBseta7(Zc*apski<8om; 
H-Stann 4 (CWWrev. GadvmnU; (ppLSoor 
and Parted: 8-Wetebt 17 (Grieve. Rfco); H- 
ChJWrovJ (pronoer, Kronl.THra Parted^ H- 
CWWrev 4- (Storm, Burt); H-Kran u 
. (Qd*n, Pranoarlr B-Amott 21 (Moaav 
Corson}; (pp). Shata on pool: H (on Brota- 
walfa)14-tM— 34- C ten Barite) W-TS-1S-8A 
W OS htnoteP ■ . 1 « 8-4 

Laa Aasates -.18 *-» 

First Period: UA-Rydwl 8 (Coaochar. 
Lane); Wtanwt (aondrarKonpwni ri iuO?; 
VFHotcner KM PteontaO-Saooad Par ted: W- 
Cote 8 (Hunter): W-Burridoa. 14 (Mdtofc 

Paoke): W-Kbrtsnctv24 (Hunter, Bcndra);W- 

ju twnaaon * (KonoiwddwK. Krvsterl. shots 
on Mrt; W ton Stoober, Hmdayl 15-178-41. 
LA. (on Beaupre) 3-w-lO— 23. 


M^orCoftego Scores 


CwTtefl 83 Harvard 64 
Dartmouth KL Goturablo 44 

Delaware SO, Hartford 75' 

Oraml 63. Vermont 54 

Perm 7*. Bream 57 

Pr inc pt on ot Yalr, pad, woattw * 

Army at Bue tonO, te xU wmathor 
Brown 7L Princeton 48 • • 

Buffalo U, Cant. Oonooeifcut St. 72 
Cbofatas K. UM 79- 
Conmcbad M, Seten HaA 61 . 

Cornett at. Darhnouftt .42 
puquuie 78, St Bonaveniure 77. OT 
Fatrietgri Dkktason .8l# St Francis. NY w 
tadtan *4, Ln*dx73 . ; 

Georgetow n at Providence, pad. travel pro 
Harvard at COhrateta- pp<L *w 
Holy Cross f* Cotnote n . . . . . 

Latarfdtr 68. Navy 63 
tnyola.Md.a7Madirttaaopl.snow . 
Moine 74 Brnkto U. 71 
Marts* ns. Lore itiaat v. TV) 
fMKMmum. N_L 81. Mount St MnrvY, Mri. 80 

Now ttatwartra Nfaitwteni 6* 

Nksom 63b RdrfWa 5« 

Peon 74 YOU 66 . 

R*jer VA’Wopner 8f 
ftoteer* B. w«:VlrBWa 32. 

Siena 77. St, Pawn: 56 ^ .. 

3. Fronds, Pa. 72- Robert Morris 56 
St John* 

Syracuse 93. Ket*»c*y 8S 

south'' 

A lobutno SI. *& Alootn 5tO • 

Auburn ill. LSU U ■ .- 

Cp m p tofl 7 B. Wteftirop S3 ■ 

CBortoteO Soottv, WiMarBomowre Or. *8 
-amW n APPrtWdon sl 65 , 

CrtL otcnwfcrton *0, cant Boride 46, 
Coabta Sl. 7*.' Florida A8rt O' 

OnvUtaat 68,-Faihbn 56 
E. Kentucky w, Austin ?iay 77 - 
CNiUta M. nonetaM 61 , 

bnlo 50rtMm JOT, E. TOinesses St 71 
Ceorvkt St Centenary 86 , , 

GeorrtoTertf *A NortncoreUpa 8»- 
Jackson SL l«fc Southern U. *2. 
jpd»aw«AM.W-iwi**».77 .. 
janes Madtewr 1VL Georoe Mason 81- . 

Uoortr 66 aC ^toWbto ’O 
LoatavtDe 77, Tuhin# 73 
. MarvUnd-dfe Ftorfdo'St 68 ■ 

McL-e. Stwre- »A Ottawa* St 53 ■ 
Momenta st so, Nt-smiMwi s) 

MBS- vofiey St ft, PflaJrir.VW.84 . . 

. MBs***! 8t 72, MmtaSiNri 32 


The Associated Press 

MINNEAPOLIS — Eight Na-. 
tional Basketball Assotaation 
teams wi)J pi^cxMbitwn games in 
Europe and Latin America m Octo- 
ber, the league's deputy cammis- 
sionersaid. 

The offtciatj Rnss Grartik, said 
that Atlanta, Qnuiotte, Golden 
State, Houston, the-Los Angles 
dippers, Miami, San Antonio and 
-Seattle would meet in die games 
from Ocl 1S-29. v . 

The Warriors and Hornets wSl 
play a preseason game in Paris cm 
Oct. 18, starting the slate of games 
on foreign sdL The Warriors also 
will play on OcL 21 against aBar- 
cdona team in Bazberana, and (he 
Hornets wffl face BoJogna in Italy 
the same night- 

The Hawks and Heat are sched- 
uled to, meet in Bayamon, Puerto 
Rico, on Oct 23. In Mexico C5ty, a 
two-day, four-team, tournament 
wffl be held Oct. ^-29 between the 
Rockets, dippers, Spurs and Su- 
poSonics. 


is it And 1 think people see that 
these new guys can play.” . . 

Certainty, that has already been 
proved tins , season. Kemp and 
Gary Payton, Seattle’s All-Star 
point goard, haveled theSupeoan- 
ics to the league’s best record 
Sprewefl has led the Wairiars to & 
27-20 record, despite a season-end- 
ing knee injury to Tun Hardaway. 

But no other player ccmring into 
die league has nad an impact as 
great as CTNeaTs. TOth his success 


iul career in rap music and a rale in 
an comma movie entitled “Blue 
Chips,” (Weal has become a bas- 
ketball player/enlertainer. 

Saturday was a typical scene. Af- 
ter practice, most of the East’sihQr- 
ers got on the team bus and headed 
for the hotel. But O’Neal, talking on 
a cellular phone, had a stretch tim- 
ousiae waning - at the back door, 
pedtaps ready to take Mm to a re- 
hearsal for Saturday night, when be 
was to perform at a party with his 
rap group. Shaq DieseL 

■ BWfcy i* B imlt fl»mp 

Mark Price wowed the crowd 
with his shooting-acasray, Isaiah 
Rider stunned h with a sleight-of- 
hand dunk and Anfernee 
Hardaway impressed it in a losing 
cause, The Associated Press report- 
ed font Minneapolis. 

Price won the 3-point shooting 
contest with a record 24 paints in 
the fin»l round again** Dana Bar- 
rels cm Saturday night, giving the 
Cleveland sharpshooter ms second 
straight king-distance title. 

Rider, (he local favorite as a 
member of the MirmesotaTindier- 
woives, became the fourth rookie to 
win the slam-dunk contest. He was 
awarded 49 points with his winning 
Hunlr in the finals, in which he 
roared in from the baseline, twirled 
the ball under his knee and 
slammed it through. 

Hardaway was the sensation of 
the first NBA rookie All-Star game, 
although his team, the Sensations, 
was defeated 74-68 by the Pfaenoms 
in a game full of rookie mistakes — 
17 turnovers by each team in a 30- 
mnmte game. 

Hardaway won MVP honors by 

Tnalcmg right of nine sfaotS and 
nmring 22 points, most of them on 
3-pain tecs, spectacular dunks or 
dmes to the basket 


Maroon St *8. Bofhune-Coolanoo 80 
Murray SL 116. MkftSa Ttoft. 86 
H. Carolina AST 62. S Carol ho SL 51. OT 
N£. amotte 67. Va Cofomamwattli 66 
ME Loatatena 75, McNcttiK St 71 
NichoDs Sl 10A NW Louisiana *5, OT 
Old DomMen 75, East OvoOno 72 
Radford 0. tLGrAshevllte B 
RJcOmond 76, American U- 74, OT 
SE Louisiana S3, Samford 62 
SoattMm Miss. 71 soutt, Florida 48 
Stetson 81 Mercer 71 
Tmmooc SL 7*. MortaMod St. 77 
Texas Southern 91. GreraMna St. 83 
TBeChOWta wa 72. VAU 72 
Tgmcn SL to Coastal Carolina. PPA. snow 
Troy St J2L Chicago St 110 
VOndorbHt 96. South Caroline -91 - 
VMinla S3, Ctarpsaa 46 
W. Caradno 73, MarWxdl 89 
WDIIam A Mery 77. M.C-W8minotan 78 
MIDWEST 
Natra Dm 78, Hotatro 61 
Bradley 15. Indtaflo SL B 
Butter 83, La Stole 69 
Detroit Mercy 96, DePaui « . 

E. Illinois 4*. Yaunestown SL 67 
Evtowvtne TIL Loyola, in. 63 
Ceorao Wcrtdnotan 93, Xavtar. OMo 92. »T 
Mlteote SL n CreWKoo SR OT 
InGtaoa 91 Iowa 91 
Kansas 65. Korara SL 56 ' 

Kart 77, Toledo « 

Miami. Ohio 84. Beading Omen ft 
Mtnmata 187. Wisconsin 78 
Mtaeuri 71, OWahomo SL 78 
MorKansos aty 73, oral Roberts 49 
H. Iowa TO Drofc* 79 
Nebraska m Iowa St. H 
Norttmettern 79, IIMnob48 
CHo U. M, Akron 77 
Purdue 74. 6UdHstei St. 78 
V uHwalso a. WtarMHwouiteB 53 
W. Mtddoon a. Cent. Mkfttean 60 
Wtcblta St. 63, SW Mlssauri St. a 
WtoCrwn Bay 66. W. Illinois 48 
Wrtebt SL 17. Oevelcmd SL 18 
SOUTHWEST 
Arkansas 99. Fterido to 
Artamsar SL 64U Arii-LfMe Jlock 67 
Baylor 8^ Tews OirtsHan 75 
Hoodoo 74, TteOB Tech 64. 

Norm Texas 99, TexaeArtingtan 70 
OkkMM 98. Colonido 8S 
SW Looteteno 56, Lomr El 
SW Texas SL O. Sam Houston SL 49 
Texas K, Texas AM 68 
TexCH-Pw American 74u LaoWonn Tech 52 
Texos-San Artaato 66. Stephen F Austin tS 
Tutao M, & JlHoote 70 

FAR WEST 

Montana 7tt E. wasMnstan 89 - 
Montano St. 74, Idatw 72 . 

Artsona st 71, Stanford n 
Drsson SL 181, Oram 71, 20T 
UCLA 76. WosWnot q n SL 66 
WoaMnaten 58, Southern Col 49 


INTERNATIONAL FR I ENDUES 
Denraeek % Hons Xano 0 
Romani a 2. United slates 1 

DUTCH FIRST DIVISION 
Vltecse Arnhem a vymam if mure 1 
PC Utredif % Go Ahead Eaates 0 
Votendwni Roda JC Kericrade 0 
Sparta RMtendam ta Alex Anntordom 1 
Stanrtobsi Alax Amsterdam, 38 points; 

- Foyencord Rotterd a m, 32; psv eindboven, 
. 30; VKene Arnhem, a; NAC Breda, 26: WB- 

tem II TMturo.25; Roda JC Kericrade.21; FC 
Tteorte Eiatteto M; MW MaastrieM and 
VW VenlwTi: Sptota Rotterdam, Go Ahead 
EootesOeveatar.FC UlracM.andSC Heeren- 
veen.19; FCGrenlnaeaM; FC VolrodanvU; 
RKCVWmMtk.18: Cambuur LeeurwardwvV. 

BNGUSH PREMIER LEAOUB 
Aston VlHa 5, Swindon 8 
EVsrtan a fpswfcb 8 
Manchester Oty & West Ham 8 
OhBam 2. Cbcitoo 1 
Shtoltekf United A Coventry 8 

- Totterewm A Blackburn 2 
WknMedm A Newgartte 2 

- • FRENCH CUP 
Second Rond 
SodtaDX 0, Marseille 1 
Betmvab A Mantpeitter 3 
Aawm a sedan 2. 

Gtdnaamp %■ Red Star 1 
Site. VUbowm & 
be Mens 0. Bordeaux 0 
(Bordeaux wen 8-7 oa oenaft f es) 

Lovto VLyon 1 

(Laval emn 3-1 on Panamas) 

Lortort a. Names 2 

cnatettenuu X Meb l 

■ Avian VW SL WihUih 
P an V QmrtevMe 1 
(CharlevHte Mn7-6 on oenafttes) 
Chatenunxpr l. Racing 92 1 . 

(Rodra 92woa 4-l.oa pemUtei) 

GERMAN FIRST DIVISION 
. Bonssfa Dortraiwl J, Bayer Leverkusen 0 
EMi-Kht Frankfurt l. Nanmbera l 

DaWws X LrtnM 1 
Hambwa V Frt*burg 1 
WtrdN- Bremen 4 Katavstertern 0 
wnttensriiefc) L Dinxxrw Dresden 1 
Borussfa Moeneheneto db och V Xarisrohe 2 
ITALIAN FIRST DIVISION 
AtototoDVAS Roma l 
Genoa VTerino 1 
Juvartus 5. (ml 
Lazio A CagUari 8 
■MHon \ Cr e m opese 0 
Ptoma 2. Sampdwta 1 
■P te c e m u Z intenxa te n o te (- 
umnesex nvoB l 

Staedteos: AC MUba 26 poBos: Jwentus 
mid PtomtaS); Samodorla. 30r Lazio, 2f; )n- 
ternarianata 25; ftooe8 anrfTortWtvW; Pte- 
aran.22: FossksAS Roma and CoaUorL2) ; 



k v M ' -> M Mi 


Georgia Tech Upsets 
No. 1 North Carolina 



TTie Tlabenrofos’ Isaiah Ridef da 
NBA shiB-dadk contest He was 


ak tdda/deaat 

mning Us way to victory in the 
the famth rookie to win it 


The Associated Prea 

The No. 1 jinx is alive and weD, 
thanks again to Georgia Tech. 

For the shah straight week, (he 
lop-ranked team in The Associated 
Rnss college poll iosL who) North 
Carolina blew a 15- point lead and 
fell to Georgia Tech, 96-89, in Out- 
pel Hill, North Carolina. 

In (be previous five weeks, Duke; 
UCLA, Kansas, North Carolina 
and Arkansas had lost as the top- 

CQLUEGE RASKETBAIX 

ranked twom. And, for the fourth 
straight time, Georgia Tech won 
when playing a No. 1 team — three 
rimes the victim has been North 
Carolina and once it was Duke. 

“1 guess it’s just the Carolina on 
our chest or the No. 1 label,'’ said 
Derrick Phelps of North Carolina. 

Fred Vinson scored a season- 
high 26 points, including right 3- 
pointers, for Georgia Tech (13-9, 4- 
7 Atlantic Coast Conference). 

This was the third straight lime 
that North Carolina (20-4,8-3) had 
lost to Georgia Tech when it was 
ranked No. 1. The Tar Heds lost 
by 20 points a month ago in Atlan- 
ta anti also in the ACC tournament 
title game in March. 

Georgia Tech took the lead for 
gpod at 85-84 with 1:54 left on a 
leaner in the lane tty Trans Best as 
the shot clock expired. From that 
point. North Carolina missed three 
and was forced to foul. 

Na 3 Arkansas 99, Na 20 Flori- 
da S7: Scotty Thurman scored 24 
points. Corliss Williamson 20 and 
Darnell Robinson a career-high 15 
for Arkansas, playing at home. The 
game was tied six times in the first 
half, but Arkansas (18-2, 8-2 
Southeastern Conference) led the 


final 31 minutes. Dan Cross scored 
29 for Florida (19-4, 9-2). 

Na 14 Syracuse 93, No. 4 Ken- 
tucky 85: In Syracuse, New York, 
Adrian Autry scored 30 points and 
made a tiebreaking, three-point 
play with one minute IdL Syracuse 
(16-4) lost a 14-point lead in the 
second half, then broke away from 
an 83-83 tie. Kentucky 08-5) lost 
its second straight game. 

Na 5 Kansas 65, Kansas St 56: 
Steve Wood berry ktyed a decisive 
six-minute stretch in the second 
half as Kansas rallied for its 11th 
straight victory on the Wildcats’ 
court Greg Ostertag had 16 points 
and 10 rebounds for Kansas (21-3, 
7-2 Big Eight!. Asltia Jones had 15 
for Kansas State (14-8, 3-7). 

No. 6 Connecticut 80, Setoo HaD 
6& Donyefl Marshall scored 26 
points and Ray Allen added 18 as 
the Huskies erased a seven-point 
halftimeddidt in Stores, Connecti- 
cut The Big East-leading Huskies 
(21-2, 11-1) won their second 
straight this season over the Pirates 
(11-10,4-9). 

Na 7 Loaisvflk 77, Tnbme 73: 
Clifford Rader scored 29 points, 
isctodisg 18 in the second half, as 
Louisville, playing at home, 
clinched a tie for the Metro Confer- 


Louisvi 


ring at home. 


Cramontoe.20; Udtnnc. 19; Genoa. 18; Raw 
stood. 17; Atatonta. 16; Loren 7. 

SPANISH FIRST DIVISION 
Dtoorltvo Corona 2. Savina 8 


BALTIMORE— Asrocd to terra wtrti Paul 
Garay, inflridor; Mark Smite. outftoMor ; Ke- 
via McCaMkiHcter; and Mike Devonraux. 
outflefeter.cn Vvrar co nlrocti- 

BOSTOn — AsrxmJ to terms wfffi ScrsJo Vcrt- 
(tez. pitcher, on rntnor-taaguo contract. 

CALIFORNIA A ar rad to terms tetthMIto 
FllsorofeLcatUicr.on mfctofe— co ntract 
ondvrtti Hilly HaRxmuy.pilchor; Kavln Flo- 
ra. toflakter; end Chris Tamer, oafi to er. 

CHICAGO WHITE SOX — Asraed to terms 
wtWi Gary Ttaurman. ouHtalder. on nttaor- 
teaauo cotoract. 

CLEVELAND Aa r— d to terra with teft 
Jottnson. pitcher, on mlnonl&aoto unlract 
A g ratatatenwswtttiJacfeMorm.pltetter.on 
1-yea- C ta Brart and Stew Fott. pi tchvr. an 
mlnor-IsQsue c oo fro u. 

MILWAUKEE— Rabbi Yount, ouHMdtr. 
mind. Agreed to terms with Kavfo Samar. 
Irttekter. on 2-year coatracL 

MINNESOT A A greed to terms wHh Chuck 
KnabfetaOv 2d baseman. Ml 1-VCOr C M lUixl 

SEATTLE— Aarata to ItnrtewMi Kevin KhB 
and Crate doytan pttaters.- Brian Turana. to- 
ftakter; Eric CbrUopItersaacattaKr; and Jay 
Buhnar, outftekter, on Wav con tra cts. 

TORONTO A oratd to ter ms with A) Letter 
ond Scott Brow, pHcbers; Tlbon Brito, shari- 
stap; Rtefc HotmekL outflrtow; Anpd MtoM- 
rwa.. catcher; and Domingo Mart Inc. 1st 
baseman, on 1-year contracts. 

Nattoacd Leogae 

ATLANTA— Msrsta to terms wflh Davtd Jas- 
Mcw ourtteftter. an 5-Veor contract, and AUto 
BtetodcL pitcher, on mlnar-iaaoi* art rad 

CINCINNATI— Agreed to terms wtth Tim 
Pugh, pitcher ai 1-yoar cortract mat Barry 
Lyons. catcher -1st baseman. on mino r tooou e 
tun hues. 

COLORADO— Agreed to terms wftri Chortle 
Hayees 3d basemtm. on i-year coatracL 


TENERIFE OPEN 

Lsadtog scores al ter S wad wYifln alra — dot 
tbs (Brs 37&0N chomp to ws tep at toe par-72. 
UN rnru ttB P m e ter ? Qb N del iarcourseto 
Santa Crat ds Tenerife, Canary islands: 
David GMftrd. Brttotn 7MO-6WO-®* 
Wayne Riley. Ausinstla !87l.7tF7l— 288 
Andrew Murray. Britain . 73-67-6B-73— 3B0 

Joan Outmv 5pato 7»46 h0-7S-28O 

Bill Malley, United Slates SM6-6W7— 281 
Jose Maria Ccmtxurss. Spain 67-70-73-71— 281 
David Ray, Britain 70-7b49J2-2B1 

Brian Barnes. Britain 7347-6*77—881 
Jonothao ScvtaL Britain 7M7-7W9— 2B3 
Paul Curry. Britain 69-n -73-71—283 ! 

Dec Smyth, Ireland 70-7V 70-73— S*1 1 

Jose Davila, Spain 74-6B-70-7I— 283 

Jam Marta Otazom Spain 73-69-70-71—283 
Ruben Alvarez. Araerttaa W65-73-73— 283 


Jackson Sets Indoor Hurdle Mark 

Complied by Oar Staff From Dispatches 

GLASGOW — Cohn Jackson of Britain, undeterred by two false 
starts^ broke what was considered to be one of the most formidable 
indoor track records, the seven-year-old 60-meter world mark held 
by Greg Foster of the United States. 

Jackson's rime of 735 seconds at the Britain-U-S. meet on Satur- 
day shaved .01 seconds off Foster’s record. 

On Sunday, Inna Lasovskaya of Russia broke the world indoor 
triple jump record with a leap of 14.90 meters in Lievin, France. 
Inessa Kravels of Ukraine set the previous mark of 14.47 last year. 

(AP. Reuters) 


eace season title. Rozier made 12- 
of-14 shots, including his first 1 1, 
and grabbed eight rebounds for 
Louisville (20-2, 9-1). Tulane feD to 
12-9, 3-5. 

No. 9 UCLA 76^ Wastengton SL 
66: Tyus Edney had 20 points and 
seven assists, and brothers Ed and 
Charles 0*830000 added 13 points 
each as UCLA overcame a sluggish 
start to win at home. The Bruins 
(17-2, 10-1 Padfio-10) took control 
by outscoring the Cougars (IS-8. S- 
5), 14-2, in a span of 6:11 early in 
the second half. 

Na 10 ftmhie 74, Midqgan SL 
70: In East lAnsing, Michigan, 
Glenn Robinson scored 23 prams 
for Purdue. Michigan Stale (14-10, 
5-7 Big Ten) led by as many as 1 5 in 
the first half, but couldn’t hold off 
the Boilermakers (20-3, 8-3). 

Na 12 IndSana 93, Iowa 91: Da- 
mon-Ba3ey scored 33 points and a 
basket by Todd f ind eman and a 
free throw by Sharon WHkerson in 
the closing seconds made tbe dif- 
ference for In diana, playing at 
home. Lindeman put the Hoosiers 
(15-5, 8-3 Big Ten) ahead with 33 
seconds to go. The Hawkey® (9-10, 
3-7) missed two shots before Jam® 


Winters fouled out with seven sec- 
onds left 

Na 15 Missouri 72, Oklahoma 
Sl 7th Freshman Kelly Thames 
picked up a loose ball and scored 
with 2.1 seconds to go® Missouri, 
playing at borne, barely avoided a 
second-half collapse. 

Memphis SL 58, Not 19 Ala- 
bama-BIrmingham 53: David 
Vaughn scored 14 points, including 
two free throws with 12 seconds left 
for Memphis State (9-1 1, 4-6 Great 
Midwest Conference), playing at 
home. Robert Shannon had a 
game-high 20 points to lead Ala- 
bama-Bmningnam ( 1 8-4, 6-3). 


Ownen limit 

PoicersofNext 

Commissioner 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — The next 
commissioner — whenever 
one is hired — won't have 
modi power to act in the best 
interests of baseball 

Owners issued rules change 
Friday that prevent commis- 
sioners from interfering with 
their bosness decisions. Until 
now, c ommis sioners had virtu- 
ally unlhnited power to take 
actions “in the best interests of 
baseball.” But the changes pre- 
vent them from n-qng their 
“best interests” power to affect 
the Worid Series and postsea- 
son play, scheduling, mteriea- 
guc play, divisional alignment, 
expansion, the sale ana reloca- 
tion of revenue sharing 
or broadcasting deals. 

The commissioner's office 
has been vacant since Fjty Vin- 
cent’s forced resignation on 
Sept. 7, 1992. 

Although dubs formally put 
labor relations under the pow- 
er of the commissioner and 
eliminated tbe Player Rela- 
tions Committee, they decided 
“the powers of the commis- 
sioner to act in the best inter- 
ests of baseball shall be inap- 
plicable to any matter relating 
to a subject of collective bar- 
gaining between the chibs and 
the Major League Baseball 
Players Association.” 


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FIRST TEST 

Hawzaotota vc. Pufclitaa, Ttard Doc 
SrtardaTj In A arttaw l 
Now Zoo land 2nd tonlnoa: 110 
Pakistan 2nd tunings: 141-5 
Prtdstan won bv ftvo curtate am teadflitvc*- 
test series 1-0. 

FOUR-DAY MATCH 
Borfeadas vs. EaataML TWrd Day 
Saturday, to Bridgetown, tatafei 
Barbados 1st Innings: 348 
Enrtancr 1st innings: 302 

THIRD TUT 

tadta vs. Sri Lanka. Fourth Day 
Srtcnknr. to Atantataad . India 

Sri Lanka 1st tonbw: 119 

India 1st inrtaas: 338 

Sri Lorfeo 2nd Innings: 222 

India wan BV b> Innings and 17 runs and wtas 

StotaM. 


ASIAN WOMENS OPEN 
ta Amawasafcl. Japan 
Sta s tet . 3 smH tart> 

Manucto Matena-Fragniarb Swlteortand 
(l). drt. Mann Enta, Japan (31, 64 6-3; iva 
MaWL Croatia (5). dtf. Al Sagtyona Japan, 
>4 7* 

Final 

MatenvfeFraaptera det mow l 6-L **. M 
MU HAITI TIME INDOOR 
to Mflan 

Stogfev SenHtat 

Pair Kardo (6). Czech Repattb dai S6f9t j 
BrtwM (JJ.Socin.4ta, 6-i.M: Boris Bocker 
15). Ssrrnanv.drt- B«»W Afl*ar. Hahl M 
(M), 6>1. 

Float 

Bockar del. Korda HM« 

VIRGINIA SUMS OF OtlCAOO 
staotas, Seodfloots 

Natalia Ivorova (61. Betarui dot LOTI 
McNrtl (71. Unttad States. 6a N (F3); | 
Obanda Rurtn, united 5nt«.d8t. IMgcUeno 
Matesva (5). Brtparta. 7-» 04), 2ta. nrttroa ' 
WOMEN'S INDOOR 
In Ltaz. Austria 
sj nates. snmRiaals 

Sortoe Asaetman (5). Brio lorn. ari. Bartm 
sown. Austria. 7-&6-4J Mrik* Bofcri l*l.G*r- 
irtoir.dci Euaorta Moto teA R u w 1n. 6 4l.6ta. 

Final 

Atotetaiam def. Brtid. 6-L 44. M (70). 


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Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1994 


Guru’s Legacy: ‘Never Bom, Never Died’ 


By John Ward Anderson 

H'ashutgttm Post Service 

P OONA India — Do not say Bhogwan 
Shree Rajneesh is dead. He has simply 
(eft his body. As the marble plaque over 
his ashes says, “Never Bom, Never Died, 
Only Visited This Planet Earth." 

People still Hock to him, spiritually 
speaking, by the tens of thousands. No 
longer the world's most famous sex guru, 
he's now called Osho, and he's here some- 
where, or more precisely, everywhere, in 
this Buddhaficld. Disciples — don’t call 
than followers — come to bask in his 
energy, dance, meditate, participate in the 
White Robe Brotherhood and find the 
center of themselves. 

Does this sound familiar? 

Picture yourself propped up in bed 
watching “Nightiine.” It's September 
1985, and the evil Sheela, hot-tempered 
and slightly seductive, is ranting and rav- 
ing at Ted Koppel and antag oniz in g the 
United States. Videotape shows a Rolls- 
Royce driving up the Oregon hillside. An 
infirm old man with a dark beanie, long 
gray hair and a waist-length beard smiles 
serenely and waves gently to hundreds of 
devotees who line the road, a diamond- 
encrusted watch sparkling from his wrist. 

His Oregon neighbors don’t know what 
to do. A Tew years ago, hippies bought 1 25 
square miles (324 square kilometers) of 
deserted land and began building a city. 
They imported 3,500 homeless people 
from around the United States to vote in 
elections and stacked tbe local council 
with their people then changed the name 
of tbe town from Antelope to Rajneesh- 
puram. Many of them were foreigners who 
wore funny robes and worshiped the old 
man an Indian guru who bated Jesus. 
There are rumors of wild sex orgies, con- 
taminated local water supplies, an arsenal 
of automatic weapons, electronic bugging 
and attempted murders. 

Then, as suddenly as tbe commune 
sprang up. tbe controversy fades. The feds 
move in, deport the old man for immigra- 
tion fraud and send the hippies packing. 
Order restored. American values protect- 
ed. End of story. 

Not quite. 

After the self-proclaimed Enlightened 
Master left his body on Jan. 19, 1990, at 
the age of 58, some of his disciples got a 
liule enlig h tenmen t of their own and 
laimched Osho Commune International, a 
32-acre, five-star meditative Disneyland in 
this city south of Bombay, where frazzled 
executives and backpacking vagabonds 
come for a physical and spiritual tuneup. 
The chief attraction is an array of classes 
on dozens of different types of meditation. 

Osho’s teachings were all about trans- 



\ 

: A**, 

Four years after his death, tfisdptes still revere 


Shree Rajneesh. 


formation, and that's exactly what’s hap- 
pening to his public image here. Armed 
with a keen sense of marketing, thousands 
of taped discourses in which Osho ex- 
plains his philosophies and a deep belief in 
the man 's gr eatness, his discip les have re- 
vised and revived the Osbo mystique, 
glassing over his shortcomings and mak- 
ing him more popular in death than be 
ever was jn life. 

Press accounts have become more fa- 
vorable by the year. About 10 million 
copies of his books — translated into 35 
languages — have been sold, breaking 
onto best-seller lists from South Korea to 
Italy. Commune officials claim there are 
750 Osho meditation centers in 60 coon- 
tries, 50 of them in (he United States. 
Officials at the commune daim Osho — 
the nam e is a BuddhisL term that means 
“on whom the heavens shower flowers” — 
has a worldwide following of about 1 mil- 
lion people, about 150,000 of them so- 
called sarmyasins, or hard-core disciples. 

Tbe jewel in the crown of what could be 
called Osbo Inc. is the Poona commune, a 


cross between theme park, resort, college 
campus and pilgrimage center. 

Visitors, who must wear red robes dur- 
ing the day and white robes 3t night, stay 
in hotels and guest houses outside the 
commune, which has four vegetarian res- 
taurants. a lush 12-acre garden, a massive 
swimming pool tennis courts and huge 
black granite pyramid-shaped buildings 
with meditation ha Ik. Children under age 
12 are not allowed. 

All that’s required for admittance is 20 
rupees (about 60 cents) and a negative 
HIV test (cost: about S3) administered at 
the gate. 

The commune is clearly a popular desti- 
nation for the Woodstock generation. Mu- 
sic and dance are constants. At 3 P. M. one 
recent day. everyone stopped whatever he 
was doing to dance, packing the walkways 
of the complex with free-spirited, writhing 
bodies. After 15 minutes the music 
stopped, and thousands raised their hands 
to the sky and screamed in unison, “O- 
sho!,” then stood in complete silence for 


the next 15 minutes, tike a garden of hu- 
man obelisks. 

The anniversary of Osho’s death is' the 
high point of the year at tbe commune. At 
last month’s observance, Osbo's name was 
shouted in chants and incorporated into 
songs, and bis picture was plastered every- 
where. 

All of which begs the question: Who is 
Osbo, or what was he? Is he a teacher, 
philosopher, sex fiend, savior, human-po- 
tential pioneer, charismatic cultist pop 
psychologist, prophet. New Age therapist. 
Eastern mystic or marketing phenome- 
non? Most people here are reluctant to 
answer, saying that be is different things to 
different people and that labels don’t ap- 
ply. He is all of the above or none of tbe 
above, as you wish, they- say. He is a minor 
of yoursdf, a gateway to a higher level of 
consciousness, a catalytic agent 

What is clear after a few days at the 
commune is that many if not most sannya- 
sms revere him with a devotion normally 
reserved for major religious figures and 
spiritual masters, such as Jesus, Buddha or 
Lao-tzu. At the same time, people are 
quick to note that Osbo abhorred orga- 
nized religion, believing it was the root of 
many of the world’s problems. 

“He always said that he was just an 
ordinary person,” said Deva Anando (Di- 
vine Bliss), formerly an attorney in Mel- 
bourne and Osbo's personal secretary 
“from 1986 until he was disembodied.” 

She continued: “People who want a 
father figure turn him into a father figure. 
People who want a god turn him into a 
god He's not responsible for our projec- 
tions.” 

Forget that hundreds of young people 
submitted to sterilization at his bidding. 
Forget that in the 70s, his therapeutic 
techniques involved violent encounter ses- 
sions where people were encouraged to act 
out their wildest fantasies, allegedly in- 
cluding rape. Forger that be did nothing 
while his lop lieutenants — chiefly Ma 
Anand Sheda, his personal secretary at 
the time — poisoned 750 people in a town 
near the Oregon commune by contaminat- 
ing the salad bars of 10 restaurants with 
salmonella bacteria. Sannyasns claim he 
did not know exactly what Sheela was 
doing in his name, but permitted the whole 
sorry affair as a way of teaching them that 
power corrupts. 

Today, according to sannyasins, Osho’s 
message is simple: Have a good time. 

“Our commune is a very liquid reh- 
gjousness," Osho said before his death. “It 
is not an organization, it is just a meeting 
place of people who have dropped au 
conditionings, all religions, all ideologies 
who have decided that aO the saviors hove 
failed. Now the only way is to save your- 
self.” 


LANGUAGE 


*■ • 




By William Safire 

W ASHINGTON — “Tve just come from a man- 1 
agement meeting,” said one of America's top 
corporate executives, urgency m her vojct“ After the 
third time somebody used sea change, the publisher 
wauled to know, ‘Where the heU does seachange come 


Despite my having set the wold straight on- this a 
few years back, tbe sta-change file was bulging: Nor- 
man Lear “criticized tbe press,” a recall New York 
Times report raxed, “for »gn«nng a $en change in 
attitudes/’ Representative Charles Scbumer,- the 
Brooklyn Democrat, said of a retailer's decision to halt 

r safes, “When Wal-Mart, the family store of Mid- 
America, does this, yon know there’s a sea c&ZHge 
under way in tbe gm>-sefling business.”' Jacqaes Bar- 
zun, a member of (Hbam— Chi Language’s Board of 
Octogenarian Mentors — had already alerted me to 
the torrent of usages of this hoary term, suggesting it 
was time to brash up my Shakespeare. •’ 

“Full fathom five thy father lies,” I began the 

r pmiarinn tn my caller his tvuv-t an- coral iraftfer/ 

Those are pearls that were his eyes:/ Nothing of him 
that doth fadey But doth suffer a sea-change/ Into 
something rich and strange.” 

Ariel, the sprite. Is shagtngof the supposed drown- 
ing of King Alonso in “The TempesC sazzun adds, 
“A sea change is a miraculous, unexpected transforma- 
tion, not jiLti any change 

Members of the Gotcha! Gang will surely point out 
that the Bard ened in “Of hu bones are coni made,” 
preferring “is coral made”; immortal writers have to 
mfa i iiin carping aU tbe rfm*. Others will note the 
Shakespearean hyphen — sea-change — that has been 
w ora away by the tides of usage. 

Four centuries ago, thephrasehad freshness, but its 
recent vogue has made it waterlogged. If every slight 
shift, permutation or switeberoo is called a sea change; 
what’s left to describe major change*? Give a thought 
,to revolution or ntdnncrphasu far a change. 

We have slipped seamlessly into the analysis of 
vogue words. Notice bow everybody who used to talk 
about the politics of [whatever] Is now p r of o un dly 
discussing the culture of [whatever]? When Surgeon 
General Joycdyn Elders blasted the sate of toy guns as 
contributing to the culture of violence, a cahnmdst, 
Cohn Campbell, exploded at the vogmshnessof it all, 
citing book titles from Lewis Mumfordk 1938 “The 
Culture of Cities” — a usage then fresh and appropri- 
ate — to tbe recent “The Culture of Addiction” and 
“The Culture of Time and Spaoe.” 

‘They’re not talking about the practical cultivation 
of organisms ( the culture of oysters)," he wrote in The 
Atlanta Journal and Constitution, “or of real societies 
(the culture of ancient Egypt). The new dicbfc refers 
instead to subgroups, problems, values, jobs, notions 
and statistical abstractions as if they were species, 
tribes and nations. The implication is that they have 
their own rules, lan gnwgwt etc.” .• 

I argue that when a subgroup like Endish teachers 
or beauty parlor operators or the Mafia has an inside 
lingo, a set of agreed-upon moorings and a secret 
handshake , that can. be rirfinmi as a culture. It do-, 
scribes, as Campbell notes, a closed system. But die 
phrase is getting abused by the culture of title-writers. 
Tbe good news in tbe Vogue Word Watch is the 


decline of caring — the wotd, not 

praetke—and therimulianeous slump m 

c^^.aftaafast^ts^&and. 
hardly any with-it pahtioan says, T want to share my. 

S&y tinned off by tcl^°opm«^^who 
rignofT with ‘This evening has be«rad spe^- 
^Onc sense of the word is “uncommon, jmnsuar, 
another sense is "favored, select"; yet 
tiadar, individual," and that’s only the beginning, 
with others ranging from “different to handi- 
capped,” Because the word has so many senses, its 
vogue use has been drained of meawngwtoyOTU* 

^^specuiL" he can be “realty somedung, which is 

realty not^-'Wcought todownsi# it to zero usage; 
that would be a nice sea change* ...» 

■ q • ' 

In Shkiey Lord’s new novd, ”My Sfctor’s Keeper, 
ihe scion of a cosmetics empire on the rail an anti- 
wrinMe cream, which I presume is tbe Holy Grail of 
skin care, says, “3 can’t see bowl could ever takeover 
from Dad and run the whole shebang.” 

In a'New York Tunes book review of Michael 
Crichton's reverao-sexm newd, “Disclosme, Man- 
reen Dowd wrote, “When you merely switch the roles, 
making a woman act exactly like a man, you gp® up ■ 
the most intriguing .dement of the whole megiHak 
We deal here with the language’s attempt to cope 
with totality. The whole is evidently never enough; 
colorful speech demands a whole something. 

A -shebang, in novelist Lord’s usage, is an entire 
awpoaSon. As the late etymologist William Moms 
once, recorded, a posable source is the Irish word 
sh ebeen , a lowly tavern that sold d rinks .without a 
license; from this, the word became associated with 
real estate, giving rise to an offer of a pittance 
“for the whole shetxmg. 7 ' , 

MegiUakis the Hebrew word for “ sradT (thoroh.yon 
do not often bear “the Dead . Sea Megfllahry The 
V uMfeh gontTvh medllah is “the whole mc gfll a h ,” now 
metwimi m Engtidi and sometimes used bv impatient 
readers of Otis' cohmm to describe its exhaustive re- 
search. Wait — we’re not finished! Then* the whole 
shootin match, bcgbnring as a test of nwiksm a nriim . its 
eattenritm recorded in an 1896 Dialect Notes to any 
kind of meeting, from a chnrch service to a dance,” end 
m tins century to any large social gatberm& 

Then there’s th t whole kit and caboodle, wit h kit 
meaning “set of equipments and -hootfle possibly from 
the Dutch boedd, "estate, possessions.” And 1 Madison . 
Avenue’s whole ball of wax, the construction industry 1 s 
whole nineyards and Cahfonria’sHAofe enchilada. Pass 
the anti-wrinkle cream; alerie could grpw old running 
down the whole bit "■ 

•• New York Times Service 


INTERNAXIOim 

CLASSIFIED 

.. Appears on Page 4 


WEATHER 


CROSSWORD 


Europe 


Forecast for Tuesday through Thureday, as provided by Accu-Weather. Asia 



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North America 
The nonheostorn United 
Stales wit hove a welcome 
break from stormy weather 
this week. Temperat u res w* 
rise above freezing from 
New York to Boston, helping 
me# me snow and w. Son 
Francisco wffl hove bouts of 
heavy ran this week Warm 
weather wfl overspread the 
southern Ptams. 


Europe 

Bitter cold wilt Unger from 
Warsaw to Moscow thia 
week. Milder ah moving into 
Scandinavia wiR be preced- 
ed by a period of snow from 
Oslo through Lflehammer at 
midweek Heavy rahis will 
soak Lisbon. Portugal, and 
Betas. Ireland, on oocaswn. 
Paris and London wlH lum 
mfeler with a few showers. 


Asia 

Tuesday wtll have rainy 
weather In southwestern 
Japan, and hi Tokyo there 
may rain and snow by 
Wednesday. Snow may fan 
from Beipnji to Seoul Tues- 
day, rain *9 end m Shang- 
hai. hi Hong Kang and Tai- 
wan it will rain and mist a 
few bmes through the period. 


Middle East 


Latin America 


Africa 


16/01 

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25/77 

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2609 

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15*9 

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29 Some bikes 

28 * the 

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31 Scrabble piece 

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e.g. 

92 Gametes 
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defense grp. 
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57 Sixth sense 
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02 Gibbons 
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"bones" 

•7 Like some cars 
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70 February 14 

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11 Person who can 
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13 With cruelty 

21 throat 

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27 Discourages - 
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34 Restrains 
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2. Do! the concNpr'OdmK . VIST .Vtiss Number. T 

3- An AIST EojdL*h-.Nptaking Creator or \vce prcsnpt wdl ask for the phone number you wish tool] or connect you to a 
CiMomer Sen ore nrpromtrathc. . 

lo receive your free walks card of Access Xumbera, just da) the access numb er of 

tbecoirafo' you’re In and ask for easterner Service. 


Someone back home would also love to 
hear the sound of your voice. 

Dial direct from Norway with AT&T. Just dial 800-190-1 1. 

.After a day of cheering, shouting, oohing and aahing a: :r.e Olympic Winter 
Games, we know you'll wunt to share ali the excitement with people back hi;*nte. 

That’s why weYc made it so easy with AT&T. 

Anywhere in Norway, simply dial flOO-lW-ll. in otiier cv>uni:ies. dial the access 
number from the list on the right. An English-speaking AT&T Opera u >r or voice 
prompt will help complete your call to the US. or more than ”? n;j-. cr countries. 

Use your AT&T Calling Card or call collect. You'll get eco.iumii.ai AT&T rates and 
keep hotel surcharges to a minimum. ____ 

Of course, with AT&T you also know you'll get clear. £_ 

Lrisp conneaions. So there's no need to raise your voice 


COUNTRY 

ACCESS NUMBERS 

COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBERS 

asia / mmc 

Greece* 

00-800-1311 

Aostrafia 

0014-881-011 

Hungary - 

00° -800-01111 

China. PRC— 10811 

Iceland**' 

999-001 

Guam 

028472 

Ireland . 

1-800-550-000 

Hong Kong 

800-1111 

Rady* 

- - 172-1011 

India* 

000-117 

licdxtenstein* 

155-00-11 

Indonesia* 

001-801-10 

Lirhnanja* 

8*196 

.Lipan* 

OiW-lll 

Luxvmbouig 

fWWMJlII 

Korea 

009-11 

MaJu* 

080G-890-11G 

Korean 

11 * 

Monaco* 

19°-0011 

Mjtjo 

- 08UO-IH 

Naberiandj* 

.06-822-9111 

Malaysia* 

8004)011 

Norway* 

800-190-11 

New Zealand 

t»v?u 

Poland**’ 

0°010-480-0Ul 

Philippines* 

105*11 

Portugal* 

05017-1-288 

Russia' ((Moscow) 155-5042 

Romania 

01-8004288 

Saipan’ 

2J5-2872 

SkrvoHa. 

0042000101 

Sm^ipme 

M0-01J1-111 

5puin 

.- - 9004*00-11 - 

Sri Lmlu 


Sweden* 

020-7956U 

Taiwan* 

0080-102884) 

Swlraeriaadr - 

15SW-12: 

UuiLuxf* 


Ukratoef 

80100-11 


EUROPE 

U-K. 

0506804011 

Armenia** 

8^14111 

MIDDLE EAST 

Austria'Tn 

022-503-011 

Gtifanin 

800-001 

Ik'lpum* 

cr~i»-i i-udio 

Egypt* (Cairo) 1 

510-0200 

Buiuaria 

Ui-lriHHUiO 

Israel 

177*100-2727 

Croatia** 

99-38-0011 

Kimnli 

800-288' 

C\pni«-' 

aaooncio 

Lebanon (8drm)* 

426801 

Czech Rep 

00^204)0101 

Saudi Arabia’ 

. • 1-809-100; 

Denmark* 

8002*0010 

Turkey* 

90-800-12277 

fltiduP 

9800-100-10 

AMERICAS ' 


oocwntr access numbers - „ 


Bdiva"' 


0800-1111 


BrazD 


0004010 


Chile 


000-0312 


Colombia 


Cosa R3cs*» 


Ecuadcrta 


980-13-0010 

114 


319 


El Salvador*. 




Guatemala* 


190 


Cayana*w. 


165 


Honduras** 


123 


Jtecicoow 


9SB0W62-424O 


174 


Rmanshi 


109 


Ptmit 


191. 


So f iinam c 


156 


Uruguay 


8MH10 - 


lfenezudat 


80011-121 


CARBIRFAW 


Rflha«w-. c 


1-800-872-2881 




.. 1^00872-2881 


Briiidi VJ. 


J-8GO»72-2881 


Cavinari Ishrtds 3-800-8^2881 


GrenadaT * 


I-80M72-2881 


France 


19«-00I1 ' Aqynore*. 


oui-oQo-zoo-mt 


Germany 


01300010 Beifcnr* 


W - 


Haifir 

■ .001-800-972-2883 

^ntukatt 

680^872-2881 

NethAntfl 

" 00L-800-872-2881 

SKins-1«»ri«i 

• " 1^0M72-288Y 


AFRICA . 

Gabon* - 

000-001 

Gambia* . 

ooui 

Kenyat ' 

' 0800-10 


797-797 


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